Research Back

Energy

According to ERIA’s research, the amount of energy consumption in this region will practically double in 2040. Therefore, conventional energy may still be used by most ASEAN and East Asian countries to satisfy the growing energy demand, with efforts to reduce the environmental impact and to gradually increase the use of renewable energy. ERIA produces annual research on energy outlook and energy saving potential in East Asia to look at the balance of energy best-mix based on each country’s policy and targets, as well as to predict the pattern of future energy consumption.

Some of ERIA's studies on renewable and clean energy includes projects on biomass energy utilisation, nuclear energy safety and efficiency, energy saving, energy security, eco town, low carbon emission, and power generation. Furthermore, ERIA have also contribute suggestions on energy policy, energy market integration, emission regulation, as well as country specific energy consumption statistics.

Energy, Environment and Climate Change, Innovation and Technology

Decarbonisation of ASEAN Energy Systems: Optimum Technology Selection Model Analysis up to 2060

21 July 2022

During the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP26) in Glasgow, United Kingdom, many countries committed to achieving carbon neutrality by 2050 or 2060. ASEAN countries … Read More

Energy, Environment and Climate Change, Infrastructure, Innovation and Technology

Demand and Supply Potential of Hydrogen Energy in East Asia – Phase 3

17 June 2022

The Hydrogen Demand and Supply Potential Study: Phase 3 assesses and forecasts hydrogen production potential using unused or unutilised energy, which are hydropower sources … Read More

COVID-19, Energy, low carbon growth, Low-carbon Technology

Assessing the Impacts of COVID-19: Regional Policies and Practices for Green Recovery

14 June 2022

The COVID-19 pandemic is an unprecedented global health crisis. To contain the disease, governments in ASEAN and East Asia have implemented strict lockdowns and curbed … Read More

Energy, Socio-Economic Variables, energy policy

The Socio-economic Impacts of Energy Policy Reform Through the Lens of the Power Sector – Does Cross-sectional Dependence Matter?

01 June 2022

The reform of the power sector is one of the widely pursued energy policy in developing economies with core objectives around improving socio-economic outcomes. The … Read More

coal, Energy, Power Grid, Power Plants

Study on Enhanced Flexibilisation of Coal-fired Power Plants for Optimal Grid Stabilisation in the ASEAN Region

31 May 2022

The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is one of the most dynamic and fastest growing economic regions in the world. The region’s heavy reliance … Read More

Biomass, Energy, Indonesia, Japan

Forecast of Biomass Demand Potential in Indonesia: Seeking a Business Model for Wood Pellets

31 May 2022

Reduction of coal consumption for power generation and gasoline and diesel consumption for vehicles is indispensable for reducing CO2 emission in Indonesia. At the same … Read More

Electrified Vehicle, Energy, Lao PDR

Assessment of Electric Vehicle Penetration in the Lao People's Democratic Republic

31 March 2022

This report analyses the impacts of shifting from internal combustion engine to electric vehicles (EVs) in the Lao PDR. First, shifting to EVs will reduce … Read More

ASEAN, Carbon Dioxide, Energy, Environment, Environment and Climate Change

Study on the Potential for Promoting Carbon Dioxide Capture, Utilisation, and Storage (CCUS) in ASEAN Countries Vol. II

30 March 2022

This report was prepared under the Asia CCUS Network umbrella and focuses on the cost of Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) and the legal framework … Read More

ASEAN, Energy, Regulation and Governance, Sustainable Development, Sustainable Energy

Public Attitudes Towards Energy Policy and Sustainable Development in ASEAN Countries

16 February 2022

To further encourage the diffusion of Renewable Energy (RE) in ASEAN countries, a certain level of policy support is needed based on the extent to … Read More

Energy, Cambodia, Petroleum

Cambodia Petroleum Master Plan 2022-2040

08 February 2022

Cambodia saw fast-growing demand for petroleum, especially oil, which had the highest share of total primary energy supply, in 2018 (42%). As a result, the … Read More

Asia, low carbon growth, Low-carbon Technology, COVID-19

Rethinking Asia's Low-Carbon Growth in the Post-Covid World: Towards a Net-Zero Economy

27 January 2022

Asia’s historical development is at a crossroads. Twenty months into the coronavirus pandemic, the cumulative economic and financial impacts are estimated to be much worse … Read More

China, Energy, Hydrogen, RenewableEnergy

Hydrogen Sourced from Renewables and Clean Energy: A Feasibility Study of Achieving Large-scale Demonstration

20 December 2021

China is emerging as one of the leading markets for hydrogen energy and fuel cell technologies. However, it is surprising to find that most of … Read More

Energy, Environment, East Asia Summit, ASEAN, Innovation and Technology

Analysis of Future Mobility Fuel Scenarios Considering the Sustainable Use of Biofuels and Other Alternative Vehicle Fuels in EAS Countries

14 December 2021

Greater efforts than ever before are now being made to decarbonise the transport sectors in the ASEAN and East Asia Summit countries. With a quarter … Read More

Energy, Infrastructure, Thailand, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Cambodia, Viet Nam

Feasibility Study on the Transmission Highway in ACMECS

09 December 2021

The Ayeyawady–Chao Phraya–Mekong Economic Cooperation Strategy (ACMECS) currently has varying energy resources, but abundant resources – especially hydropower – are underutilised because ACMECS countries have … Read More

Connectivity, Global Governance, Energy, Digital Economy, Labour and Migration, Asia, Europe, free trade agreement, Trade Facilitation

13th Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM) Summit

11 November 2021

The Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM) is a unique cooperation initiative, bringing in scope for transnational cooperation between Partner countries, through regional and sub-regional activities. ASEM is … Read More

Energy, ASEAN, Decarbonisation, Carbon Neutrality, LNG

A Flexible LNG Market and Promotion of Investment

01 November 2021

The global LNG market has seen fast growth over the past 10 years, underpinned by strong demand in Asia and abundant supply from the United … Read More

Energy, Urban Development, ASEAN

Technical Guidelines for Energy Efficiency and Conservation in Commercial Buildings

29 October 2021

Energy efficiency and conservation (EEC) is a top priority energy policy in ASEAN Members States to achieve a low-carbon energy transition. Promotion of EEC is … Read More

ASEAN, Energy, RenewableEnergy

The Economics and Risks of Power Systems with High Shares of Renewable Energies

30 September 2021

Using a mathematical model, this study examines the possibility and risks of realising high shares of variable renewable energies (VRE) through the planned extension of … Read More

Energy, Energy Outlook

Fourth East Asia Energy Forum

13 September 2021

The Fourth East Asia Energy Forum (EAEF) was organised by the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA), the Energy Research Institute Network … Read More

East Asia, Energy, Environment and Climate Change

A Study on the Impact of Financing Restrictions on New Coal-Fired Power Plants in the Asian Region

27 July 2021

The study on financial restrictions on coal-fired power is timely and of crucial importance for providing Asia’s leaders with a view of how to support … Read More

COVID-19, East Asia, East Asia Summit, Energy

Impacts of COVID-19 on the Energy Demand Situation of East Asia Summit Countries

12 July 2021

The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has brought us a ‘New Normal’ life style and the lockdown has severely harmed economic growth, with many countries estimated … Read More

Energy, Innovation, Innovation and Technology, Indonesia, Philippines, Africa, Europe

Global Situation of Small Modular Reactor Development and Deployment

02 July 2021

Small modular reactors (SMRs) are nuclear fission reactors that are smaller than conventional reactors. They can be manufactured at a plant and brought to a … Read More

ERIA Research Summary

Summary of ERIA Research Projects 2020-2021

01 July 2021

The Summary of ERIA Research Projects 2020-2021 provides an overview of both new and ongoing projects that ERIA researchers are currently working on as of … Read More

Lao PDR, Energy Statistics, Regulation and Governance, Energy

Establishment of Energy Statistics Regulation in Lao PDR

10 June 2021

The preparation of the Lao PDR’s energy statistics regulation is consistent with the objective of the Ministry of Energy and Mines (MEM) of Lao People’s … Read More

Climate Change, Energy, Environment and Climate Change

Energy Sustainability and Climate Change in ASEAN

09 June 2021

This book provides several up-to-date empirical policy-oriented studies on assessing the impacts of climate change on various economic sectors and the role of renewable energy … Read More

ASEAN, Competitiveness, Energy, Infrastructure, Investment

Strengthening Emerging Asia's Power Sector

29 April 2021

Growth in electricity demand in South and Southeast Asia is amongst the fastest in the world. Yet questions remain about how countries across this region … Read More

Energy, Biomass, ASEAN

Biomass and Coal Co-combustions in the ASEAN Region (Phase 2)

31 March 2021

Biomass utilisation is an important issue for ASEAN Member States, where agriculture and forest industry remain crucial. Most biomass residues are treated as waste and … Read More

Air pollutants, Asia, COVID-19, Energy, Environment

How Is the Asian Economy Recovering from the COVID-19 Pandemic? Evidence from the Emissions of Air Pollutants

31 March 2021

This study empirically examines how economic and social activities in Asia were affected by the COVID-19 pandemic by using the emissions amounts of various air … Read More

ASEAN, Carbon Dioxide, Energy, Infrastructure

Study on the Potential for the Promotion of Carbon Dioxide Capture, Utilisation, and Storage in ASEAN Countries: Current Situation and Future Perspectives

19 March 2021

This ‘Study on the Potential for the Promotion of Carbon Dioxide Capture, Utilisation, and Storage in ASEAN’, uses a multi-aspect survey approach. The study covers … Read More

ASEAN, Connectivity, Energy, Infrastructure, Mekong Region

Understanding Quality Energy-Related Infrastructure Development in the Mekong Subregion: Key Drivers and Policy Implications

16 March 2021

Many players have supported infrastructure development in the Mekong Subregion, bridging the missing links in Southeast Asia. While the influx of energy-related infrastructure development investments … Read More

Energy, energy outlook, East Asia, East Asia Summit

Energy Outlook and Energy Saving Potential in East Asia 2020

03 March 2021

The Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA)–East Asia Summit (EAS) Energy Outlook was updated in 2019–2020 based on a revision of macro … Read More

Energy, Indonesia, Innovation and Technology, Labour and Migration, Skills Development

Fuelling the Engines of Liberation with Cleaner Cooking Fuel

23 February 2021

Using the staggered roll-out of the Indonesian Conversion to Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) Programme, we show that a subsidy for the labour- and time-saving cooking … Read More

Brunei Darussalam, Energy, Infrastructure

Temburong Ecotown Development Phase 4

05 February 2021

Temburong district is famous for its rich nature and is has become more attractive because of easy access from Bandar Seri Begawan since completion of … Read More

Energy, Indonesia, Infrastructure, Logistics, LNG

Feasible Solutions to Deliver LNG to Midsized and Large Islands in Indonesia

29 January 2021

Indonesia’s electricity demand will increase significantly, by about 4.5 times, from 2015 to 2040, according to the 2018 edition of the ERIA–EAS Energy Outlook under … Read More

Asia, Mongolia, Energy, Energy Efficiency

Mongolia's Energy Efficiency Indicators 2019

22 January 2021

Mongolia has been achieving stable economic growth over the last 10 years. This has resulted in a significant increase in energy consumption, especially conventional energy, … Read More

East Asia, Energy, Hydrogen, Infrastructure, Innovation, Environment

Demand and Supply Potential of Hydrogen Energy in East Asia – Phase 2

31 December 2020

Throughout fiscal year 2019–2020 ERIA conducted the phase 2 study on hydrogen demand and supply potential in the East Asia Summit (EAS) region. It involved … Read More

energy, power mix

Powering Southeast Asia: Meeting the Region’s Electricity Needs

18 December 2020

About the Journal NBR Special Report #89, first published on 18 December 2020, https://www.nbr.org/publication/powering-southeast-asia-meeting-the-regions-electricity-needs/ Published by the National Bureau of Asian Research (NBR) Authors Han … Read More

energy transition, renewables, Hydrogen, fossil fuels, emissions, renewable energy

Potential Renewable Hydrogen from Curtailed Electricity to Decarbonize ASEAN’s Emissions: Policy Implications

17 December 2020

About the Journal Sustainability, Volume 12, Issue 24, first published on 17 December 2020, https://doi.org/10.3390/su122410560 (registering DOI) (This article belongs to the Special Issue Secure … Read More

circular economy, energy, industrial policy, industry and manufacturing, 4.0, Innovation and Technology

Assessing the Readiness of Industry 4.0 and the Circular Economy

26 November 2020

Globalisation, technological advancement, and resource consumption have historically served humanity well by typically delivering both economic growth and social progress. But as these drivers have … Read More

energy transition, renewables, fossil fuels, system integration, ASEAN, Hydrogen, Energy

Potential Renewable Hydrogen from Curtailed Electricity for ASEAN’s Clean Energy: Policy Implications

25 November 2020

The power generation mix of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is dominated by fossil fuels, which accounted for almost 80% in 2017 and … Read More

COVID-19, Mekong Region, Connectivity, Infrastructure, Energy, Environmental

Subregional Development Strategy in ASEAN after COVID-19: Inclusiveness and Sustainability in the Mekong Subregion (Mekong 2030)

12 November 2020

The Mekong Subregion (MSR) has been a model subregional development initiative, having achieved high economic growth and rapid poverty alleviation with extensive and innovative international … Read More

ASEAN, East Asia, Energy, Environment and Climate Change, Innovation and Technology

Evaluation of CO2 Emissions Reduction by Mobility Electrification and Alternative Biofuel Introduction in East Asia Summit Countries

11 November 2020

Efforts to decarbonise the transport sectors are now greater than ever in the East Asia Summit countries. With a quarter of total carbon dioxide emissions … Read More

ASEAN, Energy, Energy Statistics

Energy Reality and Emissions in ASEAN: Energy Modelling Scenarios and Policy Implications

11 November 2020

The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) faces tremendous challenges regarding the future energy landscape and how the energy transition will embrace a new architecture … Read More

Energy, RenewableEnergy, ASEAN, Vehicle, Electrified Vehicle

The Influence on Energy and the Economy of Electrified Vehicle Penetration in ASEAN

04 November 2020

The study analyses the effects of electric vehicle deployment in Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, and Viet Nam especially in terms of energy supply and demand, CO2 … Read More

energy, Energy Security, Myanmar, Energy Supply

Energy Supply Security Study for Myanmar

12 October 2020

Myanmar has been a country richly endowed with natural gas resources, but its gas production is expected to decline while electricity consumption, currently heavily dependent … Read More

Water Resource Development Scenarios, Water Diplomacy, Sustainable Development, Integrated Water Resource Development, Lower Mekong Basin

Sustainable Water Resource Development Scenarios and Water Diplomacy in the Lower Mekong Basin: Policy Implications

23 September 2020

This paper uses the current results of the Basin-wide water resource development scenario assessment of the Council Study of the Mekong River Commission Secretariat (MRCS) … Read More

nuclear, Energy, Japan, United States, Regulation and Governance, survey, safety

Improving Nuclear Safety and Use: An International Analysis

04 September 2020

No industry is immune from accidents. In relation to nuclear power, safe use focuses on unintended conditions or events leading to radiological releases from authorised … Read More

ASEAN, Energy, Hydrogen, Energy storage, RenewableEnergy, East Asia

Energy Storage for Renewable Energy Integration in ASEAN and East Asian Countries: Prospects of Hydrogen as an Energy Carrier vs. Other Alternatives

01 September 2020

Hydrogen energy provides an option to integrate renewable energy into the energy mix and increase its share. Hydrogen is also a means to couple renewable … Read More

nuclear, Public Lecture, energy, japan

Public Perception and Acceptance of Nuclear Power: Stakeholder Issues and Community Solutions

04 August 2020

All over the world, public acceptance of nuclear power is a crucial factor in decisions on public and private investment in nuclear power plants. Therefore, … Read More

Energy, ASEAN, Cambodia

Energy Efficiency and Conservation Master Plan of Cambodia

30 July 2020

Cambodia’s final energy consumption is expected to double in 2015–2040, during which period the industry sector is expected to grow at an average annual rate … Read More

disasters, Energy, nuclear, Regulation and Governance

Securing the Resilience of Nuclear Infrastructure against Natural Disasters

29 July 2020

The ASEAN and East Asian Region is more vulnerable to natural disasters than any other part of the world. Recent disasters such as the Great … Read More

Energy, Brunei Darussalam, Hydrogen

Brunei Darussalam: Shifting to a Hydrogen Society

26 June 2020

Brunei Darussalam has started to produce hydrogen, called SPERA Hydrogen, from processed gas to be generated during the production process of liquefied natural gas (LNG) … Read More

ASEAN, Energy Outlook, Myanmar, Energy

Myanmar Energy Outlook 2020

18 May 2020

The Myanmar Energy Outlook 2020 (ERIA, 2020) provides a useful tool for the analysis of the historical energy demand and supply situation of Myanmar. To … Read More

Energy, ASEAN, routledge

Energy Sustainability and Development in ASEAN and East Asia

29 April 2020

The rapid and sustained economic growth of the past two decades has led to marked increases in energy demand in the region, and developing Asia … Read More

COVID-19, ASEAN, disaster risk management

Implications of the COVID-19 Crisis for the Energy Sector and Climate Change in ASEAN

22 April 2020

Key Messages The spread of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and the resulting reduction in demand for products and services will likely cut total annual carbon … Read More

Energy, Demand and Supply, Myanmar, Statistics

Energy Demand and Supply of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar 2010-2017

04 February 2020

This report on the Energy Demand and Supply for Myanmar in 2010–2017 was prepared as an update of the Myanmar Energy Statistics 2017 publication, which … Read More

Electricity, Energy, Lao PDR, Regulation and Governance, Renewable Energy

Lao PDR Energy Outlook 2020

03 February 2020

The Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) has been assisting the Ministry of Energy and Mines (MEM), Lao PDR to produce Lao … Read More

Energy, Statistics, Lao PDR, Demand and Supply

Energy Demand and Supply of the Lao People's Democratic Republic 2010-2018

03 February 2020

This report on the Energy Demand and Supply of the Lao PDR in 2010–2018 was prepared as an update of the Lao PDR Energy Statistics … Read More

Energy, Statistics, Demand and Supply, Cambodia

Energy Demand and Supply of Cambodia 2010-2018

03 February 2020

This paper on the Energy Demand and Supply for Cambodia in 2010–2018 was prepared as an update of the Cambodia Energy Statistics 2018 publication. The … Read More

Paris Agreement, Low-carbon Technology, private sector, Regional Integration, innovative financing

Unlocking the Potential of Private Financing for Low-carbon Energy Transition: Ideas and Solutions from ASEAN Markets

29 January 2020

Under the Paris Agreement in 2015, the opportunities for the ASEAN Member States (AMS) to maximise low-carbon energy sources to achieve the Nationally Determined Contributions … Read More

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