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Research

global value chains, labour productivity, microdata, SMEs, Viet Nam

Participation in Global Value Chains and Rent Sharing by Small Firms in Viet Nam

27 January 2022

It is well documented that firms that participate in global value chains (GVCs) are larger and more productive, maintaining higher profitability compared to those without … Read More

Asia, low carbon growth, Low-carbon Technology, COVID-19

Rethinking Asia’s Low-Carbon Growth in the Post-Covid World: Towards a Net-Zero Economy

27 January 2022

Asia’s historical development is at a crossroads. Twenty months into the coronavirus pandemic, the cumulative economic and financial impacts are estimated to be much worse … Read More

global value chains, Investment, Viet Nam

The Nexus between Inward Foreign Direct Investment and Global Value Chains in Developing Countries: A Case Study of Viet Nam

26 January 2022

In recent decades, Viet Nam, a developing economy, has significantly improved its export structure and, to some extent, its participation in global value chains (GVCs), … Read More

ASEAN, East Asia, SMEs, Start-Up

Entrepreneurship, Start-Ups, and Innovation (E-S-I) in ASEAN and East Asia: Catalysing Collaborations and Partnerships for Scale-Ups-Ep.6-10

26 January 2022

In 2021, the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) and Curated Connectors, a Singapore-based start-up, hosted a webinar series to discuss how … Read More

ASEAN, East Asia, global value chains, industry and manufacturing, Investment, Trade

Overview of Foreign Direct Investment, Trade, and Global Value Chains in East Asia

25 January 2022

This paper provides an overview of the patterns and trends of foreign direct investment (FDI) and trade as well as the formation and development of … Read More

ASEAN, India, Entrepreneurship, Innovation

Building Prolific Entrepreneurship Ecosystems-Episode 1

11 January 2022

This report is part of a study that CIIE.CO, the Innovation Continuum, and Economic Research Institute of ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) are conducting to … Read More

Indonesia, Investment, Regulation and Governance

Local Content Requirements: Assessment from Investment Law

10 January 2022

Local content requirement (LCR) is one of several economic instruments used by governments for various purposes, including to protect infant domestic industries or to generate … Read More

COVID-19, Indonesia, Trade

COVID-19: Impacts of Indonesia's Trade

07 January 2022

This paper analyses how the coronavirus (COVID-19) has affected Indonesia’s exports and imports, both in terms of volume and value. We use monthly trade data … Read More

WTO, Indonesia, Local Content Requirement

Indonesia’s Local Content Requirements: Assessment with WTO Rules

07 January 2022

Local content requirement is one of the policy measures used by many countries around the globe, including Indonesia, to protect and support their strategic sectors. … Read More

ageing society, Cambodia, Health, healthcare, Labour and Migration, Lao PDR, Viet Nam

Pioneering Chronic-phase Rehabilitation and Nutritional Management in Cambodia, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, and Viet Nam: Promotion of a Broad-based Healthcare System

29 December 2021

The second part of this project focuses on chronic-phase rehabilitation and nutritional management at hospitals in Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Viet Nam in line with … Read More

China, Energy, Hydrogen, RenewableEnergy

Hydrogen Sourced from Renewables and Clean Energy: A Feasibility Study of Achieving Large-scale Demonstration

20 December 2021

China is emerging as one of the leading markets for hydrogen energy and fuel cell technologies. However, it is surprising to find that most of … Read More

Korea, manufacturing, Exports, Survival

Export Market Survival of Pioneers and Followers

20 December 2021

This study investigates empirically whether export pioneers and followers are different in terms of export market survival, utilising a rich plant-product-level dataset on Korean manufacturing … Read More

global value chains, India, manufacturing, research and development

Innovation, Product Sophistication and Export Market Survival: A Study of Indian Manufacturing

17 December 2021

The present study investigates the role of innovation on global market survival of Indian manufacturing firms. Specifically, the study examines whether research and development (R&D) … Read More

Indonesia, Globalisation, disaster resilience, Trade

Market Entry, Survival, and Exit of Firms in the Aftermath of Natural Hazard-related Disasters: A Case Study of Indonesian Manufacturing Plants

16 December 2021

By combining plant-level data from the Indonesian Manufacturing Survey and localised disaster data from the Emergency Events Database for the period 1990–2015, we were able … Read More

Economic Integration, East Asian

Handbook on East Asian Economic Integration

15 December 2021

This comprehensive Handbook provides an in-depth analysis of the nature of East Asian economic integration alongside thoughtful insights into contemporary issues, such as digital technology … Read More

spillover effects, investment, Viet Nam

Spillover Effects of Foreign and Domestic Exporting Firms on Export Decisions of Local Manufacturing Firms: Evidence from Viet Nam

15 December 2021

Our paper investigates the spillover effects generated by foreign and domestic exporting firms on export decisions of local manufacturing firms in Viet Nam – … Read More

Energy, Environment, East Asia Summit, ASEAN, Innovation and Technology

Analysis of Future Mobility Fuel Scenarios Considering the Sustainable Use of Biofuels and Other Alternative Vehicle Fuels in EAS Countries

14 December 2021

Greater efforts than ever before are now being made to decarbonise the transport sectors in the ASEAN and East Asia Summit countries. With a quarter … Read More

COVID-19, Finance, fiscal, Indonesia, Macroeconomy, Malaysia

Firms’ Financial Distress during the COVID-19 Pandemic and Fiscal Incentives

13 December 2021

The COVID-19 pandemic as an exogenous shock has affected the business sector by disrupting production and shrinking demand due to strict physical distancing. This study … Read More

Energy, Infrastructure, Thailand, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Cambodia, Viet Nam

Feasibility Study on the Transmission Highway in ACMECS

09 December 2021

The Ayeyawady–Chao Phraya–Mekong Economic Cooperation Strategy (ACMECS) currently has varying energy resources, but abundant resources – especially hydropower – are underutilised because ACMECS countries have … Read More

ASEAN, Disability, Entrepreneurship, Innovation, SMEs

Social Enterprises and Disability: Promoting Inclusion, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship in ASEAN

08 December 2021

This policy brief highlights the role of social enterprises in promoting social impact and inclusion for people with disabilities in the Association of Southeast Asian … Read More

Digital Economy, global value chains, China, United States

Digital Asia: Facing Challenges from GVCs Digitalisation, US—China Decoupling, and the Covid-19 Pandemic

06 December 2021

Digitalisation, US–China decoupling, and the coronavirus disease (Covid-19) pandemic represent the three remarkable sources of changes faced by the world economy. Asia’s response to these … Read More

COVID-19, East Asia, global value chains, industry and manufacturing

Global Value Chains and COVID-19: An Update on Machinery Production Networks in East Asia

26 November 2021

Although global value chains (GVCs) are prone to the contagion of shocks through supply chains, machinery international production networks (IPNs), a sophisticated version of GVCs, … Read More

ASEAN, intellectual property rights, Digital Connectivity, free trade agreement

Intellectual Property Rights and ASEAN Development in the Digital Age

18 November 2021

The trade-investment-service-intellectual property (IP) nexus remains at the heart of economic development and the main features of which are global value chains (GVCs) and digitalisation. … Read More

Asia, ASEM, Connectivity, E-commerce, Europe, Innovation and Technology

ASEM’s Role in Promoting Asia–Europe E-Commerce

15 November 2021

Asia and Europe have significant potential in the e-commerce market, and the Asia–Europe Meeting (ASEM) has an important role to play in helping both regions … Read More

ASEAN, Innovation and Technology, Regulation and Governance

Research on Patent Examination Practices for Emerging Technologies in ASEAN Member States

12 November 2021

Mandated by the Ninth ASEAN–Japan Heads of Intellectual Property Offices Meeting, ERIA conducted a research project and produced a report titled ‘Research 2019–2020 on Patent … Read More

Connectivity, Global Governance, Energy, Digital Economy, Labour and Migration, Asia, Europe, free trade agreement, Trade Facilitation

13th Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM) Summit

11 November 2021

The Asia–Europe Meeting (ASEM) is a unique cooperation initiative, bringing in scope for transnational cooperation between Partner countries, through regional and sub-regional activities. ASEM is … Read More

Energy, ASEAN, Decarbonisation, Carbon Neutrality, LNG

A Flexible LNG Market and Promotion of Investment

01 November 2021

The global LNG market has seen fast growth over the past 10 years, underpinned by strong demand in Asia and abundant supply from the United … Read More

Energy, Urban Development, ASEAN

Technical Guidelines for Energy Efficiency and Conservation in Commercial Buildings

29 October 2021

Energy efficiency and conservation (EEC) is a top priority energy policy in ASEAN Members States to achieve a low-carbon energy transition. Promotion of EEC is … Read More

COVID-19, Indonesia, Labour and Migration, Poverty

Spillover Effects of Social and Economic Interactions on COVID-19 Pandemic Vulnerability Across Indonesia’s Regions

07 October 2021

This research study focuses on measuring the possible spillover effects of socio-economic interactions on COVID-19 pandemic vulnerability across Indonesia’s regions by utilising a spatial simultaneous … Read More

COVID-19, Education, Indonesia

Education for All? Assessing the Impact of Socio-economic Disparity on Learning Engagement During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Indonesia

06 October 2021

This paper attempts to shed light on the impact of socio-economic disparity on learning engagement during the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia. Utilising search intensity data … Read More

ASEAN, Energy, RenewableEnergy

The Economics and Risks of Power Systems with High Shares of Renewable Energies

30 September 2021

Using a mathematical model, this study examines the possibility and risks of realising high shares of variable renewable energies (VRE) through the planned extension of … Read More

Disability, Innovation, Social Enterprises, ASEAN

Social Enterprises and Disability: Fostering Innovation, Awareness, and Social Impact in the ASEAN Region

16 September 2021

In 2021, the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) – together with Impact46, a social impact consulting, conducted a study on Social … Read More

ASEAN, COVID-19, India, Supply Chain, Trade

Robustness and Resilience of Supply Chains During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Findings from a Questionnaire Survey on the Supply Chain Links of Firms in ASEAN and India

15 September 2021

Using a unique firm-level data set from the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and India collected from November 2020 to February 2021, this paper … Read More

Energy, Energy Outlook

Fourth East Asia Energy Forum

13 September 2021

The Fourth East Asia Energy Forum (EAEF) was organised by the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA), the Energy Research Institute Network … Read More

COVID-19, Indonesia, Macroeconomy, Tourism, Travel

Policy Strategies to Strengthen the Travel and Tourism Sectors from the COVID-19 Pandemic Shocks: A Computable General Equilibrium Model for the Indonesian Economy

13 September 2021

The travel and tourism sectors have become the most vulnerable sectors to the COVID-19 pandemic. Studies have shown that most tourist-destination countries will experience economic … Read More

COVID-19, industry and manufacturing, Japan, Supply Chain, Trade

Identifying the Impact of Supply Chain Disruption Caused by COVID-19 on Manufacturing Production in Japan

10 September 2021

COVID-19 has disrupted all aspects of our lives, including international trade. This paper investigates the effect of supply chain disruption on production activities, in particular … Read More

Computabe General Equilibrium, COVID-19, Macroeconomy

The Global Economic Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic: The Second Wave and Policy Implications

09 September 2021

This paper examines the macroeconomic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic through the Computable General Equilibrium model. Due to a second wave and a subsequent delay … Read More

ASEAN, non-tariff measures, Regional Integration, Trade

Regulatory Distance, Margins of Trade, and Regional Integration: The Case of the ASEAN+5

08 September 2021

This paper measures regulatory distance in non-tariff measures (NTMs) to examine the regulatory distance patterns and how the margins of trade respond to regulatory distance … Read More

East Asia, non-tariff measures, Trade

The Trade Restrictiveness Index and Its Impact on Trade Performance in Selected East Asian Countries

07 September 2021

This paper aims to investigate the effect of non-tariff measures (NTMs) on trade in selected East Asian countries. In doing so, we first estimate the … Read More

ASEAN, Connectivity, COVID-19, Trade

COVID-19, Air Transportation, and International Trade in the ASEAN+5 Region

03 September 2021

This paper provides an in-depth description of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic and its interactions with air transportation in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations … Read More

Aviation, Connectivity, COVID-19, healthcare

Aviation Market Development in the New Normal Post the COVID-19 Pandemic: An Analysis of Air Connectivity and Business Travel

02 September 2021

This study quantifies the effects introduced by the COVID-19 pandemic on air connectivity and passenger travel behaviour. Our analysis suggests that the pandemic has led … Read More

Globalization, APEC, Trade

Globalisation and its Economic Consequences Looking at APEC Economies

31 August 2021

Given the rising criticisms of and growing doubts about globalisation, this timely edited volume looks at globalisation and its economic impact on eight countries in … Read More

Innovation, Innovation and Technology, Start-Up, Entrepreneurship

Entrepreneurship, Startups and Innovations in ASEAN and East Asia-Shaping the Post-Pandemic Recovery-Ep.1-5

30 August 2021

In 2021, the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) – together with Curated Connectors, a Singapore based start-up – hosted a webinar … Read More

ASEAN, COVID-19, Finance, SMEs

COVID-19 and Regional Solutions for Mitigating the Risk of Small and Medium-sized Enterprise Finance in ASEAN Member States

19 August 2021

One of the significant challenges small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) face is their difficulty in accessing finance. One way to reduce the risk of lending … Read More

ASEAN, COVID-19, Macroeconomy

Central Banks' Responses to COVID-19 in ASEAN Economies

18 August 2021

The effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on public health, social life, economic conditions, and financial markets has been significant for Association of Southeast Asian Nations … Read More

ASEAN, COVID-19, Regulation and Governance

A Firm-level Analysis of the Impact of the Coronavirus Outbreak in ASEAN

16 August 2021

This study examines the impact of the coronavirus pandemic on economic integration in the ASEAN-6 region. The study finds that the pandemic’s impact can be … Read More

ASEAN, Trade, free trade agreement

Impact of the ASEAN Trade in Goods Agreements (ATIGA) on Intra-ASEAN Trade

16 August 2021

This report is an outcome of ERIA’s quantitative assessment of the impact of the ASEAN Trade in Goods Agreement (ATIGA) on intra-ASEAN trade. The study … Read More

Indonesia, China, Europe, free trade agreement framework, Investment

The EU–China Comprehensive Agreement on Investment: Lessons Learnt for Indonesia

12 August 2021

The European Union (EU) and China have recently reached an agreement: the EU–China Comprehensive Agreement on Investment (CAI). As one of the most recent investment … Read More

ASEAN, global value chains, Trade, COVID-19, Supply Chain

UK-ASEAN Trade: Strengthening the Supply Chain Linkages

11 August 2021

The United Kingdom (UK) and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) have commenced a Dialogue Partnership which foresees years of closer economic relations ahead. … Read More

ASEAN, Digital Economy, East Asia, fiscal, Regulation and Governance, Taxation

Reconciling Tax and Trade Rules in the Digitalised Economy: Challenges for ASEAN and East Asia

06 August 2021

As the digital economy expands in scale, scope, and form it poses major challenges for public revenue and tax policy and administration in Asia and … Read More

ASEAN, non-tariff measures, Supply Chain, Trade

Effective Rates of Protection in a World With Non-Tariff Measures and Supply Chains: Evidence from ASEAN

05 August 2021

The concept of effective rate of protection expresses protection on a sector’s final output relative to protection affecting its inputs. As such, it is well … Read More

India, Regulation and Governance, Trade

Technical Barriers to Trade and the Performance of Indian Exporters

04 August 2021

We study the effects of technical barriers to trade (TBTs) imposed by destination markets on prices, marginal costs, and markups of Indian manufacturing exporters. Using … Read More

East Asia, Energy, Environment and Climate Change

A Study on the Impact of Financing Restrictions on New Coal-Fired Power Plants in the Asian Region

27 July 2021

The study on financial restrictions on coal-fired power is timely and of crucial importance for providing Asia’s leaders with a view of how to support … Read More

COVID-19, Malaysia, Tourism

Domestic Tourism as a Pathway to Revive the Tourism Industry and Business Post the COVID-19 Pandemic

27 July 2021

This research aims to explore the potential of domestic tourism as a means to revitalise the tourism industry from the perspectives of local residents and … Read More

ASEAN, Digital Economy, Digital Connectivity

Exploring Digital Economic Agreements to Promote Digital Connectivity in ASEAN

26 July 2021

This paper explores modules and articles on cooperation concerning the digital economy that are applicable for Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries under certain … Read More

Air Cargo, Asia, COVID-19, Europe, global value chains, United States

Feeling the Pulse of Global Value Chains: Air Cargo and COVID-19

23 July 2021

This paper focuses on air cargo market development, with special attention to the connections between countries in Asia, the European Union, and the United States. … Read More

Annual report

ERIA Annual Report 2020

21 July 2021

ERIA’s Annual Report 2020 presents the organisation’s various activities – such as research, seminars, capacity building, policy design, and dissemination initiatives – in fiscal year … Read More

healthcare, long-term care, caregivers, care workers, India, Philippines, Japan

Qualifications Framework for Long-term Care Workers in India, Japan, and the Philippines

13 July 2021

Due to a steadily ageing global population, demand for care workers for older people is growing worldwide. In most societies and cultures, older people have … Read More

COVID-19, East Asia, East Asia Summit, Energy

Impacts of COVID-19 on the Energy Demand Situation of East Asia Summit Countries

12 July 2021

The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has brought us a ‘New Normal’ life style and the lockdown has severely harmed economic growth, with many countries estimated … Read More

Australia, China, East Asia, India, Japan, New Zealand, non-tariff measures, NTM, South Korea, Trade

East Asian Integration and Its Main Challenge: NTMs in Australia, China, India, Japan, Republic of Korea, and New Zealand

11 July 2021

While East Asia has been moving forward with its regional integration agenda, one main challenge remains and is growing – non-tariff measures (NTMs). Animal, vegetable, … Read More

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