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Discussion Papers

COVID-19, Indonesia, Labour and Migration, Poverty

Spillover Effects of Social and Economic Interactions on COVID-19 Pandemic Vulnerability Across Indonesia’s Regions

07 October 2021

This research study focuses on measuring the possible spillover effects of socio-economic interactions on COVID-19 pandemic vulnerability across Indonesia’s regions by utilising a spatial simultaneous … Read More

COVID-19, Education, Indonesia

Education for All? Assessing the Impact of Socio-economic Disparity on Learning Engagement During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Indonesia

06 October 2021

This paper attempts to shed light on the impact of socio-economic disparity on learning engagement during the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia. Utilising search intensity data … Read More

ASEAN, COVID-19, India, Supply Chain, Trade

Robustness and Resilience of Supply Chains During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Findings from a Questionnaire Survey on the Supply Chain Links of Firms in ASEAN and India

15 September 2021

Using a unique firm-level data set from the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and India collected from November 2020 to February 2021, this paper … Read More

COVID-19, Indonesia, Macroeconomy, Tourism, Travel

Policy Strategies to Strengthen the Travel and Tourism Sectors from the COVID-19 Pandemic Shocks: A Computable General Equilibrium Model for the Indonesian Economy

13 September 2021

The travel and tourism sectors have become the most vulnerable sectors to the COVID-19 pandemic. Studies have shown that most tourist-destination countries will experience economic … Read More

COVID-19, industry and manufacturing, Japan, Supply Chain, Trade

Identifying the Impact of Supply Chain Disruption Caused by COVID-19 on Manufacturing Production in Japan

10 September 2021

COVID-19 has disrupted all aspects of our lives, including international trade. This paper investigates the effect of supply chain disruption on production activities, in particular … Read More

Computabe General Equilibrium, COVID-19, Macroeconomy

The Global Economic Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic: The Second Wave and Policy Implications

09 September 2021

This paper examines the macroeconomic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic through the Computable General Equilibrium model. Due to a second wave and a subsequent delay … Read More

ASEAN, non-tariff measures, Regional Integration, Trade

Regulatory Distance, Margins of Trade, and Regional Integration: The Case of the ASEAN+5

08 September 2021

This paper measures regulatory distance in non-tariff measures (NTMs) to examine the regulatory distance patterns and how the margins of trade respond to regulatory distance … Read More

East Asia, non-tariff measures, Trade

The Trade Restrictiveness Index and Its Impact on Trade Performance in Selected East Asian Countries

07 September 2021

This paper aims to investigate the effect of non-tariff measures (NTMs) on trade in selected East Asian countries. In doing so, we first estimate the … Read More

ASEAN, Connectivity, COVID-19, Trade

COVID-19, Air Transportation, and International Trade in the ASEAN+5 Region

03 September 2021

This paper provides an in-depth description of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic and its interactions with air transportation in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations … Read More

Aviation, Connectivity, COVID-19, healthcare

Aviation Market Development in the New Normal Post the COVID-19 Pandemic: An Analysis of Air Connectivity and Business Travel

02 September 2021

This study quantifies the effects introduced by the COVID-19 pandemic on air connectivity and passenger travel behaviour. Our analysis suggests that the pandemic has led … Read More

ASEAN, COVID-19, Finance, SMEs

COVID-19 and Regional Solutions for Mitigating the Risk of Small and Medium-sized Enterprise Finance in ASEAN Member States

19 August 2021

One of the significant challenges small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) face is their difficulty in accessing finance. One way to reduce the risk of lending … Read More

ASEAN, COVID-19, Macroeconomy

Central Banks' Responses to COVID-19 in ASEAN Economies

18 August 2021

The effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on public health, social life, economic conditions, and financial markets has been significant for Association of Southeast Asian Nations … Read More

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