Research Back

ASEAN

The story of ASEAN is one of building up from managing intra-regional (ASEAN) disputes to facilitating the management of pan-regional (East Asia) disputes; from economic cooperation to economic integration, and from nation building to regional community (ASEAN) building. ERIA works with the ASEAN Chair in producing research projects that serve the Chair's objectives in the one-year chairmanship period, while working to secure the long term goal of deepening regional integration. 

free trade agreement, Trade, Mega-lateral Free Trade Agreements, RCEP, CPTPP

Comparison of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) and Other Free Trade Agreements (FTAs)

15 August 2022

This study evaluates the desirability of RCEP by comparing it with other mega-lateral FTAs. Evaluating the member-specific scale effects of the FTAs, we find that … Read More

FTAs, free trade agreement, Economic Integration, Trade, Globalisation, RCEP

The Story of RCEP: History, Negotiations, Structure, and Future Directions

15 August 2022

This paper is about the story of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP), including the history, dynamics of negotiations, and structure of this multilateral framework. … Read More

Energy, Environment and Climate Change, Innovation and Technology

Decarbonisation of ASEAN Energy Systems: Optimum Technology Selection Model Analysis up to 2060

21 July 2022

During the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP26) in Glasgow, United Kingdom, many countries committed to achieving carbon neutrality by 2050 or 2060. ASEAN countries … Read More

ASEAN, India, Enterpreneurship, Innovation and Technology, women entrepreneurship, Woman

Building Prolific Entrepreneurship Ecosystems-Episode 4

15 July 2022

This report is part of a study that CIIE.CO, the Innovation Continuum, and the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) are conducting … Read More

ASEAN, Education, Disability

Inclusive Education in ASEAN: Fostering Belonging for Students with Disabilities

14 June 2022

In 2021–2022, an external research consultant partnered with the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) and conducted a study on inclusive education … Read More

ASEAN, Trade, SMEs

What Determines Interfirm Trade Credit? Empirical Evidence from the ASEAN

14 June 2022

This paper empirically examines the link between the heterogeneity of firms and their probability of obtaining interfirm trade credit in Asia, with a specific focus … Read More

ASEAN, India, Enterpreneurship, Innovation and Technology, Agriculture

Building Prolific Entrepreneurship Ecosystems-Episode 3

07 June 2022

This report is part of a study that CIIE.CO, the Innovation Continuum, and Economic Research Institute of ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) are conducting to … Read More

ASEAN, Enterpreneurship, Innovation, SMEs

Mapping Innovation-Driven Entrepreneurial Ecosystems: An Overview

31 May 2022

Innovation-driven entrepreneurship enables people and companies to pursue global opportunities based on innovative processes, products, or services. Studies show that innovation-driven entrepreneurial high-growth firms represent … Read More

Finance and Macroeconomy

Prediction Errors of Macroeconomic Indicators and Economic Shocks for ASEAN Member States, 1990‒2021

30 May 2022

In this study, economic shocks on six selected Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Member States (i.e. Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Viet … Read More

ASEAN, India, Entrepreneurship, Innovation, Health, Health technology

Building Prolific Entrepreneurship Ecosystems-Episode 2

13 April 2022

This report is part of a study that CIIE.CO, the Innovation Continuum (henceforth, CIIE.CO), and Economic Research Institute of ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) are … Read More

ASEAN, Carbon Dioxide, Energy, Environment, Environment and Climate Change

Study on the Potential for Promoting Carbon Dioxide Capture, Utilisation, and Storage (CCUS) in ASEAN Countries Vol. II

30 March 2022

This report was prepared under the Asia CCUS Network umbrella and focuses on the cost of Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) and the legal framework … Read More

ASEAN, Finance, SMEs, Trade

Understanding SME Trade Finance in ASEAN: An Overview

22 February 2022

SMEs are the most important source of employment in all ASEAN countries, but a lack of access to external sources of finance may limit their … Read More

ASEAN, Energy, Regulation and Governance, Sustainable Development, Sustainable Energy

Public Attitudes Towards Energy Policy and Sustainable Development in ASEAN Countries

16 February 2022

To further encourage the diffusion of Renewable Energy (RE) in ASEAN countries, a certain level of policy support is needed based on the extent to … Read More

ASEAN, East Asia, SMEs, Start-Up

Entrepreneurship, Start-Ups, and Innovation (E-S-I) in ASEAN and East Asia: Catalysing Collaborations and Partnerships for Scale-Ups-Ep.6-10

26 January 2022

In 2021, the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) and Curated Connectors, a Singapore-based start-up, hosted a webinar series to discuss how … Read More

ASEAN, East Asia, SMEs, Start-Up

Entrepreneurship, Start-Ups, and Innovation (E-S-I) in ASEAN and East Asia: Shaping The Post-Pandemic Recovery-Ep.1-5

25 January 2022

In 2021, the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) – together with Curated Connectors, a Singapore based start-up – hosted a webinar … Read More

ASEAN, East Asia, global value chains, industry and manufacturing, Investment, Trade

Overview of Foreign Direct Investment, Trade, and Global Value Chains in East Asia

25 January 2022

This paper provides an overview of the patterns and trends of foreign direct investment (FDI) and trade as well as the formation and development of … Read More

ASEAN, India, Entrepreneurship, Innovation

Building Prolific Entrepreneurship Ecosystems-Episode 1

11 January 2022

This report is part of a study that CIIE.CO, the Innovation Continuum, and Economic Research Institute of ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) are conducting to … Read More

ASEAN, Disability, Entrepreneurship, Innovation, SMEs

Social Enterprises and Disability: Promoting Inclusion, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship in ASEAN

08 December 2021

This policy brief highlights the role of social enterprises in promoting social impact and inclusion for people with disabilities in the Association of Southeast Asian … Read More

ASEAN, intellectual property rights, Digital Connectivity, free trade agreement

Intellectual Property Rights and ASEAN Development in the Digital Age

18 November 2021

The trade-investment-service-intellectual property (IP) nexus remains at the heart of economic development and the main features of which are global value chains (GVCs) and digitalisation. … Read More

Asia, ASEM, Connectivity, E-commerce, Europe, Innovation and Technology

ASEM’s Role in Promoting Asia–Europe E-Commerce

15 November 2021

Asia and Europe have significant potential in the e-commerce market, and the Asia–Europe Meeting (ASEM) has an important role to play in helping both regions … Read More

ASEAN, Innovation and Technology, Regulation and Governance

Research on Patent Examination Practices for Emerging Technologies in ASEAN Member States

12 November 2021

Mandated by the Ninth ASEAN–Japan Heads of Intellectual Property Offices Meeting, ERIA conducted a research project and produced a report titled ‘Research 2019–2020 on Patent … Read More

Energy, Urban Development, ASEAN

Technical Guidelines for Energy Efficiency and Conservation in Commercial Buildings

29 October 2021

Energy efficiency and conservation (EEC) is a top priority energy policy in ASEAN Members States to achieve a low-carbon energy transition. Promotion of EEC is … Read More

ASEAN, Energy, RenewableEnergy

The Economics and Risks of Power Systems with High Shares of Renewable Energies

30 September 2021

Using a mathematical model, this study examines the possibility and risks of realising high shares of variable renewable energies (VRE) through the planned extension of … Read More

Disability, Innovation, Social Enterprises, ASEAN

Social Enterprises and Disability: Fostering Innovation, Awareness, and Social Impact in the ASEAN Region

16 September 2021

In 2021, the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) – together with Impact46, a social impact consulting, conducted a study on Social … Read More

ASEAN, COVID-19, India, Supply Chain, Trade

Robustness and Resilience of Supply Chains During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Findings from a Questionnaire Survey on the Supply Chain Links of Firms in ASEAN and India

15 September 2021

Using a unique firm-level data set from the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and India collected from November 2020 to February 2021, this paper … Read More

ASEAN, non-tariff measures, Regional Integration, Trade

Regulatory Distance, Margins of Trade, and Regional Integration: The Case of the ASEAN+5

08 September 2021

This paper measures regulatory distance in non-tariff measures (NTMs) to examine the regulatory distance patterns and how the margins of trade respond to regulatory distance … Read More

ASEAN, Connectivity, COVID-19, Trade

COVID-19, Air Transportation, and International Trade in the ASEAN+5 Region

03 September 2021

This paper provides an in-depth description of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic and its interactions with air transportation in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations … Read More

ASEAN, COVID-19, Finance, SMEs

COVID-19 and Regional Solutions for Mitigating the Risk of Small and Medium-sized Enterprise Finance in ASEAN Member States

19 August 2021

One of the significant challenges small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) face is their difficulty in accessing finance. One way to reduce the risk of lending … Read More

ASEAN, COVID-19, Macroeconomy

Central Banks' Responses to COVID-19 in ASEAN Economies

18 August 2021

The effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on public health, social life, economic conditions, and financial markets has been significant for Association of Southeast Asian Nations … Read More

ASEAN, COVID-19, Regulation and Governance

A Firm-level Analysis of the Impact of the Coronavirus Outbreak in ASEAN

16 August 2021

This study examines the impact of the coronavirus pandemic on economic integration in the ASEAN-6 region. The study finds that the pandemic’s impact can be … Read More

ASEAN, Trade, free trade agreement

Impact of the ASEAN Trade in Goods Agreements (ATIGA) on Intra-ASEAN Trade

16 August 2021

This report is an outcome of ERIA's quantitative assessment of the impact of the ASEAN Trade in Goods Agreement (ATIGA) on intra-ASEAN trade. The study … Read More

ASEAN, global value chains, Trade, COVID-19, Supply Chain

UK-ASEAN Trade: Strengthening the Supply Chain Linkages

11 August 2021

The United Kingdom (UK) and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) have commenced a Dialogue Partnership which foresees years of closer economic relations ahead. … Read More

ASEAN, Digital Economy, East Asia, fiscal, Regulation and Governance, Taxation

Reconciling Tax and Trade Rules in the Digitalised Economy: Challenges for ASEAN and East Asia

06 August 2021

As the digital economy expands in scale, scope, and form it poses major challenges for public revenue and tax policy and administration in Asia and … Read More

ASEAN, non-tariff measures, Supply Chain, Trade

Effective Rates of Protection in a World With Non-Tariff Measures and Supply Chains: Evidence from ASEAN

05 August 2021

The concept of effective rate of protection expresses protection on a sector’s final output relative to protection affecting its inputs. As such, it is well … Read More

ASEAN, Digital Economy, Digital Connectivity

Exploring Digital Economic Agreements to Promote Digital Connectivity in ASEAN

26 July 2021

This paper explores modules and articles on cooperation concerning the digital economy that are applicable for Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries under certain … Read More

ASEAN, Trade, Trade Facilitation

Towards Seamless Trade Facilitation in ASEAN Baseline Study

09 July 2021

The Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA), together with the ASEAN Trade Facilitation Joint Consultative Committee (ATFJCC), has developed an ASEAN-specific trade … Read More

COVID-19, ASEAN, India, Human Capital

Economic Policies to take Advantage of the Vigorous Private Dynamism in AMS and India during the COVID-19 Crisis

06 July 2021

The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has created unprecedented difficulties for the economies of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Member States (AMS) and India. … Read More

RCEP, Free Trade, ASEAN, ASEAN+6, Asia, pandemic

Impacts of the RCEP on ASEAN and ASEAN Least Developed Countries in the Post-pandemic Recovery

05 July 2021

This policy brief highlights the impact of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) agreement on ASEAN and ASEAN least developed countries (LDCs) in the post-pandemic … Read More

ERIA Research Summary

Summary of ERIA Research Projects 2020-2021

01 July 2021

The Summary of ERIA Research Projects 2020-2021 provides an overview of both new and ongoing projects that ERIA researchers are currently working on as of … Read More

ASEAN, COVID-19, global value chains, India, Supply Chain

The Impact of COVID-19 on Business Activities and Supply Chains in the ASEAN Member States and India

28 June 2021

This study uncovers the impact of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) on the business performance, outlook, and regional supply chains of manufacturing and non-manufacturing firms in … Read More

ASEAN, global value chains, Regulation and Governance, Trade

The Effect of Non-Tariff Measures on Global Value Chain Participation

21 June 2021

This study examines the impact of non-tariff measures (NTMs) on global value chain (GVC) participation and the underlying mechanisms. Our study employs a novel approach … Read More

ASEAN, COVID-19, East Asia, Tourism

COVID-19 Tourism Recovery in the ASEAN and East Asia Region: Asymmetric Patterns and Implications

08 June 2021

The aim of this paper is to produce forecasts for tourism flows and tourism revenue for ASEAN and East Asian countries after the end of … Read More

Publication Catalogue 2021

04 June 2021

The global coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic was a key focus of our research activities in fiscal year 2020. ERIA published numerous reports, policy briefs, and discussion … Read More

ASEAN, COVID-19, Labour and Migration, Sustainable Development Goals

Understanding Relevant Sustainable Development Goal Targets Related to Labour Migration in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations During the Coronavirus Disease Pandemic

04 June 2021

Over the past 2 decades, regional labour migration has emerged as a significant driver of economic growth and development in countries of origin and destination … Read More

ASEAN, COVID-19, Macroeconomy, Regional Integration

How ASEAN Can Improve Its Response to the Economic Crisis Generated by the COVID-19 Pandemic: Inputs drawn from a comparative analysis of the ASEAN and EU responses

31 May 2021

This paper conducts a comparative review of the evolution of the economic crisis generated by the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic and the responses enacted by … Read More

industry and manufacturing, ASEAN, Trade

Promotion of Electromobility in ASEAN: States, Carmakers, and International Production Networks

05 May 2021

This volume seeks to fill the void of scholarly research on electric vehicles (EVs) production and sales in emerging countries besides China by focusing on … Read More

ASEAN, COVID-19, East Asia, Government Intervention, Macroeconomy, Stock Market

Financial Market Responses to Government COVID-19 Pandemic Interventions: Empirical Evidence from South-East and East Asia

29 April 2021

This study investigates the impact of various government interventions on the spread of COVID-19 as well as stock markets in South-East and East Asia. It … Read More

ASEAN, Competitiveness, Energy, Infrastructure, Investment

Strengthening Emerging Asia's Power Sector

29 April 2021

Growth in electricity demand in South and Southeast Asia is amongst the fastest in the world. Yet questions remain about how countries across this region … Read More

ASEAN, COVID-19, Labour and Migration, Macroeconomy

Could the COVID-19 Crisis Affect Remittances and Labour Supply in ASEAN Economies? Macroeconomic Conjectures Based on the SARS Epidemic

28 April 2021

Debates on resilience to economic shocks in the ASEAN region focus on what policymakers can do to mitigate negative impacts associated with financial-economic crises. The … Read More

ASEAN, COVID-19, global value chains, Pharmaceuticals

Facilitating Trade in Pharmaceuticals: A Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic

23 April 2021

This paper reviews trade in pharmaceutical products, focusing on ASEAN countries. Trade in this sector is of singular policy importance as a result of the … Read More

ASEAN, COVID-19, global value chains, industry and manufacturing

The Effect of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Global Production Sharing in East Asia

21 April 2021

This paper examines the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on global production sharing in ASEAN Member States. Product-level analysis – on hard disk drives, air … Read More

ASEAN on Point Public Forum: Preparing ASEAN Workforce for Post-COVID-19

20 April 2021

The digital and technological transformation and Fourth Industrial Revolution (Industry 4.0) bring implications to the economies, industries, and employment across ASEAN. Job creation or transformation, … Read More

ASEAN, ASEAN+6, Global Governance, Investment, Services, Trade

COVID-19 and Services Trade in ASEAN+6: Implications and Estimates from Structural Gravity

19 April 2021

Given the importance of services for economic activity in general and the salience of reducing service link costs for overcoming the economic and health challenges … Read More

Energy, Biomass, ASEAN

Biomass and Coal Co-combustions in the ASEAN Region (Phase 2)

31 March 2021

Biomass utilisation is an important issue for ASEAN Member States, where agriculture and forest industry remain crucial. Most biomass residues are treated as waste and … Read More

ASEAN, China, COVID-19, Trade

The COVID-19 Pandemic and the World Trade Network

29 March 2021

Global trade is expected to suffer a significant contraction as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. Did the relative importance of countries in the world … Read More

ASEAN, Carbon Dioxide, Energy, Infrastructure

Study on the Potential for the Promotion of Carbon Dioxide Capture, Utilisation, and Storage in ASEAN Countries: Current Situation and Future Perspectives

19 March 2021

This ‘Study on the Potential for the Promotion of Carbon Dioxide Capture, Utilisation, and Storage in ASEAN’, uses a multi-aspect survey approach. The study covers … Read More

ASEAN, Connectivity, Energy, Infrastructure, Mekong Region

Understanding Quality Energy-Related Infrastructure Development in the Mekong Subregion: Key Drivers and Policy Implications

16 March 2021

Many players have supported infrastructure development in the Mekong Subregion, bridging the missing links in Southeast Asia. While the influx of energy-related infrastructure development investments … Read More

ASEAN, COVID-19, Technology

ASEAN on Point Public Forum: Tackling Disinformation in ASEAN

10 March 2021

In response to the global coronavirus pandemic, the ASEAN Secretariat (ASEC) and the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA), created a series … Read More

routledge, productivity, labour productivity

The Effects of Globalisation on Firm and Labour Performance

03 March 2021

This book examines driving factors and the effects of globalisation on economic development through firm and product-level data. The book is organised into four themes, … Read More

ASEAN, Connectivity, Global Governance, Infrastructure, Logistics, Supply Chain

Joint Study on 10+3 Cooperation for Improvement of Supply Chain Connectivity: ASEAN Sub-Report

02 March 2021

This report provides insights into the operation and resilience of supply chains in the region in the face of uncertainties, such as the coronavirus disease … Read More

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