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Research

CADP, CADP 3.0, Connectivity, Innovation and Technology, geographical simulation model

Geographical Simulation Analysis for CADP 3.0

11 January 2023

The economic impact of the development of transport and digital infrastructure and the adoption of energy-saving technologies envisaged in the Comprehensive Asia Development Plan 3.0 … Read More

ASEAN, Investment, Trade

Facilitating Global Trade and Investment and Leveraging Value Added in Downstream Industries

10 January 2023

Despite facing global uncertainties, Indonesia has achieved macroeconomic stability, supported by strong responses in fiscal and monetary policy, as well as robust domestic supply chains. … Read More

Digital Economy, digital innovation, Indonesia

Redefining Indonesia’s Digital Economy

10 January 2023

The Indonesian digital economy is the largest and most attractive investment destination amongst the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Member States (AMS). The sector … Read More

Indonesia, Global Economy Outlook, pandemic, COVID-19

The Global Economic Outlook and the State of Indonesia

10 January 2023

The global economy is facing a perfect storm as a result of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, prolonged geopolitical tensions, soaring inflation, and tightening monetary … Read More

Digital Economy, ASEAN, Gender Equality, women in tech

Availability of Gender-Disaggregated Data on the ASEAN Digital Economy

10 January 2023

All Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Member States acknowledge the importance of gender data for policymaking on women’s economic empowerment and full integration into … Read More

RCEP, Indonesia, free trade agreement, FTAs, Trade

RCEP and Indonesia: Economic Reform and Prospects for Implementation

10 January 2023

The conclusion of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) is very important for Indonesia as it may bring many benefits to the country. This paper … Read More

Trade, Indo-Pacific

The Indo-Pacific Partnership and Digital Trade Rule Setting: Policy Proposals

14 December 2022

The idea of the Indo-Pacific was borne from a global trend that has (re)oriented the centre of the world’s economic gravity to the East. Accelerating … Read More

Energy, LNG, G20, Global Governance

Exploring Short-term Solutions to the Global Gas Crisis

13 December 2022

This brief explores short-term solutions for stabilising the global gas market so that the world can continue to recover amidst the Russia–Ukraine geopolitical crisis. The … Read More

Digital Economy, women in tech, Gender Equality, Cyber Violence, Cybersecurity, ASEAN

Gender Security and Safety in the ASEAN Digital Economy

13 December 2022

Gender-based cyber violence inhibits progress towards gender digital equality by discouraging women from participating in the digital economy. From the magnitude of the problem to … Read More

women in tech, Digital Economy, ASEAN

Women and Leadership in the ASEAN Digital Economy: Mapping the Rhetorical Landscape

13 December 2022

This paper assesses the nature of policy, media, and research representations of women’s inequality in digital leadership, reflecting on how clearly they define the issues, … Read More

Energy, COVID-19, East Asia Summit, East Asia, ASEAN

Special Report of COVID-19 Impacts on Energy Demand and Energy-Saving Potential in East Asia, 2021

09 December 2022

The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and East Asia face tremendous challenges in navigating the future energy landscape and in determining how the energy … Read More

RCEP, global value chains, ASEAN, East Asia, Trade

New Dynamism in ASEAN and East Asia: The Role of the RCEP as a ‘Living’ Agreement

06 December 2022

This policy brief highlights the importance of maintaining open regionalism and economic and regional integration for sustainable and inclusive regional and global growth in the … Read More

Energy, Environment, East Asia Summit, Innovation and Technology

Analysis of Future Mobility Fuel Scenarios Considering the Sustainable Use of Biofuels-Phase-2

29 November 2022

Reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the transport sector is now attracting attention worldwide. To meet the Paris Agreement 2030 targets, East Asia Summit … Read More

Energy, Oil, ASEAN, CCUS

The Strategies of National Oil Companies in Southeast Asia under Energy Transition

16 November 2022

The national oil companies (NOCs) of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) must strengthen their efforts to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions while ensuring … Read More

Technology, Disability, Digital Economy, ASEAN

Technology and Disability: Trends and Opportunities in the Digital Economy in ASEAN

15 November 2022

This report examines the current and potential role of digital technology in fostering the inclusion and economic empowerment of people with disabilities in the ASEAN … Read More

Enterpreneurship, women entrepreneurship, Eastern Indonesia, MSMEs

Empowering Women Entrepreneurs in Eastern Indonesia

15 November 2022

This report assesses women’s entrepreneurship trends in Eastern Indonesia compared with national and other provincial averages. The analysis for this study focuses on five regions … Read More

ERIA Research Summary

Summary of ERIA Research Projects 2022

14 November 2022

The Summary of ERIA Research Projects 2022 provides an overview of both new and ongoing projects that ERIA researchers are currently working on as of … Read More

call for proposals, marine plastic debris, RKC-MPD

Call for Proposals: Piloting the Application of Behavioural Insights for Plastic Reduction

02 November 2022

The Institute for Global Environment Strategies (IGES), a not-for-profit policy research institute in Japan, launched a project to test the effectiveness of behavioural insights to … Read More

RCEP, RCEP countries, ASEAN and East Asia

Dynamism of East Asia and RCEP: The Framework for Regional Integration

02 November 2022

Recent research conducted by the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) on the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) details the structure of … Read More

global value chains, manufacturing, labour productivity, Regulation and Governance, Trade, Viet Nam

Global Value Chain Participation and Labour Productivity in Manufacturing Firms in Viet Nam: Firm-Level Panel Analysis

28 October 2022

This study describes the status of global value chains (GVCs) in Viet Nam and examines the roles of GVC participation and technology in enhancing labour … Read More

Sustainable Development Goals, RenewableEnergy, Malaysia, Indonesia

Public Attitudes Towards Energy Policy and Sustainable Development Goals in ASEAN

26 October 2022

Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Member States (AMS) have taken on ambitious policy goals in relation to Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). But, like many … Read More

Thermal Generation, Energy, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, Viet Nam

Decarbonisation of Thermal Power Generation in ASEAN Countries

25 October 2022

The study on, ‘Decarbonisation of Thermal Power Generation in ASEAN Countries’ analyses the potential carbon dioxide (CO2) reduction that may be achieved through ammonia co-firing … Read More

RCEP, RCEP countries, ERIA, ASEAN, Trade

The Role of the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) in Promoting the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP)

24 October 2022

This paper aims to understand how the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA), an international organisation established under the East Asia Summit … Read More

RCEP, Japan, FTAs, Trade

Japan and the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP)

24 October 2022

This paper aims to clarify the role of Japan in the process leading up to the establishment of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP). While … Read More

RCEP, RCEP countries, Trade, FTAs

Global Value Chain Indicators: A Survey and Application to RCEP

21 October 2022

This study follows and extends a survey by Amador and Cabral (2014) on global value chain (GVC) indicators and applies selected indicators to data from … Read More

RCEP, RCEP countries, SMEs

Economic and Technical Cooperation in the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership: Focus Areas and Support for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises

21 October 2022

Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) member countries differ in terms of the level of development. To ensure the benefits of RCEP are distributed equitably, economic … Read More

Trade, FTAs, ASEAN, East Asia

Trade Remedies Chapter

21 October 2022

The aim of this paper is to analyse the trade remedies chapter in the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) agreement. Based on the comprehensive analysis … Read More

ASEAN, Investment, FDI, East Asia

Investment Liberalisation in East and Southeast Asia

21 October 2022

This paper presents the trends and patterns in the inflows and outflows of foreign direct investment (FDI) and reviews FDI liberalisation in East and Southeast … Read More

ASEAN, RCEP, Services

RCEP and Modern Services

21 October 2022

In this chapter, we start with an overview of trade flows in modern services within the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) region and identify the … Read More

RCEP, Rules of Origin, FTAs

Restrictiveness of RCEP Rules of Origin: Implications for Global Value Chains in East Asia

21 October 2022

This chapter aims to examine the restrictiveness of rules of origin (RoO) in the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) and other key multilateral free trade … Read More

RCEP, ASEAN, Trade, Services

The Implications of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) for Asian Regional Architecture

21 October 2022

East Asia’s Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) came into force in 2022 as the world’s largest free trade agreement. RCEP was concluded, signed and brought … Read More

RCEP, Cambodia, Free Trade, FTAs

Potential Impact of RCEP and Structural Transformation on Cambodia

21 October 2022

This paper examines the potential impact of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) on the Cambodian economy in terms of trade, output growth, and employment. … Read More

RCEP, ASEAN, Trade, Digital Economy, Services

International Production Network in the Next Generation and the Role of RCEP

21 October 2022

This paper attempts to discuss the potential role of RCEP from the perspective of two kinds of international division of labor, i.e., machinery international production … Read More

RCEP, Trade, ASEAN, Investment, Services, CGE

Impact of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP): A Global Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) Simulation

21 October 2022

This study estimates the potential economic effects of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) by using a recursively dynamic computable general equilibrium (CGE) model, which … Read More

ASEAN, Trade, Services

RCEP Services Liberalisation: Key Features and Implications

21 October 2022

The Trade in Services Chapter of the RCEP Agreement establishes the rules for the progressive liberalisation of trade in the region and sets out regulatory … Read More

ASEAN, Education, Disability

Inclusive Education: Overcoming Barriers for Students with Disability in ASEAN

04 October 2022

This policy brief highlights current practices in inclusive education in elementary and secondary schools at the regional level. Please refer to the complementary research paper … Read More

non-tariff measures, Australia, China, India, Japan, New Zealand, Korea

Non-tariff Measures Australia, China, India, Japan, New Zealand, Republic of Korea

30 September 2022

Non-Tariff Measures (NTMs) have become increasingly numerous and prominent. The majority of these NTMs are imposed for reasons not primarily related to trade: for human, … Read More

Electricity Markets, Climate Change

Revisiting Electricity Market Reforms: Lessons for ASEAN and East Asia

30 September 2022

This book combines the fundamentals of industrial organization theories based on microeconomic foundations, applied econometrics and environmental and natural resource economics in undertaking a comprehensive … Read More

ASEAN, Trade, Investment

Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership: Economic Backgrounds of ASEAN and Its Dialogue Partners

29 September 2022

We overview the economic backgrounds of the countries participating in the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) negotiations and two Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) … Read More

ASEAN, RCEP, Trade, trade liberalisation

Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership, ASEAN’s Agency, and the Role of ASEAN Members in Shaping the Regional Economic Order

29 September 2022

The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) – a mega free trade agreement comprising 15 countries – the 10 Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Member … Read More

ASEAN, RCEP

Centrality and Community: ASEAN in the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership

29 September 2022

This paper examines the Association of Southeast Asian Nations’ (ASEAN) role in the formation of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) agreement. The RCEP project … Read More

Energy, SMRs, Innovation and Technology, ASEAN

Small Modular Reactor (SMR) Deployment: Advantages and Opportunities for ASEAN

27 September 2022

Small modular reactors (SMRs) are advanced nuclear reactors that have a power capacity of up to 300 MW per unit, which is about one-third of … Read More

Food Security, Agriculture, Post-COVID-19

ASEAN on Point Public Forum: Ensuring Food Security in Post-Pandemic ASEAN

26 September 2022

The global community’s transition into a post-pandemic world has been met with additional challenges resulting from climate change, ongoing supply chain disruptions, and international conflicts. … Read More

energy transition, Finance

Technology List and Perspectives for Transition Finance in Asia

22 September 2022

The Technology List and Perspectives for Transition Finance in Asia (TLPTFA) aims to support the smooth energy transitions in developing Asia with realistic approaches that … Read More

CADP, Innovation, Digital Economy, Sustainable Economy, Infrastructure, Urban Development, automotive, healthcare, Agriculture, Energy, Environment

The Comprehensive Asia Development Plan (CADP) 3.0: Towards an Integrated, Innovative, Inclusive, and Sustainable Economy

16 September 2022

The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has caused trade disruptions; a drop in foreign direct investment; and scarring effects on poverty, education, and women in many … Read More

RCEP, Trade, Investment, FTAs

The Investment Chapter in the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership: Enhanced Rules without Enforcement Mechanism

14 September 2022

This paper examines the legal rules in the investment chapter in the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP). It starts with an overview and summary of … Read More

Trade, RCEP, Travel

Traditional Services Trade in the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership

14 September 2022

Traditional services trade (TST), including tourism and transport services, is the basic and key component of services trade in the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP). … Read More

RCEP, Trade, RCEP countries

Trade Facilitation in RCEP Countries

14 September 2022

The trade facilitation under the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) is critical for regional trade and economic cooperation amongst the 15 member countries. This chapter … Read More

E-commerce, Trade, RCEP, TPP, CPTPP, Policy, ASEAN

Opportunities and Challenges for ASEAN and East Asia from the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership on E-Commerce

14 September 2022

The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) is a microcosm of the current tensions in negotiations on digital trade involving parties that have divergent positions on … Read More

RCEP, tariff, Trade, ASEAN

How Preferential are RCEP Tariffs?

14 September 2022

This study discusses the extent to which the tariffs provided in the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) are preferential. RCEP does not necessarily adopt a … Read More

Energy, ASEAN, Middle East, Oil

The Strategic and Economic Value of Joint Oil Stockpiling Arrangements for Middle East Exporters and ASEAN Importers

14 September 2022

The study justifies and promotes oil stockpiling in Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries and explores the possibility of joint stockpiling with Middle East … Read More

Energy, Cambodia

Cambodia Energy Statistics 2000–2019

14 September 2022

The Cambodia Energy Statistics 2019–2020 provides nationally available energy data before 2010 on coal, electricity, and biomass. The longer historical energy data set provides Cambodia … Read More

healthcare, long-term care, ageing in Asia, ageing society, Asia

Health and Long-term Care Information in Ageing Asia

02 September 2022

Global ageing is continuing. Not only the proportion of older persons, but also the absolute numbers of older persons in emerging countries have been increasing … Read More

Europe, European Union, RCEP, Trade, trade policy

The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement and Europe: Impact and Implications

29 August 2022

In the first 2 decades of the millennium, European Union (EU) trade policy underwent historic changes, amongst them an explicit pivot to Asia. Along … Read More

free trade agreement, Trade, East Asia, global value chains, COVID-19

The Post COVID-19 and RCEP: Pandemic Recovery in East Asia

15 August 2022

The paper examines the impact of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) on the COVID-19 pandemic recovery of the East Asian countries. Recent studies highlight … Read More

free trade agreement, Trade, Mega-lateral Free Trade Agreements, RCEP, CPTPP

Comparison of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) and Other Free Trade Agreements (FTAs)

15 August 2022

This study evaluates the desirability of RCEP by comparing it with other mega-lateral FTAs. Evaluating the member-specific scale effects of the FTAs, we find that … Read More

FTAs, free trade agreement, Economic Integration, Trade, Globalisation, RCEP

The Story of RCEP: History, Negotiations, Structure, and Future Directions

15 August 2022

This paper is about the story of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP), including the history, dynamics of negotiations, and structure of this multilateral framework. … Read More

healthcare, long-term care, caregivers, care workers, Japan, Indonesia

Agents of Care Technology Transfer: Trends and Challenges of Migration Care Workers Across Borders

12 August 2022

The purpose of this project is to show the models of promoting the transfer of knowledge and skills of Long-term care (LTC) from the destination … Read More

Indonesia, COVID-19, ageing in Asia, ageing society, Health, healthcare

Older People and COVID-19 in Indonesia (2022 Edition)

09 August 2022

The second round of phone surveys ‘Older People and COVID-19 in Indonesia’ is a follow-up to the first-round survey. It was a joint project of … Read More

spillover effects, Philippines, Investment

FDI Spillover Effects: Evidence from the Philippines

05 August 2022

Using firm-level data in manufacturing, this chapter examines the impact of foreign direct investment (FDI) spillover effects on domestic firm performance. Through knowledge spillovers, FDI … Read More

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