Indonesian Manufacturing Sector Review 2021
The book shares critical insights regarding policy choices and strategies for undertaking structural transformation in the manufacturing sector. This transformation must consider the need to accelerate the improvement of human capital, expansion of innovation and adoption of advanced technology, and cost reduction supported by access to a competitive input market, especially for energy. All these strategies need to be strengthened by a conducive financial system for manufacturing investment, integration and improvement of the quality of industrial infrastructure, as well as facilitation for manufacturers to expand exports.
Numerous industrial policies have been listed in the 2020-2024 National Medium-Term Development Plan and will continue to be assessed through structural transformation driven by the manufacturing sector. ‘The strategy is, first, to increase investment in human resources to get us ready to face industry 4.0. Second, the development of new industries, including those related to the production of medical or pharmaceutical devices. Third, to strengthen product and process technology for small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) as supporting industries.
This book also highlights several success stories or opportunities for improvement. This study finds that Indonesia maximized the ASEAN-Australia and New Zealand FTA (AANZFTA) trade agreement facilities and increased its participation in the global value chain for the automotive industry’. Prof Nishimura on this occasion also expressed ERIA’s strong commitment to support the Indonesian Presidency in next year's G20.
The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in the industrial sector is also one of the bases for analysis to ensure that various strategies are carefully formulated to support the acceleration of re-industrialisation, including the acceleration of economic recovery. We hope that this study will be a good start for the efforts of Bappenas and the Indonesian government, where re-industrialisation is also an important part of the efforts of the six major strategies of Indonesia's economic transformation, Towards Indonesia's Vision 2045.