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Discussion Papers

Discussion Papers

Competitiveness, Trade

Indonesia and China: Friends or Foes? Quality Competition and Firm Productivity

05 December 2016

We define and measure "firm-product-destination-year-specific export quality" and investigate how quality competition from China affects Indonesian firm productivity in the domestic and export markets. Our … Read More

Investment, Energy

Analysis of Distributed Energy Systems and Implications for Electrification: The Case of ASEAN Member States

05 December 2016

The study of distributed energy systems (DES) in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) highlights the potential role of DES to enhance electricity access … Read More

Macroeconomy, Regulation and Governance

Financial Reforms in Myanmar and Japan's Engagement

07 November 2016

Since 2011, under the Thein Sein government, Myanmar has started to build financial institutions almost from scratch. Japan has played a leading role in this … Read More

A Review on Institutional Framework, Principles, and Key Elements for Integrated Electricity Market: Implications for ASEAN

27 October 2016

ASEAN member countries are becoming large energy consumers and growing participants in the global energy market. Cross-border electricity trade becomes increasingly important particularly in the … Read More

Optimal Trade Policy and Production Location

23 September 2016

This paper studies the role of trade policies in a theoretical framework considering the firm's global production operation subject to trade costs. The production location … Read More

Impact of Free Trade Agreement Utilisation on Import Prices

31 August 2016

We examine the impact of free trade agreement (FTA) utilisation on import prices. For this analysis, we employ establishment-level import data with information on tariff … Read More

Regulation and Governance

Towards Responsive Regulatory Management Systems: Country Report for Viet Nam

20 July 2016

This paper reviews the experiences of Viet Nam in improving its approach to regulatory management. Since 1986, Viet Nam promulgated and amended a number of … Read More

Regulation and Governance

Towards a Requisite Regulatory Management System: Philippines

01 July 2016

Part One of this paper explores the evolution of regulation in the Philippines since the post-martial rule regime. This paper tracks macroeconomic and regulatory reforms, … Read More

Trade

Facilitating ASEAN Trade in Goods

21 June 2016

Trade facilitation should be viewed as a strategic issue rather than a technical one. While ASEAN has been successful in the phasing out of intra-regional … Read More

Food Supply Chain Disruption due to Natural Disasters: Entities, Risks, and Strategies for Resilience

13 May 2016

The resilience of the food supply chain (FSC) to disruptions has not kept pace with the extended, globalised, and complex network of modern food chain. … Read More

industry and manufacturing

Misallocation and Productivity: The Case of Vietnamese Manufacturing

13 May 2016

This paper attempts to measure the effect of resource misallocation on aggregate manufacturing total factor productivity (TFP), focusing on Vietnamese manufacturing firms for the period … Read More

TAME, guidelines constructing TAMEs, impact of tax administration effectiveness on tax revenues, tax administration measure effectiveness, value-added tax administrations India

Measuring Tax Administration Effectiveness and its Impact on Tax Revenue

26 April 2016

This paper proposes a method for constructing a tax administration measure of effectiveness or TAME, and describes its desirable properties. TAME was empirically constructed using … Read More

Defining Regulatory Management Systems

31 March 2016

Abstract This technical paper explores what is meant by 'a regulatory management system' and what the 'elements' of an RMS are. We distinguish between the … Read More

Towards Responsive Regulations and Regulatory Coherence in ASEAN and East Asia: The Case of Australia

31 March 2016

Abstract This paper aims to review the coherence of the regulatory management system in Australia and explore how the system was applied in two contrasting … Read More

Regulatory Coherence: The Case of the Republic of Korea

31 March 2016

Abstract The Government of the Republic of Korea has made great efforts to improve its regulatory management system and to realise regulatory reform since the … Read More

Regulatory Coherence: The Case of Japan

31 March 2016

Abstract This paper reviews the coherence of the regulatory management system in Japan. Part 1 explores the evolution of regulation in Japan from sector-based regulatory … Read More

Regulatory Coherence: The Case of New Zealand

08 March 2016

Abstract Part 1 of this paper explores the evolution of regulation in New Zealand from a sector-based regulatory review, through the adoption of Regulatory Impact … Read More

The Role of China, Japan, and Korea in Machinery Production Networks

03 March 2016

Abstract China, Japan, and Korea have been the three largest players in East Asian machinery production networks. This paper employs a new method of analysing … Read More

Demographic Change and Fiscal Sustainability in Asia

03 March 2016

Abstract Changes in the population age structure can have a significant effect on fiscal sustainability since they can affect both government revenue and expenditure. For … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Trade

Deepening and Widening of Production Networks in ASEAN

03 March 2016

Abstract This paper assesses the recent widening and deepening of machinery production networks in ASEAN and surrounding East Asia by employing highly disaggregated product-level international … Read More

Increasing the Resilience of Asian Supply Chains to Natural Disasters: The Role of the Financial Sector

24 February 2016

Abstract The financial sector is a part of the vital infrastructure of the economy. It can play an important role in mitigating the economic dislocation … Read More

industry and manufacturing, disasters

Market Concentration and Risk-Prevention Incentives: The Case of the Hard Disk Drive Industry

24 February 2016

This paper studies the impacts of market concentration on risk-prevention incentives by closely observing the changes in the price and quantity in the … Read More

Environment

Towards Reframing the Spirit of ASEAN Environmentalism: Insights from Japan's COHHO Experience and Studies

24 February 2016

Japan has managed to keep 67 percent of its forest area over the last half century. However, fishermen and the scientific community noticed … Read More

Environment, Services

Tourism Supply Chains and Natural Disasters: The Vulnerability Challenge and Business Continuity Models for ASEAN Countries

24 February 2016

The global development of tourism has been tremendous over the last decades. The increasing importance of tourism in the global economy is likely … Read More

Environment, Climate Change, disasters

Convergence of Opportunities: Resilience and the ASEAN Community

26 January 2016

Abstract The year 2015 is a defining year for the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). As the region journeys forward in forging the ASEAN … Read More

Labour and Migration, Urban Development

Promoting Rural Development, Employment, and Inclusive Growth in ASEAN

26 January 2016

Abstract This paper looks at the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) cooperation on rural development, employment creation, and inclusive growth beyond 2015. Rural development … Read More

Regulation and Governance, Competitiveness

Challenges of Indonesian Competition Law and Some Suggestions for Improvement

26 January 2016

This paper discusses the problems in the implementation of Law No. 5 of 1999, the Indonesian Competition Law, explains the substance of the … Read More

industry and manufacturing

How Do Exports and Imports Affect the Use of Free Trade Agreements? Firm-level Survey Evidence from Southeast Asia

26 January 2016

Based on profit estimations, findings from a firm-level survey of 630 manufacturing firms across Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries conducted in … Read More

Tracking Clean Energy Progress in ASEAN Member States and Analysis of Implementation Deficits

21 December 2015

Abstract The extreme prevalence of energy poverty in several Member States of Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) calls for urgent action. This paper shows … Read More

Engendering Concerted National Efforts towards Improved Health Outcomes in the ASEAN: Status, Challenges, Targets, and Ways Forward

10 December 2015

Abstract This paper reviews ASEAN's efforts to improve health outcomes in the region and describes the prospects for health post 2015. It reviews the ASEAN … Read More

The Competition Act 2010--Issues and Development since Coming into Force

10 December 2015

Abstract Competition law was almost unheard of in the first hundred years after the Sherman Act was passed. However, the number of jurisdictions with a … Read More

Competitiveness, Regulation and Governance

Competition Law Enforcement of Viet Nam and the Necessity of a Transparent Regional Competition Policy

10 December 2015

Competition is becoming an important issue among the countries of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). However, having a transparent and positive … Read More

Human Capital, industry and manufacturing

Investing in Workers and Firms as Learning Centres for Industrial Upgrading

10 December 2015

Investing in workers and firms as learning centres for industrial upgrading is important for economic, social, and cultural development in the context of … Read More

Empowering Communities and Countries to Conserve Biodiversity at the National and ASEAN Levels: Status, Challenges, and Ways Forward

01 December 2015

Abstract The importance of biodiversity conservation and its sustainable use to realise the ASEAN vision of promoting sustainable development and a green economy is well … Read More

Environment, disasters

Transboundary Haze Pollution Problem in Southeast Asia: Reframing ASEAN's Response

01 December 2015

ASEAN has experienced periodic episodes of transboundary haze pollution resulting from land and forest fires caused by seasonal burning to clear vegetation on … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Labour and Migration

Managing Labour Adjustments in an Integrating ASEAN

01 December 2015

The integration processes of ASEAN are ushering changes in the labour market across the region. Unions complain that jobs are increasingly becoming precarious. … Read More

Shared Cultures and Shared Geography: Can There Ever Be a Sense of Common ASEAN Identity and Awareness?

26 November 2015

Abstract This paper looks at the state of identity politics in Southeast Asia today, and focuses on how the postcolonial nation-states of the ASEAN region … Read More

Development of Competition Laws in Korea

26 November 2015

Abstract Economic development policies that were export-focused and biased toward unbalanced growth were initially implemented through government-led initiatives in Korea since the 1960s. These resulted … Read More

Trans-Pacific Partnership, Regulation and Governance

Neutralising the Advantages of State-Owned Enterprises for a Fair Playing Field

26 November 2015

Despite Vietnamese competition authorities' attempts to control state monopolies in domestic markets during the last 10 year of establishment, this appears to be … Read More

Linking Climate Change Adaptation and Food Security in ASEAN

24 November 2015

Abstract Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) food security can be comprehensively governed by the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) and the ASEAN Social and Cultural … Read More

Improving the Regulatory and Support Environment for Migrant Workers for Greater Productivity, Competitiveness, and Social Welfare in ASEAN

24 November 2015

Abstract Migration between the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) member states will increase when the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) stimulates economic development within the … Read More

Industry

Engendering ASEAN Identity: The Role of Film

24 November 2015

The role of film, which is used here in generic terms to include audiovisual images as well as animation, in engendering the much-sought … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Trade

Intensive and Extensive Margins of South-South-North Trade: Firm-Level Evidence

30 September 2015

The main value added of our paper is twofold. First, we construct a theoretical framework on how South-South trade will affect productivity cut-offs. … Read More

ASEAN: Regional Integration and Reforms

29 September 2015

Abstract Over recent decades, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) has advanced a policy of regional integration, starting with the ASEAN Free Trade Area, … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Competitiveness

Spatial Patterns of Manufacturing Agglomeration in Cambodia, Lao People's Democratic Republic, and Thailand

28 September 2015

Due to lowering trade and transport costs, participation in the global value chains (GVCs) is becoming one of the most effective development strategies … Read More

Investment, Regulation and Governance, Energy

Policy Effects on Total System Energy Efficiency: Comparisons of Advanced and Developing Economies in the EAS region

28 September 2015

The study attempts to assess the policy effects and investigate the patterns of Total System Energy Efficiency (TSEE) in the economies of some … Read More

Environment

Can Thinking Green and Sustainability be an Economic Opportunity for ASEAN?

28 September 2015

ASEAN member states (AMS) are confronted by serious environmental problems that threaten to undermine future growth and regional stability. This paper considers four … Read More

Framing the ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community (ASCC) Post 2015: Quality and Equity Issues in Investing in Basic Education in ASEAN

23 September 2015

Abstract The paper starts with a survey on the role of basic education in society. Basic education promotes social cohesion, cultural appreciation, and civic consciousness, … Read More

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