We use cookies on this website to give you a better user experience. By continuing to browse the site, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Learn more

Cogeneration Potential in Indonesia’s Industry Sector with Reference to Japan and Malaysian Experiences

Cogeneration Potential in Indonesia’s Industry Sector with Reference to Japan and Malaysian Experiences
27 November 2023
Energy, Innovation, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia

Print Article:

Thermal power plants utilise fossil fuels to generate electricity, with a significant portion of the heat produced being released into the atmosphere as waste. The concept of a cogeneration system revolves around the recovery of this waste heat for on-site use, fulfilling heat demands at the same location as the cogeneration system. Consequently, cogeneration systems are expected to exhibit high thermal efficiency, ranging from 60% to 80%, surpassing the efficiency of standalone thermal power plants. 

Furthermore, cogeneration systems have the potential to conserve energy and reduce CO2 emissions by reducing the need for additional fuel combustion to meet heat demands. This makes cogeneration systems a remarkable technology, contingent on the availability of simultaneous electricity and heat demand at a single site. Without a concurrent heat demand, cogeneration systems are inoperable. 

In an effort to explore the applicability of cogeneration systems to the Indonesian industrial sector, this project aims to introduce case studies of cogeneration systems implemented in the industrial sectors of Japan and Malaysia, both of which are considered advanced in terms of cogeneration technology. This report encompasses 33 case studies of cogeneration systems across various industrial subsectors in Japan, along with 24 case studies from the Malaysian industrial sector. 

The payback period for cogeneration systems appears promising, largely dependent on the cost of the heat recovery system and the benefits derived from energy consumption savings for heat demand. In the case of Malaysia, the payback period typically ranges from 3 to 7 years. 

It's noteworthy that cogeneration systems are not limited to the industrial sector alone; they can also be applied within the commercial sector, specifically in commercial buildings. This presents a future challenge for ERIA. 

Full Report

Cogeneration Potential in Indonesia’s Industry Sector with Reference to Japan and Malaysian Experiences


Title pages

Preface and Acknowledgements

Table of Contents

List of Figures and Tables

List of Project Members

List of Abbreviations

Executive Summary

Chapter 1: Current Situation of Cogeneration System Installation in Japan

Chapter 2: Introduction of Installed CGS in Japan’s Industry Sector

Chapter 3: Cases of Cogeneration Systems Installed in Malaysia

Chapter 4: Conclusion and Recommendations


Appendix 1: Japan’s Cogeneration Systems: Case Studies

Appendix 2: Malaysia's Cogeneration Systems: Case Studies

Search ERIA.org

Latest Multimedia

Indonesia's ASEAN Chairmanship 2023 High-Level Policy Dialogue: ASEAN Digital Community 2045

ERIA Knowledge Lab Discusses Scaling Up Innovation and Digital Technology Ecosystem

Is ASEAN Ready for Electric Vehicles? | ASEAN Insights Podcast

Related Articles

Energy, RenewableEnergy
11 August 2023
Editor(s)/Author(s): Saswata Chaudhury, Raktimava Bose, Debanka Samanta, Venkatachalam Anbumozhi
Renewable energy encompasses energy derived from sources that can be naturally replenished, falling into five primary[...]
Carbon Neutrality, Energy, ASEAN
30 June 2023
Editor(s)/Author(s): Yamada Fumiko, Murakami Kazuyuki, Han Phoumin
The increasing electricity demand in the ASEAN region, driven by steady economic growth, necessitates a well-balanced and optimal generation mix[...]