Research Back

Finance and Macroeconomy

ERIA looks into issues related to macroeconomic policies including fiscal policies, monetary policies, international economic integrations, free trade agreements, trade barriers, trade facilitation, and international investment protection. Additionally, ERIA also investigate impacts of globalisation, economic shocks, financial crises, and foreign output shocks, among many others. Furthermore, ERIA also conducts various research on social security system, country risk, regional cooperation, market integrations, exports and imports, and many more.

ASEAN, East Asia, Environment, Finance, Paris Agreement, Regulation and Governance

Policies and Financing Strategies for Low-Carbon Energy Transition: Overcoming Barriers to Private Financial Institutions

14 February 2020

Placing Asian economies on a low-carbon path requires an unprecedented shift in private investment and new financing models. A growing community of investors is seeking … Read More

Paris Agreement, Low-carbon Technology, private sector, Regional Integration, innovative financing

Unlocking the Potential of Private Financing for Low-carbon Energy Transition: Ideas and Solutions from ASEAN Markets

29 January 2020

Under the Paris Agreement in 2015, the opportunities for the ASEAN Member States (AMS) to maximise low-carbon energy sources to achieve the Nationally Determined Contributions … Read More

Trade, GDP, Globalization, Income Distribution

The Economic Consequences of Globalisation in the United States

21 January 2020

The unprecedented rise in global interdependence since World War II, especially since the 1970s, has been very productive. World gross domestic product (GDP) growth increased … Read More

Finance

Navigating Low-Carbon Finance Management at Banks and Non-Banking Financial Institutions

27 August 2019

Lack of long-term financing, the existence of various risks, the low rate of return, and lack of capacity in market actors are major challenges for … Read More

global value chains, trade liberalisation, Thailand

The Impact of Global Value Chain Integration on Wages: Evidence from Matched Worker-Industry Data in Thailand

27 August 2019

Using a two-stage estimation of matched worker-industry data from 2000 to 2011, this study investigates the impact of global value chain (GVC) integration on wages … Read More

Trade, Finance, Exports

Export Dynamics and the Invoicing Currency

20 March 2019

In this paper, using finely disaggregated firm-level export data for Thailand, we examine how firms’ export experience is related to the dynamic choice of the … Read More

East Asia Updates | Quarterly Edition - December 2018

04 January 2019

2018 was a challenging year for policymakers in the East Asia region. Nonetheless, countries in the region were generally able to navigate through the … Read More

East Asia Updates | Quarterly Edition - March 2018

25 April 2018

The full year realisation of 2017 global gross domestic product (GDP) growth matches the expectation at the end of 2017. Furthermore, the global economy appears … Read More

Macroeconomy, Investment, Competitiveness

ASEAN as an FDI Attractor:
How Do Multinationals Look at ASEAN?

31 January 2017

This policy brief presents an overview of the ASEAN economy in terms of its economic relationship with multinationals, particularly Japanese companies, that have … Read More

Macroeconomy, Regulation and Governance

Financial Reforms in Myanmar and Japan's Engagement

07 November 2016

Since 2011, under the Thein Sein government, Myanmar has started to build financial institutions almost from scratch. Japan has played a leading role in this … Read More

Macroeconomy, Energy

Economic Impact of Removing Energy Subsidies in Malaysia

27 October 2016

The share of demand for fossil-fuel based energy (i.e. coal and oil) in Malaysia will remain the largest in 2035. This significant demand … Read More

Macroeconomy, SMEs

Globalization and Performance of Small and Large Firms

23 May 2016

ERIA Microdata Research FY 2013 examines whether and how globalization has differential effects on small and (or versus) large firms and aims at … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Macroeconomy

Non-Tariff Measures in ASEAN

30 April 2016

While tariffs have been reduced, the number of non-tariff measures (NTMs) continues to increase, and is often blamed as one source of the … Read More

TAME, guidelines constructing TAMEs, impact of tax administration effectiveness on tax revenues, tax administration measure effectiveness, value-added tax administrations India

Measuring Tax Administration Effectiveness and its Impact on Tax Revenue

26 April 2016

This paper proposes a method for constructing a tax administration measure of effectiveness or TAME, and describes its desirable properties. TAME was empirically constructed using … Read More

Demographic Change and Fiscal Sustainability in Asia

03 March 2016

Abstract Changes in the population age structure can have a significant effect on fiscal sustainability since they can affect both government revenue and expenditure. For … Read More

Increasing the Resilience of Asian Supply Chains to Natural Disasters: The Role of the Financial Sector

24 February 2016

Abstract The financial sector is a part of the vital infrastructure of the economy. It can play an important role in mitigating the economic dislocation … Read More

Macroeconomy, Energy

Macroeconomic Impact of Coal-Fired Power Plants

16 February 2016

Energy is critical for almost all modern economic activities and for broader human development. Yet, access to energy in middle-income countries such as … Read More

Power Grid Interconnections in East Asia: Investment in Several Key Projects Are Well Justified

28 January 2016

Abstract The recent ERIA report on 'Effective Power Infrastructure Investment through Power Grid Interconnections in East Asia' aims to support existing initiatives--the ASEAN Power Grid … Read More

Finance, East Asia, Macroeconomy, Routledge

Rebalancing Economies in Financially Integrating East Asia

30 November 2015

Since the Asian Financial Crisis (AFC) of 1997–98 large current account surpluses have accumulated in the countries of Asia and the Pacific with corresponding deficits … Read More

Macroeconomy, Regulation and Governance, Trade

Monitoring the Implementation of Services Trade Reform towards an ASEAN Economic Community

21 May 2015

Abstract This paper assesses the extent to which the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Framework Agreement on Services (AFAS) is helping ASEAN member states … Read More

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