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Discussion Papers

Discussion Papers

Beyond Trade Creation: Free Trade Agreements and Trade Disputes

30 March 2015

Abstract This paper investigates the effects of the formation of free trade agreements (FTAs) on trade disputes. We construct a unique and comprehensive dataset on … Read More

Macroeconomy, Labour and Migration

Globalization: A Woman's Best Friend? Exporters and the Gender Wage Gap

30 March 2015

While the impact of globalization on income inequality has received a lot of attention, little is known about its effect on the gender … Read More

industry and manufacturing

Current State and Issues of the Automobile and Auto Parts Industries in ASEAN

26 March 2015

This paper provides an overview of the current situation of the automotive industry in ASEAN and certain member states. The current state of … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Trade

The Indian Automotive Industry and the ASEAN Supply Chain Relations

26 March 2015

The topic of automotive supply chains has been increasingly studied as it raises questions of economic development, especially from the perspectives of simultaneous … Read More

industry and manufacturing

The CLMV Automobile and Auto Parts Industry

26 March 2015

To begin, consider the general economic characteristics of Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar and Viet Nam, collectively known as the CLMV countries. These countries … Read More

Labour and Migration, Regulation and Governance

Assessing the Progress of ASEAN MRAs on Professional Services

20 March 2015

ASEAN has established mutual recognition arrangements (MRAs) on eight professional services. This paper assesses the progress of these arrangements' paying special attention to … Read More

Labour and Migration

Value and Limitations of the ASEAN Agreement on the Movement of Natural Persons

19 March 2015

ASEAN Economic Ministers signed the Agreement on the Movement of Natural Persons (MNP) in 2012. This is a new instrument potentially facilitating the … Read More

Learning from the ASEAN+1 Model and the ACIA

09 March 2015

Abstract The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) is a new regional integration initiative intended to achieve a modern, comprehensive, high-quality, and mutually beneficial economic partnership … Read More

Infrastructure, Innovation and Technology

Institutional Support, Technological Capabilities and Domestic Linkages in the Semiconductor Industry in Malaysia

25 February 2015

This article examines the relationship between host-site institutional support and regional trade linkages on firm-level technological capabilities in the semiconductor industry in Malaysia. … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Infrastructure, Regulation and Governance

Institutional Support, Technological Capabilities and Domestic Linkages in the Semiconductor Industry in Singapore

25 February 2015

This article examines the relationships between host-site institutional support and firm-level technological upgrading, and between technological upgrading and domestic production linkages in the … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Innovation and Technology, Regulation and Governance

Global Production Networks and Host-Site Industrial Upgrading: The Case of the Semiconductor Industry in Thailand

25 February 2015

Although Thailand's electronics industry has been considered as one of strategic sectors, the evidence in this article shows that it is dominated by … Read More

China's Semiconductor Industry in Global Value Chains

24 February 2015

This article examines how global production networks have benefited technological upgrading in the semiconductor industry in China. The evidence shows that trade has … Read More

Competitiveness, Industry and Manufacturing, Innovation and Technology

The Garment Industry in Laos: Technological Capabilities, Global Production Chains and Competitiveness

24 February 2015

This article examines the relationship between institutional support and regional production linkages, and technological capabilities and firm performance in the garment industry in … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Innovation and Technology

Multinationals, Technology and Regional Linkages in Myanmar's Clothing Industry

24 February 2015

Myanmar's clothing industry has played a pivotal role in generating employment and exports. This article makes a contribution to the explication of the … Read More

The Transformation of the Clothing Industry in China

23 February 2015

This article examines the transformation of clothing manufacturing in China with a focus on institutional support, technological upgrading and global production chains. The … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Innovation and Technology

Intra-industry Trade, Product Fragmentation and Technological Capability Development in Thai Automotive Industry

23 February 2015

Thailand's automotive industry has evolved from a small import-substituting industry to a vibrant exporting one. It has contributed significantly and increasingly to the … Read More

Host-site Institutions, Regional Production Linkages and Technological Upgrading: A Study of Automotive Firms in Vietnam

23 February 2015

Using technological capabilities that take account of technology embodied in machinery, organization, processes and products, this article examines its link with host-site institutions … Read More

Industrial Upgrading in Global Production Networks: The Case of the Chinese Automotive Industry

18 February 2015

Abstract This article examines the development of China's automotive industry. The evidence shows that integration in global production networks has stimulated upgrading of technological capabilities … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Regulation and Governance

Auto and Car Parts Production: Can the Philippines Catch Up with Asia?

18 February 2015

Abstract The Philippines pioneered the establishment of automotive assembly in Southeast Asia in the 1950s. But Thailand, Indonesia and Malaysia lead the region since the … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Innovation and Technology

Host-site Support, Foreign Ownership, Regional Linkages and Technological Capabilities: Evidence from Automotive Firms in Indonesia

18 February 2015

This study analyses the influence of host-site institutional support, foreign ownership and regional production linkages on firm-level technological capabilities using data from automotive … Read More

Business Licensing: A Key to Investment Climate Reform

10 February 2015

Abstract Reforming business licensing is a key starting point for improving the investment climate. Complex licensing procedures may encourage firms to remain unregistered, giving rise … Read More

social protection, ASEAN

Social Protection in ASEAN: Challenges and Initiatives for Post-2015 Vision

10 February 2015

The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is engaged in framing a post-2015 vision for social protection in ASEAN which would facilitate productive ageing. This … Read More

Fiscal Policy and Equity in Advanced Economies: Lessons for Asia

27 January 2015

Abstract Advanced economies have a longer history of leveraging fiscal policy to address inequality relative to developing Asia. We examine the country experiences of the … Read More

Towards an Enabling Set of Rules of Origin for the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership

20 January 2015

Abstract With overlapping, multiple FTAs, such as the case of ASEAN and the various ASEAN+1 FTAs, complications could arise that run counter to the economic … Read More

Trade

Use of FTAs from Thai Experience

19 January 2015

This paper examines in depth the use of free trade agreements (FTAs) in Thailand to shed light on the ongoing negotiation of the … Read More

Impact of Free Trade Agreements on Trade in East Asia

09 January 2015

Abstract The number of bilateral and plurilateral free trade agreements (FTAs) in East Asia has increased rapidly after the 2000s behind the world trend … Read More

Macroeconomy, Trade

Searching for an Ideal International Investment Protection Regime for ASEAN + Dialogue Partners (RCEP): Where Do We Begin?

17 December 2014

The members of the Association of the Southeast Asian Nation (ASEAN) and its six dialogue partners--Australia, China, India, Japan, South Korea, and New … Read More

Services, Trade

Coverage of Trade in Services under ASEAN+1 FTAs

17 December 2014

This paper examines how ASEAN-centered free trade agreements (FTAs) or so-called ASEAN+1 FTAs are correlated among themselves and thus have the potential to … Read More

Deregulation, Competition, and Market Integration in China's Electricity Sector

05 November 2014

This report presents an updated and expanded review of reforms in China's electricity sector. It aims to examine the impact of reforms on … Read More

Energy, Trade

Impact of International Oil Price Shocks on Consumption Expenditures in ASEAN and East Asia

05 November 2014

This paper examines the impact of international oil shocks on consumption expenditure in selected ASEAN and East Asia economies. By including oil shocks … Read More

Energy, Infrastructure

Enhanced Measurement of Energy Market Integration in East Asia: An Application of Dynamic Principal Component Analysis

05 November 2014

As a part of the initiatives to enhance cooperation between ASEAN and its dialogue partners, the energy market integration (EMI) in East Asia … Read More

Market Integration and Energy Trade Efficiency: An Application of Malmqvist Index to Analyse Multi-Product Trade

04 November 2014

Abstract This paper uses the data envelope analysis method to investigate the Malmquist index-based gravity relationship between bilateral energy trade flows and their determinants throughout … Read More

Infrastructure, Macroeconomy

Infrastructure Investment for Power Trade and Transmission in ASEAN+2: Costs, Benefits, Long-Term Contracts, and Prioritised Development

04 November 2014

This study establishes a system approach in assessing the financial viability of power infrastructure investment for the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) and ASEAN … Read More

Energy, Infrastructure

ASEAN-India Gas Cooperation: Redefining India's "Look East" Policy with Myanmar

04 November 2014

As economic power shifts towards Asia---particularly China, India and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) ---a robust energy cooperation within this region … Read More

Regulation and Governance

How Restrictive are ASEAN's RoO?

12 September 2014

This paper uses a disaggregated (product-level) gravity approach to estimate the effect of ASEAN's product-specific rules of origin (RoO) on regional trade, using … Read More

industry and manufacturing, Trade

Import Penetration, Export Orientation, and Plant Size in Indonesian Manufacturing

07 July 2014

This paper empirically examines differential impacts of globalisation on plant size among plants with different characteristics, including initial plant size, import and export … Read More

Japanese Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises' Export Decisions: The Role of Overseas Market Information

02 July 2014

This paper examines how the Japanese firms' export decision is affected by the availability of information on export markets, focusing on whether the … Read More

Trade-off Relationship between Energy Intensity- thus energy demand - and Income Level: Empirical Evidence and Policy Implications for ASEAN and East Asia Countries

05 June 2014

Abstract This study has been motivated by the recent shift of energy demand's gravity to Asia due to decades of robust and stable economic growth … Read More

Productivity Evolution of Chinese Large and Small Firms in the Era of Globalisation

20 May 2014

Abstract Using a large firm-level dataset from the Chinese manufacturing industry, this paper studies the productivity gap and productivity convergence between large and small firms … Read More

SMEs, Trade

The Exporting and Productivity Nexus: Does Firm Size Matter?

20 May 2014

The main purpose of this study is to examine whether the relationship between exporting and productivity differs across firm sizes in the Malaysian … Read More

Korea's Policy Package for Enhancing its FTA Utilization and Implications for Korea's Policy

12 May 2014

Abstract Korea's trade with most of its 46 free trade agreement (FTA) partner countries has been expanded continuously. Its FTA utilization ratios were as low … Read More

industry and manufacturing

Offshoring and the Shortening of the Quality Ladder: Evidence from Danish Apparel

12 May 2014

Recently a small and growing empirical literature has attempted to analyze the role that quality plays in our understanding of trade. In particular, … Read More

Labour and Migration, Trade

Migrant Networks and Trade: The Vietnamese Boat People as a Natural Experiment

08 May 2014

We provide cogent evidence for the causal pro-trade effect of migrants and in doing so establish an important link between migrant networks and … Read More

Human Capital, Innovation and Technology

Constraints, Determinants of SME Innovation, and the Role of Government Support

08 May 2014

This paper provides an empirical analysis of potential constraints to SMEs upgrading their capability to innovate, and assesses the effectiveness of government support … Read More

Dynamic Two-way Relationship between Exporting and Importing: Evidence from Japan

02 May 2014

Abstract In this paper, we investigate the dynamic nature of trading using Japanese firm-level data. Specifically, we examine state dependence and cross effects in … Read More

industry and manufacturing

Firm-level Evidence on Productivity Differentials and Turnover in Vietnamese Manufacturing

21 April 2014

This paper examines the relationship between productivity differentials and firm turnover in Vietnamese manufacturing. We utilize firm-level data between 2000 and 2009, including … Read More

Competitiveness, Human Capital, industry and manufacturing

Multiproduct Firms, Export Product Scope, and Trade Liberalization: The Role of Managerial Efficiency

14 April 2014

This paper provides a theoretical and empirical analysis of the effects of one-sided tariff cuts on firms' export product scope. The theoretical model … Read More

Energy, Macroeconomy

Analysis on Price Elasticity of Energy Demand in East Asia: Empirical Evidence and Policy Implications for ASEAN and East Asia

07 April 2014

This study uses time series data of selected ASEAN and East Asia countries to investigate the patterns of price and income elasticity of … Read More

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