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Discussion Papers

Discussion Papers

Investment, Trade

International Investment Agreements and Investor-State Disputes: A Review and Evaluation for Indonesia

31 January 2017

Foreign investors can lodge a complaint against a host country for alleged treaty violations under the Investor-State Dispute Settlement (ISDS) provisions of bilateral investment treaties … Read More

Competitiveness, Trade

Indonesia and China: Friends or Foes? Quality Competition and Firm Productivity

05 December 2016

We define and measure "firm-product-destination-year-specific export quality" and investigate how quality competition from China affects Indonesian firm productivity in the domestic and export markets. Our … Read More

Investment, Energy

Analysis of Distributed Energy Systems and Implications for Electrification: The Case of ASEAN Member States

05 December 2016

The study of distributed energy systems (DES) in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) highlights the potential role of DES to enhance electricity access … Read More

Macroeconomy, Regulation and Governance

Financial Reforms in Myanmar and Japan's Engagement

07 November 2016

Since 2011, under the Thein Sein government, Myanmar has started to build financial institutions almost from scratch. Japan has played a leading role in this … Read More

A Review on Institutional Framework, Principles, and Key Elements for Integrated Electricity Market: Implications for ASEAN

27 October 2016

ASEAN member countries are becoming large energy consumers and growing participants in the global energy market. Cross-border electricity trade becomes increasingly important particularly in the … Read More

Optimal Trade Policy and Production Location

23 September 2016

This paper studies the role of trade policies in a theoretical framework considering the firm's global production operation subject to trade costs. The production location … Read More

Impact of Free Trade Agreement Utilisation on Import Prices

31 August 2016

We examine the impact of free trade agreement (FTA) utilisation on import prices. For this analysis, we employ establishment-level import data with information on tariff … Read More

Regulation and Governance

Towards Responsive Regulatory Management Systems: Country Report for Viet Nam

20 July 2016

This paper reviews the experiences of Viet Nam in improving its approach to regulatory management. Since 1986, Viet Nam promulgated and amended a number of … Read More

Regulation and Governance

Towards a Requisite Regulatory Management System: Philippines

01 July 2016

Part One of this paper explores the evolution of regulation in the Philippines since the post-martial rule regime. This paper tracks macroeconomic and regulatory reforms, … Read More

Trade

Facilitating ASEAN Trade in Goods

21 June 2016

Trade facilitation should be viewed as a strategic issue rather than a technical one. While ASEAN has been successful in the phasing out of intra-regional … Read More

Food Supply Chain Disruption due to Natural Disasters: Entities, Risks, and Strategies for Resilience

13 May 2016

The resilience of the food supply chain (FSC) to disruptions has not kept pace with the extended, globalised, and complex network of modern food chain. … Read More

industry and manufacturing

Misallocation and Productivity: The Case of Vietnamese Manufacturing

13 May 2016

This paper attempts to measure the effect of resource misallocation on aggregate manufacturing total factor productivity (TFP), focusing on Vietnamese manufacturing firms for the period … Read More

TAME, guidelines constructing TAMEs, impact of tax administration effectiveness on tax revenues, tax administration measure effectiveness, value-added tax administrations India

Measuring Tax Administration Effectiveness and its Impact on Tax Revenue

26 April 2016

This paper proposes a method for constructing a tax administration measure of effectiveness or TAME, and describes its desirable properties. TAME was empirically constructed using … Read More

Defining Regulatory Management Systems

31 March 2016

Abstract This technical paper explores what is meant by 'a regulatory management system' and what the 'elements' of an RMS are. We distinguish between the … Read More

Towards Responsive Regulations and Regulatory Coherence in ASEAN and East Asia: The Case of Australia

31 March 2016

Abstract This paper aims to review the coherence of the regulatory management system in Australia and explore how the system was applied in two contrasting … Read More

Regulatory Coherence: The Case of the Republic of Korea

31 March 2016

Abstract The Government of the Republic of Korea has made great efforts to improve its regulatory management system and to realise regulatory reform since the … Read More

Regulatory Coherence: The Case of Japan

31 March 2016

Abstract This paper reviews the coherence of the regulatory management system in Japan. Part 1 explores the evolution of regulation in Japan from sector-based regulatory … Read More

Regulatory Coherence: The Case of New Zealand

08 March 2016

Abstract Part 1 of this paper explores the evolution of regulation in New Zealand from a sector-based regulatory review, through the adoption of Regulatory Impact … Read More

The Role of China, Japan, and Korea in Machinery Production Networks

03 March 2016

Abstract China, Japan, and Korea have been the three largest players in East Asian machinery production networks. This paper employs a new method of analysing … Read More

Demographic Change and Fiscal Sustainability in Asia

03 March 2016

Abstract Changes in the population age structure can have a significant effect on fiscal sustainability since they can affect both government revenue and expenditure. For … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Trade

Deepening and Widening of Production Networks in ASEAN

03 March 2016

Abstract This paper assesses the recent widening and deepening of machinery production networks in ASEAN and surrounding East Asia by employing highly disaggregated product-level international … Read More

Increasing the Resilience of Asian Supply Chains to Natural Disasters: The Role of the Financial Sector

24 February 2016

Abstract The financial sector is a part of the vital infrastructure of the economy. It can play an important role in mitigating the economic dislocation … Read More

industry and manufacturing, disasters

Market Concentration and Risk-Prevention Incentives: The Case of the Hard Disk Drive Industry

24 February 2016

This paper studies the impacts of market concentration on risk-prevention incentives by closely observing the changes in the price and quantity in the … Read More

Environment

Towards Reframing the Spirit of ASEAN Environmentalism: Insights from Japan's COHHO Experience and Studies

24 February 2016

Japan has managed to keep 67 percent of its forest area over the last half century. However, fishermen and the scientific community noticed … Read More

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