We use cookies on this website to give you a better user experience. By continuing to browse the site, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Learn more

Improving Nuclear Safety and Use: An International Analysis

Improving Nuclear Safety and Use: An International Analysis
4 September 2020
Anbumozhi Venkatachalam, Tomoko Murakami, Kenji Kimura, Takehiro Iwata, Emiri Yokota, Tomofumi Shibata
Tomoko Murakami, Venkatachalam Anbumozhi
nuclear, Energy, Japan, United States, Regulation and Governance, survey, safety

Print Article:

No industry is immune from accidents. In relation to nuclear power, safe use focuses on unintended conditions or events leading to radiological releases from authorised activities. A fundamental principle of nuclear power plant operation worldwide is that the operator is responsible for the basic safety. This is facilitated by, first by the national regulator who is responsible for ensuring the plants are operated safely by the operator. The second important safety principle is that safety regulations are to protect people and the environment, and regulations are made in sound technical grounds, taking into consideration the operation costs and benefits.  Third, there are international standards in designing of nuclear power plants and certification of its reactors with several sets of codes and standards related to safety. From this context, this report investigates the design and operational concepts of nuclear power plants to minimise the likelihood of accidents, when they occur. The international analysis show that an optimum tolerable level of safety is feasible by applying an integrated deterministic method that incorporate the concept of probabilistic risk assessment. It concludes that safety is to be judged based on whether residual risks are within the tolerable range, which could also be regarded as safety goal to be set by the regulators.

Full Report

Improving Nuclear Safety and Use: An International Analysis


Title page

List of Project Members

Table of Contents

List of Figures and Tables

List of Abbreviations

Executive Summary

Chapter 1 Introduction

Chapter 2 Survey on Nuclear Capacity Factor and Related Troubles

Chapter 3  Survey on Reasonable Regulation, Communication,  and Continuous Improvement

Chapter 4 Policy Proposal for Countries Considering the Introduction of Nuclear Power


Search ERIA.org

Latest Multimedia

Indonesia's ASEAN Chairmanship 2023 High-Level Policy Dialogue: ASEAN Digital Community 2045

ERIA Knowledge Lab Discusses Scaling Up Innovation and Digital Technology Ecosystem

Is ASEAN Ready for Electric Vehicles? | ASEAN Insights Podcast

Related Articles

ASEAN, Energy, East Asia, Japan, nuclear
20 December 2019
Editor(s)/Author(s): tomoko murakami, Venkatachalam Anbumozhi, ERIA
Problems with public acceptance have resulted in significant setbacks for nuclear power plant projects in ASEAN and East Asian. Trust within the[...]
17 October 2018
Editor(s)/Author(s): Tomoko Murakami, Venkatachalam Anbumozhi
Across countries and continents, public acceptance of nuclear power is a crucial factor for governmental establishment of a nuclear energy[...]