Research Back

Regulation and Governance

As an international organisation that works with various governmental bodies and organisations, ERIA engages in research to help governments improve on their regulation and governance. The studies range from sustainable development policies, industrial corridor, global production network, deregulations of specific cases, regulatory restrictions in some services, and effects of specific policies. ERIA also leads research in financial integration, fiscal policy, monetary policy, regulatory coherence, development strategies, regional cooperation, and growth policy.

E-commerce, Trade, RCEP, TPP, CPTPP, Policy, ASEAN

Opportunities and Challenges for ASEAN and East Asia from the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership on E-Commerce

14 September 2022

The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) is a microcosm of the current tensions in negotiations on digital trade involving parties that have divergent positions on … Read More

RCEP, tariff, Trade, ASEAN

How Preferential Are RCEP Tariffs?

14 September 2022

This study discusses the extent to which the tariffs provided in the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) are preferential. RCEP does not necessarily adopt a … Read More

Europe, European Union, RCEP, Trade, trade policy

The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement and Europe: Impact and Implications

29 August 2022

In the first 2 decades of the millennium, European Union (EU) trade policy underwent historic changes, amongst them an explicit pivot to Asia. Along … Read More

United States, RCEP, Trade, Regulation and Governance, Asian Regionalism, TPP

Heyday of Asian Regionalism? The Implications of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership for the United States

05 August 2022

This paper analyses the implications of the entry into force of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) for the United States (US). Traditionally, trade policy … Read More

China, East Asia, RCEP, Trade, Regulation and Governance

China and the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership: An Economic and Political Perspective

05 August 2022

This paper studies China’s policies and participation in East Asian economic integration and cooperation. The progress of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) is remarkable … Read More

Australia, East Asia, RCEP, Trade, Regulation and Governance, Asian Economic Integration

Australia’s Interests in East Asia’s Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership

05 August 2022

The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) agreement was seen as important for Australia economically and politically from its inception. RCEP economies account for roughly two-thirds … Read More

ASEAN, Energy, Regulation and Governance, Sustainable Development, Sustainable Energy

Public Attitudes Towards Energy Policy and Sustainable Development in ASEAN Countries

16 February 2022

To further encourage the diffusion of Renewable Energy (RE) in ASEAN countries, a certain level of policy support is needed based on the extent to … Read More

Economic Integration, East Asian

Handbook on East Asian Economic Integration

15 December 2021

This comprehensive Handbook provides an in-depth analysis of the nature of East Asian economic integration alongside thoughtful insights into contemporary issues, such as digital technology … Read More

ASEAN, Innovation and Technology, Regulation and Governance

Research on Patent Examination Practices for Emerging Technologies in ASEAN Member States

12 November 2021

Mandated by the Ninth ASEAN–Japan Heads of Intellectual Property Offices Meeting, ERIA conducted a research project and produced a report titled ‘Research 2019–2020 on Patent … Read More

Connectivity, Global Governance, Energy, Digital Economy, Labour and Migration, Asia, Europe, free trade agreement, Trade Facilitation

13th Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM) Summit

11 November 2021

The Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM) is a unique cooperation initiative, bringing in scope for transnational cooperation between Partner countries, through regional and sub-regional activities. ASEM is … Read More

ASEAN, non-tariff measures, Regional Integration, Trade

Regulatory Distance, Margins of Trade, and Regional Integration: The Case of the ASEAN+5

08 September 2021

This paper measures regulatory distance in non-tariff measures (NTMs) to examine the regulatory distance patterns and how the margins of trade respond to regulatory distance … Read More

ASEAN, COVID-19, Regulation and Governance

A Firm-level Analysis of the Impact of the Coronavirus Outbreak in ASEAN

16 August 2021

This study examines the impact of the coronavirus pandemic on economic integration in the ASEAN-6 region. The study finds that the pandemic’s impact can be … Read More

Indonesia, China, Europe, free trade agreement framework, Investment

The EU–China Comprehensive Agreement on Investment: Lessons Learnt for Indonesia

12 August 2021

The European Union (EU) and China have recently reached an agreement: the EU–China Comprehensive Agreement on Investment (CAI). As one of the most recent investment … Read More

India, Regulation and Governance, Trade

Technical Barriers to Trade and the Performance of Indian Exporters

04 August 2021

We study the effects of technical barriers to trade (TBTs) imposed by destination markets on prices, marginal costs, and markups of Indian manufacturing exporters. Using … Read More

ASEAN, Trade, Trade Facilitation

Towards Seamless Trade Facilitation in ASEAN Baseline Study

09 July 2021

The Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA), together with the ASEAN Trade Facilitation Joint Consultative Committee (ATFJCC), has developed an ASEAN-specific trade … Read More

Australia, China, COVID-19, Regional Integration, Regulation and Governance, Trade

Economic and Emission Impact of Australia–China Trade Disruption: Implication for Regional Economic Integration

07 July 2021

This study examines the debates on supply chain resilience and the economic and emissions impact of supply chain rerouting using Australia and China trade as … Read More

RCEP, Free Trade, ASEAN, ASEAN+6, Asia, pandemic

Impacts of the RCEP on ASEAN and ASEAN Least Developed Countries in the Post-pandemic Recovery

05 July 2021

This policy brief highlights the impact of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) agreement on ASEAN and ASEAN least developed countries (LDCs) in the post-pandemic … Read More

ERIA Research Summary

Summary of ERIA Research Projects 2020-2021

01 July 2021

The Summary of ERIA Research Projects 2020-2021 provides an overview of both new and ongoing projects that ERIA researchers are currently working on as of … Read More

ASEAN, global value chains, Regulation and Governance, Trade

The Effect of Non-Tariff Measures on Global Value Chain Participation

21 June 2021

This study examines the impact of non-tariff measures (NTMs) on global value chain (GVC) participation and the underlying mechanisms. Our study employs a novel approach … Read More

Lao PDR, Energy Statistics, Regulation and Governance, Energy

Establishment of Energy Statistics Regulation in Lao PDR

10 June 2021

The preparation of the Lao PDR’s energy statistics regulation is consistent with the objective of the Ministry of Energy and Mines (MEM) of Lao People’s … Read More

Asia, Mongolia, Energy, Energy Efficiency

Mongolia's Energy Efficiency Indicators 2019

22 January 2021

Mongolia has been achieving stable economic growth over the last 10 years. This has resulted in a significant increase in energy consumption, especially conventional energy, … Read More

energy, Energy Security, Myanmar, Energy Supply

Energy Supply Security Study for Myanmar

12 October 2020

Myanmar has been a country richly endowed with natural gas resources, but its gas production is expected to decline while electricity consumption, currently heavily dependent … Read More

nuclear, Energy, Japan, United States, Regulation and Governance, survey, safety

Improving Nuclear Safety and Use: An International Analysis

04 September 2020

No industry is immune from accidents. In relation to nuclear power, safe use focuses on unintended conditions or events leading to radiological releases from authorised … Read More

ASEAN, Global Governance, Multilateralism, New Zealand, Regulation and Governance

Under the Radar: International Regulatory Cooperation in ASEAN and New Zealand

03 September 2020

International Regulatory Cooperation (IRC) refers to a diverse range of ways government regulators from different countries work together on developing and enforcing regulations. IRC can … Read More

China, Labour and Migration, Macroeconomy, Regulation and Governance, Taxation, Technology

The Value-Added Tax Reform and Labour Market Outcomes: Firm Level Evidence from China

07 August 2020

The tax incentives designed to stimulate firm investment may have a large impact on labour market outcomes. Using a comprehensive data set containing more than … Read More

disasters, Energy, nuclear, Regulation and Governance

Securing the Resilience of Nuclear Infrastructure against Natural Disasters

29 July 2020

The ASEAN and East Asian Region is more vulnerable to natural disasters than any other part of the world. Recent disasters such as the Great … Read More

E-commerce, Digital Economy, ASEAN, Innovation and Technology

Improving Digital Connectivity: Policy Priority for ASEAN Digital Transformation

17 July 2020

This brief proposes a policy framework for digital connectivity to support the development of e-commerce. Using this analytical framework for the Association of Southeast Asian … Read More

ASEAN, Regulation and Governance, International Trade

Interconnected Government: International Regulatory Cooperation in ASEAN

15 July 2020

Promoting international regulatory cooperation (IRC) is gaining traction as a way to improve business competitiveness. Within the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), improving regulatory … Read More

Trade, Viet Nam, Regulation and Governance, industry and manufacturing

Trade Reform and the Evolution of Agglomeration in Vietnamese Manufacturing

27 April 2020

It is well-documented that agglomeration contributes to productivity growth. However, concentrations of workers could also lead to increasing regional income disparities. Therefore, understanding the evolution … Read More

ASEAN, Regulation and Governance, global value chains, disasters

Pandemic (COVID-19) Policy Regional Cooperation and the Emerging Global Production Network

17 April 2020

In this paper, we explore the possible policy responses to the pandemic shock as well as the related economic (financial crisis) shocks on trade and … Read More

ASEAN, India, E-commerce, Connectivity, Trade, Regulation and Governance, Digital Economy

E-Commerce Connectivity in ASEAN

14 April 2020

The next Asian miracle of growth could be born with the region's digital transformation. Digital connectivity is the cornerstone that will make the changes feasible … Read More

tariff, manufacturing, wages, vietnam

Tariff Policies and Wages in Manufacturing Industries: New Evidence from Viet Nam

06 March 2020

This paper reviews the tariff policies and their impact on the wages of workers in manufacturing during the substantial trade liberalisation period in Viet Nam … Read More

ASEAN, intellectual property rights, Innovation, Japan, industry and manufacturing

Future Visions and Policy Recommendations for ASEAN Member States (AMSs) based on Estimation of Industrial Property Applications

03 March 2020

The research project ‘Future Visions and Policy Recommendations for ASEAN Member States (AMS) based on Estimation of Industrial Property Applications’, was conducted by the Yoshitoshi … Read More

ASEAN, East Asia, Environment, Finance, Paris Agreement, Regulation and Governance

Policies and Financing Strategies for Low-Carbon Energy Transition: Overcoming Barriers to Private Financial Institutions

14 February 2020

Placing Asian economies on a low-carbon path requires an unprecedented shift in private investment and new financing models. A growing community of investors is seeking … Read More

East Asia, global value chains, Labour and Migration, Regulation and Governance, Trade

Global Value Chain Participation and the Relative Demand for Skilled Labour in East Asia

14 February 2020

Global value chains (GVCs) may have distributional consequences for the relative demand for skilled labour. This study relates GVC participation to the share of skilled … Read More

Energy, Low-carbon Technology, RenewableEnergy, trade policy, ASEAN

Scaling up Private Investment in Low-Carbon Energy Systems through Regional Cooperation: Market-Based Trade Policy Measures

20 January 2020

This study aims to analyse the possibility and challenges of encouraging private sector investment in low-carbon energy systems in Asia, particularly across the Regional Comprehensive … Read More

vietnam, Digital Economy, manufacturing

Enhancing Inter-Firm Linkages through Clusters and Digitalisation for Productivity Growth

20 January 2020

This paper examines the policies for industrial cluster development in Viet Nam. The first export processing zone was established in 1991. Since 1994, Viet Nam … Read More

Australia, economic integration, reform, productivity

Economic Consequences of Globalisation: The Australian Framework for Reforms

19 December 2019

Australia has experienced significant reforms to policy affecting trade in goods and services, investment, and people. The contributions of these reforms to growth have been … Read More

non-tariff measures, Regulation and Governance

Regulatory Dissimilarity: A First Look at the Newly Collected Non-Tariff Measures Database

15 March 2019

In this paper we construct a dissimilarity indicator to measure the degree to which a product may face different sets of regulations in two countries … Read More

Regulation and Governance, Environment

Quantitative Assessment of the Impact of EMS Standards on the Firms’ Attitude towards Product Safety

22 February 2019

In response to regulatory policies on environmental and consumer safety, firms implement various initiatives to enhance their environmental compliance to enter or stay in the … Read More

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