Key Reports

Non-Tariff Measures in ASEAN

Edited by Lili Yan Ing, Santiago Fernandez de Cordoba, and Olivier Cadot

Posted: April 2016


While tariffs have been reduced, the number of non-tariff measures (NTMs) continues to increase, and is often blamed as one source of the lack of integration in ASEAN. Unlike tariffs which could be reduced to the zero level, it is hard to see a world without NTMs as these can play a role of check and balance in the quality of goods. A country with a relatively higher number of NTMs does not mean it is more protectionist that others. A country with relatively higher number of NTM coverage does not mean it will have a relatively lower trade compared to the others. However, not all NTMs are benign; some NTMs could complicate business but not achieve the main goals. To improve the trade environment and make NTMs work for the common good, ASEAN should break from the 'trade negotiation' approach and strive instead for regional transparency, further cooperation in conformity assessment procedures, and dynamic disciplines. This report provides the most comprehensive data and descriptive analyses on NTMs in the 10 ASEAN countries based on the recently developed 2015 ASEAN-ERIA-UNCTAD database. This is ASEAN's initiative, as it takes the lead to improve transparency of its trade regulations.

Full Report




Foreword from President of ERIA

Foreword from United Nations Conference on Trade and Development


List of Project Members


Executive Summary

Chapter 1. Collecting and Classifying Non-Tariff Measures in ASEAN

Chapter 2. Non-Tariff Measures in ASEAN: A Simple Proposal Country Report

Country Report

Chapter 3. Classification of Non-tariff Measures in Brunei Darussalam

Chapter 4. Classification of Non-Tariff Measures in Cambodia

Chapter 5. Indonesia's Non-tariff Measures: An Overview

Chapter 6. Non-tariff Measures in Lao PDR

Chapter 7. Non-tariff Measures in Malaysia

Chapter 8. Report on Non-Tariff Measures in Myanmar

Chapter 9. An Inventory of Non-Tariff Measures in the Philippines

Chapter 10. Non-tariff Measures in Singapore

Chapter 11. Non-tariff Measures in Thailand

Chapter 12. Non-tariff Measures in Viet Nam

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