Research Back

Research

Education and Human Capital Development to Strengthen R & D Capacity in ASEAN

05 May 2014

Abstract This Policy Brief raises some policy issues regarding the capacity of the ASEAN region's education system in producing knowledge capital as it looks into … Read More

Human Capital, Innovation and Technology

Constraints, Determinants of SME Innovation, and the Role of Government Support

08 May 2014

This paper provides an empirical analysis of potential constraints to SMEs upgrading their capability to innovate, and assesses the effectiveness of government support … Read More

Labour and Migration, Trade

Migrant Networks and Trade: The Vietnamese Boat People as a Natural Experiment

08 May 2014

We provide cogent evidence for the causal pro-trade effect of migrants and in doing so establish an important link between migrant networks and … Read More

industry and manufacturing

Offshoring and the Shortening of the Quality Ladder: Evidence from Danish Apparel

12 May 2014

Recently a small and growing empirical literature has attempted to analyze the role that quality plays in our understanding of trade. In particular, … Read More

Korea's Policy Package for Enhancing its FTA Utilization and Implications for Korea's Policy

12 May 2014

Abstract Korea's trade with most of its 46 free trade agreement (FTA) partner countries has been expanded continuously. Its FTA utilization ratios were as low … Read More

Productivity Evolution of Chinese Large and Small Firms in the Era of Globalisation

20 May 2014

Abstract Using a large firm-level dataset from the Chinese manufacturing industry, this paper studies the productivity gap and productivity convergence between large and small firms … Read More

SMEs, Trade

The Exporting and Productivity Nexus: Does Firm Size Matter?

20 May 2014

The main purpose of this study is to examine whether the relationship between exporting and productivity differs across firm sizes in the Malaysian … Read More

ASEAN Food Security: Towards a More Comprehensive Framework

23 May 2014

Abstract This Policy Brief is based on the Issues Paper on ASEAN Food Security: Towards a More Comprehensive Framework. The key message is that food … Read More

Towards Freer Movement of Skilled Labour in AEC 2015 and Beyond

23 May 2014

Abstract Movements of skilled labour in ASEAN have been largely from the lower income labour surplus economies to the higher income labour deficit economies in … Read More

Trade-off Relationship between Energy Intensity- thus energy demand - and Income Level: Empirical Evidence and Policy Implications for ASEAN and East Asia Countries

05 June 2014

Abstract This study has been motivated by the recent shift of energy demand's gravity to Asia due to decades of robust and stable economic growth … Read More

Human Capital, Innovation and Technology, Regulation and Governance

ASEAN SME Policy Index 2014 Towards Competitive and Innovative ASEAN SMEs

05 June 2014

List of Project Members Working Group Members PROF. FUKUNARI KIMURA (PROJECT SUPERVISOR): Chief Economist, Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA), … Read More

The ASEAN Single Aviation Market: Liberalizing the Airline Industry

18 June 2014

Abstract This Policy Brief presents an overview of the barriers facing air transport liberalization in ASEAN. It lays out the policies that governments should undertake … Read More

Macroeconomy, Urban Development

ASEAN Rising: ASEAN and AEC Beyond 2015

30 June 2014

ASEAN RISING: ASEAN and AEC Beyond 2015 puts together ideas, thoughts and papers from more than 30 experts and specialists in the region … Read More

Japanese Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises' Export Decisions: The Role of Overseas Market Information

02 July 2014

This paper examines how the Japanese firms' export decision is affected by the availability of information on export markets, focusing on whether the … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Trade

Import Penetration, Export Orientation, and Plant Size in Indonesian Manufacturing

07 July 2014

This paper empirically examines differential impacts of globalisation on plant size among plants with different characteristics, including initial plant size, import and export … Read More

Regulation and Governance

ASEAN Beyond 2015: The Imperatives for Further Institutional Changes

18 August 2014

As the members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) are now committed to a deeper integration process towards an ASEAN Commnity … Read More

Macroeconomy, industry and manufacturing, Innovation and Technology

Stimulating Innovation in ASEAN Institutional Support, R&D Activity and Intellectual Property Rights

20 August 2014

The Policy Brief suggests initiatives that poorer ASEAN member governments should take to stimulate technological upgrading of firms at the bottom with a … Read More

Macroeconomy, Competitiveness

Delivering Results in Standards and Conformance in ASEAN: the Critical Roles of Institutional Strenghthening and the Private Sector

20 August 2014

Addressing technical barriers to trade is a key priority of ASEAN as part of trade facilitation in achieving an integrated economy under the … Read More

Financial Integration Challenges in ASEAN Beyond 2015

25 August 2014

Abstract Financial integration has many potential economic benefits. However, it also carries potential risks. In ASEAN, since its financial sector is generally bank-dominated, the … Read More

Regulation and Governance

How Restrictive are ASEAN's RoO?

12 September 2014

This paper uses a disaggregated (product-level) gravity approach to estimate the effect of ASEAN's product-specific rules of origin (RoO) on regional trade, using … Read More

Infrastructure, Regulation and Governance

Investing in Power Grid Interconnection in East Asia

23 September 2014

Executive Summary Key Findings Scope: ASEAN countries, Northeast India, and Southwest China.For each possible power transmission line for interconnection, the cost and net … Read More

Energy Outlook and Analysis of Energy Saving Potential in East Asia

23 September 2014

Executive Summary Background Responding to the Cebu Declaration of the leaders of the East Asia Summit (EAS) countries, ERIA conducted a study on energy savings … Read More

Energy, Macroeconomy, Trade

Energy Market Integration in East Asia: Energy Trade, Cross Border Electricity, and Price Mechanism

30 September 2014

Research on Energy Market Integration (EMI) has been the focus of many scholars, researchers, and leaders in the energy field as evidences, particularly in Europe … Read More

Sustainable Development of the Natural Gas Market in the EAS Region

22 October 2014

Executive Summary This essay explores the necessary measures to achieve the sustainable development of the natural gas market in the East Asia Summit (EAS) region … Read More

Energy, Urban Development

Improving Energy Efficiency in the Transport Sector through Smart Development

28 October 2014

Executive Summary This study examines ways of improving energy efficiency in the transport sector of countries of the East Asia Summit (EAS). Among various possible … Read More

Study on the Development of an Energy Security Index and An Assessment of Energy Security Policy for East Asian Countries

31 October 2014

Executive Summary This study examines the quantitative status of energy security in each country to predict the future and to draw out policy implications for … Read More

Market Integration and Energy Trade Efficiency: An Application of Malmqvist Index to Analyse Multi-Product Trade

04 November 2014

Abstract This paper uses the data envelope analysis method to investigate the Malmquist index-based gravity relationship between bilateral energy trade flows and their determinants throughout … Read More

Infrastructure, Macroeconomy

Infrastructure Investment for Power Trade and Transmission in ASEAN+2: Costs, Benefits, Long-Term Contracts, and Prioritised Development

04 November 2014

This study establishes a system approach in assessing the financial viability of power infrastructure investment for the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) and ASEAN … Read More

Energy, Infrastructure

ASEAN-India Gas Cooperation: Redefining India's "Look East" Policy with Myanmar

04 November 2014

As economic power shifts towards Asia---particularly China, India and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) ---a robust energy cooperation within this region … Read More

Energy, Trade

Impact of International Oil Price Shocks on Consumption Expenditures in ASEAN and East Asia

05 November 2014

This paper examines the impact of international oil shocks on consumption expenditure in selected ASEAN and East Asia economies. By including oil shocks … Read More

Deregulation, Competition, and Market Integration in China's Electricity Sector

05 November 2014

This report presents an updated and expanded review of reforms in China's electricity sector. It aims to examine the impact of reforms on … Read More

Energy, Infrastructure

Enhanced Measurement of Energy Market Integration in East Asia: An Application of Dynamic Principal Component Analysis

05 November 2014

As a part of the initiatives to enhance cooperation between ASEAN and its dialogue partners, the energy market integration (EMI) in East Asia … Read More

Agriculture, Energy

Study on Asian Potential of Biofuel Market

17 November 2014

Executive Summary Background, objectives, and scope With a growing population, rising income levels, and expanding urbanisation, Asia's demand for oil is expected to increase rapidly. … Read More

industry and manufacturing

Automobile and Auto Components Industries in ASEAN: Current State and Issues

19 November 2014

The ASEAN region is going through a time of changes. Concretely, efforts towards the realisation of the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) 2015 are … Read More

Infrastructure

Financing ASEAN Connectivity

30 November 2014

This report gives deeper insights on how the infrastructure development is being funded in different ASEAN Member States (AMSs) for ASEAN Connectivity. In … Read More

Energy, Oil, East Asia, Routledge

Energy Market Integration in East Asia: Deepening Understanding and Moving Forward

30 November 2014

East Asian nations through the dialogue between ASEAN and its partners have been promoting energy market integration (EMI) for a decade. The formation … Read More

Services, Trade

Coverage of Trade in Services under ASEAN+1 FTAs

17 December 2014

This paper examines how ASEAN-centered free trade agreements (FTAs) or so-called ASEAN+1 FTAs are correlated among themselves and thus have the potential to … Read More

Macroeconomy, Trade

Searching for an Ideal International Investment Protection Regime for ASEAN + Dialogue Partners (RCEP): Where Do We Begin?

17 December 2014

The members of the Association of the Southeast Asian Nation (ASEAN) and its six dialogue partners--Australia, China, India, Japan, South Korea, and New … Read More

Human Capital, Energy, Innovation and Technology

Study on International Cooperation on Nuclear Safety Management in East and Southeast Asian Countries

30 December 2014

Executive Summary Main Argument Some countries of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) plan to introduce commercial nuclear reactors in 2020 due to the … Read More

Impact of Free Trade Agreements on Trade in East Asia

09 January 2015

Abstract The number of bilateral and plurilateral free trade agreements (FTAs) in East Asia has increased rapidly after the 2000s behind the world trend … Read More

Trade

Use of FTAs from Thai Experience

19 January 2015

This paper examines in depth the use of free trade agreements (FTAs) in Thailand to shed light on the ongoing negotiation of the … Read More

Towards an Enabling Set of Rules of Origin for the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership

20 January 2015

Abstract With overlapping, multiple FTAs, such as the case of ASEAN and the various ASEAN+1 FTAs, complications could arise that run counter to the economic … Read More

Fiscal Policy and Equity in Advanced Economies: Lessons for Asia

27 January 2015

Abstract Advanced economies have a longer history of leveraging fiscal policy to address inequality relative to developing Asia. We examine the country experiences of the … Read More

social protection, ASEAN

Social Protection in ASEAN: Challenges and Initiatives for Post-2015 Vision

10 February 2015

The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is engaged in framing a post-2015 vision for social protection in ASEAN which would facilitate productive ageing. This … Read More

Business Licensing: A Key to Investment Climate Reform

10 February 2015

Abstract Reforming business licensing is a key starting point for improving the investment climate. Complex licensing procedures may encourage firms to remain unregistered, giving rise … Read More

ASEAN, PPP

ASEAN PPP Guidelines

13 February 2015

List of Project Members Editors: � Fauziah Zen, Economist, Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) � Michael Regan, Professor of Infrastructure … Read More

Industrial Upgrading in Global Production Networks: The Case of the Chinese Automotive Industry

18 February 2015

Abstract This article examines the development of China's automotive industry. The evidence shows that integration in global production networks has stimulated upgrading of technological capabilities … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Regulation and Governance

Auto and Car Parts Production: Can the Philippines Catch Up with Asia?

18 February 2015

Abstract The Philippines pioneered the establishment of automotive assembly in Southeast Asia in the 1950s. But Thailand, Indonesia and Malaysia lead the region since the … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Innovation and Technology

Host-site Support, Foreign Ownership, Regional Linkages and Technological Capabilities: Evidence from Automotive Firms in Indonesia

18 February 2015

This study analyses the influence of host-site institutional support, foreign ownership and regional production linkages on firm-level technological capabilities using data from automotive … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Innovation and Technology

Intra-industry Trade, Product Fragmentation and Technological Capability Development in Thai Automotive Industry

23 February 2015

Thailand's automotive industry has evolved from a small import-substituting industry to a vibrant exporting one. It has contributed significantly and increasingly to the … Read More

The Transformation of the Clothing Industry in China

23 February 2015

This article examines the transformation of clothing manufacturing in China with a focus on institutional support, technological upgrading and global production chains. The … Read More

Host-site Institutions, Regional Production Linkages and Technological Upgrading: A Study of Automotive Firms in Vietnam

23 February 2015

Using technological capabilities that take account of technology embodied in machinery, organization, processes and products, this article examines its link with host-site institutions … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Innovation and Technology

Multinationals, Technology and Regional Linkages in Myanmar's Clothing Industry

24 February 2015

Myanmar's clothing industry has played a pivotal role in generating employment and exports. This article makes a contribution to the explication of the … Read More

China's Semiconductor Industry in Global Value Chains

24 February 2015

This article examines how global production networks have benefited technological upgrading in the semiconductor industry in China. The evidence shows that trade has … Read More

Competitiveness, Industry and Manufacturing, Innovation and Technology

The Garment Industry in Laos: Technological Capabilities, Global Production Chains and Competitiveness

24 February 2015

This article examines the relationship between institutional support and regional production linkages, and technological capabilities and firm performance in the garment industry in … Read More

Infrastructure, Innovation and Technology

Institutional Support, Technological Capabilities and Domestic Linkages in the Semiconductor Industry in Malaysia

25 February 2015

This article examines the relationship between host-site institutional support and regional trade linkages on firm-level technological capabilities in the semiconductor industry in Malaysia. … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Innovation and Technology, Regulation and Governance

Global Production Networks and Host-Site Industrial Upgrading: The Case of the Semiconductor Industry in Thailand

25 February 2015

Although Thailand's electronics industry has been considered as one of strategic sectors, the evidence in this article shows that it is dominated by … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Infrastructure, Regulation and Governance

Institutional Support, Technological Capabilities and Domestic Linkages in the Semiconductor Industry in Singapore

25 February 2015

This article examines the relationships between host-site institutional support and firm-level technological upgrading, and between technological upgrading and domestic production linkages in the … Read More

Learning from the ASEAN+1 Model and the ACIA

09 March 2015

Abstract The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) is a new regional integration initiative intended to achieve a modern, comprehensive, high-quality, and mutually beneficial economic partnership … Read More

Urban Development, Macroeconomy

Transmission Channels of Economic Shocks in ASEAN

17 March 2015

This Policy Brief is based on ERIA Discussion Paper 2013-18 titled "Managing Economic Shocks and Macroeconomic Coordination in an Integrated Region: ASEAN Beyond … Read More

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