Research Back

Finance and Macroeconomy

ERIA looks into issues related to macroeconomic policies including fiscal policies, monetary policies, international economic integrations, free trade agreements, trade barriers, trade facilitation, and international investment protection. Additionally, ERIA also investigate impacts of globalisation, economic shocks, financial crises, and foreign output shocks, among many others. Furthermore, ERIA also conducts various research on social security system, country risk, regional cooperation, market integrations, exports and imports, and many more.

ASEAN, East Asia, Environment, Finance, Paris Agreement, Regulation and Governance

Policies and Financing Strategies for Low-Carbon Energy Transition: Overcoming Barriers to Private Financial Institutions

14 February 2020

Placing Asian economies on a low-carbon path requires an unprecedented shift in private investment and new financing models. A growing community of investors is seeking … Read More

Paris Agreement, Low-carbon Technology, private sector, Regional Integration, innovative financing

Unlocking the Potential of Private Financing for Low-carbon Energy Transition: Ideas and Solutions from ASEAN Markets

29 January 2020

Under the Paris Agreement in 2015, the opportunities for the ASEAN Member States (AMS) to maximise low-carbon energy sources to achieve the Nationally Determined Contributions … Read More

Trade, GDP, Globalization, Income Distribution

The Economic Consequences of Globalisation in the United States

21 January 2020

The unprecedented rise in global interdependence since World War II, especially since the 1970s, has been very productive. World gross domestic product (GDP) growth increased … Read More

Finance

Navigating Low-Carbon Finance Management at Banks and Non-Banking Financial Institutions

27 August 2019

Lack of long-term financing, the existence of various risks, the low rate of return, and lack of capacity in market actors are major challenges for … Read More

global value chains, trade liberalisation, Thailand

The Impact of Global Value Chain Integration on Wages: Evidence from Matched Worker-Industry Data in Thailand

27 August 2019

Using a two-stage estimation of matched worker-industry data from 2000 to 2011, this study investigates the impact of global value chain (GVC) integration on wages … Read More

Trade, Finance, Exports

Export Dynamics and the Invoicing Currency

20 March 2019

In this paper, using finely disaggregated firm-level export data for Thailand, we examine how firms’ export experience is related to the dynamic choice of the … Read More

East Asia Updates | Quarterly Edition - December 2018

04 January 2019

2018 was a challenging year for policymakers in the East Asia region. Nonetheless, countries in the region were generally able to navigate through the … Read More

East Asia Updates | Quarterly Edition - March 2018

25 April 2018

The full year realisation of 2017 global gross domestic product (GDP) growth matches the expectation at the end of 2017. Furthermore, the global economy appears … Read More

Macroeconomy, Investment, Competitiveness

ASEAN as an FDI Attractor:
How Do Multinationals Look at ASEAN?

31 January 2017

This policy brief presents an overview of the ASEAN economy in terms of its economic relationship with multinationals, particularly Japanese companies, that have … Read More

Macroeconomy, Regulation and Governance

Financial Reforms in Myanmar and Japan's Engagement

07 November 2016

Since 2011, under the Thein Sein government, Myanmar has started to build financial institutions almost from scratch. Japan has played a leading role in this … Read More

Macroeconomy, Energy

Economic Impact of Removing Energy Subsidies in Malaysia

27 October 2016

The share of demand for fossil-fuel based energy (i.e. coal and oil) in Malaysia will remain the largest in 2035. This significant demand … Read More

Macroeconomy, SMEs

Globalization and Performance of Small and Large Firms

23 May 2016

ERIA Microdata Research FY 2013 examines whether and how globalization has differential effects on small and (or versus) large firms and aims at … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Macroeconomy

Non-Tariff Measures in ASEAN

30 April 2016

While tariffs have been reduced, the number of non-tariff measures (NTMs) continues to increase, and is often blamed as one source of the … Read More

TAME, guidelines constructing TAMEs, impact of tax administration effectiveness on tax revenues, tax administration measure effectiveness, value-added tax administrations India

Measuring Tax Administration Effectiveness and its Impact on Tax Revenue

26 April 2016

This paper proposes a method for constructing a tax administration measure of effectiveness or TAME, and describes its desirable properties. TAME was empirically constructed using … Read More

Demographic Change and Fiscal Sustainability in Asia

03 March 2016

Abstract Changes in the population age structure can have a significant effect on fiscal sustainability since they can affect both government revenue and expenditure. For … Read More

Increasing the Resilience of Asian Supply Chains to Natural Disasters: The Role of the Financial Sector

24 February 2016

Abstract The financial sector is a part of the vital infrastructure of the economy. It can play an important role in mitigating the economic dislocation … Read More

Macroeconomy, Energy

Macroeconomic Impact of Coal-Fired Power Plants

16 February 2016

Energy is critical for almost all modern economic activities and for broader human development. Yet, access to energy in middle-income countries such as … Read More

Power Grid Interconnections in East Asia: Investment in Several Key Projects Are Well Justified

28 January 2016

Abstract The recent ERIA report on 'Effective Power Infrastructure Investment through Power Grid Interconnections in East Asia' aims to support existing initiatives--the ASEAN Power Grid … Read More

Finance, East Asia, Macroeconomy, Routledge

Rebalancing Economies in Financially Integrating East Asia

30 November 2015

Since the Asian Financial Crisis (AFC) of 1997–98 large current account surpluses have accumulated in the countries of Asia and the Pacific with corresponding deficits … Read More

Macroeconomy, Regulation and Governance, Trade

Monitoring the Implementation of Services Trade Reform towards an ASEAN Economic Community

21 May 2015

Abstract This paper assesses the extent to which the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Framework Agreement on Services (AFAS) is helping ASEAN member states … Read More

Low Carbon Green Growth in Asia: What is the Scope for Regional Cooperation?

09 April 2015

Abstract This paper develops a framework to assess the scope of collaboration among countries that are pursuing low-carbon green growth. Much of the policy studies … Read More

Macroeconomy, Labour and Migration

Globalization: A Woman's Best Friend? Exporters and the Gender Wage Gap

30 March 2015

While the impact of globalization on income inequality has received a lot of attention, little is known about its effect on the gender … Read More

Did China Tire Safeguard Save U.S. Workers?

30 March 2015

Abstract It has been well documented that trade adjustment costs to workers due to globalization are significant and that temporary trade barriers have been progressively … Read More

Urban Development, Macroeconomy

Transmission Channels of Economic Shocks in ASEAN

17 March 2015

This Policy Brief is based on ERIA Discussion Paper 2013-18 titled "Managing Economic Shocks and Macroeconomic Coordination in an Integrated Region: ASEAN Beyond … Read More

ASEAN, PPP

ASEAN PPP Guidelines

13 February 2015

List of Project Members Editors: � Fauziah Zen, Economist, Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) � Michael Regan, Professor of Infrastructure … Read More

Fiscal Policy and Equity in Advanced Economies: Lessons for Asia

27 January 2015

Abstract Advanced economies have a longer history of leveraging fiscal policy to address inequality relative to developing Asia. We examine the country experiences of the … Read More

Macroeconomy, Trade

Searching for an Ideal International Investment Protection Regime for ASEAN + Dialogue Partners (RCEP): Where Do We Begin?

17 December 2014

The members of the Association of the Southeast Asian Nation (ASEAN) and its six dialogue partners--Australia, China, India, Japan, South Korea, and New … Read More

Infrastructure

Financing ASEAN Connectivity

30 November 2014

This report gives deeper insights on how the infrastructure development is being funded in different ASEAN Member States (AMSs) for ASEAN Connectivity. In … Read More

Infrastructure, Macroeconomy

Infrastructure Investment for Power Trade and Transmission in ASEAN+2: Costs, Benefits, Long-Term Contracts, and Prioritised Development

04 November 2014

This study establishes a system approach in assessing the financial viability of power infrastructure investment for the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) and ASEAN … Read More

Energy, Macroeconomy, Trade

Energy Market Integration in East Asia: Energy Trade, Cross Border Electricity, and Price Mechanism

30 September 2014

Research on Energy Market Integration (EMI) has been the focus of many scholars, researchers, and leaders in the energy field as evidences, particularly in Europe … Read More

Financial Integration Challenges in ASEAN Beyond 2015

25 August 2014

Abstract Financial integration has many potential economic benefits. However, it also carries potential risks. In ASEAN, since its financial sector is generally bank-dominated, the … Read More

Macroeconomy, industry and manufacturing, Innovation and Technology

Stimulating Innovation in ASEAN Institutional Support, R&D Activity and Intellectual Property Rights

20 August 2014

The Policy Brief suggests initiatives that poorer ASEAN member governments should take to stimulate technological upgrading of firms at the bottom with a … Read More

Macroeconomy, Competitiveness

Delivering Results in Standards and Conformance in ASEAN: the Critical Roles of Institutional Strenghthening and the Private Sector

20 August 2014

Addressing technical barriers to trade is a key priority of ASEAN as part of trade facilitation in achieving an integrated economy under the … Read More

Macroeconomy, Urban Development

ASEAN Rising: ASEAN and AEC Beyond 2015

30 June 2014

ASEAN RISING: ASEAN and AEC Beyond 2015 puts together ideas, thoughts and papers from more than 30 experts and specialists in the region … Read More

Towards Freer Movement of Skilled Labour in AEC 2015 and Beyond

23 May 2014

Abstract Movements of skilled labour in ASEAN have been largely from the lower income labour surplus economies to the higher income labour deficit economies in … Read More

Energy, Macroeconomy

Analysis on Price Elasticity of Energy Demand in East Asia: Empirical Evidence and Policy Implications for ASEAN and East Asia

07 April 2014

This study uses time series data of selected ASEAN and East Asia countries to investigate the patterns of price and income elasticity of … Read More

Asian Fragmentation in the Global Financial Crisis

30 December 2013

Abstract This paper studies the impact of the Global Financial Crisis of 2008 on Japanese exports, focusing on international production networks in machinery sectors. … Read More

Macroeconomy, Regulation and Governance

Towards a Truly Seamless Single Windows and Trade Facilitation Regime in ASEAN Beyond 2015

13 November 2013

The current status of trade facilitation measures including the ASEAN Single Window initiative is reviewed and assessed. Similar initiatives for trade facilitation in … Read More

Financial Integration Challenges in ASEAN beyond 2015

11 November 2013

Abstract Financial integration challenges in ASEAN beyond 2015 can be grouped into two broad classes. The first classes of challenges are the regulatory and … Read More

Agriculture, Macroeconomy

The Road to Bali: ERIA Perspectives on the WTO Ministerial and Asian Integration

08 November 2013

List of Project Members MR. YOSHIFUMI FUKUNAGA: Senior Policy Coordinator, Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA), Jakarta, Indonesia. DR. JOHN RIADY: Executive … Read More

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