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ASEAN, Enterpreneurship, Innovation, SMEs

Mapping Innovation-Driven Entrepreneurial Ecosystems: An Overview

31 May 2022

Innovation-driven entrepreneurship enables people and companies to pursue global opportunities based on innovative processes, products, or services. Studies show that innovation-driven entrepreneurial high-growth firms represent … Read More

COVID-19, Finance, fiscal, Indonesia, Macroeconomy, Malaysia

Firms’ Financial Distress during the COVID-19 Pandemic and Fiscal Incentives

13 December 2021

The COVID-19 pandemic as an exogenous shock has affected the business sector by disrupting production and shrinking demand due to strict physical distancing. This study … Read More

ASEAN, Disability, Entrepreneurship, Innovation, SMEs

Social Enterprises and Disability: Promoting Inclusion, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship in ASEAN

08 December 2021

This policy brief highlights the role of social enterprises in promoting social impact and inclusion for people with disabilities in the Association of Southeast Asian … Read More

Digital Economy, global value chains, China, United States

Digital Asia: Facing Challenges from GVCs Digitalisation, US—China Decoupling, and the Covid-19 Pandemic

06 December 2021

Digitalisation, US–China decoupling, and the coronavirus disease (Covid-19) pandemic represent the three remarkable sources of changes faced by the world economy. Asia’s response to these … Read More

COVID-19, East Asia, global value chains, industry and manufacturing

Global Value Chains and COVID-19: An Update on Machinery Production Networks in East Asia

26 November 2021

Although global value chains (GVCs) are prone to the contagion of shocks through supply chains, machinery international production networks (IPNs), a sophisticated version of GVCs, … Read More

Asia, ASEM, Connectivity, E-commerce, Europe, Innovation and Technology

ASEM’s Role in Promoting Asia–Europe E-Commerce

15 November 2021

Asia and Europe have significant potential in the e-commerce market, and the Asia–Europe Meeting (ASEM) has an important role to play in helping both regions … Read More

COVID-19, ASEAN, India, Human Capital

Economic Policies to take Advantage of the Vigorous Private Dynamism in AMS and India during the COVID-19 Crisis

06 July 2021

The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has created unprecedented difficulties for the economies of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Member States (AMS) and India. … Read More

RCEP, Free Trade, ASEAN, ASEAN+6, Asia, pandemic

Impacts of the RCEP on ASEAN and ASEAN Least Developed Countries in the Post-pandemic Recovery

05 July 2021

This policy brief highlights the impact of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) agreement on ASEAN and ASEAN least developed countries (LDCs) in the post-pandemic … Read More

ASEAN, Competitiveness, Education, Gender Equality

Women’s Participation in the Digital Economy: Improving Access to Skills, Entrepreneurship, and Leadership Across ASEAN

08 February 2021

This policy brief provides evidence of the persistent digital gender divide across ASEAN and explains how it is of key importance to close this divide … Read More

ASEAN, Global Governance, Multilateralism, New Zealand, Regulation and Governance

Under the Radar: International Regulatory Cooperation in ASEAN and New Zealand

03 September 2020

International Regulatory Cooperation (IRC) refers to a diverse range of ways government regulators from different countries work together on developing and enforcing regulations. IRC can … Read More

E-commerce, Digital Economy, ASEAN, Innovation and Technology

Improving Digital Connectivity: Policy Priority for ASEAN Digital Transformation

17 July 2020

This brief proposes a policy framework for digital connectivity to support the development of e-commerce. Using this analytical framework for the Association of Southeast Asian … Read More

ASEAN, Innovation, Industrialisastion

ASEAN Development and Innovation Strategy in the Era of New Industrialisation

16 July 2020

Foreign direct investment (FDI) and trade will continue to play an important role in the assimilation of the latest technologies within the Association of Southeast … Read More

ASEAN, Waste Management, Environment, COVID-19

Strengthening Waste Management Policies to Mitigate the COVID-19 Pandemic

02 July 2020

The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has raised issues with waste management. In Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries, the increasing amount of medical waste during … Read More

COVID-19, fiscal, Supply Chain

Maintaining Fiscal Sustainability during the Pandemic Crisis

24 June 2020

Key Messages Plummeting demand for goods and services, caused by the sudden disruption in major economic activities, has set the stage for a worldwide economic … Read More

COVID-19, Production Networks

Exit Strategies for ASEAN Member States: Keeping Production Networks Alive Despite the Impending Demand Shock

19 May 2020

Some Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Member States (AMS) are still fully engaged in emergency responses to the coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Human life is … Read More

COVID-19, ASEAN, Economic Integration, Connectivity, Investment, trade liberalisation

COVID-19 and Southeast and East Asian Economic Integration: Understanding the Consequences for the Future

23 April 2020

Key Messages The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic poses great challenges for the economic integration of East and Southeast Asia. Much of the future of … Read More

COVID-19, ASEAN, disaster risk management

Implications of the COVID-19 Crisis for the Energy Sector and Climate Change in ASEAN

22 April 2020

Key Messages The spread of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and the resulting reduction in demand for products and services will likely cut total annual carbon … Read More

services, trade, trade in services, manufacturing, global value chains

New Frontiers for Services in Globalisation

05 December 2019

The building of global value chains in manufacturing is much discussed, but less attention is given to the growth of value chains in services, their … Read More

services, manufacturing, global value chains

Services to Support Manufacturing Value Chains in East Asia

05 December 2019

The drivers and consequences of the development of global value chains (GVCs) in East Asia have been the subject of significant policy research. This work … Read More

Human Capital, Indonesia, 2045

Human Resources Development in Indonesia – Towards 2045

23 October 2019

Indonesia and Japan are highly committed to maintaining human resources development to support economic growth, in line with the development in the political and social … Read More

Education, Training, Human Capital, Indonesia

Developing Human Capital by Supporting Parental Engagement in Indonesia

26 September 2019

Indonesia’s stagnating economic growth rate is largely attributed to human capital constraints. This is partly because Indonesia’s education system leaves students ill-prepared to enter the … Read More

Connectivity, Environment, Climate Change, Indonesia, Japan, Sustainable Development

Sustainable Marine Development

26 September 2019

Indonesia has the largest economic exclusive zone in Asia, and Japan the second largest. Marine resources are their main development assets. Indonesia and Japan rely … Read More

ASEAN, AMS

Government Initiatives Matter for Innovation in ASEAN

13 September 2019

ASEAN member states (AMS) need to greatly enhance their ‘innovation capability’ to achieve technology-driven sustainable development, and there still remains much room to do so. … Read More

Digital Economy, Industrialisation, Trade Facilitation, Connectivity

The Importance of Industrialisation and Trade Facilitation for Employment-Led Growth in the Digital Economy

30 July 2019

The digital economy will affect the patterns and geographical locations of industries, employment, trade and economic growth. Structural transformation and employment generation policies in developing … Read More

global value chains, Industrialisastion, Connectivity, Trade

The Role of Industrialisation and ICT in Africa’s Growth and Integration into Global Value Chains

30 July 2019

Industrialisation is important for Africa’s growth and sustainable development. Deepening the manufacturing sector and greater integration in global value chains will build more resilient economies. … Read More

Connectivity

Asia Africa Growth Corridor: Development Cooperation and Connectivity in the Indo-Pacific

08 October 2018

Asia and Africa are conjoined by the Indian Ocean and the two regions provide a renewed opportunity for partnership for sustainable development. The conceptualisation of … Read More

Infrastructure, Industry, Africa

Infrastructure and Industrialisation: Ensuring Sustainable and Inclusive Growth in Africa

06 September 2018

Africa’s economy is on a growth curve where development and investment plans must focus on the expansion of infrastructure, capacities, and institutions. Infrastructure development, which … Read More

Investment, Connectivity, Asia Africa, Development

Balancing Investment and Development Assistance in Africa: Growth Prospects from Asia–Africa Connectivity

31 August 2018

Africa’s young demography and developing economy require integration and expansion into the global value chains. Asia can share its growth experience with Africa. Africa can … Read More

Trade, ASEAN, Competitiveness

Facilitating ASEAN Trade in Goods

13 December 2017

To move forward trade facilitation agenda in ASEAN, this brief presents three recommendations that focus on rules of origin, transparency of non-tariff measures (NTM), and … Read More

Trade, Investment, Competitiveness, ASEAN

Transparency in Non-tariff Measures: An International Comparison

13 November 2017

The growing literature on trade has proven that transparency has positive effects on trade and investment. This is particularly important in non-tariff measures, which are … Read More

Trade, ASEAN

ASEAN: Regional Integration and Reforms

13 November 2017

This brief explains the motivation behind ASEAN's integration into East Asia, the role ASEAN reforms play in the integration, as well as its future direction. … Read More

Trade, ASEAN

How Restrictive Are ASEAN's Rules of Origins?

06 November 2017

ASEAN's rules of origin (ROO) have a simple and transparent structure, with a large chunk of trade flows subject to a 40% regional value content … Read More

Trade, ASEAN

Streamlining NTMs in ASEAN: The Way Forward

06 November 2017

Dealing with NTMs as if dealing with a trade tool like tariffs is an unproper approach, as NTMs could play a role of check and … Read More

E-commerce, Asia, Trade, Globalization

E-Commerce as Asia's New Growth Engine

23 October 2017

The development of cross-border electronic commerce (e-commerce) is changing the world's economic landscape. To better grasp the opportunities of this global trend of growth, Asian … Read More

E-commerce, Globalization, Asia

To Enhance E-Commerce Enabling Connectivity in Asia

09 October 2017

Cross-border e-commerce has been a major development trend of international trade and globalization. In the next 5-10 years, the top three fastest growing markets in … Read More

Macroeconomy, Investment, Competitiveness

ASEAN as an FDI Attractor:
How Do Multinationals Look at ASEAN?

31 January 2017

This policy brief presents an overview of the ASEAN economy in terms of its economic relationship with multinationals, particularly Japanese companies, that have … Read More

Implications of Mega Free Trade Agreements for Asian Regional Integration and RCEP Negotiation

05 December 2016

As mega free trade agreements (FTAs) are reshaping the rules of global governance, there is urgency for member states of the Association of … Read More

competitiveness, TPP, IPR

TPP, IPR Protection, and Their Implications for Emerging Asian Economies

26 April 2016

Intellectual property rights (IPR) protection is essential for economic growth, innovation, and competitiveness. As the global economy is increasingly organised within global value … Read More

Power Grid Interconnections in East Asia: Investment in Several Key Projects Are Well Justified

28 January 2016

Abstract The recent ERIA report on 'Effective Power Infrastructure Investment through Power Grid Interconnections in East Asia' aims to support existing initiatives--the ASEAN Power Grid … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Regulation and Governance

ASEAN PPP: From Institutional Development to Streamlined Implementation

21 December 2015

There is a growing momentum to set ambitious infrastructure development targets across member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). With … Read More

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