Research Back

Technoeconomic Assessment of Microgrids in Myanmar

Energy, Competitiveness

Technoeconomic Assessment of Microgrids in Myanmar

The electrification rate of Myanmar is the second-lowest in Asia, so its improvement is an urgent matter. Sustainable Development Goal 7 recognises the importance of energy access and calls for finding a way to realise the Government of Myanmar’s goal to reach 100% electrification by 2030. To achieve this ambitious target, both centralised (main-grid extension) and decentralised approaches should be considered. In this study, we focused on distributed microgrids amongst electrification options. In Myanmar, as in other developing countries of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), diesel generators are widely used as power sources of microgrids. Considering the global trend of renewable energy, especially opportunities available for solar photovoltaics (PVs), power sources should be selected carefully. When discussing possible power sources, cost-competitiveness is an important aspect. Therefore, we researched the question: How cost-competitive are microgrids powered by solar PVs compared to conventional diesel power source• We used the primary data collected through interviews and field surveys and calculated the levelised cost of electricity (LCOE) of microgrids. Our results show that solar PVs and batteries are cost-competitive compared with diesel in off-grid areas where diesel fuel prices are much higher than in urban areas. However, to improve efficiency, daytime use of electricity (e.g. productive use) needs to be promoted. 

ERIA-DP-2018-05

Date

17 July 2018

Category

Energy

Author

Masako Numata, Masahiro Sugiyama, Gento Mogi, Wunna Swe, Venkatachalam Anbumozhi

Share this article:

Related Articles

Development of the Eco Town Model in the ASEAN Region through Adoption of Energy-Efficient Building Technologies, Sustainable Transport, and Smart Grids

Development of the Eco Town Model in the ASEAN Region through Adoption of Energy-Efficient Building Technologies, Sustainable Transport, and Smart Grids

13 March 2017

Energy, asean, Services

The recent economic growth in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) region has driven the rapid increase of energy demand in the region. Energy …

Market Integration and Energy Trade Efficiency: An Application of Malmqvist Index to Analyse Multi-Product Trade

Market Integration and Energy Trade Efficiency: An Application of Malmqvist Index to Analyse Multi-Product Trade

04 November 2014

Abstract This paper uses the data envelope analysis method to investigate the Malmquist index-based gravity relationship between bilateral energy trade flows and their determinants throughout …

CHOOSE FILTER
Loading Loading