We use cookies on this website to give you a better user experience. By continuing to browse the site, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Learn more

Renewable Energy Policies and the Solar Home System in Cambodia

Renewable Energy Policies and the Solar Home System in Cambodia
Date:
21 September 2015
Authors:
Phoumin Han
Tags:
Energy, Regulation and Governance

Print Article:

 

Only about one-third of households in Cambodia have access to commercial energy. Full rural electrification remains far from being achieved, and energy services are mainly delivered through fuel-based engines or generators to produce electricity that can then be stored in batteries, while biomass rather than electricity is used to power many small industrial processes. The current electricity cost in Cambodia is very high, ranging from US$0.15/kWh in Phnom Penh to US$1.00/kWh in rural areas. This high cost of electricity in rural areas provides an opportunity for the Solar Home System (SHS) to be competitive, although the installed system price of SHS remains high despite a decline in global SHS prices. This study aims to (i) review the current Renewable Energies (RE) policies in Cambodia, and (ii) analyse the cost structure through the levelised cost of electricity (LCOE) of HSH compared with current electricity costs in rural areas. The results indicate that the LCOE of SHS (without any government subsidy) is about 50 percent cheaper than the current electricity price in rural areas. When factoring in a government subsidy of US$100 per SHS unit, the LCOE of SHS drops to about one third of the current electricity price in rural areas. These results imply that promoting SHS would enable rural households to cut spending on electricity, thus increasing deposable incomes and social wellbeing of rural communities. Policy support for SHS is needed from the Royal Government of Cambodia (RGC) to ensure that the upfront costs remain comparable to other countries. It is therefore important for the state-owned electricity utility, Electricit� du Cambodge, and the Rural Electricity Department to look into the whole value chain of SHS from procurement through to installation. In order to achieve savings it may be necessary to make large purchases directly from manufacturers, and increase transparency in the bidding and procurement process, together with the removal of import taxes on Renewable Energy equipment, including SHS. Furthermore, providing training to local technicians and small business entrepreneurs will be necessary to promote the solar energy business in rural Cambodia. This will help to drive down the unit costs of SHS, and promote the widespread use and application of SHS in rural Cambodia.

ERIA-DP-2015-64

Search ERIA.org

Latest Multimedia

Indonesia's ASEAN Chairmanship 2023 High-Level Policy Dialogue: ASEAN Digital Community 2045

ERIA Knowledge Lab Discusses Scaling Up Innovation and Digital Technology Ecosystem

Is ASEAN Ready for Electric Vehicles? | ASEAN Insights Podcast

Latest Articles

Startup, Startup Policy, Digital Economy, Innovation, Technology
2 April 2024
Editor(s)/Author(s): Mahirah Mahusin, Hilmy Prilliadi, Satria Mahesya Muhammad
Over the last decade, tech startups have emerged as drivers of[...]
Energy, EV, Electric Vehicle, EV battery, ASEAN
28 March 2024
Editor(s)/Author(s): Naoko Doi, Alloysius Joko Purwanto, Shigeru Suehiro, Soichi Morimoto, Akira Takamine, Yasuo Kawada, Koichi Sasaki, Yuhji Matsuo
In East Asia Summit (EAS) countries, recent progress in electrifying the transport sector[...]

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Core Warning

Message: PHP Startup: Unable to load dynamic library 'php_fileinfo.dll' (tried: /opt/plesk/php/7.4/lib/php/modules/php_fileinfo.dll (/opt/plesk/php/7.4/lib/php/modules/php_fileinfo.dll: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory), /opt/plesk/php/7.4/lib/php/modules/php_fileinfo.dll.so (/opt/plesk/php/7.4/lib/php/modules/php_fileinfo.dll.so: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory))

Filename: Unknown

Line Number: 0

Backtrace: