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Energy Outlook and Energy Saving Potential in East Asia 2016

Energy, Regulation and Governance

Energy Outlook and Energy Saving Potential in East Asia 2016


Sustained economic growth and increasing population in the East Asia Summit (EAS) region are the two major drivers responsible for the rise of doubling energy demand in 2013-2040. The increase of energy demand threatens energy security and the effort to curb carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. These common energy challenges will need to be addressed through concerted efforts, including collective measures and actions to rapidly develop and deploy energy efficiency and saving, high-efficient and low-emission coal-fired power plant technology, and nuclear safety, and to double the share of renewable energy to the overall energy mix for inclusive and sustainable development.

The energy outlook and energy saving potential present the balance of energy best-mix based on each country's policy and targets, and predict the pattern of future energy consumption. In this regard, the Business-as-Usual (BAU) scenario was developed for each EAS economy, outlining future sectoral and economy?wide energy consumption assuming no significant changes in government policies. An Alternative Policy Scenario (APS) was set to examine the potential impact of additional energy efficiency goals, action plans, or policies that are being, or likely to be, considered. The difference between the BAU and the APS scenarios in both final and primary energy supply represents potential energy savings. The difference in CO2 emissions between the two scenarios represents the potential for reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

The findings of this study would continue to set light towards policy implications for decision?making to ensure that the region could enjoy both economic growth and investment opportunities without compromising energy security and environmental problems resulting from rising CO2 emissions.

Full Report



Front cover




List of Tables and Figures

List of Abbreviations and Acronyms

List of Project Members

Executive Summary

Chapter 1. Main Report

Chapter 2. Australia Country Report

Chapter 3. Brunei Darussalam Country Report

Chapter 4. Cambodia Country Report

Chapter 5. China Country Report

Chapter 6. India Country Report

Chapter 7. Indonesia Country Report

Chapter 8. Japan Country Report

Chapter 9. Republic of Korea Country Report

Chapter 10. Lao PDR Country Report

Chapter 11. Malaysia Country Report

Chapter 12. Myanmar Country Report

Chapter 13. New Zealand Country Report

Chapter 14. Philippines Country Report

Chapter 15. Singapore Country Report

Chapter 16. Thailand Country Report

Chapter 17. Viet Nam Country Report


Annex 1. Energy Saving Potential Study on Thailand's Road Sector

Annex 2. Policies to Promote EEC Building in Korea

Annex 3. Technical and Economic Study on Solar Thermal Cooling

Annex 4. Results Summary Tables


Han Phoumin, Shigeru Kimura, Cecilya Laksmiwati Malik, Arif Syed, Energy and Industry Department, Prime Minister's Office of Brunei Darussalam, Chiphong Sarasy, Yu Hao, rong Han, Lu Zheng, Miyuki Tsunoda, Kyung-Jin Boo, Khamso Kouphokham, Zaharin Zulkifli, TIn Zaw Myint, Danilo V. Vivar, Loi Tian Sheng Allan, Jacqueline Yujia Tao, Nguyen Minh Bao, Supit Padprem, Leong Siew Meng


Shigeru Kimura, Han Phoumin

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