Research Back

ASEAN

The story of ASEAN is one of building up from managing intra-regional (ASEAN) disputes to facilitating the management of pan-regional (East Asia) disputes; from economic cooperation to economic integration, and from nation building to regional community (ASEAN) building. ERIA works with the ASEAN Chair in producing research projects that serve the Chair's objectives in the one-year chairmanship period, while working to secure the long term goal of deepening regional integration. 

Disability, Innovation, Social Enterprises, ASEAN

Social Enterprises and Disability: Fostering Innovation, Awareness, and Social Impact in the ASEAN Region

16 September 2021

In 2021, the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) – together with Impact46, a social impact consulting, conducted a study on Social … Read More

ASEAN, COVID-19, India, Supply Chain, Trade

Robustness and Resilience of Supply Chains During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Findings from a Questionnaire Survey on the Supply Chain Links of Firms in ASEAN and India

15 September 2021

Using a unique firm-level data set from the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and India collected from November 2020 to February 2021, this paper … Read More

ASEAN, non-tariff measures, Regional Integration, Trade

Regulatory Distance, Margins of Trade, and Regional Integration: The Case of the ASEAN+5

08 September 2021

This paper measures regulatory distance in non-tariff measures (NTMs) to examine the regulatory distance patterns and how the margins of trade respond to regulatory distance … Read More

ASEAN, Connectivity, COVID-19, Trade

COVID-19, Air Transportation, and International Trade in the ASEAN+5 Region

03 September 2021

This paper provides an in-depth description of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic and its interactions with air transportation in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations … Read More

Innovation, Innovation and Technology, Start-Up, Entrepreneurship

Entrepreneurship, Startups and Innovations in ASEAN and East Asia-Shaping the Post-Pandemic Recovery-Ep.1-5

30 August 2021

In 2021, the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) – together with Curated Connectors, a Singapore based start-up – hosted a webinar … Read More

ASEAN, COVID-19, Finance, SMEs

COVID-19 and Regional Solutions for Mitigating the Risk of Small and Medium-sized Enterprise Finance in ASEAN Member States

19 August 2021

One of the significant challenges small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) face is their difficulty in accessing finance. One way to reduce the risk of lending … Read More

ASEAN, COVID-19, Macroeconomy

Central Banks' Responses to COVID-19 in ASEAN Economies

18 August 2021

The effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on public health, social life, economic conditions, and financial markets has been significant for Association of Southeast Asian Nations … Read More

ASEAN, COVID-19, Regulation and Governance

A Firm-level Analysis of the Impact of the Coronavirus Outbreak in ASEAN

16 August 2021

This study examines the impact of the coronavirus pandemic on economic integration in the ASEAN-6 region. The study finds that the pandemic’s impact can be … Read More

ASEAN, Trade, free trade agreement

Impact of the ASEAN Trade in Goods Agreements (ATIGA) on Intra-ASEAN Trade

16 August 2021

This report is an outcome of ERIA’s quantitative assessment of the impact of the ASEAN Trade in Goods Agreement (ATIGA) on intra-ASEAN trade. The study … Read More

ASEAN, global value chains, Trade, COVID-19, Supply Chain

UK-ASEAN Trade: Strengthening the Supply Chain Linkages

11 August 2021

The United Kingdom (UK) and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) have commenced a Dialogue Partnership which foresees years of closer economic relations ahead. … Read More

ASEAN, Digital Economy, East Asia, fiscal, Regulation and Governance, Taxation

Reconciling Tax and Trade Rules in the Digitalised Economy: Challenges for ASEAN and East Asia

06 August 2021

As the digital economy expands in scale, scope, and form it poses major challenges for public revenue and tax policy and administration in Asia and … Read More

ASEAN, non-tariff measures, Supply Chain, Trade

Effective Rates of Protection in a World With Non-Tariff Measures and Supply Chains: Evidence from ASEAN

05 August 2021

The concept of effective rate of protection expresses protection on a sector’s final output relative to protection affecting its inputs. As such, it is well … Read More

ASEAN, Digital Economy, Digital Connectivity

Exploring Digital Economic Agreements to Promote Digital Connectivity in ASEAN

26 July 2021

This paper explores modules and articles on cooperation concerning the digital economy that are applicable for Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries under certain … Read More

ASEAN, Trade, Trade Facilitation

Towards Seamless Trade Facilitation in ASEAN Baseline Study

09 July 2021

The Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA), together with the ASEAN Trade Facilitation Joint Consultative Committee (ATFJCC), has developed an ASEAN-specific trade … Read More

COVID-19, ASEAN, India, Human Capital

Economic Policies to take Advantage of the Vigorous Private Dynamism in AMS and India during the COVID-19 Crisis

06 July 2021

The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has created unprecedented difficulties for the economies of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Member States (AMS) and India. … Read More

RCEP, Free Trade, ASEAN, ASEAN+6, Asia, pandemic

Impacts of the RCEP on ASEAN and ASEAN Least Developed Countries in the Post-pandemic Recovery

05 July 2021

This policy brief highlights the impact of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) agreement on ASEAN and ASEAN least developed countries (LDCs) in the post-pandemic … Read More

ERIA Research Summary

Summary of ERIA Research Projects 2020-2021

01 July 2021

The Summary of ERIA Research Projects 2020-2021 provides an overview of both new and ongoing projects that ERIA researchers are currently working on as of … Read More

ASEAN, COVID-19, global value chains, India, Supply Chain

The Impact of COVID-19 on Business Activities and Supply Chains in the ASEAN Member States and India

28 June 2021

This study uncovers the impact of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) on the business performance, outlook, and regional supply chains of manufacturing and non-manufacturing firms in … Read More

ASEAN, global value chains, Regulation and Governance, Trade

The Effect of Non-Tariff Measures on Global Value Chain Participation

21 June 2021

This study examines the impact of non-tariff measures (NTMs) on global value chain (GVC) participation and the underlying mechanisms. Our study employs a novel approach … Read More

ASEAN, COVID-19, East Asia, Tourism

COVID-19 Tourism Recovery in the ASEAN and East Asia Region: Asymmetric Patterns and Implications

08 June 2021

The aim of this paper is to produce forecasts for tourism flows and tourism revenue for ASEAN and East Asian countries after the end of … Read More

Publication Catalogue 2021

04 June 2021

The global coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic was a key focus of our research activities in fiscal year 2020. ERIA published numerous reports, policy briefs, and discussion … Read More

ASEAN, COVID-19, Labour and Migration, Sustainable Development Goals

Understanding Relevant Sustainable Development Goal Targets Related to Labour Migration in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations During the Coronavirus Disease Pandemic

04 June 2021

Over the past 2 decades, regional labour migration has emerged as a significant driver of economic growth and development in countries of origin and destination … Read More

ASEAN, COVID-19, Macroeconomy, Regional Integration

How ASEAN Can Improve Its Response to the Economic Crisis Generated by the COVID-19 Pandemic: Inputs drawn from a comparative analysis of the ASEAN and EU responses

31 May 2021

This paper conducts a comparative review of the evolution of the economic crisis generated by the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic and the responses enacted by … Read More

industry and manufacturing, ASEAN, Trade

Promotion of Electromobility in ASEAN: States, Carmakers, and International Production Networks

05 May 2021

This volume seeks to fill the void of scholarly research on electric vehicles (EVs) production and sales in emerging countries besides China by focusing on … Read More

ASEAN, COVID-19, East Asia, Government Intervention, Macroeconomy, Stock Market

Financial Market Responses to Government COVID-19 Pandemic Interventions: Empirical Evidence from South-East and East Asia

29 April 2021

This study investigates the impact of various government interventions on the spread of COVID-19 as well as stock markets in South-East and East Asia. It … Read More

ASEAN, Competitiveness, Energy, Infrastructure, Investment

Strengthening Emerging Asia's Power Sector

29 April 2021

Growth in electricity demand in South and Southeast Asia is amongst the fastest in the world. Yet questions remain about how countries across this region … Read More

ASEAN, COVID-19, Labour and Migration, Macroeconomy

Could the COVID-19 Crisis Affect Remittances and Labour Supply in ASEAN Economies? Macroeconomic Conjectures Based on the SARS Epidemic

28 April 2021

Debates on resilience to economic shocks in the ASEAN region focus on what policymakers can do to mitigate negative impacts associated with financial-economic crises. The … Read More

ASEAN, COVID-19, global value chains, Pharmaceuticals

Facilitating Trade in Pharmaceuticals: A Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic

23 April 2021

This paper reviews trade in pharmaceutical products, focusing on ASEAN countries. Trade in this sector is of singular policy importance as a result of the … Read More

ASEAN, COVID-19, global value chains, industry and manufacturing

The Effect of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Global Production Sharing in East Asia

21 April 2021

This paper examines the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on global production sharing in ASEAN Member States. Product-level analysis – on hard disk drives, air … Read More

ASEAN on Point Public Forum: Preparing ASEAN Workforce for Post-COVID-19

20 April 2021

The digital and technological transformation and Fourth Industrial Revolution (Industry 4.0) bring implications to the economies, industries, and employment across ASEAN. Job creation or transformation, … Read More

ASEAN, ASEAN+6, Global Governance, Investment, Services, Trade

COVID-19 and Services Trade in ASEAN+6: Implications and Estimates from Structural Gravity

19 April 2021

Given the importance of services for economic activity in general and the salience of reducing service link costs for overcoming the economic and health challenges … Read More

Energy, Biomass, ASEAN

Biomass and Coal Co-combustions in the ASEAN Region (Phase 2)

31 March 2021

Biomass utilisation is an important issue for ASEAN Member States, where agriculture and forest industry remain crucial. Most biomass residues are treated as waste and … Read More

ASEAN, China, COVID-19, Trade

The COVID-19 Pandemic and the World Trade Network

29 March 2021

Global trade is expected to suffer a significant contraction as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. Did the relative importance of countries in the world … Read More

ASEAN, Carbon Dioxide, Energy, Infrastructure

Study on the Potential for the Promotion of Carbon Dioxide Capture, Utilisation, and Storage in ASEAN Countries: Current Situation and Future Perspectives

19 March 2021

This ‘Study on the Potential for the Promotion of Carbon Dioxide Capture, Utilisation, and Storage in ASEAN’, uses a multi-aspect survey approach. The study covers … Read More

ASEAN, Connectivity, Energy, Infrastructure, Mekong Region

Understanding Quality Energy-Related Infrastructure Development in the Mekong Subregion: Key Drivers and Policy Implications

16 March 2021

Many players have supported infrastructure development in the Mekong Subregion, bridging the missing links in Southeast Asia. While the influx of energy-related infrastructure development investments … Read More

ASEAN, COVID-19, Technology

ASEAN on Point Public Forum: Tackling Disinformation in ASEAN

10 March 2021

In response to the global coronavirus pandemic, the ASEAN Secretariat (ASEC) and the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA), created a series … Read More

routledge, productivity, labour productivity

The Effects of Globalisation on Firm and Labour Performance

03 March 2021

This book examines driving factors and the effects of globalisation on economic development through firm and product-level data. The book is organised into four themes, … Read More

ASEAN, Connectivity, Global Governance, Infrastructure, Logistics, Supply Chain

Joint Study on 10+3 Cooperation for Improvement of Supply Chain Connectivity: ASEAN Sub-Report

02 March 2021

This report provides insights into the operation and resilience of supply chains in the region in the face of uncertainties, such as the coronavirus disease … Read More

ASEAN, Competitiveness, digitalisation, Gender Equality

Gender Digital Equality Across ASEAN

08 February 2021

This paper provides an overview of the participation of women in the digital economy across ASEAN. By using available data sources, it compares and analyses … Read More

ASEAN, Competitiveness, Education, Gender Equality

Women’s Participation in the Digital Economy: Improving Access to Skills, Entrepreneurship, and Leadership Across ASEAN

08 February 2021

This policy brief provides evidence of the persistent digital gender divide across ASEAN and explains how it is of key importance to close this divide … Read More

e-commerce, digital economy, global value chains, women entrepreneurship, women in tech, sustainability

ASEAN MSMEs in a COVID-19 World: Lessons from ERIA MSMEs Talks 6-10

26 January 2021

Many different stakeholders have an important role to play to build back better for the ASEAN post-pandemic recovery, including the business sector and MSMEs. With … Read More

East Asia, Energy, Hydrogen, Infrastructure, Innovation, Environment

Demand and Supply Potential of Hydrogen Energy in East Asia – Phase 2

31 December 2020

Throughout fiscal year 2019–2020 ERIA conducted the phase 2 study on hydrogen demand and supply potential in the East Asia Summit (EAS) region. It involved … Read More

energy, power mix

Powering Southeast Asia: Meeting the Region’s Electricity Needs

18 December 2020

About the Journal NBR Special Report #89, first published on 18 December 2020, https://www.nbr.org/publication/powering-southeast-asia-meeting-the-regions-electricity-needs/ Published by the National Bureau of Asian Research (NBR) Authors Han … Read More

circular economy, energy, industrial policy, industry and manufacturing, 4.0, Innovation and Technology

Assessing the Readiness of Industry 4.0 and the Circular Economy

26 November 2020

Globalisation, technological advancement, and resource consumption have historically served humanity well by typically delivering both economic growth and social progress. But as these drivers have … Read More

energy transition, renewables, fossil fuels, system integration, ASEAN, Hydrogen, Energy

Potential Renewable Hydrogen from Curtailed Electricity for ASEAN’s Clean Energy: Policy Implications

25 November 2020

The power generation mix of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is dominated by fossil fuels, which accounted for almost 80% in 2017 and … Read More

COVID-19, Mekong Region, Connectivity, Infrastructure, Energy, Environmental

Subregional Development Strategy in ASEAN after COVID-19: Inclusiveness and Sustainability in the Mekong Subregion (Mekong 2030)

12 November 2020

The Mekong Subregion (MSR) has been a model subregional development initiative, having achieved high economic growth and rapid poverty alleviation with extensive and innovative international … Read More

ASEAN, East Asia, Energy, Environment and Climate Change, Innovation and Technology

Evaluation of CO2 Emissions Reduction by Mobility Electrification and Alternative Biofuel Introduction in East Asia Summit Countries

11 November 2020

Efforts to decarbonise the transport sectors are now greater than ever in the East Asia Summit countries. With a quarter of total carbon dioxide emissions … Read More

ASEAN, Energy, Energy Statistics

Energy Reality and Emissions in ASEAN: Energy Modelling Scenarios and Policy Implications

11 November 2020

The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) faces tremendous challenges regarding the future energy landscape and how the energy transition will embrace a new architecture … Read More

Energy, RenewableEnergy, ASEAN, Vehicle, Electrified Vehicle

The Influence on Energy and the Economy of Electrified Vehicle Penetration in ASEAN

04 November 2020

The study analyses the effects of electric vehicle deployment in Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, and Viet Nam especially in terms of energy supply and demand, CO2 … Read More

Environment, Regional Waste Management, Waste Management, Asia, ASEAN

Regional Waste Management – Inter-municipal Cooperation and Public and Private Partnership

20 October 2020

To reduce the risk of COVID-19 and the leakage of plastic waste to the ocean, waste collection and disposal services should be expanded middle and … Read More

ASEAN, East Asia, Finance, Financial Inclusion, development

The Effects of Financial Inclusion on Development Outcomes: New Insights from ASEAN and East Asian Countries

24 September 2020

This study empirically examines the effects of financial inclusion on economic development, – economic growth, education, health, and income inequality – in 20 Asian countries … Read More

ASEAN, East Asia, Finance, Financial Inclusion

The Composition of Financial Inclusion in ASEAN and East Asia: A New Hybrid Index and Some Stylised Facts

24 September 2020

The paper provides an overview of the existing measures of financial inclusion and critically evaluates the two widely used existing methodologies to measure the dimensions … Read More

ASEAN, Finance, Financial Inclusion

The Nature and Landscape of Financial Inclusion in Asia

24 September 2020

This paper presents an examination of the key impacts of financial inclusion on economic prosperity and wellbeing, and on other development indicators such as those … Read More

Food Security, Food Value Chain, Agriculture, COVID-19

ASEAN on Point Public Forum: Ensuring the Resilience and Sustainability of the Agriculture and Food Sector in ASEAN in the Context of COVID-19

03 September 2020

In response to the global coronavirus pandemic, the ASEAN Secretariat (ASEC) and the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA), will co-host a … Read More

ASEAN, Global Governance, Multilateralism, New Zealand, Regulation and Governance

Under the Radar: International Regulatory Cooperation in ASEAN and New Zealand

03 September 2020

International Regulatory Cooperation (IRC) refers to a diverse range of ways government regulators from different countries work together on developing and enforcing regulations. IRC can … Read More

ASEAN, Energy, Hydrogen, Energy storage, RenewableEnergy, East Asia

Energy Storage for Renewable Energy Integration in ASEAN and East Asian Countries: Prospects of Hydrogen as an Energy Carrier vs. Other Alternatives

01 September 2020

Hydrogen energy provides an option to integrate renewable energy into the energy mix and increase its share. Hydrogen is also a means to couple renewable … Read More

Energy, ASEAN, Cambodia

Energy Efficiency and Conservation Master Plan of Cambodia

30 July 2020

Cambodia’s final energy consumption is expected to double in 2015–2040, during which period the industry sector is expected to grow at an average annual rate … Read More

Annual report

ERIA Annual Report 2019

17 July 2020

ERIA’s Annual Report 2019 presents the organisation’s various activities – such as research, seminars, capacity building, policy design, and dissemination initiatives – in fiscal year … Read More

E-commerce, Digital Economy, ASEAN, Innovation and Technology

Improving Digital Connectivity: Policy Priority for ASEAN Digital Transformation

17 July 2020

This brief proposes a policy framework for digital connectivity to support the development of e-commerce. Using this analytical framework for the Association of Southeast Asian … Read More

ASEAN, Innovation, Industrialisastion

ASEAN Development and Innovation Strategy in the Era of New Industrialisation

16 July 2020

Foreign direct investment (FDI) and trade will continue to play an important role in the assimilation of the latest technologies within the Association of Southeast … Read More

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