ERIA Research Project 2010 No.22
"Sustainability Assessment methodology for Biomass Energy Utilization for Small and Large Scale Initiatives: Lessons Learned from Pilot Studies in Selected East Asian Countries"Edited by ERIA Working Group on "Sustainability Assessment of Biomass Utilization in East Asia"
ABSTRACTThe fourth phase of the working group culminated several years of developing and testing methodology for assessing sustainability of biomass utilization in East Asia. After review of existing indicators for environmental, economic and social pillars, relevant for biomass systems, one indicator was identified for each of the pillars, based on importance and relevance particular to the East Asian context. Life cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, total value added (TVA) and the Human Development Index (HDI) of the United Nations Development Programme were the shortlisted indicators of above three pillars, respectively, which were then tested for actual application at four study sites. The studies confirmed the applicability of the indicators but also revealed shortcomings with respect to requirement of extensive data collection for all the indicators and interpretation of results. In this phase of the working group's effort, discussions were made on the applicability of the indicators for various scales.LIST OF PROJECT MEMBERSMasayuki SAGISAKA: ERIA Working Group Leader, Dr. Eng., Senior Researcher, Research Institute of Science for Safety and Sustainability, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), JapanYuki KUDOH: Tentative ERIA Working Group Leader, Dr. Eng., Research Scientist, Research Institute of Science for Safety and Sustainability, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), JapanSau Soon CHEN: Ph.D., Senior General Manager, Environment & Bioprocess Technology Centre, SIRIM Berhad, MalaysiaJessie C. ELAURIA: Ph.D., Professor, Institute of Agricultural Engineering, College of Engineering and Agro-Industrial Technology, University of the Philippines Los Ba?os, the PhilippinesShabbir H. GHEEWALA: Dr. Eng., Professor, The Joint Graduate School of Energy and Environment (JGSEE), King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi, ThailandUdin HASANUDIN: Dr. Eng., Head, Department of Agroindustrial Technology, University of Lampung, IndonesiaHsien Hui KHOO: Ph.D., Senior Research Fellow, Institute of Chemical and Engineering Sciences (ICES), A*STAR, SingaporeTomoko KONISHI-NAGANO: Ph.D., Researcher, Environmental Technology Laboratory, Environment & Energy Research Center, Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd., JapanJane ROMERO: Ph.D., Policy Researcher, Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES), JapanYucho SADAMICHI: Ph.D., Post Doctoral Research Scientist, Research Institute of Science for Safety and Sustainability, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), JapanVinod K. SHARMA: Ph.D., Professor, Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research (IGIDR), IndiaXunpeng SHI: Ph.D., Associate Researcher, Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asian (ERIA), Indonesia