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Discussion Papers

Discussion Papers

Energy, Regulation and Governance

Renewable Energy Policies and the Solar Home System in Cambodia

21 September 2015

Only about one-third of households in Cambodia have access to commercial energy. Full rural electrification remains far from being achieved, and energy services … Read More

Addressing Poverty and Vulnerability in ASEAN: An Analysis of Measures and Implications Going Forward

14 September 2015

Abstract This paper aims to review and analyse the mechanisms through which the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) quantifies progress vis--vis poverty and socio-economic … Read More

Non-tariff Measures and Harmonisation: Issues for the RCEP

10 September 2015

Abstract The upcoming Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) is a critical element of regional integration in East Asia and the Pacific. While tariffs are already … Read More

Regulation and Governance, Social Protection

Strengthening Regional Cooperation, Coordination, and Response to Health Concerns in the ASEAN Region: Status, Challenges, and Ways Forward

07 September 2015

Health and well-being of the population are a precondition for any successful country or region. All regions have their specific health challenges that … Read More

Environment, Regulation and Governance

Strengthening Natural Resources Management in ASEAN: National and Regional Imperatives, Targets, and Opportunities

07 September 2015

The ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community Blueprint adopted in 2009 incorporated 'Ensuring Environmental Sustainability' as one of its six broader characteristics. A mid-term review (MTR) … Read More

Environment, Urban Development

Engendering Liveable Low-Carbon Smart Cities in ASEAN as an Inclusive Green Growth Model and Opportunities for Regional Cooperation

01 September 2015

This paper discusses the status, opportunities, and modalities for engendering liveable low-carbon smart cities in ASEAN as an inclusive green growth model and … Read More

Trade

Services Productivity and Trade Openness: Case of ASEAN

21 August 2015

Using fixed effect and Generalised Method of Moments (GMM) estimations, this paper analyses the impacts of trade on the labour productivity of the … Read More

Competition Law and Policy in Singapore

06 August 2015

Abstract This paper provides a bird's eye view of developments in field of competition law and policy in Singapore over the past 10 years, highlighting … Read More

The Objectives of Competition Law

06 August 2015

Abstract This essay examines the nature of competition law objectives by visiting some of the theoretical and philosophical foundations underlying competition law. The key objectives … Read More

Investing in Higher Education, and Its Potential Impact on Research and Development for Technology Upgrading, Innovation, and Competitiveness

04 August 2015

Abstract The aim of this paper is to review the state of higher education development in ASEAN and formulate how research and development should proceed … Read More

Labour and Migration

Evolving Informal Remittance Methods of Myanmar Migrant Workers in Thailand

22 June 2015

We shed light on diverse informal remittance methods of Myanmar migrant workers in Thailand. Based on the questionnaire survey of migrant workers, we … Read More

Labour and Migration, Trade, Competitiveness

AEC Scorecard Phase IV: Furthering the Implementation of the AEC Blueprint Measures The Singapore Country Report

22 June 2015

Singapore is an open economy that is critically dependent on leveraging external resources to achieve its economic growth. To achieve that objective, the … Read More

Investment, Trade

Thailand Country Study ASEAN Economic Community Blueprint Mid-term Review Project

22 June 2015

The main objectives of this study are to determine progress in the implementation of the key Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Economic … Read More

Macroeconomy, Regulation and Governance, Trade

Monitoring the Implementation of Services Trade Reform towards an ASEAN Economic Community

21 May 2015

Abstract This paper assesses the extent to which the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Framework Agreement on Services (AFAS) is helping ASEAN member states … Read More

AEC Blueprint Implementation Performance and Challenges: Standards and Conformance

18 May 2015

Abstract ASEAN aims to reduce, if not eliminate, technical barriers to trade through standards and conformance (S&C) initiatives towards a highly integrated economy, or the … Read More

FDI Restrictiveness Index for ASEAN: Implementation of AEC Blueprint Measures

18 May 2015

Abstract This paper is an extension of the FDI restrictiveness index created for the ASEAN Free Trade Agreement (AFTA) in Thangavelu and Lim (2011). It … Read More

AEC Blueprint Implementation Performance and Challenges: Service Liberalization

08 May 2015

Abstract This paper examines the progress of liberalization of the ASEAN Framework Agreement in Services (AFAS). It measures the changes in the rate of liberalization … Read More

Technology Transfer in ASEAN Countries: Some Evidence from Buyer-Provided Training Network Data

08 May 2015

Abstract Technology transfers are important channels for firms in developing countries to get access to new technology and initiate innovation. This paper examines the geographical … Read More

International Trade

AEC Blueprint Implementation Performance and Challenges: Trade Facilitation

08 May 2015

As the intra-ASEAN tariffs are virtually eliminated, it is the non-tariff measures and trade costs associated with moving goods and services across border … Read More

AEC Blueprint Implementation Performance and Challenges: Non-Tariff Measures and Non-Tariff Barriers

07 May 2015

Abstract ASEAN has successfully reduced tariffs but not non-tariff measures (NTMs). Efforts to reduce NTMs always hit the debate surrounding justification of application of the … Read More

Trade, Regulation and Governance

Government Strategy and Support for Regional Trade Agreements: The Case of Thailand

07 May 2015

Academic literature has theoretically discussed government strategy on regional trade agreements (RTAs) and has empirically identified some elements that play significant roles for … Read More

Trade

Measuring the Costs of FTA Utilization: Evidence from Transaction-level Import Data of Thailand

07 May 2015

In this paper, we measure the costs for utilization of free trade agreement (FTA) tariff schemes. To do that, we use shipment-level Customs … Read More

Firm-level Impact of Free Trade Agreements on Import Prices

28 April 2015

Abstract We examine the firm-level impact of the use of free trade agreement (FTA) schemes on import prices by employing firm-level import data that enables … Read More

Tariff Pass-through of the World-wide Trade: Empirical Evidence at Tariff-line Level

28 April 2015

Abstract This paper provides the first empirical evidence about the tariff pass-through in world-wide trade. Specifically, we estimate the effects of tariff reduction on import … Read More

Trade Creation Effects of Regional Trade Agreements: Tariff Reduction versus Non-tariff Barrier Removal

28 April 2015

Abstract This paper empirically decomposes trade creation effects of regional trade agreements (RTAs) into those due to the tariff reduction effects and due to non-tariff … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Innovation and Technology

The Challenge of China and the Role of Deepening ASEAN Integration for the Philippine Semiconductor Industry

16 April 2015

From a rising share in the global semiconductor market in the 1990s, which peaked at 7.7 percent in 1999, the standing of the … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Agriculture, Regulation and Governance

AEC Blueprint Implementation Performance and Challenges: Investment Liberalization

16 April 2015

Investment liberalization is central for ASEAN to attract greater FDI inflows and intra-region direct investment flows. This paper focuses on measuring and examining … Read More

Low Carbon Green Growth in Asia: What is the Scope for Regional Cooperation?

09 April 2015

Abstract This paper develops a framework to assess the scope of collaboration among countries that are pursuing low-carbon green growth. Much of the policy studies … Read More

Market-Based Mechanisms to Promote Renewable Energy in Asia

09 April 2015

Abstract Market-based instruments such as Renewable Energy Certificate (REC) are increasingly favoured as an alternative to command-and-control legislation to increase the uptake of renewable energy. … Read More

Did China Tire Safeguard Save U.S. Workers?

30 March 2015

Abstract It has been well documented that trade adjustment costs to workers due to globalization are significant and that temporary trade barriers have been progressively … Read More

Exporting and Firm-Level Credit Constraints - Evidence from Ghana

30 March 2015

Abstract This paper models how firms finance their fixed costs of exporting through internal financing from retained earnings and external financing (borrowing from banks). The … Read More

Beyond Trade Creation: Free Trade Agreements and Trade Disputes

30 March 2015

Abstract This paper investigates the effects of the formation of free trade agreements (FTAs) on trade disputes. We construct a unique and comprehensive dataset on … Read More

Macroeconomy, Labour and Migration

Globalization: A Woman's Best Friend? Exporters and the Gender Wage Gap

30 March 2015

While the impact of globalization on income inequality has received a lot of attention, little is known about its effect on the gender … Read More

industry and manufacturing

Current State and Issues of the Automobile and Auto Parts Industries in ASEAN

26 March 2015

This paper provides an overview of the current situation of the automotive industry in ASEAN and certain member states. The current state of … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Trade

The Indian Automotive Industry and the ASEAN Supply Chain Relations

26 March 2015

The topic of automotive supply chains has been increasingly studied as it raises questions of economic development, especially from the perspectives of simultaneous … Read More

industry and manufacturing

The CLMV Automobile and Auto Parts Industry

26 March 2015

To begin, consider the general economic characteristics of Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar and Viet Nam, collectively known as the CLMV countries. These countries … Read More

Labour and Migration, Regulation and Governance

Assessing the Progress of ASEAN MRAs on Professional Services

20 March 2015

ASEAN has established mutual recognition arrangements (MRAs) on eight professional services. This paper assesses the progress of these arrangements' paying special attention to … Read More

Labour and Migration

Value and Limitations of the ASEAN Agreement on the Movement of Natural Persons

19 March 2015

ASEAN Economic Ministers signed the Agreement on the Movement of Natural Persons (MNP) in 2012. This is a new instrument potentially facilitating the … Read More

Learning from the ASEAN+1 Model and the ACIA

09 March 2015

Abstract The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) is a new regional integration initiative intended to achieve a modern, comprehensive, high-quality, and mutually beneficial economic partnership … Read More

Infrastructure, Innovation and Technology

Institutional Support, Technological Capabilities and Domestic Linkages in the Semiconductor Industry in Malaysia

25 February 2015

This article examines the relationship between host-site institutional support and regional trade linkages on firm-level technological capabilities in the semiconductor industry in Malaysia. … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Infrastructure, Regulation and Governance

Institutional Support, Technological Capabilities and Domestic Linkages in the Semiconductor Industry in Singapore

25 February 2015

This article examines the relationships between host-site institutional support and firm-level technological upgrading, and between technological upgrading and domestic production linkages in the … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Innovation and Technology, Regulation and Governance

Global Production Networks and Host-Site Industrial Upgrading: The Case of the Semiconductor Industry in Thailand

25 February 2015

Although Thailand's electronics industry has been considered as one of strategic sectors, the evidence in this article shows that it is dominated by … Read More

China's Semiconductor Industry in Global Value Chains

24 February 2015

This article examines how global production networks have benefited technological upgrading in the semiconductor industry in China. The evidence shows that trade has … Read More

Competitiveness, Industry and Manufacturing, Innovation and Technology

The Garment Industry in Laos: Technological Capabilities, Global Production Chains and Competitiveness

24 February 2015

This article examines the relationship between institutional support and regional production linkages, and technological capabilities and firm performance in the garment industry in … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Innovation and Technology

Multinationals, Technology and Regional Linkages in Myanmar's Clothing Industry

24 February 2015

Myanmar's clothing industry has played a pivotal role in generating employment and exports. This article makes a contribution to the explication of the … Read More

The Transformation of the Clothing Industry in China

23 February 2015

This article examines the transformation of clothing manufacturing in China with a focus on institutional support, technological upgrading and global production chains. The … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Innovation and Technology

Intra-industry Trade, Product Fragmentation and Technological Capability Development in Thai Automotive Industry

23 February 2015

Thailand's automotive industry has evolved from a small import-substituting industry to a vibrant exporting one. It has contributed significantly and increasingly to the … Read More

Host-site Institutions, Regional Production Linkages and Technological Upgrading: A Study of Automotive Firms in Vietnam

23 February 2015

Using technological capabilities that take account of technology embodied in machinery, organization, processes and products, this article examines its link with host-site institutions … Read More

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