Research Project Reports

Study on the Strategic Usage of Coal in the EAS Region: A Technical Potential Map and Update of the First-Year Study

By Yasuo Otaka and Han Phoumin

ERIA Research Project Report 2014-36

Posted: January 2016

Abstract

The demand for coal in East Asia Summit economies is largely due to increasing electricity demand, half of which will be met by coal-fired power generation. Coal use in generating power has vastly increased in India, and future increases are also forecasted in the Association of Southeast Nations (ASEAN) region. As coal is priced lower than petroleum and natural gas, demand for it is therefore expected to continue increasing. Considering their level of development, emerging economies will likely use low-efficient coal-fired power plants such as sub-critical technology. Thus, disseminating clean coal technology for the clean and efficient use of coal in emerging Asia is of pressing importance. To facilitate informed decision-making in choosing appropriate coal-fired power generation technologies, this study examined various technologies--ultra supercritical (USC), supercritical, and subcritical--and compared their generation cost by boiler types and coal price. The study found that USC is both economically sound and environment-friendly; yet, it needs to have an attractive financial scheme to reduce its capital cost. The study also found that there is potential to (i) attract a US$1,803 billion investment from the introduction of clean coal technologies and coal mines, (ii) create jobs, and (iii) reduce carbon dioxide emissions.

Full Report

RPR-FY2014-36

Contents

Cover

Contents

List of Tables

List of Figures

List of Abbreviations

Chapter 1. Introduction

Chapter 2. Review of the First Study

Chapter 3. Impact of Shale Gas on the Coal Market

Chapter 4. Economic Benefits of the Introduction of Clean Coal Technology in the East Asia Summit Region

Chapter 5. The Development of Technological Potential Map for Clean Coal Technology Dissemination in the East Asia Summit Region

Chapter 6. Conclusion

Chapter 7. Policy Recommendations for the Strategic Usage of Coal

References

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