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Discussion Papers

Discussion Papers

Natural Disaster, disaster risk management, Japan, Thailand

Economic Damage from Natural Hazards and Local Disaster Management Plans in Japan and Thailand

20 October 2020

Japan and Thailand are geographically similar in that both countries have a vast coastline and a population that is concentrated in urban areas. Natural hazards … Read More

Finance, Financial Inclusion, India, Poverty

Financial Inclusion, Active Bank Accounts and Poverty Reduction in India

30 September 2020

Using the World Bank’s Global Findex data, this research first shows that the efforts by the Indian Government and the Reserve Bank have been successful … Read More

Finance, Financial Inclusion, Indonesia

Financial Inclusion and Savings in Indonesia

29 September 2020

This paper discusses the status of financial inclusion in Indonesia and examines the impact of financial inclusion – based on availability of bank branches on … Read More

Cambodia, Finance, Financial Inclusion, Poverty

The Poverty-Reducing Effects of Financial Inclusion: Evidence from Cambodia

28 September 2020

This study analyses the effects of financial inclusion on poverty in terms of household income per capita in Cambodia, with data from the FinScope Survey … Read More

ASEAN, East Asia, Finance, Financial Inclusion

The Composition of Financial Inclusion in ASEAN and East Asia: A New Hybrid Index and Some Stylised Facts

24 September 2020

The paper provides an overview of the existing measures of financial inclusion and critically evaluates the two widely used existing methodologies to measure the dimensions … Read More

ASEAN, East Asia, Finance, Financial Inclusion, development

The Effects of Financial Inclusion on Development Outcomes: New Insights from ASEAN and East Asian Countries

24 September 2020

This study empirically examines the effects of financial inclusion on economic development, – economic growth, education, health, and income inequality – in 20 Asian countries … Read More

ASEAN, Finance, Financial Inclusion

The Nature and Landscape of Financial Inclusion in Asia

24 September 2020

This paper presents an examination of the key impacts of financial inclusion on economic prosperity and wellbeing, and on other development indicators such as those … Read More

Water Resource Development Scenarios, Water Diplomacy, Sustainable Development, Integrated Water Resource Development, Lower Mekong Basin

Sustainable Water Resource Development Scenarios and Water Diplomacy in the Lower Mekong Basin: Policy Implications

23 September 2020

This paper uses the current results of the Basin-wide water resource development scenario assessment of the Council Study of the Mekong River Commission Secretariat (MRCS) … Read More

Indonesia, trade policy, Globalisation, economic growth, international economic policy

The Economic Impact of Globalisation in Indonesia

14 August 2020

This paper analyses the economic impact of globalisation in Indonesia from the end of the 1960s to date. The analysis found that globalisation generated a … Read More

China, Labour and Migration, Macroeconomy, Regulation and Governance, Taxation, Technology

The Value-Added Tax Reform and Labour Market Outcomes: Firm Level Evidence from China

07 August 2020

The tax incentives designed to stimulate firm investment may have a large impact on labour market outcomes. Using a comprehensive data set containing more than … Read More

Innovation and Technology, labour productivity, Thailand, Trade, Imports

Technological Advancement, Import Penetration, and Labour Markets: Evidence from Thai Manufacturing

06 August 2020

This paper examines the impacts of advanced technology on a possible change in workers’ skills, wages, and employment due to such technological advancement. Three proxies … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Innovation and Technology, Labour and Migration, Viet Nam

Technology Imports and Employment in Developing Countries: Evidence from Viet Nam

04 August 2020

Advanced machines and technology replace workers through automation. However, capital–labour substitution need not reduce aggregate labour demand, as it induces simultaneous contrasting effects within industries. … Read More

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