Research Back

Trade

ERIA examines various aspects of trade starting from issues that can affect trade such as exchange rate volatility, trade facilitations, trade agreements, mega free trade agreements like the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership agreement (RCEP), trade liberalisation, tariffs and non-tariffs measures, and many more. 

Trade, Exports

Entering the Export Market: Do Trade Missions Help•

22 March 2019

In this paper, we investigate the impact of trade missions on export performance. Using the census of participant data of the State of Victoria trade … Read More

Trade, Finance, Exports

Export Dynamics and the Invoicing Currency

20 March 2019

In this paper, using finely disaggregated firm-level export data for Thailand, we examine how firms’ export experience is related to the dynamic choice of the … Read More

Trade, industry and manufacturing

Imported Intermediate Inputs and Plants’ Export Dynamics Evidence from Indonesian Plant-product-level Data

19 March 2019

This paper asks the question of whether the use of imported intermediate inputs leads to an expansion of plant-level export scope. Using a panel dataset … Read More

Routledge, Trade

Emerging Global Trade Governance
Mega Free Trade Agreements and Implications for ASEAN

28 January 2019

Mega free trade agreements (FTAs) are being formed to fill the gap created by new developments in global governance and are reshaping the world economic … Read More

Trade, Routledge

World Trade Evolution
Growth, Productivity and Employment

01 November 2018

The book provides theoretical and empirical evidence on how world trade evolves, how trade affects resource allocation, how trade competition affects productivity, how China shock … Read More

Trade, Production Networks, industry and manufacturing

Are Production Networks Passé in East Asia• Not Yet

13 June 2018

Many people have a vague notion that the room for expanding international production networks is almost exhausted and that this is why international trade has … Read More

Trade

China’s Processing Trade and Value Chains*

31 May 2018

We investigate how trade liberalisation affects the performance of Chinese manufacturing firms. To better understand China’s role in global value chains, we examine Chinese firms … Read More

Services, Trade

The Eurasian Land Bridge: The Role of Service Providers in Linking the Regional Value Chains in East Asia and the European Union

15 May 2018

Rail links between China and Europe are typically analysed in the context of China’s Belt and Road Initiative, focusing on China’s economic rise and the … Read More

Trade, ASEAN, Competitiveness

Facilitating ASEAN Trade in Goods

13 December 2017

To move forward trade facilitation agenda in ASEAN, this brief presents three recommendations that focus on rules of origin, transparency of non-tariff measures (NTM), and … Read More

Trade, Investment, Competitiveness, ASEAN

Transparency in Non-tariff Measures: An International Comparison

13 November 2017

The growing literature on trade has proven that transparency has positive effects on trade and investment. This is particularly important in non-tariff measures, which are … Read More

Trade, ASEAN

How Restrictive Are ASEAN's Rules of Origins•

06 November 2017

ASEAN's rules of origin (ROO) have a simple and transparent structure, with a large chunk of trade flows subject to a 40% regional value content … Read More

Trade, ASEAN

Streamlining NTMs in ASEAN: The Way Forward

06 November 2017

Dealing with NTMs as if dealing with a trade tool like tariffs is an unproper approach, as NTMs could play a role of check and … Read More

global value chains, Asia, industry and manufacturing, Trade

Servicification in Global Value Chains: The Case of Asian Countries

01 November 2017

The paper studies the degree of servicification (or the role of services as inputs in manufacturing) of selected 61 Asian countries in terms of global … Read More

E-commerce, Asia, Trade, Globalization

E-Commerce as Asia's New Growth Engine

23 October 2017

The development of cross-border electronic commerce (e-commerce) is changing the world's economic landscape. To better grasp the opportunities of this global trend of growth, Asian … Read More

E-commerce, Globalization, Asia

To Enhance E-Commerce Enabling Connectivity in Asia

09 October 2017

Cross-border e-commerce has been a major development trend of international trade and globalization. In the next 5-10 years, the top three fastest growing markets in … Read More

E-commerce, Innovation and Technology, Trade, Infrastructure

Developing Asia in the Era of Cross-border E-commerce

04 October 2017

Cross-border e-commerce has been a major development trend of international trade and globalization. In the next 5–10 years, the top three fastest-growing markets in the … Read More

International Trade, non-tariff measures, Trade

Ad valorem equivalents of non-tariff measures in ASEAN

02 October 2017

To measure Ad valorem tariff equivalents (AVEs) of non-tariff measures (NTMs), we propose a new alternative that relies on the estimation of bilateral trade flows … Read More

Globalisation and Trade Liberalisation in Supporting GVCs Upgrade: The Case of the Republic of Korea

20 September 2017

The Republic of Korea (henceforth Korea) has managed to achieve sustained economic growth by moving up the value chains. It took Korea only 15 years … Read More

Indonesia, trade policy, industrial policy, non-tariff measures, Labour and Migration, Routledge

The Indonesian Economy: Trade and Industrial Policies

09 August 2017

Against the backdrop of growing anti-globalisation sentiments and increasing fragmentation of the production process across countries, this book addresses how the Indonesian economy should respond … Read More

Viet Nam, Industry, Trade

Viet Nam's Automotive Supplier Industry: Development Prospects under Conditions for Free Trade and Global Production Networks

18 May 2017

Despite foreign direct investment occurring in the 1990s, automobile production in Viet Nam has not progressed beyond assembly. Due to forthcoming trade liberalisation in ASEAN, … Read More

Trade

Shipping inside the Box: Containerization and Trade

22 March 2017

We quantify the effect of container technology on transport costs and trade by estimating the modal choice between containerization and breakbulk shipping using micro-level trade … Read More

Europe, Trade

The Trade Effects of Border Controls: Evidence from the European Schengen Agreement

22 March 2017

The Schengen Agreement is an important milestone in the European integration process. The purpose is to facilitate the flow of goods, services, and persons across … Read More

global value chains, Trade, Labour and Migration, industry and manufacturing, Routledge

Production Networks in Southeast Asia

23 February 2017

The book answers the recently topical questions of how China's processed trade affects the trade of Southeast Asia. What is Southeast Asia's role in Factory … Read More

Investment, Trade

International Investment Agreements and Investor-State Disputes: A Review and Evaluation for Indonesia

31 January 2017

Foreign investors can lodge a complaint against a host country for alleged treaty violations under the Investor-State Dispute Settlement (ISDS) provisions of bilateral investment treaties … Read More

Implications of Mega Free Trade Agreements for Asian Regional Integration and RCEP Negotiation

05 December 2016

As mega free trade agreements (FTAs) are reshaping the rules of global governance, there is urgency for member states of the Association of … Read More

Competitiveness, Trade

Indonesia and China: Friends or Foes•
Quality Competition and Firm Productivity

05 December 2016

We define and measure "firm-product-destination-year-specific export quality" and investigate how quality competition from China affects Indonesian firm productivity in the domestic and export markets. Our … Read More

Optimal Trade Policy and Production Location

23 September 2016

This paper studies the role of trade policies in a theoretical framework considering the firm's global production operation subject to trade costs. The production location … Read More

Impact of Free Trade Agreement Utilisation on Import Prices

31 August 2016

We examine the impact of free trade agreement (FTA) utilisation on import prices. For this analysis, we employ establishment-level import data with information on tariff … Read More

trade policy

Transparency in Non-tariff Measures: An International Comparison

18 August 2016

We construct an index of transparency in non-tariff measures based on notifications to the World Trade Organization under the agreements on sanitary and phytosanitary measures … Read More

Asia-Europe Connectivity Vision 2025: Challenges and Opportunities

15 July 2016

The Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM) enters into its third decade with commitments for a renewed and deepened engagement between Asia and Europe. After 20 … Read More

Trade

Facilitating ASEAN Trade in Goods

21 June 2016

Trade facilitation should be viewed as a strategic issue rather than a technical one. While ASEAN has been successful in the phasing out of intra-regional … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Macroeconomy

Non-Tariff Measures in ASEAN

30 April 2016

While tariffs have been reduced, the number of non-tariff measures (NTMs) continues to increase, and is often blamed as one source of the … Read More

competitiveness, TPP, IPR

TPP, IPR Protection, and Their Implications for Emerging Asian Economies

26 April 2016

Intellectual property rights (IPR) protection is essential for economic growth, innovation, and competitiveness. As the global economy is increasingly organised within global value … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Trade

Deepening and Widening of Production Networks in ASEAN

03 March 2016

Abstract This paper assesses the recent widening and deepening of machinery production networks in ASEAN and surrounding East Asia by employing highly disaggregated product-level international … Read More

The Role of China, Japan, and Korea in Machinery Production Networks

03 March 2016

Abstract China, Japan, and Korea have been the three largest players in East Asian machinery production networks. This paper employs a new method of analysing … Read More

industry and manufacturing

How Do Exports and Imports Affect the Use of Free Trade Agreements• Firm-level Survey Evidence from Southeast Asia

26 January 2016

Based on profit estimations, findings from a firm-level survey of 630 manufacturing firms across Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries conducted in … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Regulation and Governance, Investment

The Development Potential of the Content Industry in East Asia and the ASEAN Region (Phase 2)

26 January 2016

Executive Summary Main Argument Policymakers and experts from China, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand who comprised the ERIA working group on content … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Regulation and Governance

ASEAN PPP: From Institutional Development to Streamlined Implementation

21 December 2015

There is a growing momentum to set ambitious infrastructure development targets across member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). With … Read More

ASEAN, Free Trade, Routledge

ASEAN and Regional Free Trade Agreements

11 December 2015

Efforts to use existing trade agreements to build a larger regional agreement face many challenges. This book considers this problem with reference to ASEAN’s current … Read More

The Comprehensive Asian Development Plan 2.0 (CADP 2.0): Infrastructure for Connectivity and Innovation

20 November 2015

Abstract The original version of the Comprehensive Asia Development Plan (CADP), which was submitted to the East Asia Summit in 2010 (ERIA, 2010), presented a … Read More

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