Research Back

Trade

ERIA examines various aspects of trade starting from issues that can affect trade such as exchange rate volatility, trade facilitations, trade agreements, mega free trade agreements like the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership agreement (RCEP), trade liberalisation, tariffs and non-tariffs measures, and many more. 

Firm-level Impact of Free Trade Agreements on Import Prices

28 April 2015

Abstract We examine the firm-level impact of the use of free trade agreement (FTA) schemes on import prices by employing firm-level import data that enables … Read More

Tariff Pass-through of the World-wide Trade: Empirical Evidence at Tariff-line Level

28 April 2015

Abstract This paper provides the first empirical evidence about the tariff pass-through in world-wide trade. Specifically, we estimate the effects of tariff reduction on import … Read More

Trade Creation Effects of Regional Trade Agreements: Tariff Reduction versus Non-tariff Barrier Removal

28 April 2015

Abstract This paper empirically decomposes trade creation effects of regional trade agreements (RTAs) into those due to the tariff reduction effects and due to non-tariff … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Agriculture, Regulation and Governance

AEC Blueprint Implementation Performance and Challenges: Investment Liberalization

16 April 2015

Investment liberalization is central for ASEAN to attract greater FDI inflows and intra-region direct investment flows. This paper focuses on measuring and examining … Read More

Macroeconomy, Labour and Migration

Globalization: A Woman's Best Friend? Exporters and the Gender Wage Gap

30 March 2015

While the impact of globalization on income inequality has received a lot of attention, little is known about its effect on the gender … Read More

Exporting and Firm-Level Credit Constraints - Evidence from Ghana

30 March 2015

Abstract This paper models how firms finance their fixed costs of exporting through internal financing from retained earnings and external financing (borrowing from banks). The … Read More

Beyond Trade Creation: Free Trade Agreements and Trade Disputes

30 March 2015

Abstract This paper investigates the effects of the formation of free trade agreements (FTAs) on trade disputes. We construct a unique and comprehensive dataset on … Read More

Did China Tire Safeguard Save U.S. Workers?

30 March 2015

Abstract It has been well documented that trade adjustment costs to workers due to globalization are significant and that temporary trade barriers have been progressively … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Trade

The Indian Automotive Industry and the ASEAN Supply Chain Relations

26 March 2015

The topic of automotive supply chains has been increasingly studied as it raises questions of economic development, especially from the perspectives of simultaneous … Read More

Innovation, Technology Transfers, Finance, and Internationalization of SMEs' Trade and Investment Policy Best Practices for ASEAN and East Asia

25 March 2015

Abstract The ASEAN Policy Index study revealed that a lot is to be done to towards adopting best practices in each policy area of small … Read More

Learning from the ASEAN+1 Model and the ACIA

09 March 2015

Abstract The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) is a new regional integration initiative intended to achieve a modern, comprehensive, high-quality, and mutually beneficial economic partnership … Read More

China's Semiconductor Industry in Global Value Chains

24 February 2015

This article examines how global production networks have benefited technological upgrading in the semiconductor industry in China. The evidence shows that trade has … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Innovation and Technology

Intra-industry Trade, Product Fragmentation and Technological Capability Development in Thai Automotive Industry

23 February 2015

Thailand's automotive industry has evolved from a small import-substituting industry to a vibrant exporting one. It has contributed significantly and increasingly to the … Read More

Towards an Enabling Set of Rules of Origin for the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership

20 January 2015

Abstract With overlapping, multiple FTAs, such as the case of ASEAN and the various ASEAN+1 FTAs, complications could arise that run counter to the economic … Read More

Trade

Use of FTAs from Thai Experience

19 January 2015

This paper examines in depth the use of free trade agreements (FTAs) in Thailand to shed light on the ongoing negotiation of the … Read More

Impact of Free Trade Agreements on Trade in East Asia

09 January 2015

Abstract The number of bilateral and plurilateral free trade agreements (FTAs) in East Asia has increased rapidly after the 2000s behind the world trend … Read More

Services, Trade

Coverage of Trade in Services under ASEAN+1 FTAs

17 December 2014

This paper examines how ASEAN-centered free trade agreements (FTAs) or so-called ASEAN+1 FTAs are correlated among themselves and thus have the potential to … Read More

Macroeconomy, Trade

Searching for an Ideal International Investment Protection Regime for ASEAN + Dialogue Partners (RCEP): Where Do We Begin?

17 December 2014

The members of the Association of the Southeast Asian Nation (ASEAN) and its six dialogue partners--Australia, China, India, Japan, South Korea, and New … Read More

Energy, Trade

Impact of International Oil Price Shocks on Consumption Expenditures in ASEAN and East Asia

05 November 2014

This paper examines the impact of international oil shocks on consumption expenditure in selected ASEAN and East Asia economies. By including oil shocks … Read More

Energy, Infrastructure

Enhanced Measurement of Energy Market Integration in East Asia: An Application of Dynamic Principal Component Analysis

05 November 2014

As a part of the initiatives to enhance cooperation between ASEAN and its dialogue partners, the energy market integration (EMI) in East Asia … Read More

Market Integration and Energy Trade Efficiency: An Application of Malmqvist Index to Analyse Multi-Product Trade

04 November 2014

Abstract This paper uses the data envelope analysis method to investigate the Malmquist index-based gravity relationship between bilateral energy trade flows and their determinants throughout … Read More

Infrastructure, Macroeconomy

Infrastructure Investment for Power Trade and Transmission in ASEAN+2: Costs, Benefits, Long-Term Contracts, and Prioritised Development

04 November 2014

This study establishes a system approach in assessing the financial viability of power infrastructure investment for the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) and ASEAN … Read More

Energy, Macroeconomy, Trade

Energy Market Integration in East Asia: Energy Trade, Cross Border Electricity, and Price Mechanism

30 September 2014

Research on Energy Market Integration (EMI) has been the focus of many scholars, researchers, and leaders in the energy field as evidences, particularly in Europe … Read More

Regulation and Governance

How Restrictive are ASEAN's RoO?

12 September 2014

This paper uses a disaggregated (product-level) gravity approach to estimate the effect of ASEAN's product-specific rules of origin (RoO) on regional trade, using … Read More

Macroeconomy, Competitiveness

Delivering Results in Standards and Conformance in ASEAN: the Critical Roles of Institutional Strenghthening and the Private Sector

20 August 2014

Addressing technical barriers to trade is a key priority of ASEAN as part of trade facilitation in achieving an integrated economy under the … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Trade

Import Penetration, Export Orientation, and Plant Size in Indonesian Manufacturing

07 July 2014

This paper empirically examines differential impacts of globalisation on plant size among plants with different characteristics, including initial plant size, import and export … Read More

Trade-off Relationship between Energy Intensity- thus energy demand - and Income Level: Empirical Evidence and Policy Implications for ASEAN and East Asia Countries

05 June 2014

Abstract This study has been motivated by the recent shift of energy demand's gravity to Asia due to decades of robust and stable economic growth … Read More

Towards Freer Movement of Skilled Labour in AEC 2015 and Beyond

23 May 2014

Abstract Movements of skilled labour in ASEAN have been largely from the lower income labour surplus economies to the higher income labour deficit economies in … Read More

Productivity Evolution of Chinese Large and Small Firms in the Era of Globalisation

20 May 2014

Abstract Using a large firm-level dataset from the Chinese manufacturing industry, this paper studies the productivity gap and productivity convergence between large and small firms … Read More

SMEs, Trade

The Exporting and Productivity Nexus: Does Firm Size Matter?

20 May 2014

The main purpose of this study is to examine whether the relationship between exporting and productivity differs across firm sizes in the Malaysian … Read More

industry and manufacturing

Offshoring and the Shortening of the Quality Ladder: Evidence from Danish Apparel

12 May 2014

Recently a small and growing empirical literature has attempted to analyze the role that quality plays in our understanding of trade. In particular, … Read More

Korea's Policy Package for Enhancing its FTA Utilization and Implications for Korea's Policy

12 May 2014

Abstract Korea's trade with most of its 46 free trade agreement (FTA) partner countries has been expanded continuously. Its FTA utilization ratios were as low … Read More

Labour and Migration, Trade

Migrant Networks and Trade: The Vietnamese Boat People as a Natural Experiment

08 May 2014

We provide cogent evidence for the causal pro-trade effect of migrants and in doing so establish an important link between migrant networks and … Read More

Dynamic Two-way Relationship between Exporting and Importing: Evidence from Japan

02 May 2014

Abstract In this paper, we investigate the dynamic nature of trading using Japanese firm-level data. Specifically, we examine state dependence and cross effects in … Read More

industry and manufacturing

Firm-level Evidence on Productivity Differentials and Turnover in Vietnamese Manufacturing

21 April 2014

This paper examines the relationship between productivity differentials and firm turnover in Vietnamese manufacturing. We utilize firm-level data between 2000 and 2009, including … Read More

Competitiveness, Human Capital, industry and manufacturing

Multiproduct Firms, Export Product Scope, and Trade Liberalization: The Role of Managerial Efficiency

14 April 2014

This paper provides a theoretical and empirical analysis of the effects of one-sided tariff cuts on firms' export product scope. The theoretical model … Read More

Asian Fragmentation in the Global Financial Crisis

30 December 2013

Abstract This paper studies the impact of the Global Financial Crisis of 2008 on Japanese exports, focusing on international production networks in machinery sectors. … Read More

Development and Restructuring of Regional Production/Distribution Networks in East Asia

23 November 2013

Abstract This paper attempts to investigate the features of development and restructuring patterns of production/distribution networks in East Asia, mainly in machinery sectors, using international … Read More

Evolution of Machinery Production Networks: Linkage of North America with East Asia

23 November 2013

Abstract This paper investigates the developing pattern of machinery trade and the extent and depth of production networks in North America from the perspective of … Read More

Macroeconomy, Regulation and Governance

Towards a Truly Seamless Single Windows and Trade Facilitation Regime in ASEAN Beyond 2015

13 November 2013

The current status of trade facilitation measures including the ASEAN Single Window initiative is reviewed and assessed. Similar initiatives for trade facilitation in … Read More

What are the Opportunities and Challenges for ASEAN?

13 November 2013

Abstract This paper attempts to investigate the features of development and restructuring patterns of regional production/distribution networks, mainly in machinery sectors, using finely disaggregated international … Read More

Regulation and Governance, Competitiveness

Standards Harmonisation in ASEAN: Progress, Challenges and Moving Beyond 2015

13 November 2013

Addressing technical barriers to trade is a key priority of ASEAN as part of trade facilitation in achieving the Single Market and Production Base under … Read More

Agriculture, Macroeconomy

The Road to Bali: ERIA Perspectives on the WTO Ministerial and Asian Integration

08 November 2013

List of Project Members MR. YOSHIFUMI FUKUNAGA: Senior Policy Coordinator, Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA), Jakarta, Indonesia. DR. JOHN RIADY: Executive … Read More

Streamlining NTMs in ASEAN: The Way Forward

31 October 2013

Abstract The findings show that the incidence of non tariff measures (NTMs) in ASEAN is moderate in comparison with other regions of the world. … Read More

Small and Medium Enterprises' Access to Finance: Evidence from Selected Asia Economies

11 October 2013

Abstract This paper sheds light on the issue of SME financing in selected Asian economies using a unique sample survey. It elaborates on (i) … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Social Protection, disasters

Impact of Recent Crises and Disasters on Regional Production/Distribution Networks and Trade in Japan

01 August 2013

This paper sheds light on domestic/international production networks in machinery industries and examines how the economic crisis and natural/technological disaster that Japan encountered … Read More

Environment, Energy, Innovation and Technology

Energy Market Integration in East Asia: Renewable Energy and its Deployment into the Power System

01 August 2013

List of Project Members PROF. DR. FUKUNARI KIMURA (Project Supervisor): Chief Economist, Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA), Indonesia; Professor, … Read More

Trade

Assessing the Progress of Services Liberalization in the ASEAN-China Free Trade Area (ACFTA)

28 May 2013

The aim of this paper is to evaluate the success of progressive services liberalization under the ASEAN China FTA (ACFTA). First, we calculate … Read More

A CGE Study of Economic Impact of Accession of Hong Kong to ASEAN-China Free Trade Agreement

28 May 2013

Abstract We conduct a set of global computable general equilibrium (CGE) simulations to evaluate economic effects of Hong Kong's accession to the ASEAN-China FTA (HK-ACFTA) … Read More

The Impact of AFTA on Intra-AFTA Trade

27 May 2013

Abstract ASEAN countries have liberalized intra-ASEAN trade over the last 20 years by establishing the ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA). This paper aims to examine … Read More

How Far Will Hong Kong's Accession to ACFTA Impact its Trade in Goods?

15 May 2013

Abstract Hong Kong proposed its possible accession to the ASEAN-China Free Trade Area (ACFTA) in November 2011. This report examines how much Hong Kong's … Read More

Social Protection, Macroeconomy

Impact of Globalization on Labor Market

31 March 2013

List of Project Members Working Group Members DR. SHUJIRO URATA (PROJECT SUPERVISOR): Senior Research Advisor to Executive Director, Economic Research Institute for ASEAN … Read More

Taking ASEAN+1 FTAs towards the RCEP: A Mapping Study

22 January 2013

Abstract In November 2012, the leaders of the ASEAN+6 countries agreed to launch a new FTA negotiation called the "Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership" (RCEP). … Read More

Impact of Liberalization and Improved Connectivity and Facilitation in ASEAN for the ASEAN Economic Community

01 January 2013

Abstract This study evaluates the impacts of liberalization and improved connectivity and facilitation among the ASEAN member countries. This study attempts to evaluate economic impacts … Read More

Routledge, Trade

Economic Consequences of Globalization

26 December 2012

Economists have long recognized the gains from international trade. The question is, does international trade – or more broadly, globalization – increase growth? Notwithstanding the … Read More

Towards Improved Regulatory Governance and Coherence in the ASEAN: Logistics Sector and Trade Facilitation

26 December 2012

Outline The ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) Blue print measures involve policy and regulatory changes in AMSs that lead to the harmonization of rules and regulations … Read More

Finance, Macroeconomy, Investment

Moving Toward a New Development Model for East Asia- The Role of Domestic Policy and Regional Cooperation

01 December 2012

PROF. FUKUNARI KIMURA (PROJECT SUPERVISOR):Chief Economist, Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA), Jakarta, Indonesia. PROF. ZHANG YUNLING (PROJECT … Read More

Power Generation and Cross-border Grid Planning for the Integrated ASEAN Electricity Market: A Dynamic Linear Programming Model

27 September 2012

Abstract The central question raised in this study is how to meet the growing power demand in ASEAN countries in the next two decades. … Read More

Trade Facilitation: The Way Forward for ASEAN and Its FTA Partners

01 July 2012

Abstract ASEAN is working towards establishing a Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership with its FTA partners. All five existing ASEAN+1 FTAs contain provisions on trade facilitation. … Read More

Sources of Learning-by-Exporting Effects: Does Exporting Promote Innovation?

06 June 2012

Abstract This paper examines whether first-time exporters achieve productivity improvements through learning-by-exporting effects. The results suggest that starting exporting to North America/Europe has a strong … Read More

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