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Discussion Papers

Discussion Papers

Agriculture, Innovation

Division of Labour Amongst Innovation Intermediaries in Agricultural Innovation Systems: The Case of Indonesia

12 November 2018

Innovation intermediaries are individuals and organisations that enhance connectivity amongst constituencies of national, sectoral, and regional systems of innovation, thereby facilitating knowledge spillover. This paper … Read More

Energy, Competitiveness

Technoeconomic Assessment of Microgrids in Myanmar

17 July 2018

The electrification rate of Myanmar is the second-lowest in Asia, so its improvement is an urgent matter. Sustainable Development Goal 7 recognises the importance of … Read More

Indonesia, development, commodity

Can Indonesia Secure a Development Dividend from Its Resource Export Boom•

29 June 2018

Indonesia has enjoyed a long spell of sustained and relatively rapid economic expansion, largely on the back of strong commodity prices. No commodity boom lasts … Read More

Trade, Production Networks, industry and manufacturing

Are Production Networks Passé in East Asia• Not Yet

13 June 2018

Many people have a vague notion that the room for expanding international production networks is almost exhausted and that this is why international trade has … Read More

Trade

China’s Processing Trade and Value Chains*

31 May 2018

We investigate how trade liberalisation affects the performance of Chinese manufacturing firms. To better understand China’s role in global value chains, we examine Chinese firms … Read More

Services, Trade

The Eurasian Land Bridge: The Role of Service Providers in Linking the Regional Value Chains in East Asia and the European Union

15 May 2018

Rail links between China and Europe are typically analysed in the context of China’s Belt and Road Initiative, focusing on China’s economic rise and the … Read More

Infrastructure, industry and manufacturing

‘Unbundlings’ and Development Strategies in ASEAN: Old Issues and New Challenges

22 March 2018

This paper extends the conceptual framework of ‘unbundlings’ proposed by Baldwin (2016) and tries to provide a starting point for reorganizing development strategies of ASEAN … Read More

State Owned Entreprises, TPP, Trade

Disciplines on State-Owned Enterprises under the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement: Overview and Assessment

07 February 2018

This paper analyses the disciplines of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) stipulated in Chapter 17 of the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP). The introduction of the extensive disciplines … Read More

global value chains, Asia, industry and manufacturing, Trade

Servicification in Global Value Chains: The Case of Asian Countries

01 November 2017

The paper studies the degree of servicification (or the role of services as inputs in manufacturing) of selected 61 Asian countries in terms of global … Read More

E-commerce, Innovation and Technology, Trade, Infrastructure

Developing Asia in the Era of Cross-border E-commerce

04 October 2017

Cross-border e-commerce has been a major development trend of international trade and globalization. In the next 5–10 years, the top three fastest-growing markets in the … Read More

E-commerce, ASEAN, Policy

The Risks for ASEAN of New Mega-Agreements that Promote the Wrong Model of e-Commerce

03 October 2017

Digital technology offers exciting new opportunities and advances for ASEAN member states, individually and as a region. The benefits have so far been captured by … Read More

International Trade, non-tariff measures, Trade

Ad valorem equivalents of non-tariff measures in ASEAN

02 October 2017

To measure Ad valorem tariff equivalents (AVEs) of non-tariff measures (NTMs), we propose a new alternative that relies on the estimation of bilateral trade flows … Read More

Energy, East Asia, Policy

Remaking Energy Policies for Global Sustainability: The Case of Flying Geese Model and Path Dependencies in East Asia

01 October 2017

In East Asia, the path of economic integration that started at the end of World War II, through catch-up industrialization, took a distinguished path. Started … Read More

Globalisation and Trade Liberalisation in Supporting GVCs Upgrade: The Case of the Republic of Korea

20 September 2017

The Republic of Korea (henceforth Korea) has managed to achieve sustained economic growth by moving up the value chains. It took Korea only 15 years … Read More

industry and manufacturing

Current Status and Traits of the Auto Parts Industry in Viet Nam

21 August 2017

This study aims to clarify the current situation and traits of the Vietnamese automobile industry by showing the status of its automobile and auto parts … Read More

Viet Nam, Industry, Trade

Viet Nam's Automotive Supplier Industry: Development Prospects under Conditions for Free Trade and Global Production Networks

18 May 2017

Despite foreign direct investment occurring in the 1990s, automobile production in Viet Nam has not progressed beyond assembly. Due to forthcoming trade liberalisation in ASEAN, … Read More

Japan, Agriculture

Assessing the Competitive Advantage of Public Policy Support for Supply Chain Resilience

18 May 2017

This paper deals with the supply chain resilience of agricultural products in Japan. First, the food flow of Japan is explained. Japanese farmers and fishers … Read More

disasters, Energy, Food Security, Social Protection, Climate Change, Environment

Managing Stranded Assets and Protecting Food Value Chains from Natural Disasters

09 May 2017

Stranded assets are those that have suffered unanticipated or premature write-downs, lost value, or turned into liabilities due to external shocks. Environmental risk factors, such … Read More

Energy, Industry, Environment

Peat Policy and Its Implications on Value Chains of Indonesian Palm Oil

09 May 2017

Palm oil and its derivative products are strategic commodities that play an important role in the economic development of Indonesia which, along with Malaysia, is … Read More

Thailand, Agriculture, Food Security

Chained to Sustainable Development Goals• The Changing Role of Entities for Enhanced Resilience along Agriculture Food Value Chains in Thailand

09 May 2017

The operation period of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) ended in 2015, and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) will be in operation in 2016-2030. The … Read More

Competitiveness, Industry

Competition Policy vs. Industrial Policy as a Growth Strategy

03 April 2017

This paper examines the rationale behind industrial policy and competition policy as growth strategies, and shows that competition policy, rather than industrial policy, generated the … Read More

Climate Change, Food Security, asean

Distributional Impacts of Climate Change and Food Security in Southeast Asia

31 March 2017

Climate and agriculture are closely linked, as weather and climate are the primary factors in agricultural production. Due to high levels of CO2, future projections … Read More

Technology, Japan

Determinants of Demand for Technology in Relationships with Complementary Assets among Japanese Firms

23 March 2017

There has been growing interest in open innovation, where firms create value by combining internal and external ideas. Technology insourcing, however, has not been satisfactorily … Read More

Services, Investment

FDI, Services Liberalisation, and Logistics Development in Cambodia

23 March 2017

This paper reviews Cambodia's economic development based on flows of foreign direct investment (FDI) and services sector liberalisation. It uses Cambodia's logistics industry as a … Read More

Human Capital, Education, Culture, Exports

"Just Do Your Job": Obedience, Routine Tasks, and the Pattern of Specialization

22 March 2017

We study the interplay between cultural attitudes and the economic environment, focusing on attitudes towards obedience in the workplace. We establish two key stylized facts: … Read More

Europe, Trade

The Trade Effects of Border Controls: Evidence from the European Schengen Agreement

22 March 2017

The Schengen Agreement is an important milestone in the European integration process. The purpose is to facilitate the flow of goods, services, and persons across … Read More

Trade

Shipping inside the Box: Containerization and Trade

22 March 2017

We quantify the effect of container technology on transport costs and trade by estimating the modal choice between containerization and breakbulk shipping using micro-level trade … Read More

Industry

The Internationalisation of Firms and Management Practices: A Survey of Firms in Viet Nam

13 March 2017

This study examines the role of management practices in the internationalisation of domestic firms through directly exporting and/or supplying to local affiliates of multinationals. An … Read More

Thailand, industry and manufacturing, Innovation and Technology

The Automotive Value Chain in Thailand

09 March 2017

A country's participation in global value chains (GVCs) is increasingly becoming important as a strategy for economic development. However, participation in GVCs alone is not … Read More

Labour and Migration

Mobility of Highly Skilled Retirees from Japan to the Republic of Korea and Taiwan

28 February 2017

Attracting highly skilled workers is a major element in the economic development of many countries, especially developing ones. However, workers generally move from developing countries … Read More

Innovation and Technology

Formation of Automotive Manufacturing Clusters in Thailand

28 February 2017

The development of the local supplier base and the formation of industrial clusters are important for industries, especially the automotive industry. This study focuses on … Read More

Investment, Trade

International Investment Agreements and Investor-State Disputes: A Review and Evaluation for Indonesia

31 January 2017

Foreign investors can lodge a complaint against a host country for alleged treaty violations under the Investor-State Dispute Settlement (ISDS) provisions of bilateral investment treaties … Read More

Competitiveness, Trade

Indonesia and China: Friends or Foes•
Quality Competition and Firm Productivity

05 December 2016

We define and measure "firm-product-destination-year-specific export quality" and investigate how quality competition from China affects Indonesian firm productivity in the domestic and export markets. Our … Read More

Investment, Energy

Analysis of Distributed Energy Systems and Implications for Electrification: The Case of ASEAN Member States

05 December 2016

The study of distributed energy systems (DES) in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) highlights the potential role of DES to enhance electricity access … Read More

Macroeconomy, Regulation and Governance

Financial Reforms in Myanmar and Japan's Engagement

07 November 2016

Since 2011, under the Thein Sein government, Myanmar has started to build financial institutions almost from scratch. Japan has played a leading role in this … Read More

A Review on Institutional Framework, Principles, and Key Elements for Integrated Electricity Market: Implications for ASEAN

27 October 2016

ASEAN member countries are becoming large energy consumers and growing participants in the global energy market. Cross-border electricity trade becomes increasingly important particularly in the … Read More

Optimal Trade Policy and Production Location

23 September 2016

This paper studies the role of trade policies in a theoretical framework considering the firm's global production operation subject to trade costs. The production location … Read More

Impact of Free Trade Agreement Utilisation on Import Prices

31 August 2016

We examine the impact of free trade agreement (FTA) utilisation on import prices. For this analysis, we employ establishment-level import data with information on tariff … Read More

Regulation and Governance

Towards Responsive Regulatory Management Systems: Country Report for Viet Nam

20 July 2016

This paper reviews the experiences of Viet Nam in improving its approach to regulatory management. Since 1986, Viet Nam promulgated and amended a number of … Read More

Regulation and Governance

Towards a Requisite Regulatory Management System: Philippines

01 July 2016

Part One of this paper explores the evolution of regulation in the Philippines since the post-martial rule regime. This paper tracks macroeconomic and regulatory reforms, … Read More

Trade

Facilitating ASEAN Trade in Goods

21 June 2016

Trade facilitation should be viewed as a strategic issue rather than a technical one. While ASEAN has been successful in the phasing out of intra-regional … Read More

Food Supply Chain Disruption due to Natural Disasters: Entities, Risks, and Strategies for Resilience

13 May 2016

The resilience of the food supply chain (FSC) to disruptions has not kept pace with the extended, globalised, and complex network of modern food chain. … Read More

industry and manufacturing

Misallocation and Productivity: The Case of Vietnamese Manufacturing

13 May 2016

This paper attempts to measure the effect of resource misallocation on aggregate manufacturing total factor productivity (TFP), focusing on Vietnamese manufacturing firms for the period … Read More

TAME, guidelines constructing TAMEs, impact of tax administration effectiveness on tax revenues, tax administration measure effectiveness, value-added tax administrations India

Measuring Tax Administration Effectiveness and its Impact on Tax Revenue

26 April 2016

This paper proposes a method for constructing a tax administration measure of effectiveness or TAME, and describes its desirable properties. TAME was empirically constructed using … Read More

Defining Regulatory Management Systems

31 March 2016

Abstract This technical paper explores what is meant by 'a regulatory management system' and what the 'elements' of an RMS are. We distinguish between the … Read More

Towards Responsive Regulations and Regulatory Coherence in ASEAN and East Asia: The Case of Australia

31 March 2016

Abstract This paper aims to review the coherence of the regulatory management system in Australia and explore how the system was applied in two contrasting … Read More

Regulatory Coherence: The Case of the Republic of Korea

31 March 2016

Abstract The Government of the Republic of Korea has made great efforts to improve its regulatory management system and to realise regulatory reform since the … Read More

Regulatory Coherence: The Case of Japan

31 March 2016

Abstract This paper reviews the coherence of the regulatory management system in Japan. Part 1 explores the evolution of regulation in Japan from sector-based regulatory … Read More

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