Study of Renewable Energy Potential and Its Effective Usage in East Asia Summit Countries
East Asian countries are actively promoting the introduction of first-generation biofuels such as bioethanol and biodiesel, but are constrained by several feed stock and production factors. To reduce the import of crude oil and energy consumption in the transportation sector, overarching action such as production of next-generation biofuels from nonconventional resources, improvement of fuel efficiency of vehicles, and maintenance of road infrastructure needs to be taken. Against this background, the report estimates the potential of a diversified transportation energy mix, analyses the techno-economic feasibility of next-generation biofuels, and scrutinises the advances that need to be made in the use of bio-methanol as a mainstream energy carrier. Country-specific recommendations on the introduction of alternate biofuels, fuel efficiency standards, and regional trade are provided for Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, and the Philippines.