Research Back

Trade

ERIA examines various aspects of trade starting from issues that can affect trade such as exchange rate volatility, trade facilitations, trade agreements, mega free trade agreements like the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership agreement (RCEP), trade liberalisation, tariffs and non-tariffs measures, and many more. 

Trade, Viet Nam, Regulation and Governance, industry and manufacturing

Trade Reform and the Evolution of Agglomeration in Vietnamese Manufacturing

27 April 2020

It is well-documented that agglomeration contributes to productivity growth. However, concentrations of workers could also lead to increasing regional income disparities. Therefore, understanding the evolution … Read More

China, Japan, Labour and Migration, Trade

Labour Market Impacts of Import Penetration from China and Regional Trade Agreement Partners: The Case of Japan

24 April 2020

The impacts of imports on the domestic labour market have been hotly debated recently. The purpose of this paper is to empirically examine the effects … Read More

Thailand, Trade, Exports, Imports, Regional, global value chains, free trade agreement

Do Regional Trade Agreements Really Help Global Value Chains Develop? Evidence from Thailand

04 March 2020

This paper examines the firm-level nexus between exporting and importing by using firm-level data from Thai customs. We differentiate firms’ imports according to the tariff … Read More

East Asia, global value chains, Labour and Migration, Regulation and Governance, Trade

Global Value Chain Participation and the Relative Demand for Skilled Labour in East Asia

14 February 2020

Global value chains (GVCs) may have distributional consequences for the relative demand for skilled labour. This study relates GVC participation to the share of skilled … Read More

industry and manufacturing, microdata, Trade, Viet Nam

The Effects of the Temporary Protection on Firm Performances: Evidence from the Steel Industry in Viet Nam

13 February 2020

Trade protection may have significant impacts on sectors other than those targeted by protection policies, especially when the target sector produces goods that are essential … Read More

Indonesia, industry and manufacturing, microdata, Trade

Production Dynamics in Multi-Product Firms’ Exporting

11 February 2020

To create room for production capacity for exported products, new exporters may decrease either the production of exported products or of other products for the … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Innovation, microdata, South Korea, Trade

Learning-to-Export Effect as a Response to Export Opportunities: Micro-Evidence from Korean Manufacturing

11 February 2020

This paper aims to investigate whether empirical evidence supports the learning-to-export hypothesis, which has received little attention in the previous literature. By taking full advantage … Read More

Indonesia, industry and manufacturing, microdata, Trade

Input Allocation Behaviour on Tariff Changes: The Case of Indonesia’s Manufacturing Industries

10 February 2020

Can firms reallocate their imported inputs to domestic sources when faced with import tariffs? To answer this question, we analyse the input allocation behaviour of … Read More

Antidumping, Innovation and Technology, japan, microdata, Trade

Exports and Innovation: Evidence from Antidumping Duties Against Japanese Firms

06 February 2020

By conducting a difference-in-difference analysis, we examine how the targeted exporters adjust their innovative activities in the face of the negative export shock inflicted by … Read More

industry and manufacturing, microdata, tariff, Trade, South Korea

Does Home (Output) Import Tariff Reduction Increase Home Exports? Evidence from Korean Manufacturing Plant–Product Data

05 February 2020

This study examines the effects of domestic output import tariff reduction on domestic plant export dynamics and clarifies the underlying mechanism, using rich plant–product data … Read More

Trade, GDP, Globalization, Income Distribution

The Economic Consequences of Globalisation in the United States

21 January 2020

The unprecedented rise in global interdependence since World War II, especially since the 1970s, has been very productive. World gross domestic product (GDP) growth increased … Read More

trade, investment, globalisation, Thailand

Economic Consequences of Globalisation: Case Study of Thailand

26 December 2019

The paper reviews empirical works examining the effect of globalisation in Thailand, beginning with a discussion of its integration into the economy. Three drivers of … Read More

services, trade, trade in services, manufacturing, global value chains

New Frontiers for Services in Globalisation

05 December 2019

The building of global value chains in manufacturing is much discussed, but less attention is given to the growth of value chains in services, their … Read More

trade, free trade agreement, trade in services, trade policy modelling

Feasibility Study of the Free Trade Agreement between The Kingdom of Cambodia and The Eurasian Economic Union

04 December 2019

To expand market access to Eastern Europe, Cambodia is currently exploring a free trade agreement (FTA) with the Eurasian Union – a common market comprised … Read More

international trade, trade liberalisation, processing trade, opening up

Processing Trade, Trade Liberalisation, and Opening Up China's Miracle of International Trade

19 November 2019

Understanding the role of international trade is the key to understanding China’s miraculous economic growth. This paper reviews the literature on international trade in the … Read More

Viet Nam, Free Trade, Trade

Economic Consequences of Trade and Investment Liberalisation: The Case of Viet Nam

11 November 2019

Since Doi Moi (Renovation) in 1986, economic integration has been an important pillar of Viet Nam’s reforms. Economic integration has gradually deepened, and even World … Read More

Indonesia, tariff, trade policy, computable general equilibrium model

FTA Strategies to Strengthen Indonesian Exports: Using the Computable General Equilibrium Model

11 November 2019

This paper aims at evaluating the economic impacts of the various Indonesian free trade agreement (FTA) strategies in enhancing export-led growth. The potential impact of … Read More

global value chains, Backward linkage, forward linkage, Total factor productivity growth

Does Participation in Global Value Chains Increase Productivity? An Analysis of Trade in Value Added Data

07 November 2019

This paper examines the impact of global value chain (GVC) participation on productivity by considering both backward and forward participation. Conducting a panel estimation covering … Read More

ASEAN, Russia, Trade, Economic Integration

ASEAN-Russia Trade and Economic Relations: Prospect and Pathways

09 October 2019

Russia has been a full dialogue partner of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) since 1996. The 20th year of ASEAN–Russia dialogue relations was … Read More

Trade, non-tariff measures, ASEAN

Non-Tariff Measures -An Update

04 September 2019

Whilst tariffs have declined following disciplines instituted by the World Trade Organization, the use of non-tariff measures is on the rise worldwide. This trend is … Read More

non-tariff measures, ASEAN, Trade

Regional Integration and Non-Tariff Measures in ASEAN

02 September 2019

Though tariffs have been reduced, the number of non-tariff measures (NTMs) continues to increase, and is often blamed in part for the lack of integration … Read More

Trade, SME, Viet Nam, Global Value Chains

Value Added Exports and the Local Labour Market: Evidence from Vietnamese Manufacturing Firms

27 August 2019

The formation of global value chains (GVCs) has reshaped production processes across countries. This paper investigates the relationship between GVCs and firms’ employment by using … Read More

Digital Economy, Industrialisation, Trade Facilitation, Connectivity

The Importance of Industrialisation and Trade Facilitation for Employment-Led Growth in the Digital Economy

30 July 2019

The digital economy will affect the patterns and geographical locations of industries, employment, trade and economic growth. Structural transformation and employment generation policies in developing … Read More

global value chains, Industrialisastion, Connectivity, Trade

The Role of Industrialisation and ICT in Africa’s Growth and Integration into Global Value Chains

30 July 2019

Industrialisation is important for Africa’s growth and sustainable development. Deepening the manufacturing sector and greater integration in global value chains will build more resilient economies. … Read More

ASEAN, Trade, economic cooperation, Europe, Connectivity

Asia-Europe Economic Connectivity: Global Value Chain Structures in ASEM Region

30 May 2019

The Asia–Europe Meeting (ASEM) represents 62% of the global population, 57% of global gross domestic product, and 65% of global trade. Intraregional trade in goods … Read More

trade liberalisation, investment liberalisation, globalisation, productivity

ADBI Working Paper Series: Firm Adjustment to Trade Policy Changes in East Asia

14 May 2019

Abstract Trade and investment liberalization has been one of the key features of economic policy in many developing countries since the 1990s. Research on this … Read More

Trade, Exports

Product Innovation, Exporting, and Foreign Direct Investment: Theory and Evidence from China

27 March 2019

This paper explores the inter-connection between domestic firms’ product innovation, exporting, and the presence of foreign direct investment (FDI). We first set up a theoretical … Read More

Indonesia, industry and manufacturing, Trade

Failure of an Export Promotion Policy? Evidence from Bonded Zones in Indonesia

26 March 2019

This study investigates the impact of the bonded-zone policy on firms’ performance, employment, and extensive and intensive margins of exports, using Indonesia’s medium–large manufacturing establishment … Read More

Trade, Exports

Entering the Export Market: Do Trade Missions Help?

22 March 2019

In this paper, we investigate the impact of trade missions on export performance. Using the census of participant data of the State of Victoria trade … Read More

Trade, Finance, Exports

Export Dynamics and the Invoicing Currency

20 March 2019

In this paper, using finely disaggregated firm-level export data for Thailand, we examine how firms’ export experience is related to the dynamic choice of the … Read More

Trade, industry and manufacturing

Imported Intermediate Inputs and Plants’ Export Dynamics Evidence from Indonesian Plant-product-level Data

19 March 2019

This paper asks the question of whether the use of imported intermediate inputs leads to an expansion of plant-level export scope. Using a panel dataset … Read More

Routledge, Trade

Emerging Global Trade Governance
Mega Free Trade Agreements and Implications for ASEAN

28 January 2019

Mega free trade agreements (FTAs) are being formed to fill the gap created by new developments in global governance and are reshaping the world economic … Read More

Trade, Routledge

World Trade Evolution: Growth, Productivity and Employment

01 November 2018

The book provides theoretical and empirical evidence on how world trade evolves, how trade affects resource allocation, how trade competition affects productivity, how China shock … Read More

Trade, Production Networks, industry and manufacturing

Are Production Networks Passé in East Asia? Not Yet

13 June 2018

Many people have a vague notion that the room for expanding international production networks is almost exhausted and that this is why international trade has … Read More

Trade

China’s Processing Trade and Value Chains*

31 May 2018

We investigate how trade liberalisation affects the performance of Chinese manufacturing firms. To better understand China’s role in global value chains, we examine Chinese firms … Read More

Services, Trade

The Eurasian Land Bridge: The Role of Service Providers in Linking the Regional Value Chains in East Asia and the European Union

15 May 2018

Rail links between China and Europe are typically analysed in the context of China’s Belt and Road Initiative, focusing on China’s economic rise and the … Read More

Trade, ASEAN, Competitiveness

Facilitating ASEAN Trade in Goods

13 December 2017

To move forward trade facilitation agenda in ASEAN, this brief presents three recommendations that focus on rules of origin, transparency of non-tariff measures (NTM), and … Read More

Trade, Investment, Competitiveness, ASEAN

Transparency in Non-tariff Measures: An International Comparison

13 November 2017

The growing literature on trade has proven that transparency has positive effects on trade and investment. This is particularly important in non-tariff measures, which are … Read More

Trade, ASEAN

How Restrictive Are ASEAN's Rules of Origins?

06 November 2017

ASEAN's rules of origin (ROO) have a simple and transparent structure, with a large chunk of trade flows subject to a 40% regional value content … Read More

Trade, ASEAN

Streamlining NTMs in ASEAN: The Way Forward

06 November 2017

Dealing with NTMs as if dealing with a trade tool like tariffs is an unproper approach, as NTMs could play a role of check and … Read More

global value chains, Asia, industry and manufacturing, Trade

Servicification in Global Value Chains: The Case of Asian Countries

01 November 2017

The paper studies the degree of servicification (or the role of services as inputs in manufacturing) of selected 61 Asian countries in terms of global … Read More

E-commerce, Asia, Trade, Globalization

E-Commerce as Asia's New Growth Engine

23 October 2017

The development of cross-border electronic commerce (e-commerce) is changing the world's economic landscape. To better grasp the opportunities of this global trend of growth, Asian … Read More

E-commerce, Globalization, Asia

To Enhance E-Commerce Enabling Connectivity in Asia

09 October 2017

Cross-border e-commerce has been a major development trend of international trade and globalization. In the next 5-10 years, the top three fastest growing markets in … Read More

E-commerce, Innovation and Technology, Trade, Infrastructure

Developing Asia in the Era of Cross-border E-commerce

04 October 2017

Cross-border e-commerce has been a major development trend of international trade and globalization. In the next 5–10 years, the top three fastest-growing markets in the … Read More

International Trade, non-tariff measures, Trade

Ad valorem equivalents of non-tariff measures in ASEAN

02 October 2017

To measure Ad valorem tariff equivalents (AVEs) of non-tariff measures (NTMs), we propose a new alternative that relies on the estimation of bilateral trade flows … Read More

Globalisation and Trade Liberalisation in Supporting GVCs Upgrade: The Case of the Republic of Korea

20 September 2017

The Republic of Korea (henceforth Korea) has managed to achieve sustained economic growth by moving up the value chains. It took Korea only 15 years … Read More

Indonesia, trade policy, industrial policy, non-tariff measures, Labour and Migration, Routledge

The Indonesian Economy: Trade and Industrial Policies

09 August 2017

Against the backdrop of growing anti-globalisation sentiments and increasing fragmentation of the production process across countries, this book addresses how the Indonesian economy should respond … Read More

Viet Nam, Industry, Trade

Viet Nam's Automotive Supplier Industry: Development Prospects under Conditions for Free Trade and Global Production Networks

18 May 2017

Despite foreign direct investment occurring in the 1990s, automobile production in Viet Nam has not progressed beyond assembly. Due to forthcoming trade liberalisation in ASEAN, … Read More

Trade

Shipping inside the Box: Containerization and Trade

22 March 2017

We quantify the effect of container technology on transport costs and trade by estimating the modal choice between containerization and breakbulk shipping using micro-level trade … Read More

Europe, Trade

The Trade Effects of Border Controls: Evidence from the European Schengen Agreement

22 March 2017

The Schengen Agreement is an important milestone in the European integration process. The purpose is to facilitate the flow of goods, services, and persons across … Read More

global value chains, Trade, Labour and Migration, industry and manufacturing, Routledge

Production Networks in Southeast Asia

23 February 2017

The book answers the recently topical questions of how China's processed trade affects the trade of Southeast Asia. What is Southeast Asia's role in Factory … Read More

Investment, Trade

International Investment Agreements and Investor-State Disputes: A Review and Evaluation for Indonesia

31 January 2017

Foreign investors can lodge a complaint against a host country for alleged treaty violations under the Investor-State Dispute Settlement (ISDS) provisions of bilateral investment treaties … Read More

Implications of Mega Free Trade Agreements for Asian Regional Integration and RCEP Negotiation

05 December 2016

As mega free trade agreements (FTAs) are reshaping the rules of global governance, there is urgency for member states of the Association of … Read More

Competitiveness, Trade

Indonesia and China: Friends or Foes?
Quality Competition and Firm Productivity

05 December 2016

We define and measure "firm-product-destination-year-specific export quality" and investigate how quality competition from China affects Indonesian firm productivity in the domestic and export markets. Our … Read More

Optimal Trade Policy and Production Location

23 September 2016

This paper studies the role of trade policies in a theoretical framework considering the firm's global production operation subject to trade costs. The production location … Read More

Impact of Free Trade Agreement Utilisation on Import Prices

31 August 2016

We examine the impact of free trade agreement (FTA) utilisation on import prices. For this analysis, we employ establishment-level import data with information on tariff … Read More

trade policy

Transparency in Non-tariff Measures: An International Comparison

18 August 2016

We construct an index of transparency in non-tariff measures based on notifications to the World Trade Organization under the agreements on sanitary and phytosanitary measures … Read More

Asia-Europe Connectivity Vision 2025: Challenges and Opportunities

15 July 2016

The Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM) enters into its third decade with commitments for a renewed and deepened engagement between Asia and Europe. After 20 … Read More

Trade

Facilitating ASEAN Trade in Goods

21 June 2016

Trade facilitation should be viewed as a strategic issue rather than a technical one. While ASEAN has been successful in the phasing out of intra-regional … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Macroeconomy

Non-Tariff Measures in ASEAN

30 April 2016

While tariffs have been reduced, the number of non-tariff measures (NTMs) continues to increase, and is often blamed as one source of the … Read More

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