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Discussion Papers

Discussion Papers

Why Does Population Aging Matter So Much for Asia? Population Aging, Economic Security and Economic Growth in Asia

01 August 2011

Abstract Asia as a whole is experiencing a rapid demographic transition toward older population structures. Within this broader region-wide trend, there is considerable heterogeneity, with … Read More

Harmonizing Biodiesel Fuel Standards in East Asia: Current Status, Challenges and Way Forward

02 May 2011

Abstract This paper discusses the development of and policy towards biodiesel fuel (BDF) in the East Asia Summit (EAS) Region (hereafter East Asia), with a … Read More

Liberalization of Trade in Services under ASEAN+n: A Mapping Exercise

01 May 2011

Abstract This study maps out the degree of liberalization of trade in services under four ASEAN+n frameworks. After constructing a database showing the existence of … Read More

Location Choice of Multinational Enterprises in China: Comparison between Japan and Taiwan

01 March 2011

Abstract This paper explores the location choice of MNEs in China, shedding special light on the role of agglomeration of same-nationality firms. In particular, … Read More

SMEs, Innovation and Technology

Firm Characteristic Determinants of SME Participation in Production Networks

02 October 2010

This paper provides an empirical analysis of small and medium enterprise (SME) participation in production networks. It gauges firm characteristic determinants of SME … Read More

Machinery Trade in East Asia, and the Global Financial Crisis

01 October 2010

Abstract The global financial crisis since Q3 2008 has influenced the world economy, including that of East Asia. This paper focuses on international production/distribution … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Trade

International Production Networks in Machinery Industries: Structure and Its Evolution

01 September 2010

This paper intensively employs annual international trade statistics obtained from the UN Comtrade and examines to what degree East Asian countries have participated … Read More

Detecting Effective Knowledge Sources in Product Innovation: Evidence from Local Firms and MNCs/JVs in Southeast Asia

02 August 2010

Abstract This paper examines the effects of internal and external sources of knowledge on the introduction of new products based on new technologies or … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Innovation and Technology

How ICTs Raise Manufacturing Performance: Firm-level Evidence in Southeast Asia

01 August 2010

This paper examines the effects of information and communication technologies (ICTs) on business performance, using firm-level data obtained through a questionnaire survey in … Read More

Carbon Footprint Labeling Activities in the East Asia Summit Region: Spillover Effects to Less Developed Countries

01 July 2010

Abstract This paper discusses carbon footprint (CFP) labeling activities in the East Asia Summit (EAS) region with a focus on their spillover effects on … Read More

Firm-level Analysis of Globalization: A Survey of the Eight Literatures

01 March 2010

Abstract This paper presents an extensive review of empirical studies that analyze the various impacts of the globalization phenomenon on corporate activities, using micro … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Innovation and Technology

The Impacts of Face-to-face and Frequent Interactions on Innovation: Upstream-Downstream Relations

04 February 2010

This paper proposes a new mechanism linking innovation and networks in developing economies to identify explicit production and information linkages and investigates the … Read More

Innovation and Technology

Innovation in Linked and Non-linked Firms: Effects of Variety of Linkages in East Asia

03 February 2010

This paper proposes a new mechanism linking innovation and networks in developing economies to detect explicit production and information linkages. It investigates the … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Trade

Search-theoretic Approach to Securing New Suppliers: Impacts of Geographic Proximity for Importer and Non-importer

02 February 2010

This paper empirically examines whether firms consider geographic proximity as they seek for a new supplier. While addressing the difference between importers and … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Macroeconomy

Spatial Architecture of the Production Networks in Southeast Asia

01 February 2010

The main purpose of this paper is to provide empirical evidence on the inter-firm production networks in Southeast Asian developing economies. Using firm-level … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Competitiveness

Foreign Presence Spillovers and Firms' Export Response:Evidence from the Indonesian Manufacturing

01 December 2009

This paper examines the existence of spillovers associated with the presence of multinational enterprises (MNEs) on a firm's decision to export, and on … Read More

Free Trade

Who Uses Free Trade Agreements?

01 November 2009

It is noted that utilisation of ASEAN Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) is low by international standards. In order to clarify the reasons for … Read More

Resiliency of Production Networks in Asia: Evidence from the Asian Crisis

02 October 2009

Abstract This paper presents the resiliency of international production networks stretched across the Asian region in face of the Asian financial and currency crisis … Read More

Fragmentation in East Asia: Further Evidence

01 October 2009

Abstract This paper analyzes the spatial pattern of production/distribution networks in East Asia. Two issues are investigated. The one is how the formation of … Read More

The Prospects for Coal: Global Experience and Implications for Energy Policy

01 September 2009

Abstract This paper argues that coal and its industry is promising. It is found that the Western European (including the British) case has been misunderstood … Read More

Income Distribution and Poverty in a CGE Framework:A Proposed Methodology

03 June 2009

Abstract The paper discusses methodologies addressing income distribution and poverty in a Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model framework, by describing how to link CGE … Read More

ASEAN Rules of Origin:Lessons and Recommendations for Best Practice

02 June 2009

Abstract Rules of Origin (ROO) set the criteria in determining the nationality of a product and where a product was made. The importance of … Read More

Regulation and Governance, Urban Development

Special Economic Zones and Economic Corridors

01 June 2009

Various reports show that special economic zones (SEZ) have become a prime catalyst for regional development in developing countries such as China and … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Infrastructure

Border Area Development in the GMS:Turning the Periphery into the Center of Growth

03 May 2009

Border area development is neither an original nor a brand new idea of the author. It has long been discussed in a variety … Read More

Regulation and Governance, Services, Trade

Measuring Regulatory Restrictions in Logistics Services

02 May 2009

This study measures the extent of restrictions on trade in logistics services in the ASEAN+6 economies by constructing a logistics regulatory restrictiveness index … Read More

Business Views on Trade Facilitation

01 May 2009

Abstract Business views on the most important barriers to trade facilitation are taken from two region-wide surveys in 2006 covering the ASEAN priority integration … Read More

Monitoring Trade Costs in Southeast Asia

03 April 2009

Abstract This paper develops an Index of Trade Costs for ASEAN Member Countries, 1990-2007 based on the gap between cif and fob values of … Read More

Barriers to Trade in Health and Financial Services in ASEAN

02 April 2009

Abstract The purpose of this paper is to give background information on current barriers to trade in four services sectors in the ASEAN region. … Read More

The Impact of the US Subprime Mortgage Crisis on the World and East Asia:Through Analyses of Cross-border Capital Movements

01 April 2009

Abstract The world economy is currently suffering a global financial and economic crisis that has become severe since the second half of 2008. This … Read More

International Production Networks and Export/Import Responsiveness to Exchange Rates: The case of Japanese Manufacturing Firms

08 March 2009

Abstract This paper examines how international production/distribution networks provide individual firms with exporting/importing responsiveness to exchange rate movements. With the micro-data of Japanese manufacturing … Read More

Investment

Gains from Fragmentation at the Firm Level:Evidence from Japanese Multinationals in East Asia

07 March 2009

Abstract The unprecedented development of production networks in East Asia has been investigated, both theoretically and empirically, employing the conceptual framework of fragmentation theory and … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Innovation and Technology

Vertical and Horizontal FDI Technology Spillovers: Evidence from Thai Manufacturing

07 March 2009

This paper examines Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) spillover, using an unbalanced panel data set of the manufacturing survey of Thailand during the period … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Trade

Plant Entry in a More Liberalised Industrialisation Process: An Experience of Indonesian Manufacturing during the 1990s

06 March 2009

Some major policy changes towards a more open trade and investment regime occurred in Indonesia during the 1980s and 1990s. The impact of … Read More

Firm-level Analysis of Globalization: A Survey (2009)

04 March 2009

Abstract This paper extensively reviews empirical studies that analyze the various impacts of the globalization phenomenon on corporate activities by using micro data. First, … Read More

Learning-by-exporting in Korean Manufacturing: A Plant-level Analysis

03 March 2009

Abstract The paper analyzes whether firms that start exporting become more productive utilizing recently developed sample matching procedures to control the problems from self-selection … Read More

Stability of Production Networks in East Asia:Duration and Survival of Trade

02 March 2009

Abstract This paper sheds light on the stability of international production networks in East Asia from the perspective of the duration and survival of … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Innovation and Technology

The Spatial Structure of Production/Distribution Networks and Its Implication for Technology Transfers and Spillovers

01 March 2009

This paper argues that a variety of firm specificity supported by sophisticated inter-firm relationships is essential for understanding the mechanics and spatial structure … Read More

International Production Networks: Comparison between China and ASEAN

01 January 2009

Abstract Although East Asia experiences splendid economic growth with the development of international production networks, remaining development gaps across countries and regions are still … Read More

The Effect of Exchange Rate Volatility on International Trade in East Asia

03 December 2008

Abstract In this paper, we empirically investigate the relationship between exchange rate volatility and international trade, focusing on East Asia. Our findings are summarized … Read More

infrastructure, industry and manufacturing, Southeast Asia, development, geographical simulation model

Predicting Long-Term Effects of Infrastructure Development Projects in Continental South East Asia: IDE Geographical Simulation Model

02 December 2008

It is important to develop a rigorous economic geography model for predicting changes in the location of population and industries across regions in the process … Read More

Firm-level Analysis of Globalization: A Survey

01 December 2008

Abstract The aim of this paper is to extensively review empirical studies that analyze the globalization phenomena by using micro data. First, we set … Read More

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