Evolution of Machinery Production Networks: Linkage of North America with East Asia
This paper investigates the developing pattern of machinery trade and the extent and depth of production networks in North America from the perspective of their links with East Asia in the last two decades. Our descriptive analysis based on the total value of trade and the extensive margin demonstrates the expanding fragmentation of production in North America with a strong connection of Mexico, in addition to the US, with East Asia, particularly in the electric machinery sector. Our quantitative analysis on the total value of trade as well as extensive and intensive margins verifies the existence of such a strong connection with East Asia for machinery imports by North America, where Mexico enhanced a bridging role between East Asia and the US. These results reflect the reduction in services link costs, the further evolution of production sharing in the US-Mexico nexus, and the strengthening competitiveness for production networks in East Asia.