Research Back

ASEAN

The story of ASEAN is one of building up from managing intra-regional (ASEAN) disputes to facilitating the management of pan-regional (East Asia) disputes; from economic cooperation to economic integration, and from nation building to regional community (ASEAN) building. ERIA works with the ASEAN Chair in producing research projects that serve the Chair's objectives in the one-year chairmanship period, while working to secure the long term goal of deepening regional integration. 

Energy, Biomass, ASEAN

Biomass and Coal Co-combustions in the ASEAN Region (Phase 2)

31 March 2021

Biomass utilisation is an important issue for ASEAN Member States, where agriculture and forest industry remain crucial. Most biomass residues are treated as waste and … Read More

ASEAN, China, COVID-19, Trade

The COVID-19 Pandemic and the World Trade Network

29 March 2021

Global trade is expected to suffer a significant contraction as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. Did the relative importance of countries in the world … Read More

ASEAN, Carbon Dioxide, Energy, Infrastructure

Study on the Potential for the Promotion of Carbon Dioxide Capture, Utilisation, and Storage in ASEAN Countries: Current Situation and Future Perspectives

19 March 2021

This ‘Study on the Potential for the Promotion of Carbon Dioxide Capture, Utilisation, and Storage in ASEAN’, uses a multi-aspect survey approach. The study covers … Read More

ASEAN, Connectivity, Energy, Infrastructure, Mekong Region

Understanding Quality Energy-Related Infrastructure Development in the Mekong Subregion: Key Drivers and Policy Implications

16 March 2021

Many players have supported infrastructure development in the Mekong Subregion, bridging the missing links in Southeast Asia. While the influx of energy-related infrastructure development investments … Read More

ASEAN, COVID-19, Technology

ASEAN on Point Public Forum: Tackling Disinformation in ASEAN

10 March 2021

In response to the global coronavirus pandemic, the ASEAN Secretariat (ASEC) and the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA), created a series … Read More

routledge, productivity, labour productivity

The Effects of Globalisation on Firm and Labour Performance

03 March 2021

This book examines driving factors and the effects of globalisation on economic development through firm and product-level data. The book is organised into four themes, … Read More

ASEAN, Connectivity, Global Governance, Infrastructure, Logistics, Supply Chain

Joint Study on 10+3 Cooperation for Improvement of Supply Chain Connectivity: ASEAN Sub-Report

02 March 2021

This report provides insights into the operation and resilience of supply chains in the region in the face of uncertainties, such as the coronavirus disease … Read More

ASEAN, Competitiveness, digitalisation, Gender Equality

Gender Digital Equality Across ASEAN

08 February 2021

This paper provides an overview of the participation of women in the digital economy across ASEAN. By using available data sources, it compares and analyses … Read More

ASEAN, Competitiveness, Education, Gender Equality

Women’s Participation in the Digital Economy: Improving Access to Skills, Entrepreneurship, and Leadership Across ASEAN

08 February 2021

This policy brief provides evidence of the persistent digital gender divide across ASEAN and explains how it is of key importance to close this divide … Read More

e-commerce, digital economy, global value chains, women entrepreneurship, women in tech, sustainability

ASEAN MSMEs in a COVID-19 World: Lessons from ERIA MSMEs Talks 6-10

26 January 2021

Many different stakeholders have an important role to play to build back better for the ASEAN post-pandemic recovery, including the business sector and MSMEs. With … Read More

East Asia, Energy, Hydrogen, Infrastructure, Innovation, Environment

Demand and Supply Potential of Hydrogen Energy in East Asia – Phase 2

31 December 2020

Throughout fiscal year 2019–2020 ERIA conducted the phase 2 study on hydrogen demand and supply potential in the East Asia Summit (EAS) region. It involved … Read More

energy, power mix

Powering Southeast Asia: Meeting the Region’s Electricity Needs

18 December 2020

About the Journal NBR Special Report #89, first published on 18 December 2020, https://www.nbr.org/publication/powering-southeast-asia-meeting-the-regions-electricity-needs/ Published by the National Bureau of Asian Research (NBR) Authors Han … Read More

circular economy, energy, industrial policy, industry and manufacturing, 4.0, Innovation and Technology

Assessing the Readiness of Industry 4.0 and the Circular Economy

26 November 2020

Globalisation, technological advancement, and resource consumption have historically served humanity well by typically delivering both economic growth and social progress. But as these drivers have … Read More

energy transition, renewables, fossil fuels, system integration, ASEAN, Hydrogen, Energy

Potential Renewable Hydrogen from Curtailed Electricity for ASEAN’s Clean Energy: Policy Implications

25 November 2020

The power generation mix of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is dominated by fossil fuels, which accounted for almost 80% in 2017 and … Read More

COVID-19, Mekong Region, Connectivity, Infrastructure, Energy, Environmental

Subregional Development Strategy in ASEAN after COVID-19: Inclusiveness and Sustainability in the Mekong Subregion (Mekong 2030)

12 November 2020

The Mekong Subregion (MSR) has been a model subregional development initiative, having achieved high economic growth and rapid poverty alleviation with extensive and innovative international … Read More

ASEAN, East Asia, Energy, Environment and Climate Change, Innovation and Technology

Evaluation of CO2 Emissions Reduction by Mobility Electrification and Alternative Biofuel Introduction in East Asia Summit Countries

11 November 2020

Efforts to decarbonise the transport sectors are now greater than ever in the East Asia Summit countries. With a quarter of total carbon dioxide emissions … Read More

ASEAN, Energy, Energy Statistics

Energy Reality and Emissions in ASEAN: Energy Modelling Scenarios and Policy Implications

11 November 2020

The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) faces tremendous challenges regarding the future energy landscape and how the energy transition will embrace a new architecture … Read More

Energy, RenewableEnergy, ASEAN, Vehicle, Electrified Vehicle

The Influence on Energy and the Economy of Electrified Vehicle Penetration in ASEAN

04 November 2020

The study analyses the effects of electric vehicle deployment in Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, and Viet Nam especially in terms of energy supply and demand, CO2 … Read More

Environment, Regional Waste Management, Waste Management, Asia, ASEAN

Regional Waste Management – Inter-municipal Cooperation and Public and Private Partnership

20 October 2020

To reduce the risk of COVID-19 and the leakage of plastic waste to the ocean, waste collection and disposal services should be expanded middle and … Read More

ASEAN, East Asia, Finance, Financial Inclusion, development

The Effects of Financial Inclusion on Development Outcomes: New Insights from ASEAN and East Asian Countries

24 September 2020

This study empirically examines the effects of financial inclusion on economic development, – economic growth, education, health, and income inequality – in 20 Asian countries … Read More

ASEAN, East Asia, Finance, Financial Inclusion

The Composition of Financial Inclusion in ASEAN and East Asia: A New Hybrid Index and Some Stylised Facts

24 September 2020

The paper provides an overview of the existing measures of financial inclusion and critically evaluates the two widely used existing methodologies to measure the dimensions … Read More

ASEAN, Finance, Financial Inclusion

The Nature and Landscape of Financial Inclusion in Asia

24 September 2020

This paper presents an examination of the key impacts of financial inclusion on economic prosperity and wellbeing, and on other development indicators such as those … Read More

Food Security, Food Value Chain, Agriculture, COVID-19

ASEAN on Point Public Forum: Ensuring the Resilience and Sustainability of the Agriculture and Food Sector in ASEAN in the Context of COVID-19

03 September 2020

In response to the global coronavirus pandemic, the ASEAN Secretariat (ASEC) and the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA), will co-host a … Read More

ASEAN, Global Governance, Multilateralism, New Zealand, Regulation and Governance

Under the Radar: International Regulatory Cooperation in ASEAN and New Zealand

03 September 2020

International Regulatory Cooperation (IRC) refers to a diverse range of ways government regulators from different countries work together on developing and enforcing regulations. IRC can … Read More

ASEAN, Energy, Hydrogen, Energy storage, RenewableEnergy, East Asia

Energy Storage for Renewable Energy Integration in ASEAN and East Asian Countries: Prospects of Hydrogen as an Energy Carrier vs. Other Alternatives

01 September 2020

Hydrogen energy provides an option to integrate renewable energy into the energy mix and increase its share. Hydrogen is also a means to couple renewable … Read More

Energy, ASEAN, Cambodia

Energy Efficiency and Conservation Master Plan of Cambodia

30 July 2020

Cambodia’s final energy consumption is expected to double in 2015–2040, during which period the industry sector is expected to grow at an average annual rate … Read More

Annual report

ERIA Annual Report 2019

17 July 2020

ERIA’s Annual Report 2019 presents the organisation’s various activities – such as research, seminars, capacity building, policy design, and dissemination initiatives – in fiscal year … Read More

E-commerce, Digital Economy, ASEAN, Innovation and Technology

Improving Digital Connectivity: Policy Priority for ASEAN Digital Transformation

17 July 2020

This brief proposes a policy framework for digital connectivity to support the development of e-commerce. Using this analytical framework for the Association of Southeast Asian … Read More

ASEAN, Innovation, Industrialisastion

ASEAN Development and Innovation Strategy in the Era of New Industrialisation

16 July 2020

Foreign direct investment (FDI) and trade will continue to play an important role in the assimilation of the latest technologies within the Association of Southeast … Read More

ASEAN, Regulation and Governance, International Trade

Interconnected Government: International Regulatory Cooperation in ASEAN

15 July 2020

Promoting international regulatory cooperation (IRC) is gaining traction as a way to improve business competitiveness. Within the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), improving regulatory … Read More

ASEAN, Waste Management, Environment, COVID-19

Strengthening Waste Management Policies to Mitigate the COVID-19 Pandemic

02 July 2020

The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has raised issues with waste management. In Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries, the increasing amount of medical waste during … Read More

COVID-19, fiscal, Supply Chain

Maintaining Fiscal Sustainability during the Pandemic Crisis

24 June 2020

Key Messages Plummeting demand for goods and services, caused by the sudden disruption in major economic activities, has set the stage for a worldwide economic … Read More

Infrastructure, Transport, trade, Connectivity, ASEAN, Cambodia, Lao PDR, Viet Nam, Myanmar, Thailand, global value chains, India

The India-Myanmar-Thailand Trilateral Highway and Its Possible Eastward Extension to Lao PDR, Cambodia and Vietnam: Challenges and Opportunities

15 June 2020

About the Study: The Trilateral Highway (TLH) exemplifies the letter and spirit of connectivity between India and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). It … Read More

ASEAN, Energy Outlook, Myanmar, Energy

Myanmar Energy Outlook 2020

18 May 2020

The Myanmar Energy Outlook 2020 (ERIA, 2020) provides a useful tool for the analysis of the historical energy demand and supply situation of Myanmar. To … Read More

Energy, ASEAN, routledge

Energy Sustainability and Development in ASEAN and East Asia

29 April 2020

The rapid and sustained economic growth of the past two decades has led to marked increases in energy demand in the region, and developing Asia … Read More

COVID-19, ASEAN, Economic Integration, Connectivity, Investment, trade liberalisation

COVID-19 and Southeast and East Asian Economic Integration: Understanding the Consequences for the Future

23 April 2020

Key Messages The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic poses great challenges for the economic integration of East and Southeast Asia. Much of the future of … Read More

ASEAN, Regulation and Governance, global value chains, disasters

Pandemic (COVID-19) Policy Regional Cooperation and the Emerging Global Production Network

17 April 2020

In this paper, we explore the possible policy responses to the pandemic shock as well as the related economic (financial crisis) shocks on trade and … Read More

ASEAN, India, E-commerce, Connectivity, Trade, Regulation and Governance, Digital Economy

E-Commerce Connectivity in ASEAN

14 April 2020

The next Asian miracle of growth could be born with the region's digital transformation. Digital connectivity is the cornerstone that will make the changes feasible … Read More

ASEAN, E-commerce, Connectivity, Services, Technology

Improving Digital Connectivity For E-commerce: A Policy Framework and Empirical Note for ASEAN

10 March 2020

Global cross-border e-commerce has become increasingly important in the international economy. The next Asian miracle of growth could be born out of the region's digital … Read More

ASEAN, intellectual property rights, Innovation, Japan, industry and manufacturing

Future Visions and Policy Recommendations for ASEAN Member States (AMSs) based on Estimation of Industrial Property Applications

03 March 2020

The research project ‘Future Visions and Policy Recommendations for ASEAN Member States (AMS) based on Estimation of Industrial Property Applications’, was conducted by the Yoshitoshi … Read More

ASEAN, East Asia, Environment, Finance, Paris Agreement, Regulation and Governance

Policies and Financing Strategies for Low-Carbon Energy Transition: Overcoming Barriers to Private Financial Institutions

14 February 2020

Placing Asian economies on a low-carbon path requires an unprecedented shift in private investment and new financing models. A growing community of investors is seeking … Read More

Paris Agreement, Low-carbon Technology, private sector, Regional Integration, innovative financing

Unlocking the Potential of Private Financing for Low-carbon Energy Transition: Ideas and Solutions from ASEAN Markets

29 January 2020

Under the Paris Agreement in 2015, the opportunities for the ASEAN Member States (AMS) to maximise low-carbon energy sources to achieve the Nationally Determined Contributions … Read More

Green Technology, Energy, Sustainable Development Goals, Low-carbon Technology, low carbon growth

Building the Banking Sector’s Capacity for Green Infrastructure Investments for a Low-Carbon Economy

28 January 2020

The construction of green infrastructure, using advanced technology and retiring inefficient technology, is essential for the low-carbon transition. Various green infrastructure programs are being implemented, … Read More

Energy, Low-carbon Technology, RenewableEnergy, trade policy, ASEAN

Scaling up Private Investment in Low-Carbon Energy Systems through Regional Cooperation: Market-Based Trade Policy Measures

20 January 2020

This study aims to analyse the possibility and challenges of encouraging private sector investment in low-carbon energy systems in Asia, particularly across the Regional Comprehensive … Read More

Agriculture, Food Value Chain, disaster risk management, Production Networks

Vulnerability of Agriculture Production Networks and Global Food Value Chains Due to Natural Disaster

07 January 2020

The threat of disasters and climate change to the global food supply is growing. In the developing countries of Asia more than one quarter of … Read More

disasters, disaster risk management, Environment, Climate Change, Food Security, ASEAN

Towards a Resilient ASEAN Volume 2: Advancing Disaster Resilience and Climate Change Adaptation: Roadmap and Options for Implementation

27 December 2019

Climate change tends to increase the frequency and intensity of weather-related natural disasters, which put many people at risk. The Association of Southeast Asian Nations … Read More

disaster risk management, disaster resilience, Environment, Climate Change, Food Security, Food Value Chain, ASEAN, disasters

Towards a Resilient ASEAN Volume 1: Disasters, Climate Change, and Food Security: Supporting ASEAN Resilience

23 December 2019

Climate change tends to increase the frequency and intensity of weather-related natural disasters, which put many people at risk. The Association of Southeast Asian Nations … Read More

ASEAN, Energy, East Asia, Japan, nuclear

Public Acceptance of Nuclear Power Plants in Hosting Communities: A Multilevel System Analysis

20 December 2019

Problems with public acceptance have resulted in significant setbacks for nuclear power plant projects in ASEAN and East Asian. Trust within the communities that host … Read More

Energy, ASEAN, Biomass, coal, Indonesia, Philippines

Study on the Biomass and Coal Co-Combustion in the ASEAN Region

16 December 2019

Co-combustion of agricultural waste and coal could make a very significant contribution to reducing CO2 emissions compared with simple coal combustion for power generation. Since … Read More

SMEs and Economic Integration in Southeast Asia

25 October 2019

Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) account for about 97–99 per cent of total enterprises and 60–80 per cent of total employment in ASEAN countries. The … Read More

ASEAN, Russia, Trade, Economic Integration

ASEAN-Russia Trade and Economic Relations: Prospect and Pathways

09 October 2019

Russia has been a full dialogue partner of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) since 1996. The 20th year of ASEAN–Russia dialogue relations was … Read More

Agriculture, Food Value Chain, ASEAN

Overview of Agri-food Industries in ASEAN: Basic Information on the Food Value Chain

23 September 2019

The agri-food market in Southeast Asia has been activated by the area’s steady economic and population growth, and by its deepening regional and international economic … Read More

ASEAN, Cold Chain, Agriculture, Food Value Chain

The Cold Chain for Agri-food Products in ASEAN

19 September 2019

The cold chain system is indispensable for Southeast Asian countries with their mostly tropical climates. This report aims to contribute to spreading the cold chain … Read More

ASEAN, AMS

Government Initiatives Matter for Innovation in ASEAN

13 September 2019

ASEAN member states (AMS) need to greatly enhance their ‘innovation capability’ to achieve technology-driven sustainable development, and there still remains much room to do so. … Read More

Trade, non-tariff measures, ASEAN

Non-Tariff Measures -An Update

04 September 2019

Whilst tariffs have declined following disciplines instituted by the World Trade Organization, the use of non-tariff measures is on the rise worldwide. This trend is … Read More

non-tariff measures, ASEAN, Trade

Regional Integration and Non-Tariff Measures in ASEAN

02 September 2019

Though tariffs have been reduced, the number of non-tariff measures (NTMs) continues to increase, and is often blamed in part for the lack of integration … Read More

Vehicle, ASEAN, Energy

Study on Electric Vehicle Penetrations’ Influence on 3Es in ASEAN

29 August 2019

The study analyses the effects of electric vehicle deployment on the economy, energy, and the environment (3Es) in Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, and Viet Nam. In … Read More

ERIA Research Summary

Summary of ERIA Research Projects 2018-2019

01 July 2019

The Summary of ERIA Research Projects 2018-2019 provides an overview of both new and ongoing projects that ERIA researchers are currently working on as of … Read More

ASEAN Vision 2040, ASEAN

ASEAN Vision 2040: Towards a Bolder and Stronger ASEAN Community

11 June 2019

Volume I consists of the integrative report and executive summary of ASEAN Vision 2040, and a briefer on new challenges and key priorities and strategies. … Read More

ASEAN, ASEAN Vision 2040

ASEAN Vision 2040 Volume IV : Integrated and Connected Seamless ASEAN Economic Community

31 May 2019

The volume consists of papers on critical elements for an integrated and connected Seamless ASEAN Economic Community up to 2040. The critical elements include seamless … Read More

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