Research Back

Regulation and Governance

As an international organisation that works with various governmental bodies and organisations, ERIA engages in research to help governments improve on their regulation and governance. The studies range from sustainable development policies, industrial corridor, global production network, deregulations of specific cases, regulatory restrictions in some services, and effects of specific policies. ERIA also leads research in financial integration, fiscal policy, monetary policy, regulatory coherence, development strategies, regional cooperation, and growth policy.

ASEAN, non-tariff measures, Regional Integration, Trade

Regulatory Distance, Margins of Trade, and Regional Integration: The Case of the ASEAN+5

08 September 2021

This paper measures regulatory distance in non-tariff measures (NTMs) to examine the regulatory distance patterns and how the margins of trade respond to regulatory distance … Read More

ASEAN, COVID-19, Regulation and Governance

A Firm-level Analysis of the Impact of the Coronavirus Outbreak in ASEAN

16 August 2021

This study examines the impact of the coronavirus pandemic on economic integration in the ASEAN-6 region. The study finds that the pandemic’s impact can be … Read More

Indonesia, China, Europe, free trade agreement framework, Investment

The EU–China Comprehensive Agreement on Investment: Lessons Learnt for Indonesia

12 August 2021

The European Union (EU) and China have recently reached an agreement: the EU–China Comprehensive Agreement on Investment (CAI). As one of the most recent investment … Read More

India, Regulation and Governance, Trade

Technical Barriers to Trade and the Performance of Indian Exporters

04 August 2021

We study the effects of technical barriers to trade (TBTs) imposed by destination markets on prices, marginal costs, and markups of Indian manufacturing exporters. Using … Read More

ASEAN, Trade, Trade Facilitation

Towards Seamless Trade Facilitation in ASEAN Baseline Study

09 July 2021

The Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA), together with the ASEAN Trade Facilitation Joint Consultative Committee (ATFJCC), has developed an ASEAN-specific trade … Read More

Australia, China, COVID-19, Regional Integration, Regulation and Governance, Trade

Economic and Emission Impact of Australia–China Trade Disruption: Implication for Regional Economic Integration

07 July 2021

This study examines the debates on supply chain resilience and the economic and emissions impact of supply chain rerouting using Australia and China trade as … Read More

RCEP, Free Trade, ASEAN, ASEAN+6, Asia, pandemic

Impacts of the RCEP on ASEAN and ASEAN Least Developed Countries in the Post-pandemic Recovery

05 July 2021

This policy brief highlights the impact of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) agreement on ASEAN and ASEAN least developed countries (LDCs) in the post-pandemic … Read More

ERIA Research Summary

Summary of ERIA Research Projects 2020-2021

01 July 2021

The Summary of ERIA Research Projects 2020-2021 provides an overview of both new and ongoing projects that ERIA researchers are currently working on as of … Read More

ASEAN, global value chains, Regulation and Governance, Trade

The Effect of Non-Tariff Measures on Global Value Chain Participation

21 June 2021

This study examines the impact of non-tariff measures (NTMs) on global value chain (GVC) participation and the underlying mechanisms. Our study employs a novel approach … Read More

Lao PDR, Energy Statistics, Regulation and Governance, Energy

Establishment of Energy Statistics Regulation in Lao PDR

10 June 2021

The preparation of the Lao PDR’s energy statistics regulation is consistent with the objective of the Ministry of Energy and Mines (MEM) of Lao People’s … Read More

Asia, Mongolia, Energy, Energy Efficiency

Mongolia's Energy Efficiency Indicators 2019

22 January 2021

Mongolia has been achieving stable economic growth over the last 10 years. This has resulted in a significant increase in energy consumption, especially conventional energy, … Read More

energy, Energy Security, Myanmar, Energy Supply

Energy Supply Security Study for Myanmar

12 October 2020

Myanmar has been a country richly endowed with natural gas resources, but its gas production is expected to decline while electricity consumption, currently heavily dependent … Read More

nuclear, Energy, Japan, United States, Regulation and Governance, survey, safety

Improving Nuclear Safety and Use: An International Analysis

04 September 2020

No industry is immune from accidents. In relation to nuclear power, safe use focuses on unintended conditions or events leading to radiological releases from authorised … Read More

ASEAN, Global Governance, Multilateralism, New Zealand, Regulation and Governance

Under the Radar: International Regulatory Cooperation in ASEAN and New Zealand

03 September 2020

International Regulatory Cooperation (IRC) refers to a diverse range of ways government regulators from different countries work together on developing and enforcing regulations. IRC can … Read More

China, Labour and Migration, Macroeconomy, Regulation and Governance, Taxation, Technology

The Value-Added Tax Reform and Labour Market Outcomes: Firm Level Evidence from China

07 August 2020

The tax incentives designed to stimulate firm investment may have a large impact on labour market outcomes. Using a comprehensive data set containing more than … Read More

disasters, Energy, nuclear, Regulation and Governance

Securing the Resilience of Nuclear Infrastructure against Natural Disasters

29 July 2020

The ASEAN and East Asian Region is more vulnerable to natural disasters than any other part of the world. Recent disasters such as the Great … Read More

E-commerce, Digital Economy, ASEAN, Innovation and Technology

Improving Digital Connectivity: Policy Priority for ASEAN Digital Transformation

17 July 2020

This brief proposes a policy framework for digital connectivity to support the development of e-commerce. Using this analytical framework for the Association of Southeast Asian … Read More

ASEAN, Regulation and Governance, International Trade

Interconnected Government: International Regulatory Cooperation in ASEAN

15 July 2020

Promoting international regulatory cooperation (IRC) is gaining traction as a way to improve business competitiveness. Within the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), improving regulatory … Read More

Trade, Viet Nam, Regulation and Governance, industry and manufacturing

Trade Reform and the Evolution of Agglomeration in Vietnamese Manufacturing

27 April 2020

It is well-documented that agglomeration contributes to productivity growth. However, concentrations of workers could also lead to increasing regional income disparities. Therefore, understanding the evolution … Read More

ASEAN, Regulation and Governance, global value chains, disasters

Pandemic (COVID-19) Policy Regional Cooperation and the Emerging Global Production Network

17 April 2020

In this paper, we explore the possible policy responses to the pandemic shock as well as the related economic (financial crisis) shocks on trade and … Read More

ASEAN, India, E-commerce, Connectivity, Trade, Regulation and Governance, Digital Economy

E-Commerce Connectivity in ASEAN

14 April 2020

The next Asian miracle of growth could be born with the region's digital transformation. Digital connectivity is the cornerstone that will make the changes feasible … Read More

tariff, manufacturing, wages, vietnam

Tariff Policies and Wages in Manufacturing Industries: New Evidence from Viet Nam

06 March 2020

This paper reviews the tariff policies and their impact on the wages of workers in manufacturing during the substantial trade liberalisation period in Viet Nam … Read More

ASEAN, intellectual property rights, Innovation, Japan, industry and manufacturing

Future Visions and Policy Recommendations for ASEAN Member States (AMSs) based on Estimation of Industrial Property Applications

03 March 2020

The research project ‘Future Visions and Policy Recommendations for ASEAN Member States (AMS) based on Estimation of Industrial Property Applications’, was conducted by the Yoshitoshi … Read More

ASEAN, East Asia, Environment, Finance, Paris Agreement, Regulation and Governance

Policies and Financing Strategies for Low-Carbon Energy Transition: Overcoming Barriers to Private Financial Institutions

14 February 2020

Placing Asian economies on a low-carbon path requires an unprecedented shift in private investment and new financing models. A growing community of investors is seeking … Read More

East Asia, global value chains, Labour and Migration, Regulation and Governance, Trade

Global Value Chain Participation and the Relative Demand for Skilled Labour in East Asia

14 February 2020

Global value chains (GVCs) may have distributional consequences for the relative demand for skilled labour. This study relates GVC participation to the share of skilled … Read More

Energy, Low-carbon Technology, RenewableEnergy, trade policy, ASEAN

Scaling up Private Investment in Low-Carbon Energy Systems through Regional Cooperation: Market-Based Trade Policy Measures

20 January 2020

This study aims to analyse the possibility and challenges of encouraging private sector investment in low-carbon energy systems in Asia, particularly across the Regional Comprehensive … Read More

vietnam, Digital Economy, manufacturing

Enhancing Inter-Firm Linkages through Clusters and Digitalisation for Productivity Growth

20 January 2020

This paper examines the policies for industrial cluster development in Viet Nam. The first export processing zone was established in 1991. Since 1994, Viet Nam … Read More

Australia, economic integration, reform, productivity

Economic Consequences of Globalisation: The Australian Framework for Reforms

19 December 2019

Australia has experienced significant reforms to policy affecting trade in goods and services, investment, and people. The contributions of these reforms to growth have been … Read More

non-tariff measures, Regulation and Governance

Regulatory Dissimilarity: A First Look at the Newly Collected Non-Tariff Measures Database

15 March 2019

In this paper we construct a dissimilarity indicator to measure the degree to which a product may face different sets of regulations in two countries … Read More

Regulation and Governance, Environment

Quantitative Assessment of the Impact of EMS Standards on the Firms’ Attitude towards Product Safety

22 February 2019

In response to regulatory policies on environmental and consumer safety, firms implement various initiatives to enhance their environmental compliance to enter or stay in the … Read More

Sustainable Development Goals

Project 2045 Executive Summary Indonesia - Japan 2045 : A Joint Project of Two Maritime Democracies

13 December 2018

The Executive Summary of ‘Our Common Future: A Joint Project of Two Maritime Democracies’ is projecting the bilateral relationship between Japan and Indonesia with three … Read More

Sustainable Development Goals

Report of Project 2045 For 'Joint Partnership' towards Our Common Future: A Joint Project of Two Maritime Democracies

13 December 2018

The Report of ‘Project 2045: The Path to Peaceful and Prosperous Indonesian in 2045’ sets out the future cooperation between Japan and Indonesia on the … Read More

SME Policy Index: ASEAN 2018

12 November 2018

The SME Policy Index is a benchmarking tool for emerging economies to monitor and evaluate progress in policies that support small and medium-sized enterprises. The … Read More

Regulation and Governance, ASEAN

Reducing Unnecessary Regulatory Burdens in ASEAN : Country Studies

10 October 2018

Reducing the costly and unnecessary burden of regulations on businesses is a key way government can support business competitiveness as well as attract investment. Yet … Read More

Energy, East Asia

Institutional Policy and Economic Impacts of Energy Subsidies Removal in East Asia

04 May 2017

This study explores the impact of energy subsidies and provides policy recommendations to gradually phase out energy subsidies in the East Asia Summit (EAS) region. … Read More

Electricity Market, Geo-Political Barriers

Achieving an Integrated Electricity Market in Southeast Asia:
Addressing the Economic, Technical, Institutional, and Geo-political Barriers

13 December 2016

The research is divided into four interdependent research clusters. Clusters 1 and 2 apply case studies on the BIMP countries (Brunei-Indonesia-Malaysia-Philippines) using different … Read More

Implications of Mega Free Trade Agreements for Asian Regional Integration and RCEP Negotiation

05 December 2016

As mega free trade agreements (FTAs) are reshaping the rules of global governance, there is urgency for member states of the Association of … Read More

Education, Human Capital

Harmonization of Standards and Mutual Recognition Agreements on Conformity Assessment in Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, and Viet Nam

17 November 2016

This report examines the basis of developments surrounding ASEAN's efforts in the area of standards and conformance, focusing on the following six sectors: (i) automotives, … Read More

Regulation and Governance, Energy

Sea Lane Security of Oil and Liquefied Natural Gas in the East Asia Summit Region

15 November 2016

With robust demand - yet modest supply growth - of energy in the region, the East Asia Summit (EAS) area is expected to … Read More

Macroeconomy, Regulation and Governance

Financial Reforms in Myanmar and Japan's Engagement

07 November 2016

Since 2011, under the Thein Sein government, Myanmar has started to build financial institutions almost from scratch. Japan has played a leading role in this … Read More

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