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The Spatial Structure of Production/Distribution Networks and Its Implication for Technology Transfers and Spillovers

The Spatial Structure of Production/Distribution Networks and Its Implication for Technology Transfers and Spillovers
Date:
1 March 2009
Authors:
Fukunari Kimura
Tags:
industry and manufacturing, Innovation and Technology

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This paper argues that a variety of firm specificity supported by sophisticated inter-firm relationships is essential for understanding the mechanics and spatial structure of international production/distribution networks in East Asia. By mapping the two-dimensional fragmentation framework (Kimura and Ando (2005)) into geographical space, the paper proposes the concept of four layers of transactions in production/distribution networks: (i) local, (ii) sub-regional, (iii) regional, and (iv) the world. The concept effectively bridges geographical extensions of production/ distribution networks and the nature of transactions in terms of intra-firm vs. arm's-length as well as technological/managerial conditions. In addition, the paper discusses the implications of such geographical structure of production/distribution networks for technology transfers/spillovers from multinationals to local firms and claims its importance in new development strategies.

ERIA-DP-2009-02.pdf

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