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Discussion Papers

Discussion Papers

Competitiveness, Regulation and Governance

Competition Law Enforcement of Viet Nam and the Necessity of a Transparent Regional Competition Policy

10 December 2015

Competition is becoming an important issue among the countries of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). However, having a transparent and positive … Read More

Human Capital, industry and manufacturing

Investing in Workers and Firms as Learning Centres for Industrial Upgrading

10 December 2015

Investing in workers and firms as learning centres for industrial upgrading is important for economic, social, and cultural development in the context of … Read More

Empowering Communities and Countries to Conserve Biodiversity at the National and ASEAN Levels: Status, Challenges, and Ways Forward

01 December 2015

Abstract The importance of biodiversity conservation and its sustainable use to realise the ASEAN vision of promoting sustainable development and a green economy is well … Read More

Environment, disasters

Transboundary Haze Pollution Problem in Southeast Asia: Reframing ASEAN's Response

01 December 2015

ASEAN has experienced periodic episodes of transboundary haze pollution resulting from land and forest fires caused by seasonal burning to clear vegetation on … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Labour and Migration

Managing Labour Adjustments in an Integrating ASEAN

01 December 2015

The integration processes of ASEAN are ushering changes in the labour market across the region. Unions complain that jobs are increasingly becoming precarious. … Read More

Shared Cultures and Shared Geography: Can There Ever Be a Sense of Common ASEAN Identity and Awareness?

26 November 2015

Abstract This paper looks at the state of identity politics in Southeast Asia today, and focuses on how the postcolonial nation-states of the ASEAN region … Read More

Development of Competition Laws in Korea

26 November 2015

Abstract Economic development policies that were export-focused and biased toward unbalanced growth were initially implemented through government-led initiatives in Korea since the 1960s. These resulted … Read More

Trans-Pacific Partnership, Regulation and Governance

Neutralising the Advantages of State-Owned Enterprises for a Fair Playing Field

26 November 2015

Despite Vietnamese competition authorities' attempts to control state monopolies in domestic markets during the last 10 year of establishment, this appears to be … Read More

Linking Climate Change Adaptation and Food Security in ASEAN

24 November 2015

Abstract Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) food security can be comprehensively governed by the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) and the ASEAN Social and Cultural … Read More

Improving the Regulatory and Support Environment for Migrant Workers for Greater Productivity, Competitiveness, and Social Welfare in ASEAN

24 November 2015

Abstract Migration between the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) member states will increase when the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) stimulates economic development within the … Read More

Industry

Engendering ASEAN Identity: The Role of Film

24 November 2015

The role of film, which is used here in generic terms to include audiovisual images as well as animation, in engendering the much-sought … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Trade

Intensive and Extensive Margins of South-South-North Trade: Firm-Level Evidence

30 September 2015

The main value added of our paper is twofold. First, we construct a theoretical framework on how South-South trade will affect productivity cut-offs. … Read More

ASEAN: Regional Integration and Reforms

29 September 2015

Abstract Over recent decades, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) has advanced a policy of regional integration, starting with the ASEAN Free Trade Area, … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Competitiveness

Spatial Patterns of Manufacturing Agglomeration in Cambodia, Lao People's Democratic Republic, and Thailand

28 September 2015

Due to lowering trade and transport costs, participation in the global value chains (GVCs) is becoming one of the most effective development strategies … Read More

Investment, Regulation and Governance, Energy

Policy Effects on Total System Energy Efficiency: Comparisons of Advanced and Developing Economies in the EAS region

28 September 2015

The study attempts to assess the policy effects and investigate the patterns of Total System Energy Efficiency (TSEE) in the economies of some … Read More

Environment

Can Thinking Green and Sustainability be an Economic Opportunity for ASEAN?

28 September 2015

ASEAN member states (AMS) are confronted by serious environmental problems that threaten to undermine future growth and regional stability. This paper considers four … Read More

Framing the ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community (ASCC) Post 2015: Quality and Equity Issues in Investing in Basic Education in ASEAN

23 September 2015

Abstract The paper starts with a survey on the role of basic education in society. Basic education promotes social cohesion, cultural appreciation, and civic consciousness, … Read More

Energy, Regulation and Governance

Renewable Energy Policies and the Solar Home System in Cambodia

21 September 2015

Only about one-third of households in Cambodia have access to commercial energy. Full rural electrification remains far from being achieved, and energy services … Read More

Addressing Poverty and Vulnerability in ASEAN: An Analysis of Measures and Implications Going Forward

14 September 2015

Abstract This paper aims to review and analyse the mechanisms through which the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) quantifies progress vis--vis poverty and socio-economic … Read More

Non-tariff Measures and Harmonisation: Issues for the RCEP

10 September 2015

Abstract The upcoming Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) is a critical element of regional integration in East Asia and the Pacific. While tariffs are already … Read More

Regulation and Governance, Social Protection

Strengthening Regional Cooperation, Coordination, and Response to Health Concerns in the ASEAN Region: Status, Challenges, and Ways Forward

07 September 2015

Health and well-being of the population are a precondition for any successful country or region. All regions have their specific health challenges that … Read More

Environment, Regulation and Governance

Strengthening Natural Resources Management in ASEAN: National and Regional Imperatives, Targets, and Opportunities

07 September 2015

The ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community Blueprint adopted in 2009 incorporated 'Ensuring Environmental Sustainability' as one of its six broader characteristics. A mid-term review (MTR) … Read More

Environment, Urban Development

Engendering Liveable Low-Carbon Smart Cities in ASEAN as an Inclusive Green Growth Model and Opportunities for Regional Cooperation

01 September 2015

This paper discusses the status, opportunities, and modalities for engendering liveable low-carbon smart cities in ASEAN as an inclusive green growth model and … Read More

Trade

Services Productivity and Trade Openness: Case of ASEAN

21 August 2015

Using fixed effect and Generalised Method of Moments (GMM) estimations, this paper analyses the impacts of trade on the labour productivity of the … Read More

Competition Law and Policy in Singapore

06 August 2015

Abstract This paper provides a bird's eye view of developments in field of competition law and policy in Singapore over the past 10 years, highlighting … Read More

The Objectives of Competition Law

06 August 2015

Abstract This essay examines the nature of competition law objectives by visiting some of the theoretical and philosophical foundations underlying competition law. The key objectives … Read More

Investing in Higher Education, and Its Potential Impact on Research and Development for Technology Upgrading, Innovation, and Competitiveness

04 August 2015

Abstract The aim of this paper is to review the state of higher education development in ASEAN and formulate how research and development should proceed … Read More

Labour and Migration

Evolving Informal Remittance Methods of Myanmar Migrant Workers in Thailand

22 June 2015

We shed light on diverse informal remittance methods of Myanmar migrant workers in Thailand. Based on the questionnaire survey of migrant workers, we … Read More

Labour and Migration, Trade, Competitiveness

AEC Scorecard Phase IV: Furthering the Implementation of the AEC Blueprint Measures The Singapore Country Report

22 June 2015

Singapore is an open economy that is critically dependent on leveraging external resources to achieve its economic growth. To achieve that objective, the … Read More

Investment, Trade

Thailand Country Study ASEAN Economic Community Blueprint Mid-term Review Project

22 June 2015

The main objectives of this study are to determine progress in the implementation of the key Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Economic … Read More

Macroeconomy, Regulation and Governance, Trade

Monitoring the Implementation of Services Trade Reform towards an ASEAN Economic Community

21 May 2015

Abstract This paper assesses the extent to which the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Framework Agreement on Services (AFAS) is helping ASEAN member states … Read More

AEC Blueprint Implementation Performance and Challenges: Standards and Conformance

18 May 2015

Abstract ASEAN aims to reduce, if not eliminate, technical barriers to trade through standards and conformance (S&C) initiatives towards a highly integrated economy, or the … Read More

FDI Restrictiveness Index for ASEAN: Implementation of AEC Blueprint Measures

18 May 2015

Abstract This paper is an extension of the FDI restrictiveness index created for the ASEAN Free Trade Agreement (AFTA) in Thangavelu and Lim (2011). It … Read More

AEC Blueprint Implementation Performance and Challenges: Service Liberalization

08 May 2015

Abstract This paper examines the progress of liberalization of the ASEAN Framework Agreement in Services (AFAS). It measures the changes in the rate of liberalization … Read More

Technology Transfer in ASEAN Countries: Some Evidence from Buyer-Provided Training Network Data

08 May 2015

Abstract Technology transfers are important channels for firms in developing countries to get access to new technology and initiate innovation. This paper examines the geographical … Read More

International Trade

AEC Blueprint Implementation Performance and Challenges: Trade Facilitation

08 May 2015

As the intra-ASEAN tariffs are virtually eliminated, it is the non-tariff measures and trade costs associated with moving goods and services across border … Read More

AEC Blueprint Implementation Performance and Challenges: Non-Tariff Measures and Non-Tariff Barriers

07 May 2015

Abstract ASEAN has successfully reduced tariffs but not non-tariff measures (NTMs). Efforts to reduce NTMs always hit the debate surrounding justification of application of the … Read More

Trade, Regulation and Governance

Government Strategy and Support for Regional Trade Agreements: The Case of Thailand

07 May 2015

Academic literature has theoretically discussed government strategy on regional trade agreements (RTAs) and has empirically identified some elements that play significant roles for … Read More

Trade

Measuring the Costs of FTA Utilization: Evidence from Transaction-level Import Data of Thailand

07 May 2015

In this paper, we measure the costs for utilization of free trade agreement (FTA) tariff schemes. To do that, we use shipment-level Customs … Read More

Firm-level Impact of Free Trade Agreements on Import Prices

28 April 2015

Abstract We examine the firm-level impact of the use of free trade agreement (FTA) schemes on import prices by employing firm-level import data that enables … Read More

Tariff Pass-through of the World-wide Trade: Empirical Evidence at Tariff-line Level

28 April 2015

Abstract This paper provides the first empirical evidence about the tariff pass-through in world-wide trade. Specifically, we estimate the effects of tariff reduction on import … Read More

Trade Creation Effects of Regional Trade Agreements: Tariff Reduction versus Non-tariff Barrier Removal

28 April 2015

Abstract This paper empirically decomposes trade creation effects of regional trade agreements (RTAs) into those due to the tariff reduction effects and due to non-tariff … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Innovation and Technology

The Challenge of China and the Role of Deepening ASEAN Integration for the Philippine Semiconductor Industry

16 April 2015

From a rising share in the global semiconductor market in the 1990s, which peaked at 7.7 percent in 1999, the standing of the … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Agriculture, Regulation and Governance

AEC Blueprint Implementation Performance and Challenges: Investment Liberalization

16 April 2015

Investment liberalization is central for ASEAN to attract greater FDI inflows and intra-region direct investment flows. This paper focuses on measuring and examining … Read More

Low Carbon Green Growth in Asia: What is the Scope for Regional Cooperation?

09 April 2015

Abstract This paper develops a framework to assess the scope of collaboration among countries that are pursuing low-carbon green growth. Much of the policy studies … Read More

Market-Based Mechanisms to Promote Renewable Energy in Asia

09 April 2015

Abstract Market-based instruments such as Renewable Energy Certificate (REC) are increasingly favoured as an alternative to command-and-control legislation to increase the uptake of renewable energy. … Read More

Did China Tire Safeguard Save U.S. Workers?

30 March 2015

Abstract It has been well documented that trade adjustment costs to workers due to globalization are significant and that temporary trade barriers have been progressively … Read More

Exporting and Firm-Level Credit Constraints - Evidence from Ghana

30 March 2015

Abstract This paper models how firms finance their fixed costs of exporting through internal financing from retained earnings and external financing (borrowing from banks). The … Read More

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