Research Back

Innovation and Technology

Innovation is an inseparable part of development that goes hand in hand with technology. ERIA investigates the impact of innovation and technology in development, such as e-commerce, digital marketplace, information and communication technology advancements, renewable energy, cyber security, and interactive learning, among others. Furthermore, ERIA's researchers look into production networks, innovation capability, information infrastructure, logistic networks, technological capability, distribution networks, and other topics around innovation and technology. Additionally, ERIA examines the externalities like spillover and transfers of technology that are not always included in the impact calculations of innovation and technology.

Energy, SMRs, Innovation and Technology, ASEAN

Small Modular Reactor (SMR) Deployment: Advantages and Opportunities for ASEAN

27 September 2022

Small modular reactors (SMRs) are advanced nuclear reactors that have a power capacity of up to 300 MW per unit, which is about one-third of … Read More

energy transition, Finance

Technology List and Perspectives for Transition Finance in Asia

22 September 2022

The Technology List and Perspectives for Transition Finance in Asia (TLPTFA) aims to support the smooth energy transitions in developing Asia with realistic approaches that … Read More

CADP, Innovation, Digital Economy, Sustainable Economy, Infrastructure, Urban Development, automotive, healthcare, Agriculture, Energy, Environment

The Comprehensive Asia Development Plan (CADP) 3.0: Towards an Integrated, Innovative, Inclusive, and Sustainable Economy

16 September 2022

The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has caused trade disruptions; a drop in foreign direct investment; and scarring effects on poverty, education, and women in many … Read More

Energy, Environment and Climate Change, Innovation and Technology

Decarbonisation of ASEAN Energy Systems: Optimum Technology Selection Model Analysis up to 2060

21 July 2022

During the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP26) in Glasgow, United Kingdom, many countries committed to achieving carbon neutrality by 2050 or 2060. ASEAN countries … Read More

ASEAN, India, Enterpreneurship, Innovation and Technology, women entrepreneurship, Woman

Building Prolific Entrepreneurship Ecosystems-Episode 4

15 July 2022

This report is part of a study that CIIE.CO, the Innovation Continuum, and the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) are conducting … Read More

G20, Economy Recovery, Technology, Innovation, Trade, Investment

New Normal, New Technologies, New Financing

22 June 2022

While the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) seems to be behind us now, the scarring effects on employment, poverty, and education will last forever. Women, youth, and … Read More

Energy, Environment and Climate Change, Infrastructure, Innovation and Technology

Demand and Supply Potential of Hydrogen Energy in East Asia – Phase 3

17 June 2022

The Hydrogen Demand and Supply Potential Study: Phase 3 assesses and forecasts hydrogen production potential using unused or unutilised energy, which are hydropower sources … Read More

Technology, Innovation, computer science, business industry

Robots and AI: A New Economic Era

15 June 2022

Robots and artificial intelligence (AI) are powerful forces that will likely have large impacts on the size, direction, and composition of international trade flows. This … Read More

ASEAN, India, Enterpreneurship, Innovation and Technology, Agriculture

Building Prolific Entrepreneurship Ecosystems-Episode 3

07 June 2022

This report is part of a study that CIIE.CO, the Innovation Continuum, and Economic Research Institute of ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) are conducting to … Read More

ASEAN, Enterpreneurship, Innovation, SMEs

Mapping Innovation-Driven Entrepreneurial Ecosystems: An Overview

31 May 2022

Innovation-driven entrepreneurship enables people and companies to pursue global opportunities based on innovative processes, products, or services. Studies show that innovation-driven entrepreneurial high-growth firms represent … Read More

ASEAN, India, Entrepreneurship, Innovation, Health, Health technology

Building Prolific Entrepreneurship Ecosystems-Episode 2

13 April 2022

This report is part of a study that CIIE.CO, the Innovation Continuum (henceforth, CIIE.CO), and Economic Research Institute of ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) are … Read More

COVID-19, Indonesia, Innovation, SMEs

Digital Technology Adoption and Indonesia’s MSMEs during the COVID-19 Pandemic

22 March 2022

The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has hit micro, small, and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs) hard. The estimated economic impact of COVID-19 could exceed the fiscal stimulus … Read More

Asia, low carbon growth, Low-carbon Technology, COVID-19

Rethinking Asia's Low-Carbon Growth in the Post-Covid World: Towards a Net-Zero Economy

27 January 2022

Asia’s historical development is at a crossroads. Twenty months into the coronavirus pandemic, the cumulative economic and financial impacts are estimated to be much worse … Read More

ASEAN, East Asia, SMEs, Start-Up

Entrepreneurship, Start-Ups, and Innovation (E-S-I) in ASEAN and East Asia: Catalysing Collaborations and Partnerships for Scale-Ups-Ep.6-10

26 January 2022

In 2021, the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) and Curated Connectors, a Singapore-based start-up, hosted a webinar series to discuss how … Read More

ASEAN, East Asia, SMEs, Start-Up

Entrepreneurship, Start-Ups, and Innovation (E-S-I) in ASEAN and East Asia: Shaping The Post-Pandemic Recovery-Ep.1-5

25 January 2022

In 2021, the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) – together with Curated Connectors, a Singapore based start-up – hosted a webinar … Read More

ASEAN, India, Entrepreneurship, Innovation

Building Prolific Entrepreneurship Ecosystems-Episode 1

11 January 2022

This report is part of a study that CIIE.CO, the Innovation Continuum, and Economic Research Institute of ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) are conducting to … Read More

global value chains, India, manufacturing, research and development

Innovation, Product Sophistication and Export Market Survival: A Study of Indian Manufacturing

17 December 2021

The present study investigates the role of innovation on global market survival of Indian manufacturing firms. Specifically, the study examines whether research and development (R&D) … Read More

Energy, Environment, East Asia Summit, ASEAN, Innovation and Technology

Analysis of Future Mobility Fuel Scenarios Considering the Sustainable Use of Biofuels and Other Alternative Vehicle Fuels in EAS Countries

14 December 2021

Greater efforts than ever before are now being made to decarbonise the transport sectors in the ASEAN and East Asia Summit countries. With a quarter … Read More

ASEAN, Disability, Entrepreneurship, Innovation, SMEs

Social Enterprises and Disability: Promoting Inclusion, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship in ASEAN

08 December 2021

This policy brief highlights the role of social enterprises in promoting social impact and inclusion for people with disabilities in the Association of Southeast Asian … Read More

Digital Economy, global value chains, China, United States

Digital Asia: Facing Challenges from GVCs Digitalisation, US—China Decoupling, and the Covid-19 Pandemic

06 December 2021

Digitalisation, US–China decoupling, and the coronavirus disease (Covid-19) pandemic represent the three remarkable sources of changes faced by the world economy. Asia’s response to these … Read More

ASEAN, intellectual property rights, Digital Connectivity, free trade agreement

Intellectual Property Rights and ASEAN Development in the Digital Age

18 November 2021

The trade-investment-service-intellectual property (IP) nexus remains at the heart of economic development and the main features of which are global value chains (GVCs) and digitalisation. … Read More

Asia, ASEM, Connectivity, E-commerce, Europe, Innovation and Technology

ASEM’s Role in Promoting Asia–Europe E-Commerce

15 November 2021

Asia and Europe have significant potential in the e-commerce market, and the Asia–Europe Meeting (ASEM) has an important role to play in helping both regions … Read More

ASEAN, Innovation and Technology, Regulation and Governance

Research on Patent Examination Practices for Emerging Technologies in ASEAN Member States

12 November 2021

Mandated by the Ninth ASEAN–Japan Heads of Intellectual Property Offices Meeting, ERIA conducted a research project and produced a report titled ‘Research 2019–2020 on Patent … Read More

Connectivity, Global Governance, Energy, Digital Economy, Labour and Migration, Asia, Europe, free trade agreement, Trade Facilitation

13th Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM) Summit

11 November 2021

The Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM) is a unique cooperation initiative, bringing in scope for transnational cooperation between Partner countries, through regional and sub-regional activities. ASEM is … Read More

Disability, Innovation, Social Enterprises, ASEAN

Social Enterprises and Disability: Fostering Innovation, Awareness, and Social Impact in the ASEAN Region

16 September 2021

In 2021, the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) – together with Impact46, a social impact consulting, conducted a study on Social … Read More

ASEAN, Digital Economy, East Asia, fiscal, Regulation and Governance, Taxation

Reconciling Tax and Trade Rules in the Digitalised Economy: Challenges for ASEAN and East Asia

06 August 2021

As the digital economy expands in scale, scope, and form it poses major challenges for public revenue and tax policy and administration in Asia and … Read More

ASEAN, Digital Economy, Digital Connectivity

Exploring Digital Economic Agreements to Promote Digital Connectivity in ASEAN

26 July 2021

This paper explores modules and articles on cooperation concerning the digital economy that are applicable for Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries under certain … Read More

Energy, Innovation, Innovation and Technology, Indonesia, Philippines, Africa, Europe

Global Situation of Small Modular Reactor Development and Deployment

02 July 2021

Small modular reactors (SMRs) are nuclear fission reactors that are smaller than conventional reactors. They can be manufactured at a plant and brought to a … Read More

ERIA Research Summary

Summary of ERIA Research Projects 2020-2021

01 July 2021

The Summary of ERIA Research Projects 2020-2021 provides an overview of both new and ongoing projects that ERIA researchers are currently working on as of … Read More

Innovation and Technology, non-tariff measures, Trade, Viet Nam

The Effects of SPSs and TBTs on Innovation: Evidence from Exporting Firms in Viet Nam

22 June 2021

Sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) measures and technical barriers to trade (TBTs) in destination markets may affect firms’ performance. In this paper, we examine how meeting … Read More

COVID-19, digitalisation, India, industry and manufacturing

The Role of Digitalisation in Shaping India’s Global Value Chain Participation

01 June 2021

This study investigates the role of digital infrastructure in shaping the global value chain (GVC) participation of Indian manufacturing firms. To examine the digitalisation and … Read More

ASEAN, COVID-19, Technology

ASEAN on Point Public Forum: Tackling Disinformation in ASEAN

10 March 2021

In response to the global coronavirus pandemic, the ASEAN Secretariat (ASEC) and the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA), created a series … Read More

Energy, Indonesia, Innovation and Technology, Labour and Migration, Skills Development

Fuelling the Engines of Liberation with Cleaner Cooking Fuel

23 February 2021

Using the staggered roll-out of the Indonesian Conversion to Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) Programme, we show that a subsidy for the labour- and time-saving cooking … Read More

e-commerce, digital economy, global value chains, women entrepreneurship, women in tech, sustainability

ASEAN MSMEs in a COVID-19 World: Lessons from ERIA MSMEs Talks 6-10

26 January 2021

Many different stakeholders have an important role to play to build back better for the ASEAN post-pandemic recovery, including the business sector and MSMEs. With … Read More

East Asia, Energy, Hydrogen, Infrastructure, Innovation, Environment

Demand and Supply Potential of Hydrogen Energy in East Asia – Phase 2

31 December 2020

Throughout fiscal year 2019–2020 ERIA conducted the phase 2 study on hydrogen demand and supply potential in the East Asia Summit (EAS) region. It involved … Read More

Cambodia, Education, Human Capital, Innovation and Technology, innovative financing

Child Education: Rethinking Microcredit in Cambodia

16 December 2020

Conflicting and controversial conclusions about the potential effects of microcredit on socio-economic development raise concerns over the effects on child education. This study analyses the … Read More

Education, Human Capital, Indonesia, Innovation

Determinants of School Enrolment: Relationship between Minimum Wage and Human Capital Investment

16 December 2020

Most economic research on minimum wage has focused on employment effects. Research analysing the effects of minimum wage on skill acquisition and educational investment is … Read More

Education, Innovation and Technology, SMEs, Viet Nam

The Role of Innovation in Skill Development: Evidence from Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in Viet Nam

16 December 2020

Using the Small and Medium Enterprise Survey in Vietnam and three proxies of innovation, we study the impact of firm innovation on on-the-job training in … Read More

circular economy, energy, industrial policy, industry and manufacturing, 4.0, Innovation and Technology

Assessing the Readiness of Industry 4.0 and the Circular Economy

26 November 2020

Globalisation, technological advancement, and resource consumption have historically served humanity well by typically delivering both economic growth and social progress. But as these drivers have … Read More

MSMEs, COVID-19, e-commerce, Digital Economy, global value chains, women entrepreneurship, sustainability

ASEAN MSMEs in a COVID-19 World: Lessons from ERIA MSMEs Talks 1-5

23 November 2020

Micro-, small, and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs) represent between 97% and 99% of firms and between 60% and 80% of total employment across Association of Southeast … Read More

ASEAN, East Asia, Energy, Environment and Climate Change, Innovation and Technology

Evaluation of CO2 Emissions Reduction by Mobility Electrification and Alternative Biofuel Introduction in East Asia Summit Countries

11 November 2020

Efforts to decarbonise the transport sectors are now greater than ever in the East Asia Summit countries. With a quarter of total carbon dioxide emissions … Read More

Innovation and Technology, Japan, Labour and Migration

Robotics Technology and Firm-level Employment Adjustment in Japan

08 November 2020

Unlike studies that analyse the impact of robotics technology on employment at the industry or firm level, this study investigates cross-division employment adjustment within a … Read More

India, Innovation and Technology, Labour and Migration

Does Change in Intellectual Property Rights Induce Demand for Skilled Workers? Evidence from India

06 November 2020

Do incentives to innovate create demand for skilled workers more than proportionately? We study the question using the implementation of the Patent (Amendment) Act in … Read More

Energy, RenewableEnergy, ASEAN, Vehicle, Electrified Vehicle

The Influence on Energy and the Economy of Electrified Vehicle Penetration in ASEAN

04 November 2020

The study analyses the effects of electric vehicle deployment in Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, and Viet Nam especially in terms of energy supply and demand, CO2 … Read More

Innovation and Technology, labour productivity, Thailand, Trade, Imports

Technological Advancement, Import Penetration, and Labour Markets: Evidence from Thai Manufacturing

06 August 2020

This paper examines the impacts of advanced technology on a possible change in workers’ skills, wages, and employment due to such technological advancement. Three proxies … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Innovation and Technology, Labour and Migration, Viet Nam

Technology Imports and Employment in Developing Countries: Evidence from Viet Nam

04 August 2020

Advanced machines and technology replace workers through automation. However, capital–labour substitution need not reduce aggregate labour demand, as it induces simultaneous contrasting effects within industries. … Read More

E-commerce, Digital Economy, ASEAN, Innovation and Technology

Improving Digital Connectivity: Policy Priority for ASEAN Digital Transformation

17 July 2020

This brief proposes a policy framework for digital connectivity to support the development of e-commerce. Using this analytical framework for the Association of Southeast Asian … Read More

ASEAN, Innovation, Industrialisastion

ASEAN Development and Innovation Strategy in the Era of New Industrialisation

16 July 2020

Foreign direct investment (FDI) and trade will continue to play an important role in the assimilation of the latest technologies within the Association of Southeast … Read More

East Asia, global value chains, industry and manufacturing, Innovation and Technology

New Developments in International Production Networks: Impact of Digital Technologies

24 June 2020

We conducted a standard gravity exercise using worldwide disaggregated trade data to shed light on the influence of the spread of digital technologies on network … Read More

ASEAN, India, E-commerce, Connectivity, Trade, Regulation and Governance, Digital Economy

E-Commerce Connectivity in ASEAN

14 April 2020

The next Asian miracle of growth could be born with the region's digital transformation. Digital connectivity is the cornerstone that will make the changes feasible … Read More

ASEAN, E-commerce, Connectivity, Services, Technology

Improving Digital Connectivity For E-commerce: A Policy Framework and Empirical Note for ASEAN

10 March 2020

Global cross-border e-commerce has become increasingly important in the international economy. The next Asian miracle of growth could be born out of the region's digital … Read More

Energy, Power Grid

Study on the Formation of the ASEAN Power Grid Generation and Transmission System Planning Institution

05 March 2020

The Study on the Formation of the ASEAN Power Grid Generation and Transmission System Planning Institution, a research project implemented by Tokyo Electric Power Company … Read More

ASEAN, intellectual property rights, Innovation, Japan, industry and manufacturing

Future Visions and Policy Recommendations for ASEAN Member States (AMSs) based on Estimation of Industrial Property Applications

03 March 2020

The research project ‘Future Visions and Policy Recommendations for ASEAN Member States (AMS) based on Estimation of Industrial Property Applications’, was conducted by the Yoshitoshi … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Innovation, microdata, South Korea, Trade

Learning-to-Export Effect as a Response to Export Opportunities: Micro-Evidence from Korean Manufacturing

11 February 2020

This paper aims to investigate whether empirical evidence supports the learning-to-export hypothesis, which has received little attention in the previous literature. By taking full advantage … Read More

Antidumping, Innovation and Technology, japan, microdata, Trade

Exports and Innovation: Evidence from Antidumping Duties Against Japanese Firms

06 February 2020

By conducting a difference-in-difference analysis, we examine how the targeted exporters adjust their innovative activities in the face of the negative export shock inflicted by … Read More

Innovation

Grantbacks, territorial restraints, and innovation

01 December 2019

About the Journal International Journal of Industrial Organization, Volume 67, December 2019, Article No. 102534 Authors Masahito Ambashi, Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East … Read More

Industry, Innovation and Technology, Japan

Exporting ‘Content’ in the Face of Indifference

26 September 2019

Attempts by Japanese producers to ‘crack’ the North American entertainment market date back to the 1910s, and were driven by both profit motive and ideological … Read More

Trade, Innovation and Technology, Japan

Exporter Dynamics and Productivity Dispersion within Industry

29 March 2019

This paper uses firm-level panel data for Japan to examine between-firm productivity dispersion, and explore whether export market entry improves productivity and accelerates productivity catch-up … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Innovation and Technology, Japan, Trade

Exchange Rate Movements, Exporting by Japanese firms, and the Role of R&D and Global Outsourcing

28 March 2019

We investigate the effect of the exchange rate on Japanese firms’ performance in the international markets, using a comprehensive Japanese firm-level dataset. We examine the … Read More

Innovation

Innovation Process in Public Research Institute: Case Studies of AIST, Fraunhofer, and ITRI

11 March 2019

The design of national innovation systems has attracted attention from scholars and policymakers. Firms, universities, and government organisations (including public research institutes) are defined as … Read More

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