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Discussion Papers

Discussion Papers

Natural Disaster, disaster risk management, Japan, Thailand

Economic Damage from Natural Hazards and Local Disaster Management Plans in Japan and Thailand

20 October 2020

Japan and Thailand are geographically similar in that both countries have a vast coastline and a population that is concentrated in urban areas. Natural hazards … Read More

Finance, Financial Inclusion, India, Poverty

Financial Inclusion, Active Bank Accounts and Poverty Reduction in India

30 September 2020

Using the World Bank’s Global Findex data, this research first shows that the efforts by the Indian Government and the Reserve Bank have been successful … Read More

Finance, Financial Inclusion, Indonesia

Financial Inclusion and Savings in Indonesia

29 September 2020

This paper discusses the status of financial inclusion in Indonesia and examines the impact of financial inclusion – based on availability of bank branches on … Read More

Cambodia, Finance, Financial Inclusion, Poverty

The Poverty-Reducing Effects of Financial Inclusion: Evidence from Cambodia

28 September 2020

This study analyses the effects of financial inclusion on poverty in terms of household income per capita in Cambodia, with data from the FinScope Survey … Read More

ASEAN, East Asia, Finance, Financial Inclusion

The Composition of Financial Inclusion in ASEAN and East Asia: A New Hybrid Index and Some Stylised Facts

24 September 2020

The paper provides an overview of the existing measures of financial inclusion and critically evaluates the two widely used existing methodologies to measure the dimensions … Read More

ASEAN, East Asia, Finance, Financial Inclusion, development

The Effects of Financial Inclusion on Development Outcomes: New Insights from ASEAN and East Asian Countries

24 September 2020

This study empirically examines the effects of financial inclusion on economic development, – economic growth, education, health, and income inequality – in 20 Asian countries … Read More

ASEAN, Finance, Financial Inclusion

The Nature and Landscape of Financial Inclusion in Asia

24 September 2020

This paper presents an examination of the key impacts of financial inclusion on economic prosperity and wellbeing, and on other development indicators such as those … Read More

Water Resource Development Scenarios, Water Diplomacy, Sustainable Development, Integrated Water Resource Development, Lower Mekong Basin

Sustainable Water Resource Development Scenarios and Water Diplomacy in the Lower Mekong Basin: Policy Implications

23 September 2020

This paper uses the current results of the Basin-wide water resource development scenario assessment of the Council Study of the Mekong River Commission Secretariat (MRCS) … Read More

Indonesia, trade policy, Globalisation, economic growth, international economic policy

The Economic Impact of Globalisation in Indonesia

14 August 2020

This paper analyses the economic impact of globalisation in Indonesia from the end of the 1960s to date. The analysis found that globalisation generated a … Read More

China, Labour and Migration, Macroeconomy, Regulation and Governance, Taxation, Technology

The Value-Added Tax Reform and Labour Market Outcomes: Firm Level Evidence from China

07 August 2020

The tax incentives designed to stimulate firm investment may have a large impact on labour market outcomes. Using a comprehensive data set containing more than … Read More

Innovation and Technology, labour productivity, Thailand, Trade, Imports

Technological Advancement, Import Penetration, and Labour Markets: Evidence from Thai Manufacturing

06 August 2020

This paper examines the impacts of advanced technology on a possible change in workers’ skills, wages, and employment due to such technological advancement. Three proxies … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Innovation and Technology, Labour and Migration, Viet Nam

Technology Imports and Employment in Developing Countries: Evidence from Viet Nam

04 August 2020

Advanced machines and technology replace workers through automation. However, capital–labour substitution need not reduce aggregate labour demand, as it induces simultaneous contrasting effects within industries. … Read More

development, disasters, Indonesia, Investment

A Quantitative Analysis of Disaster Risk Reduction Investment Effects for Sustainable Development: Indonesia Case Study

29 June 2020

This paper analyses the long-term impacts of large-scale disasters on the economic growth of developing countries in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Community, … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Investment, Viet Nam

Assessment of Industrial Cluster Policies in Viet Nam: The Role of Special Economic Zones in Attracting Foreign Direct Investment

26 June 2020

Special economic zones (SEZs) are considered as one of important regional industrial policies to attract foreign investment in developing countries such as Viet Nam. The … Read More

East Asia, global value chains, industry and manufacturing, Innovation and Technology

New Developments in International Production Networks: Impact of Digital Technologies

24 June 2020

We conducted a standard gravity exercise using worldwide disaggregated trade data to shed light on the influence of the spread of digital technologies on network … Read More

global value chains, wage distribution, job inclusion, labour market, labour productivity, Thailand

Analysis of Global Value Chain Participation and the Labour Market in Thailand: A Micro-level Analysis

18 May 2020

This study assesses the links between global value chain (GVC) participation and the labour market to examine the relatively unexplored employment-related distribution effects of GVC … Read More

Trade, Viet Nam, Regulation and Governance, industry and manufacturing

Trade Reform and the Evolution of Agglomeration in Vietnamese Manufacturing

27 April 2020

It is well-documented that agglomeration contributes to productivity growth. However, concentrations of workers could also lead to increasing regional income disparities. Therefore, understanding the evolution … Read More

China, Japan, Labour and Migration, Trade

Labour Market Impacts of Import Penetration from China and Regional Trade Agreement Partners: The Case of Japan

24 April 2020

The impacts of imports on the domestic labour market have been hotly debated recently. The purpose of this paper is to empirically examine the effects … Read More

ASEAN, Regulation and Governance, global value chains, disasters

Pandemic (COVID-19) Policy Regional Cooperation and the Emerging Global Production Network

17 April 2020

In this paper, we explore the possible policy responses to the pandemic shock as well as the related economic (financial crisis) shocks on trade and … Read More

ASEAN, E-commerce, Connectivity, Services, Technology

Improving Digital Connectivity For E-commerce: A Policy Framework and Empirical Note for ASEAN

10 March 2020

Global cross-border e-commerce has become increasingly important in the international economy. The next Asian miracle of growth could be born out of the region's digital … Read More

tariff, manufacturing, wages, vietnam

Tariff Policies and Wages in Manufacturing Industries: New Evidence from Viet Nam

06 March 2020

This paper reviews the tariff policies and their impact on the wages of workers in manufacturing during the substantial trade liberalisation period in Viet Nam … Read More

Thailand, Trade, Exports, Imports, Regional, global value chains, free trade agreement

Do Regional Trade Agreements Really Help Global Value Chains Develop? Evidence from Thailand

04 March 2020

This paper examines the firm-level nexus between exporting and importing by using firm-level data from Thai customs. We differentiate firms’ imports according to the tariff … Read More

East Asia, global value chains, Labour and Migration, Regulation and Governance, Trade

Global Value Chain Participation and the Relative Demand for Skilled Labour in East Asia

14 February 2020

Global value chains (GVCs) may have distributional consequences for the relative demand for skilled labour. This study relates GVC participation to the share of skilled … Read More

ASEAN, East Asia, Environment, Finance, Paris Agreement, Regulation and Governance

Policies and Financing Strategies for Low-Carbon Energy Transition: Overcoming Barriers to Private Financial Institutions

14 February 2020

Placing Asian economies on a low-carbon path requires an unprecedented shift in private investment and new financing models. A growing community of investors is seeking … Read More

industry and manufacturing, microdata, Trade, Viet Nam

The Effects of the Temporary Protection on Firm Performances: Evidence from the Steel Industry in Viet Nam

13 February 2020

Trade protection may have significant impacts on sectors other than those targeted by protection policies, especially when the target sector produces goods that are essential … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Innovation, microdata, South Korea, Trade

Learning-to-Export Effect as a Response to Export Opportunities: Micro-Evidence from Korean Manufacturing

11 February 2020

This paper aims to investigate whether empirical evidence supports the learning-to-export hypothesis, which has received little attention in the previous literature. By taking full advantage … Read More

Indonesia, industry and manufacturing, microdata, Trade

Production Dynamics in Multi-Product Firms’ Exporting

11 February 2020

To create room for production capacity for exported products, new exporters may decrease either the production of exported products or of other products for the … Read More

Indonesia, industry and manufacturing, Investment, Labour and Migration, microdata

Foreign Direct Investment and Labour Market Dynamics in a Developing Country: Evidence from Indonesian Plant-Level Data

10 February 2020

This study examines the impact of inward foreign direct investment on the wages and employment of skilled and unskilled workers in Indonesian manufacturing plants. Entry … Read More

Indonesia, industry and manufacturing, microdata, Trade

Input Allocation Behaviour on Tariff Changes: The Case of Indonesia’s Manufacturing Industries

10 February 2020

Can firms reallocate their imported inputs to domestic sources when faced with import tariffs? To answer this question, we analyse the input allocation behaviour of … Read More

Antidumping, Innovation and Technology, japan, microdata, Trade

Exports and Innovation: Evidence from Antidumping Duties Against Japanese Firms

06 February 2020

By conducting a difference-in-difference analysis, we examine how the targeted exporters adjust their innovative activities in the face of the negative export shock inflicted by … Read More

industry and manufacturing, microdata, productivity, Thailand

Effectiveness of Industrial Policy on Firms’ Productivity: Evidence from Thai Manufacturing

06 February 2020

This paper examines the role of industrial policy on firms’ productivity, using 3 years of panel data on Thai manufacturing as a case study. A … Read More

industry and manufacturing, microdata, tariff, Trade, South Korea

Does Home (Output) Import Tariff Reduction Increase Home Exports? Evidence from Korean Manufacturing Plant–Product Data

05 February 2020

This study examines the effects of domestic output import tariff reduction on domestic plant export dynamics and clarifies the underlying mechanism, using rich plant–product data … Read More

Industry and Manufacturing, Investment, microdata, Viet Nam

Determinants of Product Sophistication in Viet Nam: Findings from the Firm– Multi-Product Level Microdata Approach

05 February 2020

Through capitalising data from the Viet Nam Enterprise Survey and applying the methods proposed by Hausmann, Hwang, and Rodrik (2007) and Eck and Huber (2016), … Read More

Paris Agreement, Low-carbon Technology, private sector, Regional Integration, innovative financing

Unlocking the Potential of Private Financing for Low-carbon Energy Transition: Ideas and Solutions from ASEAN Markets

29 January 2020

Under the Paris Agreement in 2015, the opportunities for the ASEAN Member States (AMS) to maximise low-carbon energy sources to achieve the Nationally Determined Contributions … Read More

Green Technology, Energy, Sustainable Development Goals, Low-carbon Technology, low carbon growth

Building the Banking Sector’s Capacity for Green Infrastructure Investments for a Low-Carbon Economy

28 January 2020

The construction of green infrastructure, using advanced technology and retiring inefficient technology, is essential for the low-carbon transition. Various green infrastructure programs are being implemented, … Read More

Trade, GDP, Globalization, Income Distribution

The Economic Consequences of Globalisation in the United States

21 January 2020

The unprecedented rise in global interdependence since World War II, especially since the 1970s, has been very productive. World gross domestic product (GDP) growth increased … Read More

vietnam, Digital Economy, manufacturing

Enhancing Inter-Firm Linkages through Clusters and Digitalisation for Productivity Growth

20 January 2020

This paper examines the policies for industrial cluster development in Viet Nam. The first export processing zone was established in 1991. Since 1994, Viet Nam … Read More

Energy, Low-carbon Technology, RenewableEnergy, trade policy, ASEAN

Scaling up Private Investment in Low-Carbon Energy Systems through Regional Cooperation: Market-Based Trade Policy Measures

20 January 2020

This study aims to analyse the possibility and challenges of encouraging private sector investment in low-carbon energy systems in Asia, particularly across the Regional Comprehensive … Read More

trade, investment, globalisation, Thailand

Economic Consequences of Globalisation: Case Study of Thailand

26 December 2019

The paper reviews empirical works examining the effect of globalisation in Thailand, beginning with a discussion of its integration into the economy. Three drivers of … Read More

Malaysia, globalisation, trade

Globalisation and Economic Development: Malaysia's Experience

23 December 2019

The economic development of Malaysia has been strongly driven and shaped by globalisation, from the pre-colonial to the post-independence period. The country has harnessed trade, … Read More

Australia, economic integration, reform, productivity

Economic Consequences of Globalisation: The Australian Framework for Reforms

19 December 2019

Australia has experienced significant reforms to policy affecting trade in goods and services, investment, and people. The contributions of these reforms to growth have been … Read More

renewable energy, LCOE, learning curve, grid parity, solar PV

LCOE Analysis for Grid-Connected PV Systems of Utility Scale Across Selected ASEAN Countries

22 November 2019

Countries of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) have been dependent on conventional energy resources because of their abundance, which explainsthe slow progressof renewable … Read More

international trade, trade liberalisation, processing trade, opening up

Processing Trade, Trade Liberalisation, and Opening Up China's Miracle of International Trade

19 November 2019

Understanding the role of international trade is the key to understanding China’s miraculous economic growth. This paper reviews the literature on international trade in the … Read More

Indonesia, tariff, trade policy, computable general equilibrium model

FTA Strategies to Strengthen Indonesian Exports: Using the Computable General Equilibrium Model

11 November 2019

This paper aims at evaluating the economic impacts of the various Indonesian free trade agreement (FTA) strategies in enhancing export-led growth. The potential impact of … Read More

Viet Nam, Free Trade, Trade

Economic Consequences of Trade and Investment Liberalisation: The Case of Viet Nam

11 November 2019

Since Doi Moi (Renovation) in 1986, economic integration has been an important pillar of Viet Nam’s reforms. Economic integration has gradually deepened, and even World … Read More

global value chains, Backward linkage, forward linkage, Total factor productivity growth

Does Participation in Global Value Chains Increase Productivity? An Analysis of Trade in Value Added Data

07 November 2019

This paper examines the impact of global value chain (GVC) participation on productivity by considering both backward and forward participation. Conducting a panel estimation covering … Read More

Labour and Migration, Globalisation

The Impact of Economic Globalisation on Firm Performance and the Labour Market: Evidence from Japan

25 October 2019

This paper summarises the major findings and arguments in the literature on the impact of globalisation on firm performance and the labour market, focusing on … Read More

Industry, industry and manufacturing, Education, Training, Human Capital, Viet Nam

Global Value Chains and Formal Employment in Viet Nam

26 September 2019

This study investigates the impacts of integration into global value chains (GVCs) on formal and informal employment in Viet Nam. Utilising the Viet Nam Household … Read More

Industry, Innovation and Technology, Japan

Exporting ‘Content’ in the Face of Indifference

26 September 2019

Attempts by Japanese producers to ‘crack’ the North American entertainment market date back to the 1910s, and were driven by both profit motive and ideological … Read More

Electricity, Energy, Environment, Vehicle

Evaluation of CO2 Emissions Reduction Through Mobility Electrification

24 September 2019

The introduction of electrified vehicles (xEVs) is expanding to reduce energy consumption and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the transport sector. This study examined scenarios … Read More

Indonesia, Global Value Chains, Global Production

Domestic Value Added, Exports, and Employment: An Input-Output Analysis of Indonesian Manufacturing

27 August 2019

The paper is motivated by the current emphasis on the share of domestic value added in exports (SVEX) as a policy criterion for export development … Read More

In the Closet: Japanese Creative Industries and their Reluctance to Forge Global and Transnational Linkages in ASEAN and East Asia

27 August 2019

This paper addresses rarely asked questions: is Cool Japan a creative industries policy and, if so, what kind of creative industries policy is it? It … Read More

Trade, SME, Viet Nam, Global Value Chains

Value Added Exports and the Local Labour Market: Evidence from Vietnamese Manufacturing Firms

27 August 2019

The formation of global value chains (GVCs) has reshaped production processes across countries. This paper investigates the relationship between GVCs and firms’ employment by using … Read More

Words and Their Silos: Commercial, Governmental, and Academic Support for Japanese Literature and Writing Overseas

27 August 2019

This paper connects in a preliminary way realms of analysis and data regarding practices of disseminating Japanese literature and writing translated in English and Association … Read More

Asia

A Spark Beyond Time and Place: Ogawa Shinsuke and Asia

27 August 2019

One of the most important documentary film-makers of the post-war period, Ogawa Shinsuke, had an enormous impact on film-makers across Asia. This paper will unpack … Read More

Finance

Navigating Low-Carbon Finance Management at Banks and Non-Banking Financial Institutions

27 August 2019

Lack of long-term financing, the existence of various risks, the low rate of return, and lack of capacity in market actors are major challenges for … Read More

global value chains, trade liberalisation, Thailand

The Impact of Global Value Chain Integration on Wages: Evidence from Matched Worker-Industry Data in Thailand

27 August 2019

Using a two-stage estimation of matched worker-industry data from 2000 to 2011, this study investigates the impact of global value chain (GVC) integration on wages … Read More

The Contents of Power: Narrative and Soft Power in the Olympic Games Opening Ceremonies

26 August 2019

This paper examines debates about soft power and popular culture, with particular attention to the framing and reception of the opening ceremonies at the Olympics. … Read More

Automobile, Industry, Creative Industry

The Next Generation Automobile Industry as a Creative Industry

24 June 2019

The aim of this paper is to describe the recent transformation of the automobile industry from a manufacturing industry to include aspects of the service … Read More

Creative Industry

Cool Japan, Creative Industries, and Diversity

14 June 2019

This paper critically considers the operation and objective of Japan’s ‘creative industry’ policy and suggests how to redesign it to align it with recent attention … Read More

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