We use cookies on this website to give you a better user experience. By continuing to browse the site, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Learn more

The Trade Effects of Border Controls: Evidence from the European Schengen Agreement

The Trade Effects of Border Controls: Evidence from the European Schengen Agreement
Date:
22 March 2017
Category:
Trade
Authors:
Gabriel Felbermayr, Jasmin Gröschl, Thomas Steinwachs
Tags:
Europe, Trade

Print Article:

The Schengen Agreement is an important milestone in the European integration process. The purpose is to facilitate the flow of goods, services, and persons across intra-European borders. How successful is it in achieving this goal? We apply an econometric gravity analysis to bilateral trade. Unlike earlier analysis, we acknowledge that Schengen treats different country pairs differently, depending on their relative geographical location. Moreover, we find it crucial to carefully control for other elements of European integration such as membership in the customs union, the single market or the currency union, and to factor in countries' trade with themselves. Schengen has boosted trade by about 2.81% on average, on top of the EU's trade effects (equivalent to a drop in tariffs between 0.46 and 1.02 percentage points). Trade creation effects for services are stronger than for goods, but estimates feature larger parameter uncertainty. Peripheral countries benefit more than central ones. Other aspects of EU integration matter much more for trade than Schengen.

ERIA-DP-2016-36

Search ERIA.org

Latest Multimedia

Indonesia's ASEAN Chairmanship 2023 High-Level Policy Dialogue: ASEAN Digital Community 2045

ERIA Knowledge Lab Discusses Scaling Up Innovation and Digital Technology Ecosystem

Is ASEAN Ready for Electric Vehicles? | ASEAN Insights Podcast

Latest Articles

Online Public Service, Asia, Digital Economy
4 March 2024
Editor(s)/Author(s): Fukunari Kimura, Lurong Chen
(still under ISBN process and under review Chief Economist) The implications of digital[...]
trade, semiconductor trade, trade network, regional trade, COVID-19, ASEAN
23 February 2024
Editor(s)/Author(s): K.P. Prabheesh, C.T. Vidya
This paper examines the global semiconductor industry trade network[...]