Research Back

Labour and Migration

Labour and migration have always been an important topic of research and discussions. ERIA dives deep into it through a range of sub-topics surrounding labour and migration, such as labour mobility, employment, rural development, social welfare, labour adjustment management, migrant networks, and social protections. Furthermore, ERIA also works on problems related to labour and migration such as gender wage gap and inequality.

Technology, Innovation, computer science, business industry

Robots and AI: A New Economic Era

15 June 2022

Robots and artificial intelligence (AI) are powerful forces that will likely have large impacts on the size, direction, and composition of international trade flows. This … Read More

Japan, Labour and Migration, Telework, Urban Development

COVID-19, Telework Patterns Within a City, and Changes in Urban Structure – Preliminary Findings

11 April 2022

With the coronavirus disease (COVID-19, the spread of teleworking means that people do not necessarily have to live near their place of work. Will the … Read More

global value chains, labour productivity, microdata, SMEs, Viet Nam

Participation in Global Value Chains and Rent Sharing by Small Firms in Viet Nam

27 January 2022

It is well documented that firms that participate in global value chains (GVCs) are larger and more productive, maintaining higher profitability compared to those without … Read More

ageing society, Cambodia, Health, healthcare, Labour and Migration, Lao PDR, Viet Nam

Pioneering Chronic-phase Rehabilitation and Nutritional Management in Cambodia, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, and Viet Nam: Promotion of a Broad-based Healthcare System

29 December 2021

The second part of this project focuses on chronic-phase rehabilitation and nutritional management at hospitals in Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Viet Nam in line with … Read More

Connectivity, Global Governance, Energy, Digital Economy, Labour and Migration, Asia, Europe, free trade agreement, Trade Facilitation

13th Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM) Summit

11 November 2021

The Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM) is a unique cooperation initiative, bringing in scope for transnational cooperation between Partner countries, through regional and sub-regional activities. ASEM is … Read More

COVID-19, Indonesia, Labour and Migration, Poverty

Spillover Effects of Social and Economic Interactions on COVID-19 Pandemic Vulnerability Across Indonesia’s Regions

07 October 2021

This research study focuses on measuring the possible spillover effects of socio-economic interactions on COVID-19 pandemic vulnerability across Indonesia’s regions by utilising a spatial simultaneous … Read More

COVID-19, ASEAN, India, Human Capital

Economic Policies to take Advantage of the Vigorous Private Dynamism in AMS and India during the COVID-19 Crisis

06 July 2021

The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has created unprecedented difficulties for the economies of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Member States (AMS) and India. … Read More

ERIA Research Summary

Summary of ERIA Research Projects 2020-2021

01 July 2021

The Summary of ERIA Research Projects 2020-2021 provides an overview of both new and ongoing projects that ERIA researchers are currently working on as of … Read More

ageing, ageing in Asia, ageing society, healthcare, caregivers

Coping with Rapid Population Ageing in Asia

29 June 2021

Can you imagine the life of octogenarians, nonagenarians, or centenarians? It may be difficult if you do not have any limitations on daily activities. But … Read More

ageing, ageing society, healthcare, labour market, Thailand

Population Ageing in Thailand

25 June 2021

Thailand is one of the fastest-ageing countries in the world. The proportion of the population aged 60 and over is projected to increase from 13% … Read More

COVID-19, Indonesia, Labour and Migration

How Do Sectoral Employment Structures Affect Mobility during the COVID-19 Pandemic?

09 June 2021

As people’s mobility determines the spread of COVID-19 virus, this paper scrutinises factors that drive their mobility responses during the pandemic. Utilising Google mobility data, … Read More

ASEAN, COVID-19, Labour and Migration, Sustainable Development Goals

Understanding Relevant Sustainable Development Goal Targets Related to Labour Migration in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations During the Coronavirus Disease Pandemic

04 June 2021

Over the past 2 decades, regional labour migration has emerged as a significant driver of economic growth and development in countries of origin and destination … Read More

routledge, productivity, labour productivity

The Effects of Globalisation on Firm and Labour Performance

03 March 2021

This book examines driving factors and the effects of globalisation on economic development through firm and product-level data. The book is organised into four themes, … Read More

Energy, Indonesia, Innovation and Technology, Labour and Migration, Skills Development

Fuelling the Engines of Liberation with Cleaner Cooking Fuel

23 February 2021

Using the staggered roll-out of the Indonesian Conversion to Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) Programme, we show that a subsidy for the labour- and time-saving cooking … Read More

Competitiveness, Education, Human Capital, labour market, Viet Nam

Getting to Grade 10 in Viet Nam: Challenges from Deprivation, Discrimination, and a Booming Job Market

18 February 2021

Viet Nam has enjoyed more than a generation of rapid economic growth, led by labour-intensive exports. This form and pace of growth has increased schooling … Read More

Asia, ageing in Asia, healthcare, Labour and Migration

Human Resources for the Health and Long-term Care of Older Persons in Asia

12 November 2020

The international migration of nurses and care workers is increasing. Many factors, such as population ageing and the development of healthcare services, contribute to the … Read More

Innovation and Technology, Japan, Labour and Migration

Robotics Technology and Firm-level Employment Adjustment in Japan

08 November 2020

Unlike studies that analyse the impact of robotics technology on employment at the industry or firm level, this study investigates cross-division employment adjustment within a … Read More

India, Innovation and Technology, Labour and Migration

Does Change in Intellectual Property Rights Induce Demand for Skilled Workers? Evidence from India

06 November 2020

Do incentives to innovate create demand for skilled workers more than proportionately? We study the question using the implementation of the Patent (Amendment) Act in … Read More

China, Labour and Migration, Macroeconomy, Regulation and Governance, Taxation, Technology

The Value-Added Tax Reform and Labour Market Outcomes: Firm Level Evidence from China

07 August 2020

The tax incentives designed to stimulate firm investment may have a large impact on labour market outcomes. Using a comprehensive data set containing more than … Read More

Innovation and Technology, labour productivity, Thailand, Trade, Imports

Technological Advancement, Import Penetration, and Labour Markets: Evidence from Thai Manufacturing

06 August 2020

This paper examines the impacts of advanced technology on a possible change in workers’ skills, wages, and employment due to such technological advancement. Three proxies … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Innovation and Technology, Labour and Migration, Viet Nam

Technology Imports and Employment in Developing Countries: Evidence from Viet Nam

04 August 2020

Advanced machines and technology replace workers through automation. However, capital–labour substitution need not reduce aggregate labour demand, as it induces simultaneous contrasting effects within industries. … Read More

global value chains, wage distribution, job inclusion, labour market, labour productivity, Thailand

Analysis of Global Value Chain Participation and the Labour Market in Thailand: A Micro-level Analysis

18 May 2020

This study assesses the links between global value chain (GVC) participation and the labour market to examine the relatively unexplored employment-related distribution effects of GVC … Read More

China, Japan, Labour and Migration, Trade

Labour Market Impacts of Import Penetration from China and Regional Trade Agreement Partners: The Case of Japan

24 April 2020

The impacts of imports on the domestic labour market have been hotly debated recently. The purpose of this paper is to empirically examine the effects … Read More

tariff, manufacturing, wages, vietnam

Tariff Policies and Wages in Manufacturing Industries: New Evidence from Viet Nam

06 March 2020

This paper reviews the tariff policies and their impact on the wages of workers in manufacturing during the substantial trade liberalisation period in Viet Nam … Read More

East Asia, global value chains, Labour and Migration, Regulation and Governance, Trade

Global Value Chain Participation and the Relative Demand for Skilled Labour in East Asia

14 February 2020

Global value chains (GVCs) may have distributional consequences for the relative demand for skilled labour. This study relates GVC participation to the share of skilled … Read More

Indonesia, industry and manufacturing, Investment, Labour and Migration, microdata

Foreign Direct Investment and Labour Market Dynamics in a Developing Country: Evidence from Indonesian Plant-Level Data

10 February 2020

This study examines the impact of inward foreign direct investment on the wages and employment of skilled and unskilled workers in Indonesian manufacturing plants. Entry … Read More

Labour and Migration, Globalisation

The Impact of Economic Globalisation on Firm Performance and the Labour Market: Evidence from Japan

25 October 2019

This paper summarises the major findings and arguments in the literature on the impact of globalisation on firm performance and the labour market, focusing on … Read More

Labour and Migration

Technical Change, Exports, and Employment Growth in China: A Structural Decomposition Analysis

28 February 2019

This paper analyses the sources of employment growth and assesses the contribution of exports to job creation in China. To do so, we utilise an … Read More

Labour and Migration

Rethinking Migration Governance in the Mekong Region: From the Perspective of the Migrant Workers and Their Employers

28 February 2019

Workers in the Mekong Subregion migrate within their countries and beyond their country borders in search of better opportunities. Factories and other enterprises in the … Read More

Labour and Migration

Mobility of Highly Skilled Retirees from Japan to the Republic of Korea and Taiwan

28 February 2017

Attracting highly skilled workers is a major element in the economic development of many countries, especially developing ones. However, workers generally move from developing countries … Read More

Labour and Migration, Urban Development

Promoting Rural Development, Employment, and Inclusive Growth in ASEAN

26 January 2016

Abstract This paper looks at the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) cooperation on rural development, employment creation, and inclusive growth beyond 2015. Rural development … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Labour and Migration

Managing Labour Adjustments in an Integrating ASEAN

01 December 2015

The integration processes of ASEAN are ushering changes in the labour market across the region. Unions complain that jobs are increasingly becoming precarious. … Read More

Improving the Regulatory and Support Environment for Migrant Workers for Greater Productivity, Competitiveness, and Social Welfare in ASEAN

24 November 2015

Abstract Migration between the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) member states will increase when the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) stimulates economic development within the … Read More

Labour and Migration

Evolving Informal Remittance Methods of Myanmar Migrant Workers in Thailand

22 June 2015

We shed light on diverse informal remittance methods of Myanmar migrant workers in Thailand. Based on the questionnaire survey of migrant workers, we … Read More

Labour and Migration, Trade, Competitiveness

AEC Scorecard Phase IV: Furthering the Implementation of the AEC Blueprint Measures The Singapore Country Report

22 June 2015

Singapore is an open economy that is critically dependent on leveraging external resources to achieve its economic growth. To achieve that objective, the … Read More

Macroeconomy, Labour and Migration

Globalization: A Woman's Best Friend? Exporters and the Gender Wage Gap

30 March 2015

While the impact of globalization on income inequality has received a lot of attention, little is known about its effect on the gender … Read More

Labour and Migration, Regulation and Governance

Assessing the Progress of ASEAN MRAs on Professional Services

20 March 2015

ASEAN has established mutual recognition arrangements (MRAs) on eight professional services. This paper assesses the progress of these arrangements' paying special attention to … Read More

Labour and Migration

Value and Limitations of the ASEAN Agreement on the Movement of Natural Persons

19 March 2015

ASEAN Economic Ministers signed the Agreement on the Movement of Natural Persons (MNP) in 2012. This is a new instrument potentially facilitating the … Read More

Labour and Migration, Trade

Migrant Networks and Trade: The Vietnamese Boat People as a Natural Experiment

08 May 2014

We provide cogent evidence for the causal pro-trade effect of migrants and in doing so establish an important link between migrant networks and … Read More

Education and Human Capital Development to Strengthen R & D Capacity in ASEAN

05 May 2014

Abstract This Policy Brief raises some policy issues regarding the capacity of the ASEAN region's education system in producing knowledge capital as it looks into … Read More

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