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Indonesia, COVID-19, ageing in Asia, ageing society, Health, healthcare

Older People and COVID-19 in Indonesia (2022 Edition)

09 August 2022

The second round of phone surveys ‘Older People and COVID-19 in Indonesia’ is a follow-up to the first-round survey. It was a joint project of … Read More

Energy, Environment and Climate Change, Innovation and Technology

Decarbonisation of ASEAN Energy Systems: Optimum Technology Selection Model Analysis up to 2060

21 July 2022

During the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP26) in Glasgow, United Kingdom, many countries committed to achieving carbon neutrality by 2050 or 2060. ASEAN countries … Read More

Technology, Innovation, computer science, business industry

Robots and AI: A New Economic Era

15 June 2022

Robots and artificial intelligence (AI) are powerful forces that will likely have large impacts on the size, direction, and composition of international trade flows. This … Read More

ASEAN, Education, Disability

Inclusive Education in ASEAN: Fostering Belonging for Students with Disabilities

14 June 2022

In 2021–2022, an external research consultant partnered with the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) and conducted a study on inclusive education … Read More

coal, Energy, Power Grid, Power Plants

Study on Enhanced Flexibilisation of Coal-fired Power Plants for Optimal Grid Stabilisation in the ASEAN Region

31 May 2022

The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is one of the most dynamic and fastest growing economic regions in the world. The region’s heavy reliance … Read More

Biomass, Energy, Indonesia, Japan

Forecast of Biomass Demand Potential in Indonesia: Seeking a Business Model for Wood Pellets

31 May 2022

Reduction of coal consumption for power generation and gasoline and diesel consumption for vehicles is indispensable for reducing CO2 emission in Indonesia. At the same … Read More

Finance and Macroeconomy

Prediction Errors of Macroeconomic Indicators and Economic Shocks for ASEAN Member States, 1990‒2021

30 May 2022

In this study, economic shocks on six selected Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Member States (i.e. Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Viet … Read More

Trade, Education, Poverty, Macroeconomy, fiscal, COVID-19

COVID-19 in Indonesia: Impacts on the Economy and Ways to Recovery

28 March 2022

This book assesses the impacts of COVID-19 on the Indonesian economy, particularly on employment, education, poverty, trade, and macro economy. The book explains how fiscal … Read More

Indonesia, Maritime, Infrastructure, Eastern Indonesia

Maritime Policy and Eastern Indonesia Development

25 March 2022

President Joko Widodo launched a Maritime Highway program (tol laut) in 2015 to reduce price gaps between the east and west regions of Indonesia. The … Read More

COVID-19, Indonesia, Innovation, SMEs

Digital Technology Adoption and Indonesia’s MSMEs during the COVID-19 Pandemic

22 March 2022

The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has hit micro, small, and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs) hard. The estimated economic impact of COVID-19 could exceed the fiscal stimulus … Read More

Competitiveness, Indonesia, Local Content Requirement, Trade

Indonesia’s Local Content Requirements: An Assessment on Consistency with Free Trade Agreement Commitments

04 February 2022

Local content requirements (LCRs) are one of several economic instruments used by governments to protect infant domestic industries or to generate employment. Indonesia has LCR … Read More

Indonesia, Investment, Regulation and Governance

Local Content Requirements: Assessment from Investment Law

10 January 2022

Local content requirement (LCR) is one of several economic instruments used by governments for various purposes, including to protect infant domestic industries or to generate … Read More

COVID-19, Indonesia, Trade

COVID-19: Impacts of Indonesia's Trade

07 January 2022

This paper analyses how the coronavirus (COVID-19) has affected Indonesia’s exports and imports, both in terms of volume and value. We use monthly trade data … Read More

WTO, Indonesia, Local Content Requirement

Indonesia’s Local Content Requirements: Assessment with WTO Rules

07 January 2022

Local content requirement is one of the policy measures used by many countries around the globe, including Indonesia, to protect and support their strategic sectors. … Read More

Indonesia, Globalisation, disaster resilience, Trade

Market Entry, Survival, and Exit of Firms in the Aftermath of Natural Hazard-related Disasters: A Case Study of Indonesian Manufacturing Plants

16 December 2021

By combining plant-level data from the Indonesian Manufacturing Survey and localised disaster data from the Emergency Events Database for the period 1990–2015, we were able … Read More

COVID-19, Finance, fiscal, Indonesia, Macroeconomy, Malaysia

Firms’ Financial Distress during the COVID-19 Pandemic and Fiscal Incentives

13 December 2021

The COVID-19 pandemic as an exogenous shock has affected the business sector by disrupting production and shrinking demand due to strict physical distancing. This study … Read More

ASEAN, intellectual property rights, Digital Connectivity, free trade agreement

Intellectual Property Rights and ASEAN Development in the Digital Age

18 November 2021

The trade-investment-service-intellectual property (IP) nexus remains at the heart of economic development and the main features of which are global value chains (GVCs) and digitalisation. … Read More

Energy, ASEAN, Decarbonisation, Carbon Neutrality, LNG

A Flexible LNG Market and Promotion of Investment

01 November 2021

The global LNG market has seen fast growth over the past 10 years, underpinned by strong demand in Asia and abundant supply from the United … Read More

COVID-19, Indonesia, Labour and Migration, Poverty

Spillover Effects of Social and Economic Interactions on COVID-19 Pandemic Vulnerability Across Indonesia’s Regions

07 October 2021

This research study focuses on measuring the possible spillover effects of socio-economic interactions on COVID-19 pandemic vulnerability across Indonesia’s regions by utilising a spatial simultaneous … Read More

COVID-19, Education, Indonesia

Education for All? Assessing the Impact of Socio-economic Disparity on Learning Engagement During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Indonesia

06 October 2021

This paper attempts to shed light on the impact of socio-economic disparity on learning engagement during the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia. Utilising search intensity data … Read More

COVID-19, Indonesia, Macroeconomy, Tourism, Travel

Policy Strategies to Strengthen the Travel and Tourism Sectors from the COVID-19 Pandemic Shocks: A Computable General Equilibrium Model for the Indonesian Economy

13 September 2021

The travel and tourism sectors have become the most vulnerable sectors to the COVID-19 pandemic. Studies have shown that most tourist-destination countries will experience economic … Read More

Globalization, APEC, Trade

Globalisation and its Economic Consequences Looking at APEC Economies

31 August 2021

Given the rising criticisms of and growing doubts about globalisation, this timely edited volume looks at globalisation and its economic impact on eight countries in … Read More

Annual report

ERIA Annual Report 2020

21 July 2021

ERIA’s Annual Report 2020 presents the organisation’s various activities – such as research, seminars, capacity building, policy design, and dissemination initiatives – in fiscal year … Read More

COVID-19, GDP, Indonesia, Mobility, Nowcasting

Tracking the Ups and Downs in Indonesia’s Economic Activity During COVID-19 Using Mobility Index: Evidence from Provinces in Java and Bali

05 July 2021

A timely and reliable prediction of economic activities is crucial in policymaking, especially in the current COVID-19 pandemic situation, which requires real-time decisions. However, making … Read More

Energy, Innovation, Innovation and Technology, Indonesia, Philippines, Africa, Europe

Global Situation of Small Modular Reactor Development and Deployment

02 July 2021

Small modular reactors (SMRs) are nuclear fission reactors that are smaller than conventional reactors. They can be manufactured at a plant and brought to a … Read More

ageing, ageing in Asia, ageing society, healthcare, caregivers

Coping with Rapid Population Ageing in Asia

29 June 2021

Can you imagine the life of octogenarians, nonagenarians, or centenarians? It may be difficult if you do not have any limitations on daily activities. But … Read More

COVID-19, Indonesia, Labour and Migration

How Do Sectoral Employment Structures Affect Mobility during the COVID-19 Pandemic?

09 June 2021

As people’s mobility determines the spread of COVID-19 virus, this paper scrutinises factors that drive their mobility responses during the pandemic. Utilising Google mobility data, … Read More

COVID-19, Indonesia, inequality, Poverty

COVID-19 and Socio-Economic Inequalities in Indonesia: A Subnational-level Analysis

22 April 2021

This study examines if COVID-19 has worsened socio-economic inequalities across provinces in Indonesia, and if it has affected the spatial disparity in provincial-level socio-economic indicators. … Read More

Energy, energy outlook, East Asia, East Asia Summit

Energy Outlook and Energy Saving Potential in East Asia 2020

03 March 2021

The Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA)–East Asia Summit (EAS) Energy Outlook was updated in 2019–2020 based on a revision of macro … Read More

Indonesia, ageing society, COVID-19, Health

Older People and COVID-19 in Indonesia

25 February 2021

The phone survey of older people and coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in Indonesia was conducted as a joint project by ERIA, Bappenas, and SurveyMETER. Its aim … Read More

Energy, Indonesia, Innovation and Technology, Labour and Migration, Skills Development

Fuelling the Engines of Liberation with Cleaner Cooking Fuel

23 February 2021

Using the staggered roll-out of the Indonesian Conversion to Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) Programme, we show that a subsidy for the labour- and time-saving cooking … Read More

Education, global value chains, Human Capital, Indonesia, manufacturing

The Link Between Global Value Chain Activity and Local Human Capital: Evidence from Indonesia’s Manufacturing Sector

18 February 2021

For developing countries, participation in global value chains (GVCs) provides an opportunity to expand domestic human capital. Since GVC firms require qualified workers to meet … Read More

Energy, Indonesia, Infrastructure, Logistics, LNG

Feasible Solutions to Deliver LNG to Midsized and Large Islands in Indonesia

29 January 2021

Indonesia’s electricity demand will increase significantly, by about 4.5 times, from 2015 to 2040, according to the 2018 edition of the ERIA–EAS Energy Outlook under … Read More

Education, Human Capital, Indonesia, Innovation

Determinants of School Enrolment: Relationship between Minimum Wage and Human Capital Investment

16 December 2020

Most economic research on minimum wage has focused on employment effects. Research analysing the effects of minimum wage on skill acquisition and educational investment is … Read More

trade liberalisation, China, Indonesia

Trade Liberalisation and Chinese Firm’s Exports: Sourcing from Indonesia

01 December 2020

About the Journal The World Economy, first published on 22 October 2020, https://doi.org/10.1111/twec.13058 Author Lili Yan Ing, Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia, … Read More

circular economy, energy, industrial policy, industry and manufacturing, 4.0, Innovation and Technology

Assessing the Readiness of Industry 4.0 and the Circular Economy

26 November 2020

Globalisation, technological advancement, and resource consumption have historically served humanity well by typically delivering both economic growth and social progress. But as these drivers have … Read More

urban and rural economic growth, inequality, Indonesia, Urban Development, Poverty

Measuring the Pro-Poorness of Urban and Rural Economic Growth in Indonesia, 2004–2014

25 November 2020

This study measures the pro-poorness of urban and rural economic growth by region from 2004 to 2014 in Indonesia using pro-poor growth indexes, with data … Read More

Energy, RenewableEnergy, ASEAN, Vehicle, Electrified Vehicle

The Influence on Energy and the Economy of Electrified Vehicle Penetration in ASEAN

04 November 2020

The study analyses the effects of electric vehicle deployment in Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, and Viet Nam especially in terms of energy supply and demand, CO2 … Read More

Environment, Regional Waste Management, Waste Management, Asia, ASEAN

Regional Waste Management – Inter-municipal Cooperation and Public and Private Partnership

20 October 2020

To reduce the risk of COVID-19 and the leakage of plastic waste to the ocean, waste collection and disposal services should be expanded middle and … Read More

Finance, Financial Inclusion, Indonesia

Financial Inclusion and Savings in Indonesia

29 September 2020

This paper discusses the status of financial inclusion in Indonesia and examines the impact of financial inclusion – based on availability of bank branches on … Read More

Indonesia, trade policy, Globalisation, economic growth, international economic policy

The Economic Impact of Globalisation in Indonesia

14 August 2020

This paper analyses the economic impact of globalisation in Indonesia from the end of the 1960s to date. The analysis found that globalisation generated a … Read More

ASEAN, Regulation and Governance, International Trade

Interconnected Government: International Regulatory Cooperation in ASEAN

15 July 2020

Promoting international regulatory cooperation (IRC) is gaining traction as a way to improve business competitiveness. Within the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), improving regulatory … Read More

ASEAN, Waste Management, Environment, COVID-19

Strengthening Waste Management Policies to Mitigate the COVID-19 Pandemic

02 July 2020

The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has raised issues with waste management. In Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries, the increasing amount of medical waste during … Read More

ASEAN, India, E-commerce, Connectivity, Trade, Regulation and Governance, Digital Economy

E-Commerce Connectivity in ASEAN

14 April 2020

The next Asian miracle of growth could be born with the region's digital transformation. Digital connectivity is the cornerstone that will make the changes feasible … Read More

Indonesia, industry and manufacturing, microdata, Trade

Production Dynamics in Multi-Product Firms’ Exporting

11 February 2020

To create room for production capacity for exported products, new exporters may decrease either the production of exported products or of other products for the … Read More

Indonesia, industry and manufacturing, microdata, Trade

Input Allocation Behaviour on Tariff Changes: The Case of Indonesia’s Manufacturing Industries

10 February 2020

Can firms reallocate their imported inputs to domestic sources when faced with import tariffs? To answer this question, we analyse the input allocation behaviour of … Read More

Indonesia, industry and manufacturing, Investment, Labour and Migration, microdata

Foreign Direct Investment and Labour Market Dynamics in a Developing Country: Evidence from Indonesian Plant-Level Data

10 February 2020

This study examines the impact of inward foreign direct investment on the wages and employment of skilled and unskilled workers in Indonesian manufacturing plants. Entry … Read More

Energy, ASEAN, Biomass, coal, Indonesia, Philippines

Study on the Biomass and Coal Co-Combustion in the ASEAN Region

16 December 2019

Co-combustion of agricultural waste and coal could make a very significant contribution to reducing CO2 emissions compared with simple coal combustion for power generation. Since … Read More

renewable energy, LCOE, learning curve, grid parity, solar PV

LCOE Analysis for Grid-Connected PV Systems of Utility Scale Across Selected ASEAN Countries

22 November 2019

Countries of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) have been dependent on conventional energy resources because of their abundance, which explainsthe slow progressof renewable … Read More

Indonesia, tariff, trade policy, computable general equilibrium model

FTA Strategies to Strengthen Indonesian Exports: Using the Computable General Equilibrium Model

11 November 2019

This paper aims at evaluating the economic impacts of the various Indonesian free trade agreement (FTA) strategies in enhancing export-led growth. The potential impact of … Read More

Human Capital, Indonesia, 2045

Human Resources Development in Indonesia – Towards 2045

23 October 2019

Indonesia and Japan are highly committed to maintaining human resources development to support economic growth, in line with the development in the political and social … Read More

Energy, Energy Conservation

Cost Effectiveness of the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Policy in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations

21 October 2019

This study aims to help promote energy efficiency and conservation (EE&C) investment in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) region through two analyses, one … Read More

Energy, Sustainable Energy

Social Benefit of Clean Coal Technology

02 October 2019

This study analyses the cost and benefit of more stringent air emission standards for coal-fired power plants. The cost is assumed to be the investment … Read More

Education, Training, Human Capital, Indonesia

Developing Human Capital by Supporting Parental Engagement in Indonesia

26 September 2019

Indonesia’s stagnating economic growth rate is largely attributed to human capital constraints. This is partly because Indonesia’s education system leaves students ill-prepared to enter the … Read More

Connectivity, Environment, Climate Change, Indonesia, Japan, Sustainable Development

Sustainable Marine Development

26 September 2019

Indonesia has the largest economic exclusive zone in Asia, and Japan the second largest. Marine resources are their main development assets. Indonesia and Japan rely … Read More

Electricity, Energy, Environment, Vehicle

Evaluation of CO2 Emissions Reduction Through Mobility Electrification

24 September 2019

The introduction of electrified vehicles (xEVs) is expanding to reduce energy consumption and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the transport sector. This study examined scenarios … Read More

Agriculture, Food Value Chain, ASEAN

Overview of Agri-food Industries in ASEAN: Basic Information on the Food Value Chain

23 September 2019

The agri-food market in Southeast Asia has been activated by the area’s steady economic and population growth, and by its deepening regional and international economic … Read More

ASEAN, Cold Chain, Agriculture, Food Value Chain

The Cold Chain for Agri-food Products in ASEAN

19 September 2019

The cold chain system is indispensable for Southeast Asian countries with their mostly tropical climates. This report aims to contribute to spreading the cold chain … Read More

ASEAN, AMS

Government Initiatives Matter for Innovation in ASEAN

13 September 2019

ASEAN member states (AMS) need to greatly enhance their ‘innovation capability’ to achieve technology-driven sustainable development, and there still remains much room to do so. … Read More

Trade, non-tariff measures, ASEAN

Non-Tariff Measures -An Update

04 September 2019

Whilst tariffs have declined following disciplines instituted by the World Trade Organization, the use of non-tariff measures is on the rise worldwide. This trend is … Read More

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