Research Back

ASEAN

The story of ASEAN is one of building up from managing intra-regional (ASEAN) disputes to facilitating the management of pan-regional (East Asia) disputes; from economic cooperation to economic integration, and from nation building to regional community (ASEAN) building. ERIA works with the ASEAN Chair in producing research projects that serve the Chair's objectives in the one-year chairmanship period, while working to secure the long term goal of deepening regional integration. 

Energy, Environment, East Asia Summit, Innovation and Technology

Analysis of Future Mobility Fuel Scenarios Considering the Sustainable Use of Biofuels-Phase-2

29 November 2022

Reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the transport sector is now attracting attention worldwide. To meet the Paris Agreement 2030 targets, East Asia Summit … Read More

Energy, Oil, ASEAN, CCUS

The Strategies of National Oil Companies in Southeast Asia under Energy Transition

16 November 2022

The national oil companies (NOCs) of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) must strengthen their efforts to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions while ensuring … Read More

Technology, Disability, Digital Economy, ASEAN

Technology and Disability: Trends and Opportunities in the Digital Economy in ASEAN

15 November 2022

This report examines the current and potential role of digital technology in fostering the inclusion and economic empowerment of people with disabilities in the ASEAN … Read More

Thermal Generation, Energy, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, Viet Nam

Decarbonisation of Thermal Power Generation in ASEAN Countries

25 October 2022

The study on, ‘Decarbonisation of Thermal Power Generation in ASEAN Countries’ analyses the potential carbon dioxide (CO2) reduction that may be achieved through ammonia co-firing … Read More

RCEP, RCEP countries, ERIA, ASEAN, Trade

The Role of the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) in Promoting the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP)

24 October 2022

This paper aims to understand how the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA), an international organisation established under the East Asia Summit … Read More

Trade, FTAs, ASEAN, East Asia

Trade Remedies Chapter

21 October 2022

The aim of this paper is to analyse the trade remedies chapter in the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) agreement. Based on the comprehensive analysis … Read More

ASEAN, Investment, FDI, East Asia

Investment Liberalisation in East and Southeast Asia

21 October 2022

This paper presents the trends and patterns in the inflows and outflows of foreign direct investment (FDI) and reviews FDI liberalisation in East and Southeast … Read More

ASEAN, RCEP, Services

RCEP and Modern Services

21 October 2022

In this chapter, we start with an overview of trade flows in modern services within the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) region and identify the … Read More

RCEP, ASEAN, Trade, Services

The Implications of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) for Asian Regional Architecture

21 October 2022

East Asia’s Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) came into force in 2022 as the world’s largest free trade agreement. RCEP was concluded, signed and brought … Read More

RCEP, ASEAN, Trade, Digital Economy, Services

International Production Network in the Next Generation and the Role of RCEP

21 October 2022

This paper attempts to discuss the potential role of RCEP from the perspective of two kinds of international division of labor, i.e., machinery international production … Read More

RCEP, Trade, ASEAN, Investment, Services, CGE

Impact of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP): A Global Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) Simulation

21 October 2022

This study estimates the potential economic effects of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) by using a recursively dynamic computable general equilibrium (CGE) model, which … Read More

ASEAN, Trade, Services

RCEP Services Liberalisation: Key Features and Implications

21 October 2022

The Trade in Services Chapter of the RCEP Agreement establishes the rules for the progressive liberalisation of trade in the region and sets out regulatory … Read More

ASEAN, Education, Disability

Inclusive Education: Overcoming Barriers for Students with Disability in ASEAN

04 October 2022

This policy brief highlights current practices in inclusive education in elementary and secondary schools at the regional level. Please refer to the complementary research paper … Read More

ASEAN, Trade, Investment

Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership: Economic Backgrounds of ASEAN and Its Dialogue Partners

29 September 2022

We overview the economic backgrounds of the countries participating in the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) negotiations and two Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) … Read More

ASEAN, RCEP, Trade, trade liberalisation

Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership, ASEAN’s Agency, and the Role of ASEAN Members in Shaping the Regional Economic Order

29 September 2022

The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) – a mega free trade agreement comprising 15 countries – the 10 Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Member … Read More

ASEAN, RCEP

Centrality and Community: ASEAN in the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership

29 September 2022

This paper examines the Association of Southeast Asian Nations’ (ASEAN) role in the formation of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) agreement. The RCEP project … Read More

Energy, SMRs, Innovation and Technology, ASEAN

Small Modular Reactor (SMR) Deployment: Advantages and Opportunities for ASEAN

27 September 2022

Small modular reactors (SMRs) are advanced nuclear reactors that have a power capacity of up to 300 MW per unit, which is about one-third of … Read More

Food Security, Agriculture, Post-COVID-19

ASEAN on Point Public Forum: Ensuring Food Security in Post-Pandemic ASEAN

26 September 2022

The global community’s transition into a post-pandemic world has been met with additional challenges resulting from climate change, ongoing supply chain disruptions, and international conflicts. … Read More

CADP, Innovation, Digital Economy, Sustainable Economy, Infrastructure, Urban Development, automotive, healthcare, Agriculture, Energy, Environment

The Comprehensive Asia Development Plan (CADP) 3.0: Towards an Integrated, Innovative, Inclusive, and Sustainable Economy

16 September 2022

The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has caused trade disruptions; a drop in foreign direct investment; and scarring effects on poverty, education, and women in many … Read More

E-commerce, Trade, RCEP, TPP, CPTPP, Policy, ASEAN

Opportunities and Challenges for ASEAN and East Asia from the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership on E-Commerce

14 September 2022

The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) is a microcosm of the current tensions in negotiations on digital trade involving parties that have divergent positions on … Read More

RCEP, tariff, Trade, ASEAN

How Preferential are RCEP Tariffs?

14 September 2022

This study discusses the extent to which the tariffs provided in the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) are preferential. RCEP does not necessarily adopt a … Read More

Energy, ASEAN, Middle East, Oil

The Strategic and Economic Value of Joint Oil Stockpiling Arrangements for Middle East Exporters and ASEAN Importers

14 September 2022

The study justifies and promotes oil stockpiling in Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries and explores the possibility of joint stockpiling with Middle East … Read More

RCEP, global value chains, ASEAN, East Asia, Trade

New Dynamism in ASEAN and East Asia: The Role of the RCEP as a ‘Living’ Agreement

12 September 2022

This policy brief highlights the importance of maintaining open regionalism and economic and regional integration for sustainable and inclusive regional and global growth in the … Read More

free trade agreement, Trade, Mega-lateral Free Trade Agreements, RCEP, CPTPP

Comparison of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) and Other Free Trade Agreements (FTAs)

15 August 2022

This study evaluates the desirability of RCEP by comparing it with other mega-lateral FTAs. Evaluating the member-specific scale effects of the FTAs, we find that … Read More

FTAs, free trade agreement, Economic Integration, Trade, Globalisation, RCEP

The Story of RCEP: History, Negotiations, Structure, and Future Directions

15 August 2022

This paper is about the story of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP), including the history, dynamics of negotiations, and structure of this multilateral framework. … Read More

Energy, Environment and Climate Change, Innovation and Technology

Decarbonisation of ASEAN Energy Systems: Optimum Technology Selection Model Analysis up to 2060

21 July 2022

During the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP26) in Glasgow, United Kingdom, many countries committed to achieving carbon neutrality by 2050 or 2060. ASEAN countries … Read More

ASEAN, India, Enterpreneurship, Innovation and Technology, women entrepreneurship, Woman

Building Prolific Entrepreneurship Ecosystems-Episode 4

15 July 2022

This report is part of a study that CIIE.CO, the Innovation Continuum, and the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) are conducting … Read More

ASEAN, Education, Disability

Inclusive Education in ASEAN: Fostering Belonging for Students with Disabilities

14 June 2022

In 2021–2022, an external research consultant partnered with the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) and conducted a study on inclusive education … Read More

ASEAN, Trade, SMEs

What Determines Interfirm Trade Credit? Empirical Evidence from the ASEAN

14 June 2022

This paper empirically examines the link between the heterogeneity of firms and their probability of obtaining interfirm trade credit in Asia, with a specific focus … Read More

ASEAN, India, Enterpreneurship, Innovation and Technology, Agriculture

Building Prolific Entrepreneurship Ecosystems-Episode 3

07 June 2022

This report is part of a study that CIIE.CO, the Innovation Continuum, and Economic Research Institute of ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) are conducting to … Read More

ASEAN, Enterpreneurship, Innovation, SMEs

Mapping Innovation-Driven Entrepreneurial Ecosystems: An Overview

31 May 2022

Innovation-driven entrepreneurship enables people and companies to pursue global opportunities based on innovative processes, products, or services. Studies show that innovation-driven entrepreneurial high-growth firms represent … Read More

Finance and Macroeconomy

Prediction Errors of Macroeconomic Indicators and Economic Shocks for ASEAN Member States, 1990‒2021

30 May 2022

In this study, economic shocks on six selected Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Member States (i.e. Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Viet … Read More

ASEAN, India, Entrepreneurship, Innovation, Health, Health technology

Building Prolific Entrepreneurship Ecosystems-Episode 2

13 April 2022

This report is part of a study that CIIE.CO, the Innovation Continuum (henceforth, CIIE.CO), and Economic Research Institute of ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) are … Read More

ASEAN, Carbon Dioxide, Energy, Environment, Environment and Climate Change

Study on the Potential for Promoting Carbon Dioxide Capture, Utilisation, and Storage (CCUS) in ASEAN Countries Vol. II

30 March 2022

This report was prepared under the Asia CCUS Network umbrella and focuses on the cost of Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) and the legal framework … Read More

RCEP, ASEAN and East Asia

Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership: Implications, Challenges, and Future Growth of East Asia and ASEAN

14 March 2022

The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) became the largest free trade agreement in the world when it was signed in 2020. It comprises the 10 … Read More

ASEAN, Finance, SMEs, Trade

Understanding SME Trade Finance in ASEAN: An Overview

22 February 2022

SMEs are the most important source of employment in all ASEAN countries, but a lack of access to external sources of finance may limit their … Read More

ASEAN, Energy, Regulation and Governance, Sustainable Development, Sustainable Energy

Public Attitudes Towards Energy Policy and Sustainable Development in ASEAN Countries

16 February 2022

To further encourage the diffusion of Renewable Energy (RE) in ASEAN countries, a certain level of policy support is needed based on the extent to … Read More

ASEAN, East Asia, SMEs, Start-Up

Entrepreneurship, Start-Ups, and Innovation (E-S-I) in ASEAN and East Asia: Catalysing Collaborations and Partnerships for Scale-Ups-Ep.6-10

26 January 2022

In 2021, the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) and Curated Connectors, a Singapore-based start-up, hosted a webinar series to discuss how … Read More

ASEAN, East Asia, SMEs, Start-Up

Entrepreneurship, Start-Ups, and Innovation (E-S-I) in ASEAN and East Asia: Shaping The Post-Pandemic Recovery-Ep.1-5

25 January 2022

In 2021, the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) – together with Curated Connectors, a Singapore based start-up – hosted a webinar … Read More

ASEAN, East Asia, global value chains, industry and manufacturing, Investment, Trade

Overview of Foreign Direct Investment, Trade, and Global Value Chains in East Asia

25 January 2022

This paper provides an overview of the patterns and trends of foreign direct investment (FDI) and trade as well as the formation and development of … Read More

ASEAN, India, Entrepreneurship, Innovation

Building Prolific Entrepreneurship Ecosystems-Episode 1

11 January 2022

This report is part of a study that CIIE.CO, the Innovation Continuum, and Economic Research Institute of ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) are conducting to … Read More

ASEAN, Disability, Entrepreneurship, Innovation, SMEs

Social Enterprises and Disability: Promoting Inclusion, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship in ASEAN

08 December 2021

This policy brief highlights the role of social enterprises in promoting social impact and inclusion for people with disabilities in the Association of Southeast Asian … Read More

ASEAN, intellectual property rights, Digital Connectivity, free trade agreement

Intellectual Property Rights and ASEAN Development in the Digital Age

18 November 2021

The trade-investment-service-intellectual property (IP) nexus remains at the heart of economic development and the main features of which are global value chains (GVCs) and digitalisation. … Read More

Asia, ASEM, Connectivity, E-commerce, Europe, Innovation and Technology

ASEM’s Role in Promoting Asia–Europe E-Commerce

15 November 2021

Asia and Europe have significant potential in the e-commerce market, and the Asia–Europe Meeting (ASEM) has an important role to play in helping both regions … Read More

ASEAN, Innovation and Technology, Regulation and Governance

Research on Patent Examination Practices for Emerging Technologies in ASEAN Member States

12 November 2021

Mandated by the Ninth ASEAN–Japan Heads of Intellectual Property Offices Meeting, ERIA conducted a research project and produced a report titled ‘Research 2019–2020 on Patent … Read More

Energy, Urban Development, ASEAN

Technical Guidelines for Energy Efficiency and Conservation in Commercial Buildings

29 October 2021

Energy efficiency and conservation (EEC) is a top priority energy policy in ASEAN Members States to achieve a low-carbon energy transition. Promotion of EEC is … Read More

ASEAN, Energy, RenewableEnergy

The Economics and Risks of Power Systems with High Shares of Renewable Energies

30 September 2021

Using a mathematical model, this study examines the possibility and risks of realising high shares of variable renewable energies (VRE) through the planned extension of … Read More

Disability, Innovation, Social Enterprises, ASEAN

Social Enterprises and Disability: Fostering Innovation, Awareness, and Social Impact in the ASEAN Region

16 September 2021

In 2021, the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) – together with Impact46, a social impact consulting, conducted a study on Social … Read More

ASEAN, COVID-19, India, Supply Chain, Trade

Robustness and Resilience of Supply Chains During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Findings from a Questionnaire Survey on the Supply Chain Links of Firms in ASEAN and India

15 September 2021

Using a unique firm-level data set from the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and India collected from November 2020 to February 2021, this paper … Read More

ASEAN, non-tariff measures, Regional Integration, Trade

Regulatory Distance, Margins of Trade, and Regional Integration: The Case of the ASEAN+5

08 September 2021

This paper measures regulatory distance in non-tariff measures (NTMs) to examine the regulatory distance patterns and how the margins of trade respond to regulatory distance … Read More

ASEAN, Connectivity, COVID-19, Trade

COVID-19, Air Transportation, and International Trade in the ASEAN+5 Region

03 September 2021

This paper provides an in-depth description of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic and its interactions with air transportation in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations … Read More

ASEAN, COVID-19, Finance, SMEs

COVID-19 and Regional Solutions for Mitigating the Risk of Small and Medium-sized Enterprise Finance in ASEAN Member States

19 August 2021

One of the significant challenges small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) face is their difficulty in accessing finance. One way to reduce the risk of lending … Read More

ASEAN, COVID-19, Macroeconomy

Central Banks' Responses to COVID-19 in ASEAN Economies

18 August 2021

The effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on public health, social life, economic conditions, and financial markets has been significant for Association of Southeast Asian Nations … Read More

ASEAN, COVID-19, Regulation and Governance

A Firm-level Analysis of the Impact of the Coronavirus Outbreak in ASEAN

16 August 2021

This study examines the impact of the coronavirus pandemic on economic integration in the ASEAN-6 region. The study finds that the pandemic’s impact can be … Read More

ASEAN, Trade, free trade agreement

Impact of the ASEAN Trade in Goods Agreements (ATIGA) on Intra-ASEAN Trade

16 August 2021

This report is an outcome of ERIA's quantitative assessment of the impact of the ASEAN Trade in Goods Agreement (ATIGA) on intra-ASEAN trade. The study … Read More

ASEAN, global value chains, Trade, COVID-19, Supply Chain

UK-ASEAN Trade: Strengthening the Supply Chain Linkages

11 August 2021

The United Kingdom (UK) and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) have commenced a Dialogue Partnership which foresees years of closer economic relations ahead. … Read More

ASEAN, Digital Economy, East Asia, fiscal, Regulation and Governance, Taxation

Reconciling Tax and Trade Rules in the Digitalised Economy: Challenges for ASEAN and East Asia

06 August 2021

As the digital economy expands in scale, scope, and form it poses major challenges for public revenue and tax policy and administration in Asia and … Read More

ASEAN, non-tariff measures, Supply Chain, Trade

Effective Rates of Protection in a World With Non-Tariff Measures and Supply Chains: Evidence from ASEAN

05 August 2021

The concept of effective rate of protection expresses protection on a sector’s final output relative to protection affecting its inputs. As such, it is well … Read More

ASEAN, Digital Economy, Digital Connectivity

Exploring Digital Economic Agreements to Promote Digital Connectivity in ASEAN

26 July 2021

This paper explores modules and articles on cooperation concerning the digital economy that are applicable for Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries under certain … Read More

ASEAN, Trade, Trade Facilitation

Towards Seamless Trade Facilitation in ASEAN Baseline Study

09 July 2021

The Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA), together with the ASEAN Trade Facilitation Joint Consultative Committee (ATFJCC), has developed an ASEAN-specific trade … Read More

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