Research Back

Trade

ERIA examines various aspects of trade starting from issues that can affect trade such as exchange rate volatility, trade facilitations, trade agreements, mega free trade agreements like the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership agreement (RCEP), trade liberalisation, tariffs and non-tariffs measures, and many more. 

ASEAN, Trade, Investment

Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership: Economic Backgrounds of ASEAN and Its Dialogue Partners

29 September 2022

We overview the economic backgrounds of the countries participating in the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) negotiations and two Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) … Read More

ASEAN, RCEP, Trade, trade liberalisation

Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership, ASEAN’s Agency, and the Role of ASEAN Members in Shaping the Regional Economic Order

29 September 2022

The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) – a mega free trade agreement comprising 15 countries – the 10 Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Member … Read More

CADP, Innovation, Digital Economy, Sustainable Economy, Infrastructure, Urban Development, automotive, healthcare, Agriculture, Energy, Environment

The Comprehensive Asia Development Plan (CADP) 3.0: Towards an Integrated, Innovative, Inclusive, and Sustainable Economy

16 September 2022

The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has caused trade disruptions; a drop in foreign direct investment; and scarring effects on poverty, education, and women in many … Read More

RCEP, Trade, Investment, FTAs

The Investment Chapter in the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership: Enhanced Rules without Enforcement Mechanism

14 September 2022

This paper examines the legal rules in the investment chapter in the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP). It starts with an overview and summary of … Read More

Trade, RCEP, Travel

Traditional Services Trade in the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership

14 September 2022

Traditional services trade (TST), including tourism and transport services, is the basic and key component of services trade in the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP). … Read More

RCEP, Trade, RCEP countries

Trade Facilitation in RCEP Countries

14 September 2022

The trade facilitation under the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) is critical for regional trade and economic cooperation amongst the 15 member countries. This chapter … Read More

E-commerce, Trade, RCEP, TPP, CPTPP, Policy, ASEAN

Opportunities and Challenges for ASEAN and East Asia from the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership on E-Commerce

14 September 2022

The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) is a microcosm of the current tensions in negotiations on digital trade involving parties that have divergent positions on … Read More

RCEP, tariff, Trade, ASEAN

How Preferential Are RCEP Tariffs?

14 September 2022

This study discusses the extent to which the tariffs provided in the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) are preferential. RCEP does not necessarily adopt a … Read More

Europe, European Union, RCEP, Trade, trade policy

The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement and Europe: Impact and Implications

29 August 2022

In the first 2 decades of the millennium, European Union (EU) trade policy underwent historic changes, amongst them an explicit pivot to Asia. Along … Read More

free trade agreement, Trade, East Asia, global value chains, COVID-19

The Post COVID-19 and RCEP: Pandemic Recovery in East Asia

15 August 2022

The paper examines the impact of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) on the COVID-19 pandemic recovery of the East Asian countries. Recent studies highlight … Read More

free trade agreement, Trade, Mega-lateral Free Trade Agreements, RCEP, CPTPP

Comparison of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) and Other Free Trade Agreements (FTAs)

15 August 2022

This study evaluates the desirability of RCEP by comparing it with other mega-lateral FTAs. Evaluating the member-specific scale effects of the FTAs, we find that … Read More

FTAs, free trade agreement, Economic Integration, Trade, Globalisation, RCEP

The Story of RCEP: History, Negotiations, Structure, and Future Directions

15 August 2022

This paper is about the story of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP), including the history, dynamics of negotiations, and structure of this multilateral framework. … Read More

spillover effects, Philippines, Investment

FDI Spillover Effects: Evidence from the Philippines

05 August 2022

Using firm-level data in manufacturing, this chapter examines the impact of foreign direct investment (FDI) spillover effects on domestic firm performance. Through knowledge spillovers, FDI … Read More

Thailand, FTAs, EEC, Investment Promotion, Investment, Trade

Changes in Trade and Investment Policies in Thailand and the Implications for Medium-term Growth

05 August 2022

This paper addresses the noticeable changes in trade and investment policies in Thailand in the new millennium and assesses their impact. These changes began with … Read More

United States, RCEP, Trade, Regulation and Governance, Asian Regionalism, TPP

Heyday of Asian Regionalism? The Implications of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership for the United States

05 August 2022

This paper analyses the implications of the entry into force of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) for the United States (US). Traditionally, trade policy … Read More

China, East Asia, RCEP, Trade, Regulation and Governance

China and the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership: An Economic and Political Perspective

05 August 2022

This paper studies China’s policies and participation in East Asian economic integration and cooperation. The progress of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) is remarkable … Read More

Australia, East Asia, RCEP, Trade, Regulation and Governance, Asian Economic Integration

Australia’s Interests in East Asia’s Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership

05 August 2022

The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) agreement was seen as important for Australia economically and politically from its inception. RCEP economies account for roughly two-thirds … Read More

G20, Economy Recovery, Technology, Innovation, Trade, Investment

New Normal, New Technologies, New Financing

22 June 2022

While the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) seems to be behind us now, the scarring effects on employment, poverty, and education will last forever. Women, youth, and … Read More

ASEAN, Trade, SMEs

What Determines Interfirm Trade Credit? Empirical Evidence from the ASEAN

14 June 2022

This paper empirically examines the link between the heterogeneity of firms and their probability of obtaining interfirm trade credit in Asia, with a specific focus … Read More

ASEAN, Finance, SMEs, Trade

Understanding SME Trade Finance in ASEAN: An Overview

22 February 2022

SMEs are the most important source of employment in all ASEAN countries, but a lack of access to external sources of finance may limit their … Read More

Global Trade, Economic Recovery, Post-COVID-19

Call for Proposals: Global Trade and Economic Recovery in the Post-Pandemic World [Deadline Extended]

11 February 2022

Jakarta, 11 February 2022: The Monash Business School (Monash University, Melbourne) and the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) are inviting research … Read More

China, non-tariff measures, Trade

Technical Barriers to Trade, Product Quality and Trade Margins: Firm-level Evidence

07 February 2022

As tariffs have declined to a low level, the trade literature has paid increasing attention to the impact of non-tariff measures. Unlike tariffs, non-tariff measures … Read More

Competitiveness, Indonesia, Local Content Requirement, Trade

Indonesia’s Local Content Requirements: An Assessment on Consistency with Free Trade Agreement Commitments

04 February 2022

Local content requirements (LCRs) are one of several economic instruments used by governments to protect infant domestic industries or to generate employment. Indonesia has LCR … Read More

ASEAN, East Asia, global value chains, industry and manufacturing, Investment, Trade

Overview of Foreign Direct Investment, Trade, and Global Value Chains in East Asia

25 January 2022

This paper provides an overview of the patterns and trends of foreign direct investment (FDI) and trade as well as the formation and development of … Read More

COVID-19, Indonesia, Trade

COVID-19: Impacts of Indonesia's Trade

07 January 2022

This paper analyses how the coronavirus (COVID-19) has affected Indonesia’s exports and imports, both in terms of volume and value. We use monthly trade data … Read More

Korea, manufacturing, Exports, Survival

Export Market Survival of Pioneers and Followers

20 December 2021

This study investigates empirically whether export pioneers and followers are different in terms of export market survival, utilising a rich plant-product-level dataset on Korean manufacturing … Read More

Indonesia, Globalisation, disaster resilience, Trade

Market Entry, Survival, and Exit of Firms in the Aftermath of Natural Hazard-related Disasters: A Case Study of Indonesian Manufacturing Plants

16 December 2021

By combining plant-level data from the Indonesian Manufacturing Survey and localised disaster data from the Emergency Events Database for the period 1990–2015, we were able … Read More

Economic Integration, East Asian

Handbook on East Asian Economic Integration

15 December 2021

This comprehensive Handbook provides an in-depth analysis of the nature of East Asian economic integration alongside thoughtful insights into contemporary issues, such as digital technology … Read More

spillover effects, investment, Viet Nam

Spillover Effects of Foreign and Domestic Exporting Firms on Export Decisions of Local Manufacturing Firms: Evidence from Viet Nam

15 December 2021

Our paper investigates the spillover effects generated by foreign and domestic exporting firms on export decisions of local manufacturing firms in Viet Nam – … Read More

Connectivity, Global Governance, Energy, Digital Economy, Labour and Migration, Asia, Europe, free trade agreement, Trade Facilitation

13th Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM) Summit

11 November 2021

The Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM) is a unique cooperation initiative, bringing in scope for transnational cooperation between Partner countries, through regional and sub-regional activities. ASEM is … Read More

ASEAN, COVID-19, India, Supply Chain, Trade

Robustness and Resilience of Supply Chains During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Findings from a Questionnaire Survey on the Supply Chain Links of Firms in ASEAN and India

15 September 2021

Using a unique firm-level data set from the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and India collected from November 2020 to February 2021, this paper … Read More

COVID-19, industry and manufacturing, Japan, Supply Chain, Trade

Identifying the Impact of Supply Chain Disruption Caused by COVID-19 on Manufacturing Production in Japan

10 September 2021

COVID-19 has disrupted all aspects of our lives, including international trade. This paper investigates the effect of supply chain disruption on production activities, in particular … Read More

ASEAN, non-tariff measures, Regional Integration, Trade

Regulatory Distance, Margins of Trade, and Regional Integration: The Case of the ASEAN+5

08 September 2021

This paper measures regulatory distance in non-tariff measures (NTMs) to examine the regulatory distance patterns and how the margins of trade respond to regulatory distance … Read More

East Asia, non-tariff measures, Trade

The Trade Restrictiveness Index and Its Impact on Trade Performance in Selected East Asian Countries

07 September 2021

This paper aims to investigate the effect of non-tariff measures (NTMs) on trade in selected East Asian countries. In doing so, we first estimate the … Read More

ASEAN, Connectivity, COVID-19, Trade

COVID-19, Air Transportation, and International Trade in the ASEAN+5 Region

03 September 2021

This paper provides an in-depth description of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic and its interactions with air transportation in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations … Read More

Globalization, APEC, Trade

Globalisation and its Economic Consequences Looking at APEC Economies

31 August 2021

Given the rising criticisms of and growing doubts about globalisation, this timely edited volume looks at globalisation and its economic impact on eight countries in … Read More

ASEAN, Trade, free trade agreement

Impact of the ASEAN Trade in Goods Agreements (ATIGA) on Intra-ASEAN Trade

16 August 2021

This report is an outcome of ERIA's quantitative assessment of the impact of the ASEAN Trade in Goods Agreement (ATIGA) on intra-ASEAN trade. The study … Read More

ASEAN, global value chains, Trade, COVID-19, Supply Chain

UK-ASEAN Trade: Strengthening the Supply Chain Linkages

11 August 2021

The United Kingdom (UK) and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) have commenced a Dialogue Partnership which foresees years of closer economic relations ahead. … Read More

ASEAN, non-tariff measures, Supply Chain, Trade

Effective Rates of Protection in a World With Non-Tariff Measures and Supply Chains: Evidence from ASEAN

05 August 2021

The concept of effective rate of protection expresses protection on a sector’s final output relative to protection affecting its inputs. As such, it is well … Read More

India, Regulation and Governance, Trade

Technical Barriers to Trade and the Performance of Indian Exporters

04 August 2021

We study the effects of technical barriers to trade (TBTs) imposed by destination markets on prices, marginal costs, and markups of Indian manufacturing exporters. Using … Read More

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