Research Back

Investment

Investment is a necessity for economic development whether it is foreign direct investment (FDI), private investment, or other kinds of investments. ERIA looks into issues related to investments such as economic impact and their evaluation, market entry barriers, free trade agreements, effective investment, country risk, FDI restrictiveness, international investment agreements, and more. The various studies used a variation of methods such as sectoral analysis and principal component analysis.

ASEAN, Investment, FDI, East Asia

Investment Liberalisation in East and Southeast Asia

21 October 2022

This paper presents the trends and patterns in the inflows and outflows of foreign direct investment (FDI) and reviews FDI liberalisation in East and Southeast … Read More

RCEP, Trade, ASEAN, Investment, Services, CGE

Impact of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP): A Global Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) Simulation

21 October 2022

This study estimates the potential economic effects of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) by using a recursively dynamic computable general equilibrium (CGE) model, which … Read More

ASEAN, Trade, Investment

Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership: Economic Backgrounds of ASEAN and Its Dialogue Partners

29 September 2022

We overview the economic backgrounds of the countries participating in the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) negotiations and two Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) … Read More

RCEP, Trade, Investment, FTAs

The Investment Chapter in the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership: Enhanced Rules without Enforcement Mechanism

14 September 2022

This paper examines the legal rules in the investment chapter in the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP). It starts with an overview and summary of … Read More

FTAs, free trade agreement, Economic Integration, Trade, Globalisation, RCEP

The Story of RCEP: History, Negotiations, Structure, and Future Directions

15 August 2022

This paper is about the story of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP), including the history, dynamics of negotiations, and structure of this multilateral framework. … Read More

spillover effects, Philippines, Investment

FDI Spillover Effects: Evidence from the Philippines

05 August 2022

Using firm-level data in manufacturing, this chapter examines the impact of foreign direct investment (FDI) spillover effects on domestic firm performance. Through knowledge spillovers, FDI … Read More

Thailand, FTAs, EEC, Investment Promotion, Investment, Trade

Changes in Trade and Investment Policies in Thailand and the Implications for Medium-term Growth

05 August 2022

This paper addresses the noticeable changes in trade and investment policies in Thailand in the new millennium and assesses their impact. These changes began with … Read More

G20, Economy Recovery, Technology, Innovation, Trade, Investment

New Normal, New Technologies, New Financing

22 June 2022

While the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) seems to be behind us now, the scarring effects on employment, poverty, and education will last forever. Women, youth, and … Read More

Investment, Viet Nam

Entry Mode Choice and Performance of Foreign Direct Investment Firms in Emerging Economies: Micro-evidence from Viet Nam

29 March 2022

Does the right entry mode choice help foreign direct investment (FDI) firms to perform efficiently in emerging economies? This study attempts to answer this question … Read More

global value chains, Investment, Viet Nam

The Nexus between Inward Foreign Direct Investment and Global Value Chains in Developing Countries: A Case Study of Viet Nam

26 January 2022

In recent decades, Viet Nam, a developing economy, has significantly improved its export structure and, to some extent, its participation in global value chains (GVCs), … Read More

ASEAN, East Asia, global value chains, industry and manufacturing, Investment, Trade

Overview of Foreign Direct Investment, Trade, and Global Value Chains in East Asia

25 January 2022

This paper provides an overview of the patterns and trends of foreign direct investment (FDI) and trade as well as the formation and development of … Read More

Indonesia, Investment, Regulation and Governance

Local Content Requirements: Assessment from Investment Law

10 January 2022

Local content requirement (LCR) is one of several economic instruments used by governments for various purposes, including to protect infant domestic industries or to generate … Read More

spillover effects, investment, Viet Nam

Spillover Effects of Foreign and Domestic Exporting Firms on Export Decisions of Local Manufacturing Firms: Evidence from Viet Nam

15 December 2021

Our paper investigates the spillover effects generated by foreign and domestic exporting firms on export decisions of local manufacturing firms in Viet Nam – … Read More

Indonesia, China, Europe, free trade agreement framework, Investment

The EU–China Comprehensive Agreement on Investment: Lessons Learnt for Indonesia

12 August 2021

The European Union (EU) and China have recently reached an agreement: the EU–China Comprehensive Agreement on Investment (CAI). As one of the most recent investment … Read More

ERIA Research Summary

Summary of ERIA Research Projects 2020-2021

01 July 2021

The Summary of ERIA Research Projects 2020-2021 provides an overview of both new and ongoing projects that ERIA researchers are currently working on as of … Read More

ASEAN, Competitiveness, Energy, Infrastructure, Investment

Strengthening Emerging Asia's Power Sector

29 April 2021

Growth in electricity demand in South and Southeast Asia is amongst the fastest in the world. Yet questions remain about how countries across this region … Read More

global value chains, Investment, Trade, ASEAN, Asia

Global Value Chains and Investment: Changing Dynamics in Asia

28 April 2021

The emergence of global value chains (GVCs) during the last 2 decades has implications in many policy areas, starting with trade, investment, and industrial development. … Read More

ASEAN, ASEAN+6, Global Governance, Investment, Services, Trade

COVID-19 and Services Trade in ASEAN+6: Implications and Estimates from Structural Gravity

19 April 2021

Given the importance of services for economic activity in general and the salience of reducing service link costs for overcoming the economic and health challenges … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Investment, Viet Nam

Assessment of Industrial Cluster Policies in Viet Nam: The Role of Special Economic Zones in Attracting Foreign Direct Investment

26 June 2020

Special economic zones (SEZs) are considered as one of important regional industrial policies to attract foreign investment in developing countries such as Viet Nam. The … Read More

Indonesia, industry and manufacturing, Investment, Labour and Migration, microdata

Foreign Direct Investment and Labour Market Dynamics in a Developing Country: Evidence from Indonesian Plant-Level Data

10 February 2020

This study examines the impact of inward foreign direct investment on the wages and employment of skilled and unskilled workers in Indonesian manufacturing plants. Entry … Read More

Industry and Manufacturing, Investment, microdata, Viet Nam

Determinants of Product Sophistication in Viet Nam: Findings from the Firm– Multi-Product Level Microdata Approach

05 February 2020

Through capitalising data from the Viet Nam Enterprise Survey and applying the methods proposed by Hausmann, Hwang, and Rodrik (2007) and Eck and Huber (2016), … Read More

Trade, GDP, Globalization, Income Distribution

The Economic Consequences of Globalisation in the United States

21 January 2020

The unprecedented rise in global interdependence since World War II, especially since the 1970s, has been very productive. World gross domestic product (GDP) growth increased … Read More

trade, investment, globalisation, Thailand

Economic Consequences of Globalisation: Case Study of Thailand

26 December 2019

The paper reviews empirical works examining the effect of globalisation in Thailand, beginning with a discussion of its integration into the economy. Three drivers of … Read More

Routledge, Servies, Investment, East Asia

East Asian Integration: Goods, Services and Investment

03 June 2019

The growth of world trade has been stagnant in recent times; trade liberalisation now has been challenged. The recent rise of anti-globalisation calls for a … Read More

Investment, Connectivity, Asia Africa, Development

Balancing Investment and Development Assistance in Africa: Growth Prospects from Asia–Africa Connectivity

31 August 2018

Africa’s young demography and developing economy require integration and expansion into the global value chains. Asia can share its growth experience with Africa. Africa can … Read More

Services, Investment

FDI, Services Liberalisation, and Logistics Development in Cambodia

23 March 2017

This paper reviews Cambodia's economic development based on flows of foreign direct investment (FDI) and services sector liberalisation. It uses Cambodia's logistics industry as a … Read More

Investment, Trade

International Investment Agreements and Investor-State Disputes: A Review and Evaluation for Indonesia

31 January 2017

Foreign investors can lodge a complaint against a host country for alleged treaty violations under the Investor-State Dispute Settlement (ISDS) provisions of bilateral investment treaties … Read More

Macroeconomy, Investment, Competitiveness

ASEAN as an FDI Attractor:
How Do Multinationals Look at ASEAN?

31 January 2017

This policy brief presents an overview of the ASEAN economy in terms of its economic relationship with multinationals, particularly Japanese companies, that have … Read More

Investment, Energy

Analysis of Distributed Energy Systems and Implications for Electrification: The Case of ASEAN Member States

05 December 2016

The study of distributed energy systems (DES) in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) highlights the potential role of DES to enhance electricity access … Read More

Optimal Trade Policy and Production Location

23 September 2016

This paper studies the role of trade policies in a theoretical framework considering the firm's global production operation subject to trade costs. The production location … Read More

Energy, Innovation and Technology

Financing Renewable Energy Development in East Asia Summit Countries
A Primer of Effective Policy Instruments

07 April 2016

This research aims to identify and update the most effective policies in the Asian context, especially for member states of the Association of … Read More

industry and manufacturing, disasters

Market Concentration and Risk-Prevention Incentives: The Case of the Hard Disk Drive Industry

24 February 2016

This paper studies the impacts of market concentration on risk-prevention incentives by closely observing the changes in the price and quantity in the … Read More

Power Grid Interconnections in East Asia: Investment in Several Key Projects Are Well Justified

28 January 2016

Abstract The recent ERIA report on 'Effective Power Infrastructure Investment through Power Grid Interconnections in East Asia' aims to support existing initiatives--the ASEAN Power Grid … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Regulation and Governance, Investment

The Development Potential of the Content Industry in East Asia and the ASEAN Region (Phase 2)

26 January 2016

Executive Summary Main Argument Policymakers and experts from China, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand who comprised the ERIA working group on content … Read More

Human Capital, industry and manufacturing

Investing in Workers and Firms as Learning Centres for Industrial Upgrading

10 December 2015

Investing in workers and firms as learning centres for industrial upgrading is important for economic, social, and cultural development in the context of … Read More

Regulation and Governance, Investment

Reforming The Intellectual Property System to Promote Foreign Direct Investment in ASEAN

25 November 2015

The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) adopted the 'ASEAN Intellectual Property Rights Action Plan 2011-2015' in 2011. In said action plan, ASEAN … Read More

ASEAN: Regional Integration and Reforms

29 September 2015

Abstract Over recent decades, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) has advanced a policy of regional integration, starting with the ASEAN Free Trade Area, … Read More

Investment, Regulation and Governance, Energy

Policy Effects on Total System Energy Efficiency: Comparisons of Advanced and Developing Economies in the EAS region

28 September 2015

The study attempts to assess the policy effects and investigate the patterns of Total System Energy Efficiency (TSEE) in the economies of some … Read More

Sustainable Development of Natural Gas Market in East Asia Summit Region

23 September 2015

Preface The role of natural gas in energy supply is increasing in the East Asia Summit (EAS) region where energy demands are steadily growing. The … Read More

Investment, Trade

Thailand Country Study ASEAN Economic Community Blueprint Mid-term Review Project

22 June 2015

The main objectives of this study are to determine progress in the implementation of the key Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Economic … Read More

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