Research Back

Competitiveness

The research projects examine the rationale behind the use of competition policy as growth strategy and how it affects the productivity of firms. 

Competitiveness, Indonesia, Local Content Requirement, Trade

Indonesia’s Local Content Requirements: An Assessment on Consistency with Free Trade Agreement Commitments

04 February 2022

Local content requirements (LCRs) are one of several economic instruments used by governments to protect infant domestic industries or to generate employment. Indonesia has LCR … Read More

global value chains, India, manufacturing, research and development

Innovation, Product Sophistication and Export Market Survival: A Study of Indian Manufacturing

17 December 2021

The present study investigates the role of innovation on global market survival of Indian manufacturing firms. Specifically, the study examines whether research and development (R&D) … Read More

Connectivity, Global Governance, Energy, Digital Economy, Labour and Migration, Asia, Europe, free trade agreement, Trade Facilitation

13th Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM) Summit

11 November 2021

The Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM) is a unique cooperation initiative, bringing in scope for transnational cooperation between Partner countries, through regional and sub-regional activities. ASEM is … Read More

ERIA Research Summary

Summary of ERIA Research Projects 2020-2021

01 July 2021

The Summary of ERIA Research Projects 2020-2021 provides an overview of both new and ongoing projects that ERIA researchers are currently working on as of … Read More

Competitiveness, Education, India, Skills Development

Birth Order, Sibling Sex Composition, and Quantity–Quality Trade-offs – Evidence from India

23 February 2021

We use two waves of data from the India Human Development Survey to investigate the effect of family size on (i) parental expenditures on children’s … Read More

Competitiveness, Education, Human Capital, labour market, Viet Nam

Getting to Grade 10 in Viet Nam: Challenges from Deprivation, Discrimination, and a Booming Job Market

18 February 2021

Viet Nam has enjoyed more than a generation of rapid economic growth, led by labour-intensive exports. This form and pace of growth has increased schooling … Read More

ASEAN, Competitiveness, digitalisation, Gender Equality

Gender Digital Equality Across ASEAN

08 February 2021

This paper provides an overview of the participation of women in the digital economy across ASEAN. By using available data sources, it compares and analyses … Read More

ASEAN, Competitiveness, Education, Gender Equality

Women’s Participation in the Digital Economy: Improving Access to Skills, Entrepreneurship, and Leadership Across ASEAN

08 February 2021

This policy brief provides evidence of the persistent digital gender divide across ASEAN and explains how it is of key importance to close this divide … Read More

ASEAN, Food Value Chain

Food Value Chain in ASEAN: Case Studies Focusing on Local Producers

27 August 2019

A key question for the bottom-up development of the food value chain (FVC) is how agri-food producers, mainly characterised by small-scale and unstable management, can … Read More

Creative Industry

Cool Japan, Creative Industries, and Diversity

14 June 2019

This paper critically considers the operation and objective of Japan’s ‘creative industry’ policy and suggests how to redesign it to align it with recent attention … Read More

East Asia Updates | Quarterly Edition - October 2018

12 October 2018

The challenging economic conditions in the second quarter (Q2) of 2018 continued into the third quarter (Q3). Economic performance in advanced economies remains on two … Read More

East Asia Updates | Quarterly Edition - June 2018

17 July 2018

Economic performance in the East Asian region remained favourable in the first quarter of 2018, but entering the second quarter, the economic environment became more … Read More

Trade, Investment, Competitiveness, ASEAN

Transparency in Non-tariff Measures: An International Comparison

13 November 2017

The growing literature on trade has proven that transparency has positive effects on trade and investment. This is particularly important in non-tariff measures, which are … Read More

Globalisation and Trade Liberalisation in Supporting GVCs Upgrade: The Case of the Republic of Korea

20 September 2017

The Republic of Korea (henceforth Korea) has managed to achieve sustained economic growth by moving up the value chains. It took Korea only 15 years … Read More

Competitiveness, Industry

Competition Policy vs. Industrial Policy as a Growth Strategy

03 April 2017

This paper examines the rationale behind industrial policy and competition policy as growth strategies, and shows that competition policy, rather than industrial policy, generated the … Read More

Macroeconomy, Investment, Competitiveness

ASEAN as an FDI Attractor:
How Do Multinationals Look at ASEAN?

31 January 2017

This policy brief presents an overview of the ASEAN economy in terms of its economic relationship with multinationals, particularly Japanese companies, that have … Read More

Competitiveness, Trade

Indonesia and China: Friends or Foes?
Quality Competition and Firm Productivity

05 December 2016

We define and measure "firm-product-destination-year-specific export quality" and investigate how quality competition from China affects Indonesian firm productivity in the domestic and export markets. Our … Read More

Environment, Energy

Cambodia National Energy Statistics 2016

07 October 2016

Insufficient information and inadequate capacity to carry out comprehensive energy planning are identified as the main contributing factors to the current circumstances of … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Regulation and Governance

Towards a Circular Economy: Corporate Management and Policy Pathways

21 September 2016

The transition to a circular economy is a unique opportunity for fast-growing Asian economies to be resource efficient, competitive, and innovative. The circular … Read More

Impact of Free Trade Agreement Utilisation on Import Prices

31 August 2016

We examine the impact of free trade agreement (FTA) utilisation on import prices. For this analysis, we employ establishment-level import data with information on tariff … Read More

Regulation and Governance

The Development of Regulatory Management Systems in East Asia: Country Studies

04 August 2016

The ASEAN Economic Community Blueprint 2025 emphasises that 'the drive towards a competitive, dynamic, innovative and robustly growing ASEAN entails that the regulations … Read More

Regulation and Governance

The Development of Regulatory Management Systems in East Asia: Deconstruction, Insights, and Fostering ASEAN's Quiet Revolution

31 July 2016

As H.E. Deputy Minister Rizal Lukman of Indonesia said in 2015: 'The emergence of the ASEAN Economic Community is putting the pressure on each ASEAN … Read More

Asia-Europe Connectivity Vision 2025: Challenges and Opportunities

15 July 2016

The Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM) enters into its third decade with commitments for a renewed and deepened engagement between Asia and Europe. After 20 … Read More

Macroeconomy, SMEs

Globalization and Performance of Small and Large Firms

23 May 2016

ERIA Microdata Research FY 2013 examines whether and how globalization has differential effects on small and (or versus) large firms and aims at … Read More

Regulation and Governance, Competitiveness

Challenges of Indonesian Competition Law and Some Suggestions for Improvement

26 January 2016

This paper discusses the problems in the implementation of Law No. 5 of 1999, the Indonesian Competition Law, explains the substance of the … Read More

Competitiveness, Regulation and Governance

Competition Law Enforcement of Viet Nam and the Necessity of a Transparent Regional Competition Policy

10 December 2015

Competition is becoming an important issue among the countries of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). However, having a transparent and positive … Read More

The Competition Act 2010--Issues and Development since Coming into Force

10 December 2015

Abstract Competition law was almost unheard of in the first hundred years after the Sherman Act was passed. However, the number of jurisdictions with a … Read More

Development of Competition Laws in Korea

26 November 2015

Abstract Economic development policies that were export-focused and biased toward unbalanced growth were initially implemented through government-led initiatives in Korea since the 1960s. These resulted … Read More

Trans-Pacific Partnership, Regulation and Governance

Neutralising the Advantages of State-Owned Enterprises for a Fair Playing Field

26 November 2015

Despite Vietnamese competition authorities' attempts to control state monopolies in domestic markets during the last 10 year of establishment, this appears to be … Read More

Improving the Regulatory and Support Environment for Migrant Workers for Greater Productivity, Competitiveness, and Social Welfare in ASEAN

24 November 2015

Abstract Migration between the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) member states will increase when the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) stimulates economic development within the … Read More

Urban Development

Framing the ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community Post- 2015

16 November 2015

An inclusive, sustainable, resilient, and dynamic community that engages and benefits the people is what ASEAN aspires to in the post-2015 period. This … Read More

Trade

Non-Tariff Measures: Not All that Bad

29 October 2015

While tariffs have been reduced, the number of non-tariff measures (NTMs) is increasing, and is often blamed to be one source of the … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Competitiveness

Spatial Patterns of Manufacturing Agglomeration in Cambodia, Lao People's Democratic Republic, and Thailand

28 September 2015

Due to lowering trade and transport costs, participation in the global value chains (GVCs) is becoming one of the most effective development strategies … Read More

East Asian Integration (First Edition)

21 August 2015

Abstract The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) presents a historic opportunity for East Asia to deepen cooperative commitment to the reforms that are needed to … Read More

Investing in Higher Education, and Its Potential Impact on Research and Development for Technology Upgrading, Innovation, and Competitiveness

04 August 2015

Abstract The aim of this paper is to review the state of higher education development in ASEAN and formulate how research and development should proceed … Read More

Labour and Migration, Trade, Competitiveness

AEC Scorecard Phase IV: Furthering the Implementation of the AEC Blueprint Measures The Singapore Country Report

22 June 2015

Singapore is an open economy that is critically dependent on leveraging external resources to achieve its economic growth. To achieve that objective, the … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Innovation and Technology

The Challenge of China and the Role of Deepening ASEAN Integration for the Philippine Semiconductor Industry

16 April 2015

From a rising share in the global semiconductor market in the 1990s, which peaked at 7.7 percent in 1999, the standing of the … Read More

Exporting and Firm-Level Credit Constraints - Evidence from Ghana

30 March 2015

Abstract This paper models how firms finance their fixed costs of exporting through internal financing from retained earnings and external financing (borrowing from banks). The … Read More

Urban Development, Macroeconomy

Transmission Channels of Economic Shocks in ASEAN

17 March 2015

This Policy Brief is based on ERIA Discussion Paper 2013-18 titled "Managing Economic Shocks and Macroeconomic Coordination in an Integrated Region: ASEAN Beyond … Read More

Competitiveness, Industry and Manufacturing, Innovation and Technology

The Garment Industry in Laos: Technological Capabilities, Global Production Chains and Competitiveness

24 February 2015

This article examines the relationship between institutional support and regional production linkages, and technological capabilities and firm performance in the garment industry in … Read More

Industrial Upgrading in Global Production Networks: The Case of the Chinese Automotive Industry

18 February 2015

Abstract This article examines the development of China's automotive industry. The evidence shows that integration in global production networks has stimulated upgrading of technological capabilities … Read More

Impact of Free Trade Agreements on Trade in East Asia

09 January 2015

Abstract The number of bilateral and plurilateral free trade agreements (FTAs) in East Asia has increased rapidly after the 2000s behind the world trend … Read More

Financial Integration Challenges in ASEAN Beyond 2015

25 August 2014

Abstract Financial integration has many potential economic benefits. However, it also carries potential risks. In ASEAN, since its financial sector is generally bank-dominated, the … Read More

Macroeconomy, Competitiveness

Delivering Results in Standards and Conformance in ASEAN: the Critical Roles of Institutional Strenghthening and the Private Sector

20 August 2014

Addressing technical barriers to trade is a key priority of ASEAN as part of trade facilitation in achieving an integrated economy under the … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Trade

Import Penetration, Export Orientation, and Plant Size in Indonesian Manufacturing

07 July 2014

This paper empirically examines differential impacts of globalisation on plant size among plants with different characteristics, including initial plant size, import and export … Read More

Japanese Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises' Export Decisions: The Role of Overseas Market Information

02 July 2014

This paper examines how the Japanese firms' export decision is affected by the availability of information on export markets, focusing on whether the … Read More

Macroeconomy, Urban Development

ASEAN Rising: ASEAN and AEC Beyond 2015

30 June 2014

ASEAN RISING: ASEAN and AEC Beyond 2015 puts together ideas, thoughts and papers from more than 30 experts and specialists in the region … Read More

The ASEAN Single Aviation Market: Liberalizing the Airline Industry

18 June 2014

Abstract This Policy Brief presents an overview of the barriers facing air transport liberalization in ASEAN. It lays out the policies that governments should undertake … Read More

ASEAN Food Security: Towards a More Comprehensive Framework

23 May 2014

Abstract This Policy Brief is based on the Issues Paper on ASEAN Food Security: Towards a More Comprehensive Framework. The key message is that food … Read More

industry and manufacturing

Offshoring and the Shortening of the Quality Ladder: Evidence from Danish Apparel

12 May 2014

Recently a small and growing empirical literature has attempted to analyze the role that quality plays in our understanding of trade. In particular, … Read More

Korea's Policy Package for Enhancing its FTA Utilization and Implications for Korea's Policy

12 May 2014

Abstract Korea's trade with most of its 46 free trade agreement (FTA) partner countries has been expanded continuously. Its FTA utilization ratios were as low … Read More

Competitiveness, Human Capital, industry and manufacturing

Multiproduct Firms, Export Product Scope, and Trade Liberalization: The Role of Managerial Efficiency

14 April 2014

This paper provides a theoretical and empirical analysis of the effects of one-sided tariff cuts on firms' export product scope. The theoretical model … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Regulation and Governance

Study on the Development Potential of the Content Industry in East Asia and the ASEAN Region

28 March 2014

List of Project Members MR. SIRISAK KOSHPASHARIN (PROJECT LEADER): Executive Committee, National Committee of Film & Video, Ministry of Culture, Thailand. MR. FANG … Read More

competition policy, Trade

Competition Law Enforcement in Malaysia: Some Recent Developments

10 January 2014

The enactment of the Competition Act 2010 represents a significant progress in the implementation of competition policy in Malaysia. The Malaysian Competition Commission has been … Read More

Evolution of Machinery Production Networks: Linkage of North America with East Asia

23 November 2013

Abstract This paper investigates the developing pattern of machinery trade and the extent and depth of production networks in North America from the perspective of … Read More

Regulation and Governance, Competitiveness

Standards Harmonisation in ASEAN: Progress, Challenges and Moving Beyond 2015

13 November 2013

Addressing technical barriers to trade is a key priority of ASEAN as part of trade facilitation in achieving the Single Market and Production Base under … Read More

Macroeconomy

Managing Economic Shocks and Macroeconomic Coordination in an Integrated Region: ASEAN Beyond 2015

16 September 2013

Abstract We examine the transmission of economic shocks both from the rest of the world into the ASEAN region, as well as the transmission of … Read More

Competition Policy Challenges of Single Market and Production Base

01 September 2013

Abstract Competition policy is an important beyond-the-border element of the single market and production base envisioned in the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC). The targets … Read More

Regulation and Governance, Urban Development

Effective Bureaucracy can Facilitate Economic Reforms in Myanmar

11 June 2013

Myanmar has opened up to democratic and economic reforms. Bureaucracy is one of the chosen agents of reforms, both political and economic. Bureaucracy … Read More

ASEAN Regional Cooperation on Competition Policy

08 April 2013

Abstract ASEAN member states (AMSs) intend to establish the ASEAN Community by 2015. A key component of this goal is the formation of the … Read More

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