Research Back

Innovation and Technology

Innovation is an inseparable part of development that goes hand in hand with technology. ERIA investigates the impact of innovation and technology in development, such as e-commerce, digital marketplace, information and communication technology advancements, renewable energy, cyber security, and interactive learning, among others. Furthermore, ERIA's researchers look into production networks, innovation capability, information infrastructure, logistic networks, technological capability, distribution networks, and other topics around innovation and technology. Additionally, ERIA examines the externalities like spillover and transfers of technology that are not always included in the impact calculations of innovation and technology.

Disability, Innovation, Social Enterprises, ASEAN

Social Enterprises and Disability: Fostering Innovation, Awareness, and Social Impact in the ASEAN Region

16 September 2021

In 2021, the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) – together with Impact46, a social impact consulting, conducted a study on Social … Read More

Innovation, Innovation and Technology, Start-Up, Entrepreneurship

Entrepreneurship, Startups and Innovations in ASEAN and East Asia-Shaping the Post-Pandemic Recovery-Ep.1-5

30 August 2021

In 2021, the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) – together with Curated Connectors, a Singapore based start-up – hosted a webinar … Read More

ASEAN, Digital Economy, East Asia, fiscal, Regulation and Governance, Taxation

Reconciling Tax and Trade Rules in the Digitalised Economy: Challenges for ASEAN and East Asia

06 August 2021

As the digital economy expands in scale, scope, and form it poses major challenges for public revenue and tax policy and administration in Asia and … Read More

ASEAN, Digital Economy, Digital Connectivity

Exploring Digital Economic Agreements to Promote Digital Connectivity in ASEAN

26 July 2021

This paper explores modules and articles on cooperation concerning the digital economy that are applicable for Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries under certain … Read More

Energy, Innovation, Innovation and Technology, Indonesia, Philippines, Africa, Europe

Global Situation of Small Modular Reactor Development and Deployment

02 July 2021

Small modular reactors (SMRs) are nuclear fission reactors that are smaller than conventional reactors. They can be manufactured at a plant and brought to a … Read More

ERIA Research Summary

Summary of ERIA Research Projects 2020-2021

01 July 2021

The Summary of ERIA Research Projects 2020-2021 provides an overview of both new and ongoing projects that ERIA researchers are currently working on as of … Read More

Innovation and Technology, non-tariff measures, Trade, Viet Nam

The Effects of SPSs and TBTs on Innovation: Evidence from Exporting Firms in Viet Nam

22 June 2021

Sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) measures and technical barriers to trade (TBTs) in destination markets may affect firms’ performance. In this paper, we examine how meeting … Read More

COVID-19, digitalisation, India, industry and manufacturing

The Role of Digitalisation in Shaping India’s Global Value Chain Participation

01 June 2021

This study investigates the role of digital infrastructure in shaping the global value chain (GVC) participation of Indian manufacturing firms. To examine the digitalisation and … Read More

ASEAN, COVID-19, Technology

ASEAN on Point Public Forum: Tackling Disinformation in ASEAN

10 March 2021

In response to the global coronavirus pandemic, the ASEAN Secretariat (ASEC) and the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA), created a series … Read More

Energy, Indonesia, Innovation and Technology, Labour and Migration, Skills Development

Fuelling the Engines of Liberation with Cleaner Cooking Fuel

23 February 2021

Using the staggered roll-out of the Indonesian Conversion to Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) Programme, we show that a subsidy for the labour- and time-saving cooking … Read More

e-commerce, digital economy, global value chains, women entrepreneurship, women in tech, sustainability

ASEAN MSMEs in a COVID-19 World: Lessons from ERIA MSMEs Talks 6-10

26 January 2021

Many different stakeholders have an important role to play to build back better for the ASEAN post-pandemic recovery, including the business sector and MSMEs. With … Read More

East Asia, Energy, Hydrogen, Infrastructure, Innovation, Environment

Demand and Supply Potential of Hydrogen Energy in East Asia – Phase 2

31 December 2020

Throughout fiscal year 2019–2020 ERIA conducted the phase 2 study on hydrogen demand and supply potential in the East Asia Summit (EAS) region. It involved … Read More

Cambodia, Education, Human Capital, Innovation and Technology, innovative financing

Child Education: Rethinking Microcredit in Cambodia

16 December 2020

Conflicting and controversial conclusions about the potential effects of microcredit on socio-economic development raise concerns over the effects on child education. This study analyses the … Read More

Education, Human Capital, Indonesia, Innovation

Determinants of School Enrolment: Relationship between Minimum Wage and Human Capital Investment

16 December 2020

Most economic research on minimum wage has focused on employment effects. Research analysing the effects of minimum wage on skill acquisition and educational investment is … Read More

Education, Innovation and Technology, SMEs, Viet Nam

The Role of Innovation in Skill Development: Evidence from Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in Viet Nam

16 December 2020

Using the Small and Medium Enterprise Survey in Vietnam and three proxies of innovation, we study the impact of firm innovation on on-the-job training in … Read More

circular economy, energy, industrial policy, industry and manufacturing, 4.0, Innovation and Technology

Assessing the Readiness of Industry 4.0 and the Circular Economy

26 November 2020

Globalisation, technological advancement, and resource consumption have historically served humanity well by typically delivering both economic growth and social progress. But as these drivers have … Read More

MSMEs, COVID-19, e-commerce, Digital Economy, global value chains, women entrepreneurship, sustainability

ASEAN MSMEs in a COVID-19 World: Lessons from ERIA MSMEs Talks 1-5

23 November 2020

Micro-, small, and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs) represent between 97% and 99% of firms and between 60% and 80% of total employment across Association of Southeast … Read More

ASEAN, East Asia, Energy, Environment and Climate Change, Innovation and Technology

Evaluation of CO2 Emissions Reduction by Mobility Electrification and Alternative Biofuel Introduction in East Asia Summit Countries

11 November 2020

Efforts to decarbonise the transport sectors are now greater than ever in the East Asia Summit countries. With a quarter of total carbon dioxide emissions … Read More

Innovation and Technology, Japan, Labour and Migration

Robotics Technology and Firm-level Employment Adjustment in Japan

08 November 2020

Unlike studies that analyse the impact of robotics technology on employment at the industry or firm level, this study investigates cross-division employment adjustment within a … Read More

India, Innovation and Technology, Labour and Migration

Does Change in Intellectual Property Rights Induce Demand for Skilled Workers? Evidence from India

06 November 2020

Do incentives to innovate create demand for skilled workers more than proportionately? We study the question using the implementation of the Patent (Amendment) Act in … Read More

Energy, RenewableEnergy, ASEAN, Vehicle, Electrified Vehicle

The Influence on Energy and the Economy of Electrified Vehicle Penetration in ASEAN

04 November 2020

The study analyses the effects of electric vehicle deployment in Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, and Viet Nam especially in terms of energy supply and demand, CO2 … Read More

Innovation and Technology, labour productivity, Thailand, Trade, Imports

Technological Advancement, Import Penetration, and Labour Markets: Evidence from Thai Manufacturing

06 August 2020

This paper examines the impacts of advanced technology on a possible change in workers’ skills, wages, and employment due to such technological advancement. Three proxies … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Innovation and Technology, Labour and Migration, Viet Nam

Technology Imports and Employment in Developing Countries: Evidence from Viet Nam

04 August 2020

Advanced machines and technology replace workers through automation. However, capital–labour substitution need not reduce aggregate labour demand, as it induces simultaneous contrasting effects within industries. … Read More

E-commerce, Digital Economy, ASEAN, Innovation and Technology

Improving Digital Connectivity: Policy Priority for ASEAN Digital Transformation

17 July 2020

This brief proposes a policy framework for digital connectivity to support the development of e-commerce. Using this analytical framework for the Association of Southeast Asian … Read More

ASEAN, Innovation, Industrialisastion

ASEAN Development and Innovation Strategy in the Era of New Industrialisation

16 July 2020

Foreign direct investment (FDI) and trade will continue to play an important role in the assimilation of the latest technologies within the Association of Southeast … Read More

East Asia, global value chains, industry and manufacturing, Innovation and Technology

New Developments in International Production Networks: Impact of Digital Technologies

24 June 2020

We conducted a standard gravity exercise using worldwide disaggregated trade data to shed light on the influence of the spread of digital technologies on network … Read More

ASEAN, India, E-commerce, Connectivity, Trade, Regulation and Governance, Digital Economy

E-Commerce Connectivity in ASEAN

14 April 2020

The next Asian miracle of growth could be born with the region's digital transformation. Digital connectivity is the cornerstone that will make the changes feasible … Read More

ASEAN, E-commerce, Connectivity, Services, Technology

Improving Digital Connectivity For E-commerce: A Policy Framework and Empirical Note for ASEAN

10 March 2020

Global cross-border e-commerce has become increasingly important in the international economy. The next Asian miracle of growth could be born out of the region's digital … Read More

ASEAN, intellectual property rights, Innovation, Japan, industry and manufacturing

Future Visions and Policy Recommendations for ASEAN Member States (AMSs) based on Estimation of Industrial Property Applications

03 March 2020

The research project ‘Future Visions and Policy Recommendations for ASEAN Member States (AMS) based on Estimation of Industrial Property Applications’, was conducted by the Yoshitoshi … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Innovation, microdata, South Korea, Trade

Learning-to-Export Effect as a Response to Export Opportunities: Micro-Evidence from Korean Manufacturing

11 February 2020

This paper aims to investigate whether empirical evidence supports the learning-to-export hypothesis, which has received little attention in the previous literature. By taking full advantage … Read More

Antidumping, Innovation and Technology, japan, microdata, Trade

Exports and Innovation: Evidence from Antidumping Duties Against Japanese Firms

06 February 2020

By conducting a difference-in-difference analysis, we examine how the targeted exporters adjust their innovative activities in the face of the negative export shock inflicted by … Read More

Innovation

Grantbacks, territorial restraints, and innovation

01 December 2019

About the Journal International Journal of Industrial Organization, Volume 67, December 2019, Article No. 102534 Authors Masahito Ambashi, Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East … Read More

Industry, Innovation and Technology, Japan

Exporting ‘Content’ in the Face of Indifference

26 September 2019

Attempts by Japanese producers to ‘crack’ the North American entertainment market date back to the 1910s, and were driven by both profit motive and ideological … Read More

Trade, Innovation and Technology, Japan

Exporter Dynamics and Productivity Dispersion within Industry

29 March 2019

This paper uses firm-level panel data for Japan to examine between-firm productivity dispersion, and explore whether export market entry improves productivity and accelerates productivity catch-up … Read More

Innovation

Innovation Process in Public Research Institute: Case Studies of AIST, Fraunhofer, and ITRI

11 March 2019

The design of national innovation systems has attracted attention from scholars and policymakers. Firms, universities, and government organisations (including public research institutes) are defined as … Read More

Agriculture, Innovation

Division of Labour Amongst Innovation Intermediaries in Agricultural Innovation Systems: The Case of Indonesia

12 November 2018

Innovation intermediaries are individuals and organisations that enhance connectivity amongst constituencies of national, sectoral, and regional systems of innovation, thereby facilitating knowledge spillover. This paper … Read More

Innovation, Policy

Innovation Policy in ASEAN

18 September 2018

Innovation Policy in ASEAN is a first attempt at a comprehensive innovation study of ASEAN. The book includes not only an overall theoretical framework for … Read More

Innovation, Green Technology, Technology, Eco-efficiency, SMEs, Financial de-risking

Innovative green-technology SMEs as an opportunity to promote financial de-risking

22 March 2018

As the G20/OECD High-Level Principles of SMEs Financing state, Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs), including micro-enterprises, are core engines of innovation, growth, job creation and … Read More

global value chains, Asia, industry and manufacturing, Trade

Servicification in Global Value Chains: The Case of Asian Countries

01 November 2017

The paper studies the degree of servicification (or the role of services as inputs in manufacturing) of selected 61 Asian countries in terms of global … Read More

E-commerce, Asia, Trade, Globalization

E-Commerce as Asia's New Growth Engine

23 October 2017

The development of cross-border electronic commerce (e-commerce) is changing the world's economic landscape. To better grasp the opportunities of this global trend of growth, Asian … Read More

E-commerce, Globalization, Asia

To Enhance E-Commerce Enabling Connectivity in Asia

09 October 2017

Cross-border e-commerce has been a major development trend of international trade and globalization. In the next 5-10 years, the top three fastest growing markets in … Read More

E-commerce, Innovation and Technology, Trade, Infrastructure

Developing Asia in the Era of Cross-border E-commerce

04 October 2017

Cross-border e-commerce has been a major development trend of international trade and globalization. In the next 5–10 years, the top three fastest-growing markets in the … Read More

E-commerce, ASEAN, Policy

The Risks for ASEAN of New Mega-Agreements that Promote the Wrong Model of e-Commerce

03 October 2017

Digital technology offers exciting new opportunities and advances for ASEAN member states, individually and as a region. The benefits have so far been captured by … Read More

Viet Nam, Industry, Trade

Viet Nam's Automotive Supplier Industry: Development Prospects under Conditions for Free Trade and Global Production Networks

18 May 2017

Despite foreign direct investment occurring in the 1990s, automobile production in Viet Nam has not progressed beyond assembly. Due to forthcoming trade liberalisation in ASEAN, … Read More

Technology, Japan

Determinants of Demand for Technology in Relationships with Complementary Assets among Japanese Firms

23 March 2017

There has been growing interest in open innovation, where firms create value by combining internal and external ideas. Technology insourcing, however, has not been satisfactorily … Read More

Thailand, industry and manufacturing, Innovation and Technology

The Automotive Value Chain in Thailand

09 March 2017

A country's participation in global value chains (GVCs) is increasingly becoming important as a strategy for economic development. However, participation in GVCs alone is not … Read More

Innovation and Technology

Formation of Automotive Manufacturing Clusters in Thailand

28 February 2017

The development of the local supplier base and the formation of industrial clusters are important for industries, especially the automotive industry. This study focuses on … Read More

Energy, Innovation and Technology

Financing Renewable Energy Development in East Asia Summit Countries
A Primer of Effective Policy Instruments

07 April 2016

This research aims to identify and update the most effective policies in the Asian context, especially for member states of the Association of … Read More

Innovation, Energy

Advancing the Energy Management System in the East Asia Summit Region

31 March 2016

This study aims to analyse the potential for deploying the Energy Management System (EMS) in the East Asia Summit (EAS) region and to … Read More

Energy, Innovation and Technology

Sustainability Assessment of Utilising Conventional and New Type Geothermal Resources in East Asia

31 March 2016

New methods of low-carbon energy production and use are crucial building blocks for sustainable development. Despite having a number of advantages over other … Read More

Power Grid Interconnections in East Asia: Investment in Several Key Projects Are Well Justified

28 January 2016

Abstract The recent ERIA report on 'Effective Power Infrastructure Investment through Power Grid Interconnections in East Asia' aims to support existing initiatives--the ASEAN Power Grid … Read More

Energy, Innovation and Technology

Study on the Strategic Usage of Coal in the EAS Region: A Technical Potential Map and Update of the First-Year Study

11 January 2016

The demand for coal in East Asia Summit economies is largely due to increasing electricity demand, half of which will be met by … Read More

Environment, Energy, Innovation and Technology

Selecting the Best Mix of Renewable and Conventional Energy Sources for Asian Communities

30 September 2015

The ERIA Working Group on 'Feasibility Study on the Best Mix of Renewable and Conventional Energy Sources Sustainable for Various Asian Communities' has … Read More

Investing in Higher Education, and Its Potential Impact on Research and Development for Technology Upgrading, Innovation, and Competitiveness

04 August 2015

Abstract The aim of this paper is to review the state of higher education development in ASEAN and formulate how research and development should proceed … Read More

Technology Transfer in ASEAN Countries: Some Evidence from Buyer-Provided Training Network Data

08 May 2015

Abstract Technology transfers are important channels for firms in developing countries to get access to new technology and initiate innovation. This paper examines the geographical … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Innovation and Technology

The Challenge of China and the Role of Deepening ASEAN Integration for the Philippine Semiconductor Industry

16 April 2015

From a rising share in the global semiconductor market in the 1990s, which peaked at 7.7 percent in 1999, the standing of the … Read More

Low Carbon Green Growth in Asia: What is the Scope for Regional Cooperation?

09 April 2015

Abstract This paper develops a framework to assess the scope of collaboration among countries that are pursuing low-carbon green growth. Much of the policy studies … Read More

Innovation, Technology Transfers, Finance, and Internationalization of SMEs' Trade and Investment Policy Best Practices for ASEAN and East Asia

25 March 2015

Abstract The ASEAN Policy Index study revealed that a lot is to be done to towards adopting best practices in each policy area of small … Read More

Infrastructure, Innovation and Technology

Institutional Support, Technological Capabilities and Domestic Linkages in the Semiconductor Industry in Malaysia

25 February 2015

This article examines the relationship between host-site institutional support and regional trade linkages on firm-level technological capabilities in the semiconductor industry in Malaysia. … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Infrastructure, Regulation and Governance

Institutional Support, Technological Capabilities and Domestic Linkages in the Semiconductor Industry in Singapore

25 February 2015

This article examines the relationships between host-site institutional support and firm-level technological upgrading, and between technological upgrading and domestic production linkages in the … Read More

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