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Discussion Papers

Discussion Papers

global value chains, Asia, industry and manufacturing, Trade

Servicification in Global Value Chains: The Case of Asian Countries

01 November 2017

The paper studies the degree of servicification (or the role of services as inputs in manufacturing) of selected 61 Asian countries in terms of global … Read More

E-commerce, Innovation and Technology, Trade, Infrastructure

Developing Asia in the Era of Cross-border E-commerce

04 October 2017

Cross-border e-commerce has been a major development trend of international trade and globalization. In the next 5–10 years, the top three fastest-growing markets in the … Read More

E-commerce, ASEAN, Policy

The Risks for ASEAN of New Mega-Agreements that Promote the Wrong Model of e-Commerce

03 October 2017

Digital technology offers exciting new opportunities and advances for ASEAN member states, individually and as a region. The benefits have so far been captured by … Read More

International Trade, non-tariff measures, Trade

Ad valorem equivalents of non-tariff measures in ASEAN

02 October 2017

To measure Ad valorem tariff equivalents (AVEs) of non-tariff measures (NTMs), we propose a new alternative that relies on the estimation of bilateral trade flows … Read More

Energy, East Asia, Policy

Remaking Energy Policies for Global Sustainability: The Case of Flying Geese Model and Path Dependencies in East Asia

01 October 2017

In East Asia, the path of economic integration that started at the end of World War II, through catch-up industrialization, took a distinguished path. Started … Read More

Globalisation and Trade Liberalisation in Supporting GVCs Upgrade: The Case of the Republic of Korea

20 September 2017

The Republic of Korea (henceforth Korea) has managed to achieve sustained economic growth by moving up the value chains. It took Korea only 15 years … Read More

industry and manufacturing

Current Status and Traits of the Auto Parts Industry in Viet Nam

21 August 2017

This study aims to clarify the current situation and traits of the Vietnamese automobile industry by showing the status of its automobile and auto parts … Read More

Viet Nam, Industry, Trade

Viet Nam's Automotive Supplier Industry: Development Prospects under Conditions for Free Trade and Global Production Networks

18 May 2017

Despite foreign direct investment occurring in the 1990s, automobile production in Viet Nam has not progressed beyond assembly. Due to forthcoming trade liberalisation in ASEAN, … Read More

Japan, Agriculture

Assessing the Competitive Advantage of Public Policy Support for Supply Chain Resilience

18 May 2017

This paper deals with the supply chain resilience of agricultural products in Japan. First, the food flow of Japan is explained. Japanese farmers and fishers … Read More

disasters, Energy, Food Security, Social Protection, Climate Change, Environment

Managing Stranded Assets and Protecting Food Value Chains from Natural Disasters

09 May 2017

Stranded assets are those that have suffered unanticipated or premature write-downs, lost value, or turned into liabilities due to external shocks. Environmental risk factors, such … Read More

Energy, Industry, Environment

Peat Policy and Its Implications on Value Chains of Indonesian Palm Oil

09 May 2017

Palm oil and its derivative products are strategic commodities that play an important role in the economic development of Indonesia which, along with Malaysia, is … Read More

Thailand, Agriculture, Food Security

Chained to Sustainable Development Goals? The Changing Role of Entities for Enhanced Resilience along Agriculture Food Value Chains in Thailand

09 May 2017

The operation period of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) ended in 2015, and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) will be in operation in 2016-2030. The … Read More

Competitiveness, Industry

Competition Policy vs. Industrial Policy as a Growth Strategy

03 April 2017

This paper examines the rationale behind industrial policy and competition policy as growth strategies, and shows that competition policy, rather than industrial policy, generated the … Read More

Climate Change, Food Security, asean

Distributional Impacts of Climate Change and Food Security in Southeast Asia

31 March 2017

Climate and agriculture are closely linked, as weather and climate are the primary factors in agricultural production. Due to high levels of CO2, future projections … Read More

Technology, Japan

Determinants of Demand for Technology in Relationships with Complementary Assets among Japanese Firms

23 March 2017

There has been growing interest in open innovation, where firms create value by combining internal and external ideas. Technology insourcing, however, has not been satisfactorily … Read More

Services, Investment

FDI, Services Liberalisation, and Logistics Development in Cambodia

23 March 2017

This paper reviews Cambodia's economic development based on flows of foreign direct investment (FDI) and services sector liberalisation. It uses Cambodia's logistics industry as a … Read More

Human Capital, Education, Culture, Exports

"Just Do Your Job": Obedience, Routine Tasks, and the Pattern of Specialization

22 March 2017

We study the interplay between cultural attitudes and the economic environment, focusing on attitudes towards obedience in the workplace. We establish two key stylized facts: … Read More

Europe, Trade

The Trade Effects of Border Controls: Evidence from the European Schengen Agreement

22 March 2017

The Schengen Agreement is an important milestone in the European integration process. The purpose is to facilitate the flow of goods, services, and persons across … Read More

Trade

Shipping inside the Box: Containerization and Trade

22 March 2017

We quantify the effect of container technology on transport costs and trade by estimating the modal choice between containerization and breakbulk shipping using micro-level trade … Read More

Industry

The Internationalisation of Firms and Management Practices: A Survey of Firms in Viet Nam

13 March 2017

This study examines the role of management practices in the internationalisation of domestic firms through directly exporting and/or supplying to local affiliates of multinationals. An … Read More

Thailand, industry and manufacturing, Innovation and Technology

The Automotive Value Chain in Thailand

09 March 2017

A country's participation in global value chains (GVCs) is increasingly becoming important as a strategy for economic development. However, participation in GVCs alone is not … Read More

Labour and Migration

Mobility of Highly Skilled Retirees from Japan to the Republic of Korea and Taiwan

28 February 2017

Attracting highly skilled workers is a major element in the economic development of many countries, especially developing ones. However, workers generally move from developing countries … Read More

Innovation and Technology

Formation of Automotive Manufacturing Clusters in Thailand

28 February 2017

The development of the local supplier base and the formation of industrial clusters are important for industries, especially the automotive industry. This study focuses on … Read More

Investment, Trade

International Investment Agreements and Investor-State Disputes: A Review and Evaluation for Indonesia

31 January 2017

Foreign investors can lodge a complaint against a host country for alleged treaty violations under the Investor-State Dispute Settlement (ISDS) provisions of bilateral investment treaties … Read More

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