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Discussion Papers

Discussion Papers

ASEAN, Trade, SMEs

What Determines Interfirm Trade Credit? Empirical Evidence from the ASEAN

14 June 2022

This paper empirically examines the link between the heterogeneity of firms and their probability of obtaining interfirm trade credit in Asia, with a specific focus … Read More

Finance and Macroeconomy

Prediction Errors of Macroeconomic Indicators and Economic Shocks for ASEAN Member States, 1990‒2021

30 May 2022

In this study, economic shocks on six selected Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Member States (i.e. Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Viet … Read More

Japan, Labour and Migration, Telework, Urban Development

COVID-19, Telework Patterns Within a City, and Changes in Urban Structure – Preliminary Findings

11 April 2022

With the coronavirus disease (COVID-19, the spread of teleworking means that people do not necessarily have to live near their place of work. Will the … Read More

Investment, Viet Nam

Entry Mode Choice and Performance of Foreign Direct Investment Firms in Emerging Economies: Micro-evidence from Viet Nam

29 March 2022

Does the right entry mode choice help foreign direct investment (FDI) firms to perform efficiently in emerging economies? This study attempts to answer this question … Read More

Infrastructure

Projecting Infrastructure Needs and the Financing Mechanism: A Review of Estimations by ADB, McKinsey, and the OECD

24 March 2022

How much does a country, a region, and the world need to spend on infrastructure development to fulfil demand? This question has been asked frequently … Read More

East Asia, Infrastructure

Implicit Subsidies for Infrastructure and Their Implications for Contingent Liabilities in Selected East Asian Countries

23 March 2022

A government's investment decision for infrastructure development is a form of budget commitment which results in direct liabilities and possible contingent liabilities. The latter is … Read More

COVID-19, Indonesia, Innovation, SMEs

Digital Technology Adoption and Indonesia’s MSMEs during the COVID-19 Pandemic

22 March 2022

The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has hit micro, small, and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs) hard. The estimated economic impact of COVID-19 could exceed the fiscal stimulus … Read More

East Asia, industry and manufacturing, Supply Chain

East Asian Production Networks Go Beyond the Gravity Prediction

21 March 2022

This paper provides empirical evidence that supports the continuing importance of machinery international production networks (IPNs) in East Asia. We first confirm their robustness and … Read More

Trade

Chief Executive Officer Attributes and Trade

24 February 2022

Many articles in international trade literature have shown that firm productivity is a robust determinant of firms export and import activities. Further, the literature has … Read More

Globalization, industry and manufacturing, Malaysia

Global Value Chains and Premature Deindustrialisation in Malaysia

23 February 2022

Malaysia has experienced premature deindustrialisation since the early 1990s. The decline in the relative contribution of manufacturing to the economy has been underpinned by structural … Read More

ASEAN, Finance, SMEs, Trade

Understanding SME Trade Finance in ASEAN: An Overview

22 February 2022

SMEs are the most important source of employment in all ASEAN countries, but a lack of access to external sources of finance may limit their … Read More

China, non-tariff measures, Trade

Technical Barriers to Trade, Product Quality and Trade Margins: Firm-level Evidence

07 February 2022

As tariffs have declined to a low level, the trade literature has paid increasing attention to the impact of non-tariff measures. Unlike tariffs, non-tariff measures … Read More

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