Non-Tariff Measures in Australia, China, India, Japan, New Zealand, and the Republic of Korea: Preliminary Findings
Non-Tariff Measures (NTMs) are the new frontier for regional integration and market access, as tariffs have been continuously decreasing. NTMs are at the border and behind-the-border requirements. It is not new that these are relevant, probably more so than tariffs, in determining trade patterns, and flow magnitude and direction. Still, they often go unseen and do not receive appropriate attention. Negotiations amongst countries for deep integration through trade agreements often include NTMs as a key area, and often negotiations in this area are amongst the hardest. This shows the crucial importance of NTMs, including all the policy areas that fall within this definition.
This report highlights the results of the first-time data collection work in Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) negotiating countries: Australia, China, India, Japan, New Zealand, and the Republic of Korea, apart from the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), which has been presented in other reports (ERIA and UNCTAD, 2016 and 2019). These data contribute to a global NTM database that opens for the public as a form of transparency on the information for researchers, businesses, and policymakers. Data collection was done with consistent methodology across all countries. This work was possible through the joint work of Economic Research Institute for the Association of Southeast Asian Nations and East Asia (ERIA) and United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) in the area of NTMs.
CHAPTER 1 - Introduction
CHAPTER 2 - Non-Tariff Measures in Australia by Ernawati Munadi
CHAPTER 3 - Non-Tariff Measures in China by Mingcong Li and Miaojie Yu
CHAPTER 4 - Non-Tariff Measures in India by Rael Sarmeen
CHAPTER 5 - Non-Tariff Measures in Japan by Kaoru Nabeshima and Ayako Obashi
CHAPTER 6 - Non-Tariff Measures in New Zealand by Mike Webb and Anna Strutt
CHAPTER 7 - Non-Tariff Measures in the Republic of Korea by Korea Institute for International Economic Policy
The data for Australia, China, Japan, India, New Zealand, and South Korea are available at the link below.