Research Back

Regulation and Governance

As an international organisation that works with various governmental bodies and organisations, ERIA engages in research to help governments improve on their regulation and governance. The studies range from sustainable development policies, industrial corridor, global production network, deregulations of specific cases, regulatory restrictions in some services, and effects of specific policies. ERIA also leads research in financial integration, fiscal policy, monetary policy, regulatory coherence, development strategies, regional cooperation, and growth policy.

non-tariff measures, Regulation and Governance

Regulatory Dissimilarity: A First Look at the Newly Collected Non-Tariff Measures Database

15 March 2019

In this paper we construct a dissimilarity indicator to measure the degree to which a product may face different sets of regulations in two countries … Read More

Regulation and Governance, Environment

Quantitative Assessment of the Impact of EMS Standards on the Firms’ Attitude towards Product Safety

22 February 2019

In response to regulatory policies on environmental and consumer safety, firms implement various initiatives to enhance their environmental compliance to enter or stay in the … Read More

Sustainable Development Goals

Project 2045 Executive Summary Indonesia - Japan 2045 : A Joint Project of Two Maritime Democracies

13 December 2018

The Executive Summary of ‘Our Common Future: A Joint Project of Two Maritime Democracies’ is projecting the bilateral relationship between Japan and Indonesia with three … Read More

Sustainable Development Goals

Report of Project 2045 For 'Joint Partnership' towards Our Common Future: A Joint Project of Two Maritime Democracies

13 December 2018

The Report of ‘Project 2045: The Path to Peaceful and Prosperous Indonesian in 2045’ sets out the future cooperation between Japan and Indonesia on the … Read More

SME Policy Index: ASEAN 2018

12 November 2018

The SME Policy Index is a benchmarking tool for emerging economies to monitor and evaluate progress in policies that support small and medium-sized enterprises. The … Read More

Regulation and Governance, ASEAN

Reducing Unnecessary Regulatory Burdens in ASEAN : Country Studies

10 October 2018

Reducing the costly and unnecessary burden of regulations on businesses is a key way government can support business competitiveness as well as attract investment. Yet … Read More

Energy, East Asia

Institutional Policy and Economic Impacts of Energy Subsidies Removal in East Asia

04 May 2017

This study explores the impact of energy subsidies and provides policy recommendations to gradually phase out energy subsidies in the East Asia Summit (EAS) region. … Read More

Electricity Market, Geo-Political Barriers

Achieving an Integrated Electricity Market in Southeast Asia:
Addressing the Economic, Technical, Institutional, and Geo-political Barriers

13 December 2016

The research is divided into four interdependent research clusters. Clusters 1 and 2 apply case studies on the BIMP countries (Brunei-Indonesia-Malaysia-Philippines) using different … Read More

Implications of Mega Free Trade Agreements for Asian Regional Integration and RCEP Negotiation

05 December 2016

As mega free trade agreements (FTAs) are reshaping the rules of global governance, there is urgency for member states of the Association of … Read More

Education, Human Capital

Harmonization of Standards and Mutual Recognition Agreements on Conformity Assessment in Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, and Viet Nam

17 November 2016

This report examines the basis of developments surrounding ASEAN's efforts in the area of standards and conformance, focusing on the following six sectors: (i) automotives, … Read More

Regulation and Governance, Energy

Sea Lane Security of Oil and Liquefied Natural Gas in the East Asia Summit Region

15 November 2016

With robust demand - yet modest supply growth - of energy in the region, the East Asia Summit (EAS) area is expected to … Read More

Macroeconomy, Regulation and Governance

Financial Reforms in Myanmar and Japan's Engagement

07 November 2016

Since 2011, under the Thein Sein government, Myanmar has started to build financial institutions almost from scratch. Japan has played a leading role in this … Read More

Energy, Regulation and Governance

Joint Study for Liquefied Natural Gas Market

19 October 2016

Energy demand in many East Asia Summit countries is on an upward trend, thus making the role of natural gas in energy supply … Read More

Optimal Trade Policy and Production Location

23 September 2016

This paper studies the role of trade policies in a theoretical framework considering the firm's global production operation subject to trade costs. The production location … Read More

Energy, Regulation and Governance

Cost Assessment of Energy Security Improvement in East Asia Summit Region

21 September 2016

Energy security is a central pillar energy policy in all East Asia Summit countries. Self-sufficiency of energy supply forms the basis of energy … Read More

Energy, Infrastructure

Cooperation Framework for Oil Stockpiling and Emergency Response System

21 September 2016

Energy demand in ASEAN countries has been rapidly expanding in the last decades. While the total energy demand in ASEAN countries has grown … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Regulation and Governance

Towards a Circular Economy: Corporate Management and Policy Pathways

21 September 2016

The transition to a circular economy is a unique opportunity for fast-growing Asian economies to be resource efficient, competitive, and innovative. The circular … Read More

Energy, Regulation and Governance

Energy Outlook and Energy Saving Potential in East Asia 2016

21 September 2016

Sustained economic growth and increasing population in the East Asia Summit (EAS) region are the two major drivers responsible for the rise of … Read More

Regulation and Governance

The Development of Regulatory Management Systems in East Asia: Country Studies

04 August 2016

The ASEAN Economic Community Blueprint 2025 emphasises that 'the drive towards a competitive, dynamic, innovative and robustly growing ASEAN entails that the regulations … Read More

Regulation and Governance

The Development of Regulatory Management Systems in East Asia: Deconstruction, Insights, and Fostering ASEAN's Quiet Revolution

31 July 2016

As H.E. Deputy Minister Rizal Lukman of Indonesia said in 2015: 'The emergence of the ASEAN Economic Community is putting the pressure on each ASEAN … Read More

Regulation and Governance

Towards Responsive Regulatory Management Systems: Country Report for Viet Nam

20 July 2016

This paper reviews the experiences of Viet Nam in improving its approach to regulatory management. Since 1986, Viet Nam promulgated and amended a number of … Read More

Regulation and Governance

Towards a Requisite Regulatory Management System: Philippines

01 July 2016

Part One of this paper explores the evolution of regulation in the Philippines since the post-martial rule regime. This paper tracks macroeconomic and regulatory reforms, … Read More

competitiveness, TPP, IPR

TPP, IPR Protection, and Their Implications for Emerging Asian Economies

26 April 2016

Intellectual property rights (IPR) protection is essential for economic growth, innovation, and competitiveness. As the global economy is increasingly organised within global value … Read More

Energy, Innovation and Technology

Financing Renewable Energy Development in East Asia Summit Countries
A Primer of Effective Policy Instruments

07 April 2016

This research aims to identify and update the most effective policies in the Asian context, especially for member states of the Association of … Read More

Defining Regulatory Management Systems

31 March 2016

Abstract This technical paper explores what is meant by 'a regulatory management system' and what the 'elements' of an RMS are. We distinguish between the … Read More

Regulatory Coherence: The Case of Japan

31 March 2016

Abstract This paper reviews the coherence of the regulatory management system in Japan. Part 1 explores the evolution of regulation in Japan from sector-based regulatory … Read More

Towards Responsive Regulations and Regulatory Coherence in ASEAN and East Asia: The Case of Australia

31 March 2016

Abstract This paper aims to review the coherence of the regulatory management system in Australia and explore how the system was applied in two contrasting … Read More

Regulatory Coherence: The Case of the Republic of Korea

31 March 2016

Abstract The Government of the Republic of Korea has made great efforts to improve its regulatory management system and to realise regulatory reform since the … Read More

Innovation, Energy

Advancing the Energy Management System in the East Asia Summit Region

31 March 2016

This study aims to analyse the potential for deploying the Energy Management System (EMS) in the East Asia Summit (EAS) region and to … Read More

Energy, Infrastructure, Regulation and Governance

Oil Stockpiling and Emergency Response Cooperation of East Asia

31 March 2016

Asia's energy security is usually defined in terms of oil-supply security, given the region's growing demand for oil, its flattening oil production, and … Read More

Regulatory Coherence: The Case of New Zealand

08 March 2016

Abstract Part 1 of this paper explores the evolution of regulation in New Zealand from a sector-based regulatory review, through the adoption of Regulatory Impact … Read More

Demographic Change and Fiscal Sustainability in Asia

03 March 2016

Abstract Changes in the population age structure can have a significant effect on fiscal sustainability since they can affect both government revenue and expenditure. For … Read More

Building Guidelines and a Cooperative Framework in East Asian Countries for Radioactive Emergencies

24 February 2016

Executive Summary Main Argument Several ASEAN member countries plan to introduce commercial nuclear reactors in the 2020s in order to meet their rapidly growing demand … Read More

Regulation and Governance, Competitiveness

Challenges of Indonesian Competition Law and Some Suggestions for Improvement

26 January 2016

This paper discusses the problems in the implementation of Law No. 5 of 1999, the Indonesian Competition Law, explains the substance of the … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Regulation and Governance, Investment

The Development Potential of the Content Industry in East Asia and the ASEAN Region (Phase 2)

26 January 2016

Executive Summary Main Argument Policymakers and experts from China, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand who comprised the ERIA working group on content … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Regulation and Governance

ASEAN PPP: From Institutional Development to Streamlined Implementation

21 December 2015

There is a growing momentum to set ambitious infrastructure development targets across member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). With … Read More

Tracking Clean Energy Progress in ASEAN Member States and Analysis of Implementation Deficits

21 December 2015

Abstract The extreme prevalence of energy poverty in several Member States of Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) calls for urgent action. This paper shows … Read More

Competitiveness, Regulation and Governance

Competition Law Enforcement of Viet Nam and the Necessity of a Transparent Regional Competition Policy

10 December 2015

Competition is becoming an important issue among the countries of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). However, having a transparent and positive … Read More

The Competition Act 2010--Issues and Development since Coming into Force

10 December 2015

Abstract Competition law was almost unheard of in the first hundred years after the Sherman Act was passed. However, the number of jurisdictions with a … Read More

Energy, Regulation and Governance

Scenario Analysis of Energy Security in the East Asia Summit Region

28 November 2015

This energy security study uses three scenarios as key factors affecting regional energy security: supply uncertainty in the Middle East and Russia, low … Read More

Development of Competition Laws in Korea

26 November 2015

Abstract Economic development policies that were export-focused and biased toward unbalanced growth were initially implemented through government-led initiatives in Korea since the 1960s. These resulted … Read More

Trans-Pacific Partnership, Regulation and Governance

Neutralising the Advantages of State-Owned Enterprises for a Fair Playing Field

26 November 2015

Despite Vietnamese competition authorities' attempts to control state monopolies in domestic markets during the last 10 year of establishment, this appears to be … Read More

Regulation and Governance, Investment

Reforming The Intellectual Property System to Promote Foreign Direct Investment in ASEAN

25 November 2015

The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) adopted the 'ASEAN Intellectual Property Rights Action Plan 2011-2015' in 2011. In said action plan, ASEAN … Read More

Linking Climate Change Adaptation and Food Security in ASEAN

24 November 2015

Abstract Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) food security can be comprehensively governed by the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) and the ASEAN Social and Cultural … Read More

Improving the Regulatory and Support Environment for Migrant Workers for Greater Productivity, Competitiveness, and Social Welfare in ASEAN

24 November 2015

Abstract Migration between the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) member states will increase when the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) stimulates economic development within the … Read More

Trade

Non-Tariff Measures: Not All that Bad

29 October 2015

While tariffs have been reduced, the number of non-tariff measures (NTMs) is increasing, and is often blamed to be one source of the … Read More

Environment, Energy, Innovation and Technology

Selecting the Best Mix of Renewable and Conventional Energy Sources for Asian Communities

30 September 2015

The ERIA Working Group on 'Feasibility Study on the Best Mix of Renewable and Conventional Energy Sources Sustainable for Various Asian Communities' has … Read More

Infrastructure, Regulation and Governance

National Public-Private Partnership Framework in ASEAN Member Countries

30 September 2015

PPP has been one important issue in ASEAN in recent years. It is viewed as one alternative of modalities to fulfil massive infrastructure demand in … Read More

Investment, Regulation and Governance, Energy

Policy Effects on Total System Energy Efficiency: Comparisons of Advanced and Developing Economies in the EAS region

28 September 2015

The study attempts to assess the policy effects and investigate the patterns of Total System Energy Efficiency (TSEE) in the economies of some … Read More

Energy, Regulation and Governance

Renewable Energy Policies and the Solar Home System in Cambodia

21 September 2015

Only about one-third of households in Cambodia have access to commercial energy. Full rural electrification remains far from being achieved, and energy services … Read More

Energy, Regulation and Governance

Energy Outlook and Energy Saving Potential in East Asia

18 September 2015

Sustained population and economic growth in the East Asia Summit region have significantly increased energy demand. Total final energy consumption is projected to … Read More

Environment, Regulation and Governance

Strengthening Natural Resources Management in ASEAN: National and Regional Imperatives, Targets, and Opportunities

07 September 2015

The ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community Blueprint adopted in 2009 incorporated 'Ensuring Environmental Sustainability' as one of its six broader characteristics. A mid-term review (MTR) … Read More

Regulation and Governance, Social Protection

Strengthening Regional Cooperation, Coordination, and Response to Health Concerns in the ASEAN Region: Status, Challenges, and Ways Forward

07 September 2015

Health and well-being of the population are a precondition for any successful country or region. All regions have their specific health challenges that … Read More

East Asian Integration (First Edition)

21 August 2015

Abstract The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) presents a historic opportunity for East Asia to deepen cooperative commitment to the reforms that are needed to … Read More

Competition Law and Policy in Singapore

06 August 2015

Abstract This paper provides a bird's eye view of developments in field of competition law and policy in Singapore over the past 10 years, highlighting … Read More

The Objectives of Competition Law

06 August 2015

Abstract This essay examines the nature of competition law objectives by visiting some of the theoretical and philosophical foundations underlying competition law. The key objectives … Read More

Macroeconomy, Regulation and Governance, Trade

Monitoring the Implementation of Services Trade Reform towards an ASEAN Economic Community

21 May 2015

Abstract This paper assesses the extent to which the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Framework Agreement on Services (AFAS) is helping ASEAN member states … Read More

AEC Blueprint Implementation Performance and Challenges: Standards and Conformance

18 May 2015

Abstract ASEAN aims to reduce, if not eliminate, technical barriers to trade through standards and conformance (S&C) initiatives towards a highly integrated economy, or the … Read More

International Trade

AEC Blueprint Implementation Performance and Challenges: Trade Facilitation

08 May 2015

As the intra-ASEAN tariffs are virtually eliminated, it is the non-tariff measures and trade costs associated with moving goods and services across border … Read More

Trade, Regulation and Governance

Government Strategy and Support for Regional Trade Agreements: The Case of Thailand

07 May 2015

Academic literature has theoretically discussed government strategy on regional trade agreements (RTAs) and has empirically identified some elements that play significant roles for … Read More

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