Host-site Institutions, Regional Production Linkages and Technological Upgrading: A Study of Automotive Firms in Vietnam
Using technological capabilities that take account of technology embodied in machinery, organization, processes and products, this article examines its link with host-site institutions and regional production linkages. The statistical results show no relationship between these variables. In-depth interviews complement the quantitative findings. Overall, the result show that the government's localization efforts failed because too many joint-venture assemblers were approved in the 1990s when the domestic market was small. The lack of economies of scale also affected the growth of national suppliers. Hence, national producers are confined to low value added segments and lack the quality to compete in export markets.